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Ashvin or Ashwin (/əˈʃwɪn/; Nepali: आश्विन , असोज, Bengali: আশ্বিন; Hindi: अश्विन; Malay/Indonesian: Aswin; Thai: Asawin), also known as Aswayuja, is the seventh month of the lunisolar Hindu calendar, the Vikram Samvat, which is the official solar calendar of Nepal
Nepal
and the parts of India. It is the sixth month in the solar Bengali calendar
Bengali calendar
and seventh in the lunar Indian national calendar
Indian national calendar
of the Deccan Plateau. It falls in the season of Shôrot, (Hindi Sharad) or Autumn. In Vedic Jyotish, Ashvin begins with the Sun's enter in Virgo. It overlaps September and October[1] of the Gregorian calendar
Gregorian calendar
and is the month preceding Diwali
Diwali
or Tihar the festival of lights. In lunar religious calendars, Ashvin begins on the new moon after the autumn equinox.

Contents

1 Etymology 2 Festivals 3 Regional variation 4 See also 5 References

Etymology[edit] Ashvini
Ashvini
is the first star that appears in the evening sky. In Indian astrology it is the head of Aries, or the first of the 27 Nakshatra. Ashvin also stands for the divine twins, the Ashvins, the gods of vision, Ayurvedic medicine, the glow of sunrise and sunset, and averting misfortune and sickness in Hindu mythology. Asawin is the Thai variant of Ashvin and stands for warrior. The term is often translated into English as "knight". Festivals[edit] Several major religious holidays take place in Ashvin. Those are as follows:

Navratri
Navratri
(1-9 Ashvin) Durga Puja
Durga Puja
(6-10 Ashvin) Kojagiri
Kojagiri
Pornima (15 Ashvin) Vijayadashami
Vijayadashami
or Dussehra
Dussehra
(10 Ashvin) Divali festival including Dhanteras
Dhanteras
(28 Ashvin), Naraka Chaturdasi
Naraka Chaturdasi
(29 Ashvin) and Lakshmi Puja
Lakshmi Puja
(Last day of Ashvin) Kali Puja
Kali Puja
(new moon of Ashvin), which are held as per the lunar calendar, usually fall in this month.

Regional variation[edit] Ashwin is known as aipasi (ஐப்பசி ) in Tamil and begins when the sun enters Libra in October. It's also called 'kunwaar' ( कुॅंवार ) month in eastern U.P. & some parts of Bihar state. See also[edit]

Hinduism
Hinduism
portal Astrology portal

Ashvini Hindu astronomy Hindu units of measurement List of most popular given names

References[edit]

^ Henderson, Helene. (Ed.) (2005) Holidays, festivals, and celebrations of the world dictionary Third edition. Electronic edition. Detroit: Omnigraphics, p. xxix. ISBN 0-7808-0982-3

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Months of the Hindu calendar

Chaitra
Chaitra
(चैत्र) Vaisakha
Vaisakha
(वैशाख) Jyeshta (ज्येष्ठ) Ashadha (आषाढ) Shraavana
Shraavana
(श्रावण) Bhadra (भाद्रपद) Ashvin (अश्विन्) Kartik (कार्तिक) Agrahayana (मार्गशीर्ष) Pausha
Pausha
(पौष) Magha (माघ) Phalguna (फाल्गुन)

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Months of the Nepali calendar

Baishākh (बैशाख) Jeṭh (जेठ/जेष्ठ/ज्येष्ठ) Asār (असार/आषाढ) Sāun (साउन/श्रावण) Bhadau (भदौ/भाद्र) Asoj (असोज/आश्विन) Kāttik (कात्तिक/कार्तिक) Mangsir (मंसिर/मार्ग/मार्गशीर्ष) Pus (पुस/पौष) Māgh (माघ) Fāgun (फागुन/फाल्गुण) Chait (चैत/चैत्र)

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Months of the Bengali calendar

1. Bôishakh (বৈশাখ) 2. Jyôishţhô (জ্যৈষ্ঠ) 3. Ashaŗh (আষাঢ়) 4. Shrabôn (শ্রাবণ) 5. Bhadrô (ভাদ্র) 6. Ashbin (আশ্বিন)

7. Kartik (কার্তিক) 8. Ôgrôhayôn (অগ্রহায়ণ) 9. Poush (পৌষ) 10. Magh (মাঘ) 11. Falgun
Falgun
(ফাল্গুন) 12. Chôitrô (চৈত্র)

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Indian astronomy

Astronomers

Apastamba Aryabhata
Aryabhata
I Aryabhata
Aryabhata
II Vainu Bappu Bhāskara I Bhāskara II Baudhayana Brahmagupta Sandip Chakrabarti Radhagobinda Chandra Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar Amil Kumar Das P. Devadas Gautama Siddha M. K. Das Gupta Jyesthadeva Kamalakara Katyayana Lagadha Lalla Madhava of Sangamagrama Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis Mahavira Manava Jayant Narlikar Parameshvara Achyuta Pisharati Venkatraman Radhakrishnan J. J. Rawal Megh Nad Saha Jagannatha Samrat Bapudeva Sastri Jai Singh II of Amber Nilakantha Somayaji Sripati Mahendra Suri Govind Swaroop Utpala Varahamihira Shankara Variyar Vasistha Yajnavalkya

Works

Aryabhatiya Brahmanas (Aitareya Brahmana Shatapatha Brahmana) Bṛhat Saṃhitā Shulba Sutras Panchangam Khandakhadyaka Siddhantas (Brahmasphutasiddhanta Maha-Siddhanta Pancha-Siddhantika Paulisa Siddhanta Paitamaha Siddhanta Romaka Siddhanta Surya Siddhanta Vasishtha Siddhanta) Tantrasangraha Jyotirmimamsa Treatise on Astrology of the Kaiyuan Era Vedanga Jyotisha Vedas
Vedas
(Atharvaveda Rigveda) Yavanajataka Zij

Instruments

Armillary sphere Astrolabe Celestial globe Compass Cross-staff Dioptra Equatorial ring Equatorial sundial Globe Gnomon Mural instrument Quadrant Sextant Sundial Triquetrum Water clock

Concepts

Axial tilt Azimuth Cardinal direction Celestial equator Celestial sphere Celestial spheres Center of mass Circular orbit Deferent and epicycle Earth's rotation Eccentricity Ecliptic Elliptic orbit Equant Geocentrism Geoheliocentrism Globe Gravity Heliocentrism Jyotiṣa Kalpa Moonlight Nakshatra Parallax Precession Ritu Spherical Earth Sunlight Tithi Yuga Zodiacal sign Manvantara

Centers

Jantar Mantar (Jaipur) Kerala school of astronomy and mathematics Observatory Ujjain Yantra Mandir Yantra Mandir
Yantra Mandir
(Delhi)

Other regions

Babylonian astronomy Greek astronomy Hellenistic astronomy Islamic astronomy Chinese astronomy European astronomy

Months of the Vedic calendar

Chaitra
Chaitra
(चैत्र) Vaisakha
Vaisakha
(वैशाख) Jyeshta (ज्येष्ठ) Aashaadha (आषाढ) Shraavana
Shraavana
(श्रावण) Bhadrapada (भाद्रपद) Ashwin (अश्विन्) Kartik (कार्तिक) Margashirsha (मार्गशीर्ष) Pausha
Pausha
(पौष) Maagha (माघ) Phalguna (फाल्गुन)

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