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Ashton-in- Makerfield is a town in Greater Manchester, England. It is part of the Metropolitan Borough of Wigan and is 4.2 miles (6.8 km) south of the town centre of Wigan. In 2001 it had a population of 28,505, increasing to 28,762 at the 2011 Census.[2] Historically a part of Lancashire, Ashton-in- Makerfield was anciently a township in the parish of Newton-in-Makerfield
Newton-in-Makerfield
(as Newton-le-Willows was once known), Winwick and hundred of West Derby. With neighbouring Haydock, Ashton-in- Makerfield was a chapelry, but the two were split in 1845. The place has long been a centre for the manufacture of locks and hinges, but also sits on the Lancashire
Lancashire
Coalfield, and so was a coal mining district.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Etymology 1.2 Religious history 1.3 Coal mining and heavy industry

2 Governance 3 Geography 4 Railway transport 5 Demography

5.1 Population change

6 Present day 7 Education 8 Notable people 9 See also 10 References

10.1 Notes 10.2 Bibliography

11 External links

History[edit] Etymology[edit] The name Ashton derives from Old English
Old English
and means the "farmstead where the ash-trees grow"; it is a common name and is found locally in Ashton-under-Lyne
Ashton-under-Lyne
in Tameside
Tameside
and Ashton upon Mersey
Ashton upon Mersey
in Trafford. The town's name was recorded as Eston in 1212. Later, the suffix "in-Makerfield" was added, which relates the name of the old district of Makerfield of which Ashton was a part; Makerfield derives from the Celtic for a wall or ruin and the Old English
Old English
word feld, meaning "open land".[3] Religious history[edit] St Thomas' Church of England
England
parish church on Warrington Road has ancient origins although the present building is barely over 120 years old. The graveyard is the resting place of many of the 189 victims of the Wood Pit explosion (at Haydock
Haydock
on Friday 7 June 1878), the worst coal-mining disaster in Lancashire
Lancashire
at the time. Hope Church on Heath Road was founded by Protestants from St Thomas' opposed to the High Church
High Church
ideals brought in by a new Vicar in the 1880s. His introduction of Anglo-Catholic
Anglo-Catholic
worship caused riots on Gerard Street and he was initially evicted from the town by a mob of miners. He returned backed by troops from Liverpool. Banned from worshipping in the form they had always done, many left and continued a simpler form of worship in a barn off Ashton Heath. Word of their plight reached a Miss Catherine Cave-Browne in London
London
who sent money for a Protestant Mission to be built. The church was built with the official title of Cave-Browne Protestant Institute (Christchurch). Park Lane Chapel (see Unitarianism), Wigan
Wigan
Road, Bryn, dates back to 1697, although its congregation was founded in 1662. It is the oldest non-conformist chapel and congregation in the district. By the 19th century Park Lane was only one of nine non-conformist chapels in the area. There was a Baptist, Congregational church
Congregational church
(Hilton Street), Evangelical (Heath Road), Independent, Independent Methodist (Downall Green Road), Primitive Methodist, Welsh Wesleyan Methodist and English Wesleyan Methodist chapel. The Catholic Church of St Oswald and St Edmund Arrowsmith, constructed in 1935, houses the hand of St Edmund Arrowsmith
Edmund Arrowsmith
(1585–1628). Coal mining and heavy industry[edit] Ashton-in- Makerfield was part of the St. Helens Area of the South Lancashire
Lancashire
Coalfield. The St Helens Area lay to the South West of the Wigan
Wigan
area and occupied around 60 square miles (160 km2), skirting Wigan, Warrington, Widnes and to within eight miles (13 km) of Liverpool. In 1867 there were 13 collieries in the district of Ashton-in-Makerfield. Others followed including Bryn
Bryn
Hall Colliery, owned by Edward Frederick Crippin, the Mains and Park Lane Collieries. Park Colliery and some of those open in 1867 (e.g. Garswood
Garswood
Hall) remained productive until the 1950s.[4] A number of Ashton's coal miners made a significant impact on modern British history, including: Stephen Walsh M.P.; William Kenealy, V.C. and Lance-Corporal in the 1st Lancashire
Lancashire
Fusiliers; and Joe Gormley, President of the National Union of Mineworkers in the 1970s and 1980s. In the late 19th century, the district was described by one observer as having "extensive collieries, cotton mills and potteries", and famed for the manufacture of "hinges, locks, files and nails".[5] Mills such as the Record Mill (Spinning), situated in York Road, and the Makerfield Mill (the 'Weaving Shed'), in Windsor Road, took over from home-working. Similarly, Thomas Crompton & Sons in Gerard Street, which would eventually employ around 1,200 workers, superseded the subcontracting system that sustained substantial numbers of locally based blacksmiths and other craftsmen. As recently as the 1970s the district of Ashton-in- Makerfield had one of the highest proportions of derelict land, mainly in the form of spoil tips, left over from coal mining.[6] Major land reclamation schemes have since completely transformed the area. Governance[edit]

Former Ashton-in- Makerfield Town Hall (demolished in 2017)

Before 1894 Ashton-in- Makerfield was a township in the parish of Winwick, part of the West Derby Hundred of Lancashire. By an Act in 1845 and the division of the Parish of Winwick, Holy Trinity Church, Downall Green, was made the principal parish church and St. Thomas' made a parish church in the same Act, both being part of the Diocese of Liverpool. By the Local Government Act 1894
Local Government Act 1894
Ashton-in-Makerfield was made an urban district. In 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972, the district was split administratively with Seneley Green Parish, containing Garswood, Pewfall and Downall Green, going to the Metropolitan Borough of St Helens in Merseyside, and the rest going to the Metropolitan Borough of Wigan
Wigan
in Greater Manchester. The section of Ashton-in- Makerfield within the Metropolitan Borough of Wigan
Wigan
creates the Bryn
Bryn
& Ashton Township, consisting of the six 'neighbourhoods' of Bryn, Ashton, Ashton Heath, Landgate, Stubshaw Cross and Town Green, and one of the ten areas into which Wigan Metropolitan Borough has been divided for consultation purposes. Each township has a forum, with some influence over the provision of municipal services. Geography[edit] Ashton-in- Makerfield consists of the following sections. Town Green, Stubshaw Cross and Bryn, with Garswood
Garswood
and Downall Green in the Parish of Seneley Green. The west of Ashton-in- Makerfield is part of St Helens, in Merseyside. The east section lies in the Metropolitan Borough of Wigan, in Greater Manchester. It is wholly included in the Liverpool Urban Area. Railway transport[edit] Ashton-in- Makerfield railway station, which was situated off Lodge Lane in neighbouring Haydock, opened in 1900 as part of the Great Central Railway and closed in 1952. The town is now served by two stations, Bryn
Bryn
railway station and Garswood
Garswood
railway station, both on the line between Wigan
Wigan
North Western railway station and Liverpool Lime Street railway station. Bryn
Bryn
station is closer to Ashton than other stations in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
which have been (and are) "labelled" as serving their towns, such as Tring railway station
Tring railway station
which is between one-and-a half and two miles from the centre of Tring. Demography[edit] Further information: Demography of Greater Manchester Population change[edit]

Population growth
Population growth
in Ashton-in- Makerfield since 1901

Year 1901 1911 1921 1931 1939 1951 1961 2001

Population 18,687 21,543 22,475 20,546 18,736 19,057 19,262 28,505

Source: A Vision of Britain through Time[7]

Present day[edit]

Ashton Market, Ashton-in-Makerfield

A market is held on the market square off Garswood
Garswood
Street on Tuesdays and Saturdays. Ashton's local semi-pro football clubs are Ashton Athletic F.C.
Ashton Athletic F.C.
and Ashton Town A.F.C.. Garswood
Garswood
United F.C. is also nearby. Crompton's, the hinge and fasteners making factory in Ashton-in-Makerfield, has closed and is now demolished. A shopping centre called the Gerard Centre now stands in its place. The Hingemaker's Arms public house, on Heath Road, is the only one in the world known to carry that name. It was run by the Corless family for decades until Walter Corless' retirement in 2006. The Hinge, as it is known by its clientele, is now owned and operated by a consortium of local businessmen. The site now occupied by Byrchall and St Edmund Arrowsmith
Edmund Arrowsmith
high schools was the location of a Second World War
Second World War
P.O.W. camp, Camp 50. Education[edit] Ashton-in- Makerfield has three secondary schools: Cansfield High School; Byrchall High School and St Edmund Arrowsmith
Edmund Arrowsmith
Catholic High School. In November 2008, Wigan
Wigan
council released proposals to merge Cansfield High and Byrchall High into one school. Notable people[edit] People either born or brought up in Ashton-in-Makerfield, or have had some significant connection with the town during their life, include:

June Croft, Ashton-born swimmer, won silver and bronze medals in the 1980 and 1984 Olympics respectively Joe Gormley, president of the National Union of Mineworkers, 1971–1982 Ian Gregson, Paralympic athlete 1984 & 1988, author Harold Wood, runner at the Olympic Games in 1928, 1932 and 1936 Helen Don-Duncan, Attended Cansfield High School and went on to win a Bronze Medal at the 1998 Commonwealth Games and competed at the 2000 Sydney Olympics AJ Makin, Ashton-born Actor, featured in The Hooligan Factory Kym Marsh, member of the band Hear'Say
Hear'Say
and subsequently Coronation Street actress Les Hart, footballer and football manager, born 1917. Served Bury Football Club in several capacities starting as player and club captain, for 44 years. In 2010 Bury F.C.
Bury F.C.
renamed their south stand at Gigg Lane
Gigg Lane
the Les Hart Stand in his honour.

See also[edit]

Greater Manchester
Greater Manchester
portal

List of mining disasters in Lancashire Listed buildings in Ashton-in-Makerfield

References[edit] Notes[edit]

^ Wigan
Wigan
Core Strategy 2013 (PDF), Wigan
Wigan
Council, 30 September 2013, retrieved 12 February 2014  ^ "Town population 2011". Retrieved 9 January 2016.  ^ Mills, A.D. (2003), A Dictionary of British Place-Names: Ashton, Oxford: Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-852758-6 (subscription required) ^ source: Coal Mining History Resource Centre ^ Bartholomew, John (1887), Gazetteer of the British Isles, ISBN 0-00-448835-0  ^ source: Longman Atlas of Modern British History (1978) ^ "Census 2001 Key Statistics - Urban area results by population size of urban area", ons.gov.uk, Office for National Statistics, KS01 Usual resident population , 22 July 2004, retrieved 22 September 2009 

Bibliography[edit]

James, Gary (2005), The Official Manchester
Manchester
City Hall of Fame, Hamlyn, ISBN 0-600-61282-1 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ashton-in-Makerfield.

Ashton-in- Makerfield Community Information The history of Coal-mining in Ashton-in-Makerfield

v t e

Ceremonial county of Greater Manchester

Greater Manchester
Greater Manchester
Portal

Statutory City Region

Greater Manchester
Greater Manchester
Combined Authority Greater Manchester
Greater Manchester
Statutory City Region Mayor of Greater Manchester

Metropolitan districts

City of Manchester City of Salford Metropolitan Borough of Bolton Metropolitan Borough of Bury Metropolitan Borough of Oldham Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale Metropolitan Borough of Stockport Metropolitan Borough of Tameside Metropolitan Borough of Trafford Metropolitan Borough of Wigan

Major settlements

Altrincham Ashton-in- Makerfield (part) Ashton-under-Lyne Atherton Audenshaw Blackrod Bolton Bredbury Bury Chadderton Clifton Denton Droylsden Dukinfield Eccles Failsworth Farnworth Golborne Heywood Hindley Horwich Hyde Kearsley Leigh Littleborough Manchester Marple Middleton Milnrow Mossley Oldham Partington Pendlebury Prestwich Radcliffe Ramsbottom Rochdale Royton Sale Salford Shaw Stalybridge Standish Stockport Stretford Swinton Tyldesley Urmston Walkden Westhoughton Whitefield Wigan Worsley See also: List of civil parishes in Greater Manchester

Rivers

Beal Bollin Croal Dean Brook Douglas Etherow Goyt Irk Irwell Medlock Mersey Roch Spodden Tame Tib Tonge

Topics

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