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ASHTEAD /ˈæʃstɛd/ is a village in the Metropolitan Green Belt
Metropolitan Green Belt
of Surrey
Surrey
, England
England
and has a railway station on secondary routes to Horsham
Horsham
and Guildford
Guildford
, formerly the Portsmouth Main Line. It is separated from Leatherhead
Leatherhead
by the M25 , and from Epsom
Epsom
by Ashtead Common and Langley Vale . Its district council is Mole Valley . Ashtead
Ashtead
is on the eastern slopes of the Mole Gap of the North Downs and is on the A24 where it is a single carriageway as is generally the case within the M25 motorway. Ashtead
Ashtead
has a large two-part conservation area including the mansion Ashtead
Ashtead
House used by City of London Freemen\'s School , and six other schools. Amenities include parks, outlying woodland trails and a high street with convenience shopping, cafés and restaurants, a football club and a cricket club.

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 Name variants

* 2 The village

* 2.1 Elevations and Watercourses * 2.2 Localities

* 3 Churches * 4 Business * 5 Activities * 6 Schools

* 7 Transport

* 7.1 Rail * 7.2 Road

* 8 Demography and housing * 9 Emergency services * 10 Notable residents * 11 See also * 12 References * 13 External links

HISTORY

There has been settlement in Ashtead
Ashtead
since at least Roman times, with a Roman villa excavated in what is now Ashtead
Ashtead
common. Within a few hundred years of the foundations of Anglo-Saxon England
England
, Ashtead
Ashtead
lay within the Copthorne hundred .

Ashtead
Ashtead
appears in the Domesday Book
Domesday Book
as Stede. It was held by the Canons of Bayeux
Bayeux
from the Bishop of Bayeux
Bayeux
. Its Domesday Assets were: 3 hides and 1 virgate ; 16 ploughs , 4 acres (1.6 ha) of meadow , woodland worth 7 hogs . Its people rendered £12 in total to its feudal system overlords per year. Its main source of water at the time seems to have been the Rye
Rye
.

St Giles Church in Ashtead Park dates from the 12th century, and Ashtead
Ashtead
is mentioned twice in Samuel Pepys
Samuel Pepys
' diaries. Part of his entry for 25 July 1663 reads:

Towards the evening we bade them adieu and took horse, being resolved that, instead of the race which fails us, we would go to Epsom
Epsom
When we come there we could hear of no lodging, the town so full, but which was better, I went towards Ashsted, and there we got a lodging in a little hole we could not stand upright in While supper was getting I walked up and down behind my cosen Pepys's house that was, which I find comes little short of what I took it to be when I was a little boy.

NAME VARIANTS

Even after the Victorian general harmonisation of spelling, accelerated by the mass distribution of the maps and the printed press, the name of the village had until the early 20th century been more commonly spelt as "Ashsted" and variants. It was recorded in an 1820 map of 24 miles around London "Ashsted"; in one of 1773, of Surrey, "Asted". The suffix '-stead' also written '-sted' is used to form the meaning behind and pronunciation of the place name, as in Sanderstead
Sanderstead
, Bearsted , Oxted and East Grinstead , and following the spelling of Oxted has settled on minimal instances of 's'; the second s is deemed implicit in place name pronunciation of communities in the region. However, while it may have been implicit in 1967, as with Cheshunt and Wrotham it is an example of a London satellite area with slightly counterintuitive pronunciation . 'Stede' is the earliest spelling, without any first syllable, from the 11th century, see the Domesday Book
Domesday Book
above. Extract from Mogg's Twenty Four Miles Round London, 1820

THE VILLAGE

ELEVATIONS AND WATERCOURSES

Elevations range from the south west crest of the village at 100m AOD (above mean sea level) to 45m AOD at the Leatherhead
Leatherhead
border outflow of The Rye
Rye
that rises at a pond at Little Park Farm, Farm Lane, Ashtead. The Rye
Rye
forms Ashtead's eastern border then turns west, so forms a half-square around the village.

LOCALITIES

The Street, the main thoroughfare

Marked on Ordnance Survey maps are three of the four named neighbourhoods of Ashtead: Lower Ashtead, rural Ashtead Common and Ashtead
Ashtead
Park. At its centre is the most historic part architecturally with many listed buildings, along Rectory Lane and the slightly bendy thoroughfare, The Street.

The fourth area is Ashtead
Ashtead
Village which is contiguous with the rest but at its heart. This is the oldest part of Ashtead
Ashtead
and has the main shopping and social area of the village, with two pubs and the Ashtead Village Club which is a C"> Upper Pond, Ashtead Park

CHURCHES

See also: List of places of worship in Mole Valley

* St Georges Church, Ashtead
Ashtead
– Anglican Church. Also known as 'St Georges Christian Centre' which includes a Café. * St Giles Church, Ashtead
Ashtead
– Anglican Church. * St Michael\'s Catholic Church, Ashtead * Ashtead
Ashtead
Baptist Church

BUSINESS

Ashtead Pottery was produced in the village from 1923 until the company ceased trading in 1935.

The construction company Longcross has its head office in Ashtead.

ACTIVITIES

The Ashtead
Ashtead
Residents\' Association founded in 1945 aims to represent the views of all who live in Ashtead
Ashtead
through a network of 142 Road Stewards and regular meetings.

Ashtead
Ashtead
Players, established for over 50 years, has two distinct elements:

* Adult Ashtead
Ashtead
Players, presenting a range of popular theatrical productions. * Young Ashtead
Ashtead
Players (12–18 years), offering a real performance experience for younger members.

1st Ashtead
Ashtead
Scout Group was incorporated on 21 June 1920 and is still offering adventurous and educational programmes to young people between the ages of 6 and 18. It has its own headquarters in Lower Ashtead
Ashtead
near Ashtead
Ashtead
Common. The group has over 250 members including young people, adult leaders and supporters.

The Ashtead
Ashtead
Psalms were commissioned by Ashtead
Ashtead
Choral Society to mark their fiftieth anniversary in the year 2000 from composer Robert Steadman .

In 1887 Ashtead
Ashtead
Cricket Club was founded and since then they have progressed into the Premier league of the Surrey
Surrey
Championship.

The Old Freemen's Cricket Club also play cricket in Ashtead, with home fixtures split between the grounds of the City of London Freemen's School in Ashtead Park and at Headley Cricket Club http://www.oldfreemenscricket.co.uk to work around term time use by the School.

Ashtead
Ashtead
Football Club's ground is at The Recreation Ground along the high street, next to Ashtead
Ashtead
Youth Centre.

In terms of Rugby Union
Rugby Union
, rugby has been played in Ashtead Park since 1930 as the home of the Old Freemen's RFC http://www.pitchero.com/clubs/oldfreemens/ former pupils of the City of London Freemen's School make up a large percentage of the player base, but parents, staff and guests are welcome – OFRFC have won numerous cups and division titles over the last 30 years and play in the Surrey
Surrey
league and conference. They train on a Tuesday night from 7:30pm in Ashtead Park and also run a touch rugby session open to all on Thursdays at 7:30pm. In addition there are six other clubs that are between five and ten miles away, the senior level local ones being Esher RFC and Dorking RFC.

Hockey – The Old Freemen's Ladies play on the astro-turf in Ashtead Park every Saturday, with training in Clapham. http://www.ofhc.co.uk/

Ashtead
Ashtead
Golf Club (now defunct) first appeared in the late 1890s. The club had ceased to exist by 1904/5. Footpaths and Cycle Routes

A footpath from the centre of the village leads to a hilltop intersection of paths along Pebble Lane/Stane Street south of the village. From here accessible from two routes south is the North Downs Way that spans the Mole Gap to Reigate Escarpment SSSI and Box Hill to the south of the village, which can also be accessed via Leatherhead and part of the Mole Gap Trail – which in turn provides cycle and access by foot to a scenic north-south route from Leatherhead
Leatherhead
to Dorking and beyond. A new Cycleway has been built alongside the A24 between Ashtead
Ashtead
and Leatherhead.

SCHOOLS

Ashtead's schools include:

* Barnett Wood Infant School * City of London Freemen\'s School – associated with City of London Corporation * St. Giles' (Church of England) Infant School * The Greville Primary School * West Ashtead
Ashtead
Primary School

* Downsend School
Downsend School

* Ashtead
Ashtead
Lodge Division

Parsons Mead School was a former school in the village.

TRANSPORT

RAIL

Ashtead
Ashtead
has a small modern railway station with direct services to London Waterloo , London Victoria , Clapham Junction , Wimbledon , Sutton , Epsom
Epsom
, Dorking , Guildford
Guildford
and Horsham
Horsham
. It is served by both Southern and South West Trains services. Construction of a new station building began in November 2012 and the new station building has now opened to business. A number of other jobs are still required to be finished to complete the project. In total £2m will have been spent on upgrading the station. This is now the third station building that Ashtead
Ashtead
Station has had since the railways arrived.

ROAD

The London to Worthing
Worthing
road, the A24 , runs through the village.

DEMOGRAPHY AND HOUSING

2011 CENSUS HOMES WARD DETACHED SEMI-DETACHED TERRACED FLATS AND APARTMENTS CARAVANS/TEMPORARY/MOBILE HOMES/HOUSEBOATS SHARED BETWEEN HOUSEHOLDS

Ashtead
Ashtead
Common 554 744 70 248 1 0

Ashtead
Ashtead
Park 1,045 314 82 210 1 2

Ashtead
Ashtead
Village 1,080 754 217 309 4 4

The average level of accommodation in the region composed of detached houses was 28%, the average that was apartments was 22.6%.

2011 CENSUS HOUSEHOLDS WARD POPULATION HOUSEHOLDS % OWNED OUTRIGHT % OWNED WITH A LOAN HECTARES

Ashtead
Ashtead
Common 4,129 1,617 41 44 441

Ashtead
Ashtead
Park 4,042 1,654 48 34 520

Ashtead
Ashtead
Village 5,998 2,368 46 36 198

The proportion of households who owned their home outright compares to the regional average of 35.1%. The proportion who owned their home with a loan compares to the regional average of 32.5%. The remaining % is made up of rented dwellings (plus a negligible % of households living rent-free).

EMERGENCY SERVICES

Ashtead
Ashtead
is served by these emergency services:

* Surrey
Surrey
Police * South East Coast Ambulance Service * Surrey
Surrey
Fire & Rescue Service * Ashtead
Ashtead
Hospital, a small private hospital run by Ramsay Health Care UK with no A&E department. The nearest general hospital with an A -webkit-column-width: 30em; column-width: 30em; list-style-type: decimal;">

* ^ A B C Key Statistics; Quick Statistics: Population Density United Kingdom
United Kingdom
Census 2011 Office for National Statistics
Office for National Statistics
Retrieved 20 December 2013 * ^ " Ashtead Common cultural heritage". City of London. Archived from the original on 25 December 2010. Retrieved 27 September 2010. * ^ Surrey
Surrey
Domesday Book
Domesday Book
Archived 30 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine . * ^ https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/e9/1773_Kitchin_Map_of_the_Country_30_Miles_around_London%2C_England_-_Geographicus_-_London30MilesRound-kitchin-1773.jpg * ^ H.E. Malden (editor) (1911). "Parishes: Ashtead". A History of the County of Surrey: Volume 3. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 28 December 2013. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link ) * ^ OS Map with Listed Buildings and Parks marked Archived 24 April 2012 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. * ^