Ashtead /ˈæʃstɛd/ is a village in the
Metropolitan Green Belt
Metropolitan Green Belt of
England and has a railway station on secondary routes to
Horsham and Guildford, formerly the Portsmouth Main Line. It is
Leatherhead by the M25, and from
Epsom by Ashtead
Common and Langley Vale. Its district council is Mole Valley. Ashtead
is on the eastern slopes of the Mole Gap of the
North Downs and is on
the A24 where it is a single carriageway as is generally the case
within the M25 motorway.
Ashtead has a large two-part conservation
area including the mansion
Ashtead House used by City of London
Freemen's School, and six other schools. Amenities include parks,
outlying woodland trails and a high street with convenience shopping,
cafés and restaurants, a football club and a cricket club.
1.1 Name variants
2 The village
2.1 Elevations and Watercourses
8 Demography and housing
9 Emergency services
10 Notable residents
11 See also
13 External links
There has been settlement in
Ashtead since at least Roman times, with
a Roman villa excavated in what is now
Ashtead common. Within a few
hundred years of the foundations of Anglo-Saxon England,
within the Copthorne hundred.
Ashtead appears in the
Domesday Book of 1086 as Stede. It was held by
the Canons of
Bayeux from the Bishop of Bayeux. Its Domesday Assets
were: 3 hides and 1 virgate; 16 ploughs, 4 acres (1.6 ha) of
meadow, woodland worth 7 hogs. Its people rendered £12 in total to
its feudal system overlords per year. Its main source of water at
the time seems to have been the Rye.
St Giles' Church in
Ashtead Park dates from the 12th century, and
Ashtead is mentioned twice in Samuel Pepys' diaries. Part of his entry
for 25 July 1663 reads:
Towards the evening we bade them adieu and took horse, being resolved
that, instead of the race which fails us, we would go to
Epsom When we
come there we could hear of no lodging, the town so full, but which
was better, I went towards Ashsted, and there we got a lodging in a
little hole we could not stand upright in While supper was getting I
walked up and down behind my cosen [cousin] Pepys's house that was,
which I find comes little short of what I took it to be when I was a
Even after the Victorian general harmonisation of spelling,
accelerated by the mass distribution of the maps and the printed
press, the name of the village had until the early 20th century been
more commonly spelt as "Ashsted" and variants. It was recorded in an
1820 map of 24 miles around London "Ashsted"; in one of 1773, of
Surrey, "Asted". The suffix '-stead' also written '-sted' is used
to form the meaning behind and pronunciation of the place name, as in
Oxted and East Grinstead, and following the
Oxted has settled on minimal instances of 's'; the second
s is deemed implicit in place name pronunciation of communities in the
region. However, while it may have been implicit in 1967, as with
Wrotham it is an example of a London satellite area with
slightly counterintuitive pronunciation. 'Stede' is the earliest
spelling, without any first syllable, from the 11th century, see the
Domesday Book above.
Extract from Mogg's Twenty Four Miles Round London, 1820
Elevations and Watercourses
Elevations range from the south west crest of the village at 100m AOD
(above mean sea level) to 45m AOD at the
Leatherhead border outflow of
Rye that rises at a pond at Little Park Farm, Farm Lane, Ashtead.
Rye forms Ashtead's eastern border then turns west, so forms a
half-square around the village.
The Street, the main thoroughfare
Marked on Ordnance Survey maps are three of the four named
neighbourhoods of Ashtead: Lower Ashtead, rural
Ashtead Common and
Ashtead Park. At its centre is the most historic part architecturally
with many listed buildings, along Rectory Lane and the slightly bendy
thoroughfare, The Street.
The fourth area is
Ashtead Village which is contiguous with the
rest but at its heart. This is the oldest part of
Ashtead and has the
main shopping and social area of the village, with two pubs and the
Ashtead Village Club which is a C&IU affiliate. It has a small
southern conservation area, however outside of this has eight listed
brick buildings, each more than two centuries old, including the Old
Rectory which has been subdivided (built 1777) and so too has
Ashtead Lodge (built 1765 – divided into five) Forge Cottage with
Wisteria Cottage here are dated to approximately the 17th century and
are also Grade II listed.
The area north of the railway line is
Ashtead Common, managed by the
City of London Corporation
City of London Corporation subject to a long-standing preservation
order, and is a national nature reserve.
Ashtead is a relatively flat area leading to
Ashtead Common that
has a recreation ground, a youth club and skate park, a pub, and a
number of shops all built near the preserved large square of wood in
front of the railway station.
Ashtead Park contains three large listed buildings and four
See also: List of places of worship in Mole Valley
St Georges Church,
Ashtead – Anglican Church. Also known as 'St
Georges Christian Centre' which includes a Café.
St Giles Church,
Ashtead – Anglican Church.
St Michael's Catholic Church, Ashtead
Ashtead Baptist Church
Ashtead Pottery was produced in the village from 1923 until the
company ceased trading in 1935.
The construction company Longcross has its head office in Ashtead.
Ashtead Residents' Association founded in 1945 aims to represent
the views of all who live in
Ashtead through a network of 142 Road
Stewards and regular meetings.
Ashtead Players, established for over 50 years, has two distinct
Ashtead Players, presenting a range of popular theatrical
Ashtead Players (12–18 years), offering a real performance
experience for younger members.
Ashtead Scout Group was incorporated on 21 June 1920 and is still
offering adventurous and educational programmes to young people
between the ages of 6 and 18. It has its own headquarters in Lower
Ashtead Common. The group has over 250 members including
young people, adult leaders and supporters.
Ashtead Psalms were commissioned by
Ashtead Choral Society to mark
their fiftieth anniversary in the year 2000 from composer Robert
Ashtead Cricket Club was founded and since then they have
progressed into the Premier league of the
The Old Freemen's Cricket Club also play cricket in Ashtead, with home
fixtures split between the grounds of the City of London Freemen's
Ashtead Park and at Headley Cricket Club
http://www.oldfreemenscricket.co.uk to work around term time use by
Ashtead Football Club's ground is at The Recreation Ground along the
high street, next to
Ashtead Youth Centre.
In terms of Rugby Union, rugby has been played in
Ashtead Park since
1930 as the home of the Old Freemen's RFC
http://www.pitchero.com/clubs/oldfreemens/ former pupils of the City
of London Freemen's School make up a large percentage of the player
base, but parents, staff and guests are welcome – OFRFC have won
numerous cups and division titles over the last 30 years and play in
Surrey league and conference. They train on a Tuesday night from
Ashtead Park and also run a touch rugby session open to all
on Thursdays at 7:30pm. In addition there are six other clubs that are
between five and ten miles away, the senior level local ones being
Esher RFC and
Hockey – The Old Freemen's Ladies play on the astro-turf in Ashtead
Park every Saturday, with training in Clapham. http://www.ofhc.co.uk/
Ashtead Golf Club (now defunct) first appeared in the late 1890s. The
club had ceased to exist by 1904/5.
Footpaths and Cycle Routes
A footpath from the centre of the village leads to a hilltop
intersection of paths along Pebble Lane/Stane Street south of the
village. From here accessible from two routes south is the North Downs
Way that spans the
Mole Gap to Reigate Escarpment SSSI and Box Hill to
the south of the village, which can also be accessed via Leatherhead
and part of the
Mole Gap Trail
Mole Gap Trail – which in turn provides cycle and
access by foot to a scenic north-south route from
Dorking and beyond. A new Cycleway has been built alongside the A24
Ashtead and Leatherhead.
Ashtead's schools include:
Barnett Wood Infant School
City of London Freemen's School
City of London Freemen's School – associated with City of London
St. Giles' (Church of England) Infant School
The Greville Primary School
Ashtead Primary School
Ashtead Lodge Division
Parsons Mead School was a former school in the village.
Ashtead has a small modern railway station with direct services to
London Waterloo, London Victoria, Clapham Junction, Wimbledon, Sutton,
Guildford and Horsham. It is served by both Southern
and South Western Railway services. Construction of a new station
building began in November 2012 and the new station building has now
opened to business. A number of other jobs are still required to be
finished to complete the project. In total £2m will have been spent
on upgrading the station. This is now the third station building that
Ashtead Station has had since the railways arrived.
The London to
Worthing road, the A24, runs through the village.
Demography and housing
2011 Census Homes
Flats and apartments
Shared between households
The average level of accommodation in the region composed of detached
houses was 28%, the average that was apartments was 22.6%.
2011 Census Households
% Owned outright
% Owned with a loan
The proportion of households who owned their home outright compares to
the regional average of 35.1%. The proportion who owned their home
with a loan compares to the regional average of 32.5%. The
remaining % is made up of rented dwellings (plus a
negligible % of households living rent-free).
Ashtead is served by these emergency services:
South East Coast Ambulance Service
Surrey Fire & Rescue Service
Ashtead Hospital, a small private hospital run by Ramsay Health Care
UK with no A&E department. The nearest general hospital with an
A&E department is in Epsom.
Samuel Pepys, visited
Ashtead in the 17th century and spent some time
living there as a boy.
Sara Jeannette Duncan
Sara Jeannette Duncan (Mrs Everard Cotes), Canadian author and
Evan Davis, journalist and
Newsnight presenter, grew up in Ashtead.
List of places of worship in Mole Valley
^ a b c Key Statistics; Quick Statistics: Population Density United
Kingdom Census 2011
Office for National Statistics
Office for National Statistics Retrieved 20
Ashtead Common cultural heritage". City of London. Archived from
the original on 25 December 2010. Retrieved 27 September 2010.
Domesday Book Archived 30 October 2007 at the Wayback
^ H.E. Malden (editor) (1911). "Parishes: Ashtead". A History of the
County of Surrey: Volume 3. Institute of Historical Research.
Retrieved 28 December 2013. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list
^ OS Map with Listed Buildings and Parks marked Archived 24 April 2012
at the Wayback Machine.
Ashtead Conservation Area Mole Valley
^ Old Rectory – Grade II – Historic England. "Details from listed
building database (1028655)". National Heritage List for England.
Retrieved 16 June 2013.
Ashtead Lodge – Grade II – Historic England. "Details from
listed building database (1028653)". National Heritage List for
England. Retrieved 16 June 2013.
^ Forge Cottage / Wisteria Cottage – Grade II – Historic England.
"Details from listed building database (1028658)". National Heritage
List for England. Retrieved 16 June 2013.
^ "Longcross: Contact Us". www.longcross.co.uk. Longcross. Archived
from the original on 20 October 2012. Retrieved 23 October 2012.
Ashtead F.C. Retrieved 28 December 2013
Ashtead Golf Club”, "Golf's Missing Links".
^ "Barnett Wood Infant School". Retrieved 24 April 2008.
^ "The Greville School". Archived from the original on 9 May 2008.
Retrieved 24 April 2008.
Ashtead Primary School". Retrieved 24 April 2008.
^ "Downsend School". Retrieved 25 September 2009.
^ The Six Visits of Mr. Pepys
^ Dean, Misao (2005). "Duncan, Sara, Jeannette (Cotes)". Dictionary of
Canadian Biography. University of Toronto/Université Laval. Retrieved
6 August 2014.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ashtead.
Ashtead Residents' Association – Founded in 1945 to represent the
views of all who live in Ashtead
Read a detailed historical record about
Ashtead Roman Villa
Ashtead in the Domesday Book
Surrey County Council. "Ashtead". Exploring Surrey's Past. Retrieved
24 May 2017.
District of Mole Valley
Holmbury St Mary
Places of worship
Church of St Nicholas, Charlwood
St Joseph's Church, Dorking
St Martin's Church, Dorking
Church of St. Mary, Fetcham
Church of Our Lady and St Peter, Leatherhead
Church of St. Mary & St. Nicholas, Leatherhead
The Ashcombe School
Box Hill School
City of London Freemen's School
Howard of Effingham School
Manor House School
The Priory School
St Andrew's Catholic School
St John's School
St Teresa's School
Box Hill & Westhumble
Burford Bridge Hotel
Denbies Wine Estate
Fetcham Park House
Gatwick Aviation Museum
Lowfield Heath Windmill
Mullard Space Science Laboratory
Places listed are articles notable as settlements, arranged by post
The two principal to