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Ashok Singhal
Ashok Singhal
(15 September 1926 – 17 November 2015) was the international working president of the Hindu organisation Vishva Hindu Parishad (VHP) for over 20 years and in charge of the Ayodhya
Ayodhya
Ram Janmabhoomi movement.[1] He was replaced in the VHP in December 2011 following a long bout of diminishing physical health.[2] Succeeded by Praveen Togadia, Singhal suffered ill-health but was working till a month before his death.[3]

Contents

1 Life 2 Career 3 Vishva Hindu Parishad 4 Death Strike & Force Feeding 5 Controversial Statement 6 References 7 Bibliography 8 External links

Life[edit] Singhal was born in Agra. His father was a government official.[4] He was elder brother of BP Singhal, former DGP, UP Police and BJP Rajya Sabha MP. Singhal has a bachelor's degree in Metallurgical Engineering from the Benaras Hindu University Institute of Technology in 1950.[5] Having been in Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh
Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh
(RSS) since 1942, he became a full-time pracharak after graduation. He worked in various locations around Uttar Pradesh, becoming a prant pracharak for Delhi and Haryana. In 1980, he was deputed to the VHP, becoming its joint general secretary. In 1984, he became its general secretary and, later, the working president, a role in which he continued till 2011.[6] Singhal was a trained vocalist in Hindustani music. He studied under Pandit Omkarnath Thakur.[6] He died on 17 November 2015 at Medanta Medicity hospital in Gurgaon, aged 89. On 1 October 2015, the book Hindutva
Hindutva
Ke Purodha was released and officially launched by the Home Minister of India, Shri Rajnath Singh. The book describes all dedications to his political party and India. This was written by Mahesh Bhagchandaka. [7] Career[edit] Ashok singhal joined RSS in 1942 under tutelage of Deoras. Vishva Hindu Parishad[edit] After the Meenakshipuram conversions
Meenakshipuram conversions
in 1981, Singhal moved to the VHP as the joint general secretary. After noting the main greivance of the Dalit
Dalit
communities in the area as being access to temples, VHP built 200 temples specifically for Dalits. He says that the conversions stopped afterwards.[5] Singhal was a key organiser of the first VHP Dharma Sansad in 1984 held at Vigyan Bhavan
Vigyan Bhavan
in New Delhi, attracting hundreds of sadhus and Hindu notables to discuss the issues of rejuvenating Hinduism. The movement for reclaiming the Ramjanmabhoomi
Ramjanmabhoomi
temple was born here.[4] Singhal soon became the chief architect of the Ramjanmabhoomi movement. Death Strike & Force Feeding[edit] Former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee
Atal Bihari Vajpayee
and VHP leader Ashok Singhal, were found, standing against each other, when Ashok Singhal felt that NDA Government is not taking any further steps in building Ram Mandir. He then said, "NDA government may be going ahead with the support of other parties, but people voted for BJP on the issue of "Ram Temple" only. So Vajpayee should take the initiative to build the temple.", which was not built then.[8] Ashok Singhal
Ashok Singhal
went on death strike demanding construction of Ram Mandir at Ayodhya, and to break his strike "Force Feeding" was done on the orders of Atal Bihari Vajpayee. This saddened Ashok Singhal
Ashok Singhal
and badly affected once good relations of Singhal and Vajpayee for lifetime.[9] Controversial Statement[edit] Ashok Singhal
Ashok Singhal
was right wing Hindu and openly promoted his views. In every public meeting after 1989, wherever he gave speech, there was definitely talks of Hindu and of Hindu's interest."[10] References[edit]

^ Seetapati, Vinay (26 June 2016). "Personal doctor says Narasimha Rao's reaction to Babri demolition was honest agitation". The Indian Express. Retrieved 12 June 2017.  ^ "Veteran VHP leader Ashok Singhal
Ashok Singhal
replaced as VHP Int.president". Kochi: Indian Express. Press Trust of India. 20 December 2011. Retrieved 2012-03-26.  ^ "Change in VHP sweet for Sangh". Kolkata: The Telegraph. 20 December 2011. Retrieved 2012-03-26.  first1= missing last1= in Authors list (help) ^ a b Pokharel, Krishna; Beckett, Paul. "Ayodhya: The Battle for India's Soul" (PDF). The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2014-09-03.  ^ a b "Gau Bhakti will lead to good governance, Ashok Singhal". DNA India. 1 Sep 2013. Retrieved 2014-09-01.  ^ a b "Band of Brothers". Express India. 17 Mar 2002. Archived from the original on 3 September 2014. Retrieved 2014-09-03.  ^ "Hidutva ke Purodha". 1 October 2015. Retrieved 17 August 2017.  ^ "राम मंदिर के लिए सिंघल ने किया था अनशन, अटल के आदेश पर हुई थी फोर्स फीडिंग". 2015-11-17. Retrieved 2016-09-27.  ^ "अशोक सिंघल के जीवन से जुड़ी खास बातें जिन्हें आप जानना चाहेंगे". Retrieved 2016-09-27.  ^ "जानिए कौन थे अशोक सिंघल, राम जन्मभूमि आंदोलन में निभाई थी अहम भूमिका - Haribhoomi DailyHunt". Retrieved 2016-09-27. [permanent dead link]

Bibliography[edit]

Jaffrelot, Christophe (1996). The Hindu Nationalist Movement and Indian Politics. C. Hurst & Co. Publishers. ISBN 978-1850653011.  Katju, Manjari (2013). Vishva Hindu Parishad
Vishva Hindu Parishad
and Indian Politics. Orient Blackswan. ISBN 81-250-2476-X. 

External links[edit]

Official Website of VHP

v t e

Sangh Parivar
Sangh Parivar
(RSS Family of Organisations)

Organisations

Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad Akhil Bharatiya Ram Rajya Parishad Banga Sena Bajrang Dal Bharatiya Janata Party Bharatiya Kisan Sangh Bharatiya Mazdoor Sangh Durga Vahini Ekal Vidyalaya Hindu Munnani Hindu Swayamsevak Sangh Hindu Vivek Kendra Muslim Rashtriya Manch Ram Janmabhoomi
Ram Janmabhoomi
Nyas Rashtra Sevika Samiti Rashtriya Sikh Sangat Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh Seva Bharati Swadeshi Jagaran Manch Vanavasi Kalyan Ashram Vidya Bharati Vishwa Hindu Parishad Vivekananda Kendra

Sarsanghchalak

Keshav Baliram Hedgewar
Keshav Baliram Hedgewar
(1925–1930 and 1931–1940) Laxman Vaman Paranjpe (1930–1931) Madhav Sadashiv Golwalkar (1940–1973) Madhukar Dattatraya Deoras (1973–1994) Rajendra Singh (1994–2000) K. S. Sudarshan (2000–2009) Mohan Bhagwat
Mohan Bhagwat
(2009–present)

Other Major figures

Arun Jaitley Ashok Singhal Atal Bihari Vajpayee Balkrishna Shivram Moonje Babasaheb Apte Bal Thackeray Chinmayananda Saraswati Dattopant Thengadi Deendayal Upadhyaya Eknath Ranade Giriraj Kishore H. V. Sheshadri Jana Krishnamurthi K. N. Govindacharya Kushabhau Thakre Lal Krishna Advani Madhukar Rao Bhagwat Moropant Pingley Murli Manohar Joshi Nanaji Deshmukh Narendra Modi Prabhakar Balwant Dani Praveen Togadia Ram Madhav Rama Jois Ramchandra Das Paramhans S. S. Apte Swami Karpatri Syama Prasad Mukherjee Vinayak Damodar Savarkar

Independent authors

D. P. Agrawal Dilip Kumar Chakrabarti Dharampal David Frawley Michel Danino Rajiv Dixit Koenraad Elst Ram Gopal François Gautier Sita Ram Goel Swaraj Prakash Gupta Girilal Jain Christophe Jaffrelot Subhash Kak Raj Krishna K. S. Lal Harsh Narain Balraj Madhok Rajiv Malhotra N. S. Rajaram Ramesh Nagaraj Rao K. D. Sethna Malati Shendge Arun Shourie Ram Swarup

Philosophy

Akhand Bharat Gandhian socialism Integral humanism

Hindu nationalism

Bangabhumi Bengali Hindu Homeland Movement Hindutva Hindu Rashtra Panun Kashmir

Topics

Anti-Hinduism Caste system in India Exodus of Kashmiri Hindus Ghar Wapsi Indigenous Aryans Persecution of Hindus Ram Janmabhoomi Shuddhi Shah Bano case Uniform civil code Women in Hinduism

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 71078407 LCCN: no2003047780 ISNI: 0

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