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Ashikaga Yoshiaki
Ashikaga Yoshiaki
(足利 義昭, December 5, 1537 – October 19, 1597)[1] was the 15th shōgun of the Ashikaga shogunate
Ashikaga shogunate
in Japan who reigned from 1568 to 1573.[2] His father, Ashikaga Yoshiharu
Ashikaga Yoshiharu
was the twelfth shōgun, and his brother, Ashikaga Yoshiteru
Ashikaga Yoshiteru
was the thirteenth shōgun.[3]

Contents

1 Biography 2 Family 3 Events of Yoshiaki's bakufu 4 Eras of Yoshiaki's bakufu 5 Notes 6 References

Biography[edit] The absence of an effective central authority in the capital of Japan had lasted until the warlord Oda Nobunaga's armies entered Kyoto
Kyoto
in 1568,[4] re-establishing the Muromachi shogunate under the puppet shōgun Ashikaga Yoshiaki
Ashikaga Yoshiaki
to begin the Azuchi–Momoyama period. Ashikaga Yoshihide, the fourteenth shōgun, was deposed without ever entering the capital. His childhood name was Chitosemaru (千歳丸). Most historians consider 1573 to have been the year in which the Ashikaga shogunate
Ashikaga shogunate
ended. The power of the Ashikaga was effectively destroyed on August 27, 1573, when Nobunaga drove Yoshiaki out of Kyoto. Yoshiaki became a Buddhist monk, shaving his head and taking the name Sho-san, which he later changed to Rei-o In.[5] Some note that Yoshiaki did not formally relinquish his empty title; and for this reason, the empty shell of the shogunate could be said to have continued for several more years. Despite a renewed central authority in Kyoto
Kyoto
and Nobunaga's attempt to unify the country, the struggle for power among warring states continued until unification and final peace was achieved long after Nobunaga's assassination in 1582. Family[edit]

Father: Ashikaga Yoshiharu Mother: Keijuin (1514–1565) Concubines:

Osako no Kata Kosaki no Tsubone

Children:

Ashikaga Yoshihiro (1572–1605) Isshi Yoshitaka Nagayama Yoshiari (1575–1635) Yajima Hideyuki

Events of Yoshiaki's bakufu[edit] Significant events shape the period during which Yoshiaki was shōgun:

1568 – Oda Nobunaga
Oda Nobunaga
sets Yoshiaki up as shōgun.[2] 1569 – Yoshiaki's Nijō residence is built.[6] 1570 – Ikkō monks defeat Oda Nobunaga.[2] 1571 – Oda Nobunaga
Oda Nobunaga
destroys Enryaku-ji.[2] 1573 – Takeda Shingen
Takeda Shingen
dies; Yoshiaki is deposed.[2] 1588 – Yoshiaki officially resigns from his post as shōgun.[7]

Eras of Yoshiaki's bakufu[edit] The span of years in which Yoshiaki was shōgun are more specifically identified by more than one era name or nengō.[8]

Eiroku
Eiroku
(1558–1570) Genki
Genki
(1570–1573) Tenshō (1573–1592)

Notes[edit]

^ "Ashikaga Yoshiaki" in The New Encyclopædia Britannica. Chicago: Encyclopædia Britannica
Encyclopædia Britannica
Inc., 15th edn., 1992, Vol. 1, p. 625. ^ a b c d e Ackroyd, Joyce. (1982) Lessons from History: The Tokushi Yoron, p. 332. ^ Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 385–389., p. 385, at Google Books ^ Sansom, George (1961). A History of Japan, 1334–1615. Stanford University Press. pp. 278–279. ISBN 0804705259.  ^ Titsingh, p. 389., p. 389, at Google Books ^ Lee Butler, "Castles in Medieval Japan: Before Azuchi", presentation at Association for Asian Studies annual conference, San Diego, March 23, 2013. ^ National Diet Library: 国史大系 ^ Titsingh, pp. 382–405., p. 382, at Google Books

References[edit]

Ackroyd, Joyce. (1982) Lessons from History: the Tokushi Yoron. Brisbane: University of Queensland Press. ISBN 9780702214851; OCLC 7574544 Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Nihon Ōdai Ichiran; ou, Annales des empereurs du Japon. Paris: Royal Asiatic Society, Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. OCLC 585069

Preceded by Ashikaga Yoshihide Shōgun: Ashikaga Yoshiaki 1568–1588 Azuchi–Momoyama period

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Ashikaga family tree

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Takauji (1) 1305–1338–1358

Yoshiakira(2) 1330–1358-1367–1368

Yoshimitsu(3) 1358–1367-1395–1408

Yoshimochi(4) 1386–1395-1423–1428

Yoshikazu(5) 1407–1423–1425

Yoshinori(6) 1394–1428–1441

Yoshikatsu(7) 1433–1442–1443

Masatomo 1435–1491

Yoshimasa(8)[i][ii] 1435–1449-1474–1490

Yoshimi 1439–1491

Yoshizumi(11)[i] 1478–1493-1508–1513

Yoshihisa(9)[i] 1465–1474–1489

Yoshitane(10)[i] 1465–1490-1493+1508-1521–1522

Yoshiharu(12) 1510–1521-1545–1550

Yoshitsuna 1509–1573

Yoshiteru(13) 1535–1545–1565

Yoshiaki(15) 1537–1568-1573–1597

Yoshihide(14) 1538–1564–1568

Notes:

^ a b c d Yoshimasa's successors were Yoshihisa (son), Yoshitane (first adopted son) and Yoshizumi (second adopted son) ^ The broken lines indicate adoptions within the shogunal clan

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Chronology, dates and paternity of the Ashikaga shōguns

Name

Lived

Reigned

Son of

1st Takauji 1305–1358 1338–1358 Sadauji

2nd Yoshiakira 1330–1368 1358–1367 Takauji

3rd Yoshimitsu 1358–1408 1367–1395 Yoshiakira

4th Yoshimochi 1386–1428 1395–1423 Yoshimitsu

5th Yoshikazu 1407–1425 1423–1425 Yoshimochi

6th Yoshinori 1394–1441 1428–1441 Yoshimitsu

7th Yoshikatsu 1433–1443 1442–1443 Yoshinori

8th Yoshimasa 1435–1490 1449–1474 Yoshinori

Name

Lived

Reigned

Son of

  9th Yoshihisa 1465–1489 1474–1489 Yoshimasa

10th Yoshitane 1465–1522

1490–1493 1508–1521

Yoshimi

11th Yoshizumi 1478–1513 1493–1508 Masatomo

12th Yoshiharu 1510–1550 1521–1545 Yoshizumi

13th Yoshiteru 1535–1565 1545–1565 Yoshiharu

14th Yosihide 1538–1568 1564–1568 Yoshitsuna

15th Yoshiaki 1537–1597 1568–1573 Yoshiharu

Related topics: Muromachi period Hana-no Gosho Nijō Castle Ashikaga clan Sei-i Taishōgun

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Prominent people of the Sengoku period

Three major daimyōs

Oda Nobunaga Toyotomi Hideyoshi Tokugawa Ieyasu

Shōgun

Ashikaga Yoshiharu Ashikaga Yoshiteru Ashikaga Yoshihide Ashikaga Yoshiaki Tokugawa Hidetada

Emperors

Go-Kashiwabara Go-Nara Ōgimachi Go-Yōzei

Other daimyōs

List of daimyōs from the Sengoku period

Swordsmen

Hikita Bungorō Kamiizumi Nobutsuna Miyamoto Musashi Sasaki Kojirō Tadashima Akiyama Tsukahara Bokuden Tsutsumi Hōzan Yagyū Munenori Yagyū Munetoshi

Ninja, rogues and mercenaries

Fūma Kotarō Hattori Hanzō Ishikawa Goemon Katō Danzō Kirigakure Shikaemon Kōzuki Sasuke Nakamura Chōbei Ohama Kagetaka Saika Magoichi

Suzuki Sadayu Suzuki Shigehide Suzuki Shigetomo

Suzuki Magoroku Igasaki Dōshun

Monks and other religious figures

Ankokuji Ekei Hongan-ji Kennyo Hon'inbō Sansa Ishin Sūden Jion Nankōbō Tenkai Rennyo Sessai Chōrō Shimozuma Chūkō Shimozuma Rairen Shimozuma Rairyū Takuan Sōhō

Onna-bugeisha

Ii Naotora Ikeda Sen Kaihime Komatsuhime Maeda Matsu Ōhōri Tsuruhime Tachibana Ginchiyo Otatsu No Kata Myorin Otsune

Other women

Asahihime Chacha Chikurin-in Dota Gozen Gotokuhime Hosokawa Gracia Izumo no Okuni Kitsuno Kyōgoku Maria Kyōgoku Tatsuko Nene Nōhime Oeyo Oichi Ohatsu Okaji no Kata Lady Kasuga Lady Saigō Lady Tsukiyama Senhime Sentōin Tobai-in Tokuhime

See also

List of samurai from the Sengoku period

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 64807224 LCCN: n85228130 GND: 11895993X N

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