Asfar is first mentioned during the reign of the Buyid ruler Adud
al-Dawla , as one of the most prominent officers of the Empire. After
the death of
Adud al-Dawla in 983, the Buyid Empire was thrown into
civil war; the Empire was disputed between his two sons Samsam
In 986, Asfar rebelled against Samsam al-Dawla, and changed his allegiance to Sharaf al-Dawla. However, Asfar quickly changed his mind, and declared allegiance to the latter's other brother Abu Nasr Firuz Kharshadh , who was shortly given the laqab of "Baha' al-Dawla." However, Samsam al-Dawla, with the aid of Fuladh ibn Manadhar , suppressed the rebellion, and imprisoned Baha al-Dawla. After this event, Asfar is no longer mentioned.
* Donohue, John J. (2003). The Buwayhid Dynasty in