parouse.com
 Parouse.com



Asahikawa (旭川市, Asahikawa-shi) is a city in Kamikawa Subprefecture, Hokkaido, Japan. It is the capital of the subprefecture, and the second-largest city in Hokkaido, after Sapporo.[1][2] It has been a core city since April 1, 2000. The city is currently well known for the Asahiyama Zoo
Asahiyama Zoo
and Asahikawa ramen. On July 31, 2011, the city had an estimated population of 352,105, with 173,961 households, and a population density of 470.96 persons per km² (1,219.8 persons per sq. mi.). The total area is 747.6 km2 (288.6 sq mi).[2]

Contents

1 Name 2 Overview 3 History 4 Climate 5 Economy 6 Education

6.1 Universities

6.1.1 National 6.1.2 Private

6.2 Colleges 6.3 High schools

6.3.1 Public 6.3.2 Private

7 Transportation

7.1 Airport 7.2 Rail 7.3 Bus

8 Specialties 9 Sightseeing 10 Sister and friendship cities

10.1 Sister cities 10.2 Friendship cities

11 Notable people 12 References 13 External links

Name[edit] The Ainu called the Asahi River Chiu Pet meaning "River of Waves", but it was misunderstood as Chup Pet, meaning "Sun River", and so it came to be called Asahi River in Japanese (Asahi meaning "morning sun"). Overview[edit] On August 1, 1922, Asahikawa was founded as Asahikawa City. As the central city in northern Hokkaido, Asahikawa has been influential in industry and commerce. There are about 130 rivers and streams including the Ishikari River
Ishikari River
and Chūbetsu River, and over 740 bridges in the city.[3] Asahibashi, a bridge over Ishikari River, has been one of the symbols of Asahikawa since its completion in 1932, and it was also registered as one of the Hokkaido
Hokkaido
Heritage sites on October 22, 2001.[4]

Heiwa Street in Asahikawa

Every winter, the Asahikawa Winter Festival is held on the bank of the Ishikari River, making use of Asahikawa's cold climate and snow. On January 25, 1902, a weather station recorded −41 °C (−41.8 °F), the lowest temperature in Japanese history.[5] Due to its climate and location surrounded by mountains, there are some ski resorts in the outskirts of the city.

Asahibashi Bridge

History[edit] Asahikawa was populated by mainland Japanese in the Meiji period
Meiji period
(1868 – July 1912) as a tondenhei, or state-sponsored farmer-militia settlement.[1] Kamikawa District set up under Ishikari Province with the villages of Asahikawa, Nagayama and Kamui in 1890.

1900 Asahikawa Village becomes Asahikawa town 1914 Asahikawa Town becomes Asahikawa-ku

Asahikawa was elevated to city status in 1922.[2] Asahikawa thrived as a military city before World War II, when the IJA 7th Division was posted there. Today, the 2nd Division of the Northern Army of the Japan
Japan
Ground Self-Defense Force is headquartered in Asahikawa.

1955 Kamui Village and Etanbetsu Village merge with Asahikawa 1961 Nagayama Town merged 1963 Higashi-Asahikawa Town merged 1967 Asahiyama Zoo
Asahiyama Zoo
opened 1968 Kagura Town merged 1971 Higashi-Takasu Town merged 1972 Japan's first permanent pedestrian mall Heiwadōri Shopping Park opened April 1, 2000 Asahikawa becomes a Core city

Climate[edit] According to the Köppen climate classification, Asahikawa features a humid continental climate (Dfb) with warm summers and cold and snowy winters. Asahikawa winters are long and cold, with below-freezing average monthly temperatures from December through March. The city also sees an extraordinary amount of snowfall, averaging just under 7.6 m (25 ft) of snow per year. Summers are generally warm and humid in Asahikawa, with average high temperatures in the warmest months hovering around 26 °C (79 °F). Spring and fall are generally short and transitional in the city. Japan's lowest temperature ever (−41 °C (−42 °F)) was recorded here.

Climate data for Asahikawa, Hokkaido
Hokkaido
(1981–2010)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 11.7 (53.1) 12.2 (54) 18.8 (65.8) 29.6 (85.3) 32.8 (91) 35.9 (96.6) 35.0 (95) 36.0 (96.8) 32.9 (91.2) 25.0 (77) 22.0 (71.6) 14.7 (58.5) 36.0 (96.8)

Average high °C (°F) −3.5 (25.7) −2.1 (28.2) 2.6 (36.7) 11.7 (53.1) 17.7 (63.9) 22.9 (73.2) 25.8 (78.4) 26.3 (79.3) 21.6 (70.9) 14.8 (58.6) 5.8 (42.4) −0.8 (30.6) 11.9 (53.4)

Daily mean °C (°F) −7.5 (18.5) −6.5 (20.3) −1.8 (28.8) 5.6 (42.1) 11.8 (53.2) 16.5 (61.7) 20.2 (68.4) 21.1 (70) 15.9 (60.6) 9.2 (48.6) 1.9 (35.4) −4.3 (24.3) 6.8 (44.3)

Average low °C (°F) −13.3 (8.1) −12.7 (9.1) −6.3 (20.7) 0.0 (32) 5.4 (41.7) 11.6 (52.9) 15.9 (60.6) 16.8 (62.2) 11.2 (52.2) 3.9 (39) −2 (28) −7.9 (17.8) 2.0 (35.6)

Record low °C (°F) −41 (−42) −38.3 (−36.9) −34.1 (−29.4) −19 (−2) −7.1 (19.2) −1.2 (29.8) 1.0 (33.8) 2.4 (36.3) −1.8 (28.8) −8 (18) −25 (−13) −30 (−22) −41 (−42)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 69.6 (2.74) 51.3 (2.02) 54.0 (2.126) 47.6 (1.874) 64.8 (2.551) 63.6 (2.504) 108.7 (4.28) 133.5 (5.256) 130.9 (5.154) 104.3 (4.106) 117.2 (4.614) 96.6 (3.803) 1,042.1 (41.028)

Average snowfall cm (inches) 174 (68.5) 131 (51.6) 111 (43.7) 23 (9.1) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 3 (1.2) 107 (42.1) 189 (74.4) 743 (292.5)

Average snowy days 30.4 26.8 25.1 9.4 0.7 0 0 0 0 2.9 17.7 29.3 142.3

Average relative humidity (%) 80 79 69 67 66 74 78 79 77 78 81 82 76

Mean monthly sunshine hours 73.8 105.8 149.6 167.1 197.6 189.3 161.8 147.3 142.2 132.0 64.0 60.3 1,590.8

Source #1: Japan
Japan
Meteorological Agency[6]

Source #2: Japan
Japan
Meteorological Agency[7]

Economy[edit] Asahikawa developed as an industrial center in Hokkaido
Hokkaido
after World War II. The city is noted for its lumber and brewing industries, as well as the production of furniture and paper pulp.[1] Education[edit] Universities[edit] National[edit]

Asahikawa Medical University Hokkaido
Hokkaido
University of Education, Asahikawa Campus

Private[edit]

Asahikawa University Tokai University
Tokai University
(Previously: the Asahikawa Campus of Hokkaido
Hokkaido
Tokai University[8])

Colleges[edit]

Asahikawa National College of Technology

High schools[edit] Public[edit]

Hokkaido
Hokkaido
Asahikawa Higashi High school Hokkaido
Hokkaido
Asahikawa Kita High School Hokkaido
Hokkaido
Asahikawa Nishi High School Hokkaido
Hokkaido
Asahikawa Minami High School Hokkaido
Hokkaido
Asahikawa Ryoun High School Hokkaido
Hokkaido
Asahikawa Toei High School Hokkaido
Hokkaido
Asahikawa Agricultural High School Hokkaido
Hokkaido
Asahikawa Commercial High School (Shogyo) Hokkaido
Hokkaido
Asahikawa Technical High School

Private[edit]

Asahikawa Ryukoku High School Asahikawa Fuji Girls' High School Asahikawa Jitsugyo High School Asahikawa Meisei High School Asahikawa University High School Ikegami Gakuen High School, Asahikawa Campus

Transportation[edit] Airport[edit]

Asahikawa Airport

Asahikawa is served by Asahikawa Airport
Asahikawa Airport
which stretches over the outskirts of Asahikawa City and Higashikagura, Hokkaido. The airport was first proposed by the Asahikawa City Council in 1955, opened in 1961, and daily flights to Tokyo
Tokyo
started in 1970. The present terminal of Asahikawa Airport
Asahikawa Airport
opened in 2000. It is a second class airport, and also a single-runway regional airport. It serves domestic destinations including Tokyo, but some airlines offer destinations in South Korea.[9] EVA Air added Asahikawa as a destination from Taipei on May 2, 2013. Rail[edit]

Asahikawa (old) railway station (replaced in 2011)

Asahikawa is one of the major rail hubs of Hokkaido. The Hakodate Main Line connects Asahikawa to Hakodate in the south of Hokkaido, and the Sōya Main Line
Sōya Main Line
connects Asahikawa with Wakkanai at the north of Hokkaido. The Sekihoku Main Line
Sekihoku Main Line
connects the city with Abashiri on the Sea of Okhotsk. The Furano Line
Furano Line
connects Abashiri with nearby Furano.[2]

Hakodate Main Line : Asahikawa Chikabumi - Inō Sōya Main Line : Asahikawa - Asahikawa-Yojō - Shin-Asahikawa - Nagayama - Kita-Nagayama Sekihoku Main Line : Shin-Asahikawa - Minami-Nagayama - Higashi-Asahikawa - Kita-Hinode - Sakuraoka Furano Line : Asahikawa - Kaguraoka - Midorigaoka - Nishi-Goryō - Nishi-Mizuho - Nishi-Kagura - Nishi-Seiwa - Chiyogaoka

Bus[edit] Municipal buses also serve the city. Specialties[edit]

Asahikawa Ramen Asahikawa furniture Confectionery Sake
Sake
(Otokoyama, Takasago, Taisetsunokura) Cocktail Taisetsu Microbrew Beer "Taisetsu ji-beer" Asahikawa mutton barbecue "Genghis Khan" Pottery / Wooden handiwork (Arashiyama area)

Sightseeing[edit]

Asahiyama Zoo

Asahikawa Museum of Sculpture in Honor of Teijiro Nakahara

Arashiyama Pottery village Asahibashi Bridge Asahikawa Furniture Center Asahikawa Museum of Sculpture in Honor of Teijiro Nakahara Asahikawa Winter Festival / Illuminations (February) Asahikawa Youth Science Museum "Saiparu" Asahiyama Zoo Ayako Miura Memorial Literature Center Hoppo Wild Flower Garden, famous for Erythronium japonicum
Erythronium japonicum
(Dogtooth violet) that flower in May Hokkaido
Hokkaido
Traditional Art Craft Village Kita-no-Mori Ice Pavilion Mount Tossho, also famous for Erythronium japonicum Otokoyama Sake
Sake
Brewing Museum Romantic Road (tree tunnel and churches) Ski Resorts (Kamui Ski Links, Santa Present Park, Pippu Ski Area, Canmore Ski Village etc.) Sugai Amusement Factory Yasushi Inoue
Yasushi Inoue
Memorial Center

Sister and friendship cities[edit] Sister cities[edit]

Bloomington, Illinois, United States[10] Normal, Illinois, United States Suwon, South Korea

Friendship cities[edit]

Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, Sakhalin Oblast, Russia Harbin, Heilongjiang, China

Notable people[edit]

This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (August 2012) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

Takeshi Aono, voice actor Miura Ayako, author Yuko Emoto, judo wrestler Yasushi Inoue, author Kiyomi Kato, wrestler Shigeo Nakata, wrestler Ikumi Narita, volleyball player Victor Starffin, baseball player Taizō Sugimura, politician Kentaro Suzuki, football player Tomoka Takeuchi, snowboarder Kōji Tamaki, lead vocalist of Anzen Chitai Buichi Terasawa, manga artist Masae Ueno, judo wrestler Yoshie Ueno, judo wrestler Miho Yabe, actress Shōgō Yasumura, comedian Nanami Hashimoto, idol Kitanofuji Katsuaki, sumo wrestler

References[edit]

^ a b c "Asahikawa". Encyclopedia of Japan. Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2013. OCLC 56431036. Archived from the original on 2007-08-25. Retrieved 2013-11-19.  ^ a b c d "旭川市" [Asahikawa]. Nihon Rekishi Chimei Taikei (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2013. OCLC 173191044. Archived from the original on 2007-08-25. Retrieved 2013-11-19.  ^ Asahikawa 8 Scenes (in Japanese) ^ Hokkaido
Hokkaido
Heritage Website: 6, Asahibashi Bridge (in Japanese) ^ Asahikawa City 7th General Scheme Gist (in Japanese) ^ "平年値(年・月ごとの値)". Japan
Japan
Meteorological Agency. Retrieved 2010-02-22.  ^ "観測史上1〜10位の値(年間を通じての値)". Japan Meteorological Agency. Retrieved 2010-02-22.  ^ "DIRECTIONS TO HOKKAIDO TOKAI UNIVERSITY (HTU)" (). Hokkaido
Hokkaido
Tokai University. November 20, 2005. Retrieved on April 10, 2015. "5-1-1-1 Minami-sawa, Minami-ku, Sapporo
Sapporo
005-8601, Japan" and "224 Chuwa, Kamui-Cho, Asahikawa 070-8601, Hokkaido, Japan" ^ "旭川空港" [Asahikawa Airport]. Nihon Rekishi Chimei Taikei (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2013. OCLC 173191044. Archived from the original on 2007-08-25. Retrieved 2013-11-19.  ^ "Interactive City Directory". Sister Cities International. Retrieved 11 March 2014. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Asahikawa, Hokkaido.

Asahikawa travel guide from Wikivoyage Official Website (in Japanese) Asahikawa Tourism Website (in English) Asahikawa Winter Festival

v t e

Hokkaido

Sapporo
Sapporo
(capital)

v t e

Ishikari Subprefecture

Wards of Sapporo

Atsubetsu Chūō Higashi Kita Kiyota Minami Nishi Shiroishi Teine Toyohira

Cities

Chitose Ebetsu Eniwa Ishikari Kitahiroshima

District

Ishikari District

Shinshinotsu Tōbetsu

v t e

Oshima Subprefecture

Core city

Hakodate

City

Hokuto

Districts

Futami District

Yakumo

Kameda District

Nanae

Kamiiso District

Kikonai Shiriuchi

Kayabe District

Mori Shikabe

Matsumae District

Fukushima Matsumae

Yamakoshi District

Oshamambe

v t e

Hiyama Subprefecture

Districts

Hiyama District

Assabu Esashi Kaminokuni

Kudō District

Setana

Nishi District

Otobe

Okushiri District

Okushiri

Setana District

Imakane

v t e

Shiribeshi Subprefecture

City

Otaru

Districts

Abuta District

Kimobetsu Kutchan Kyōgoku Makkari Niseko Rusutsu

Furubira District

Furubira

Furuu District

Kamoenai Tomari

Iwanai District

Iwanai Kyōwa

Isoya District

Rankoshi

Shakotan District

Shakotan

Shimamaki District

Shimamaki

Suttsu District

Kuromatsunai Suttsu

Yoichi District

Akaigawa Niki Yoichi

v t e

Sorachi Subprefecture

Cities

Akabira Ashibetsu Bibai Fukagawa Iwamizawa Mikasa Sunagawa Takikawa Utashinai Yūbari

Districts

Kabato District

Shintotsukawa Tsukigata Urausu

Sorachi District

Kamisunagawa Naie Nanporo

Uryū District

Chippubetsu Hokuryū Moseushi Numata Uryū

Yūbari District

Kuriyama Naganuma Yuni

v t e

Kamikawa Subprefecture

Core city

Asahikawa

Cities

Furano Nayoro Shibetsu

Districts

Kamikawa (Ishikari) District

Aibetsu Biei Higashikagura Higashikawa Kamikawa Pippu Takasu Tōma

Kamikawa (Teshio) District

Kenbuchi Shimokawa Wassamu

Nakagawa District

Bifuka Nakagawa Otoineppu

Sorachi District

Kamifurano Minamifurano Nakafurano

Uryū District

Horokanai

Yūfutsu District

Shimukappu

v t e

Rumoi Subprefecture

City

Rumoi

Districts

Mashike District

Mashike

Rumoi District

Obira

Teshio District

Enbetsu Teshio

Tomamae District

Haboro Shosanbetsu Tomamae

v t e

Sōya Subprefecture

City

Wakkanai

Districts

Esashi District

Esashi Hamatonbetsu Nakatonbetsu

Rebun District

Rebun

Rishiri District

Rishiri Rishirifuji

Sōya District

Sarufutsu

Teshio District

Toyotomi Horonobe

v t e

Okhotsk Subprefecture

Cities

Abashiri Kitami Monbetsu

Districts

Abashiri District

Bihoro Ōzora Tsubetsu

Monbetsu District

Engaru Nishiokoppe Okoppe Ōmu Takinoue Yūbetsu

Shari District

Kiyosato Koshimizu Shari

Tokoro District

Kunneppu Oketo Saroma

v t e

Iburi Subprefecture

Cities

Date Muroran Noboribetsu Tomakomai

Districts

Abuta District

Tōyako Toyoura

Shiraoi District

Shiraoi

Usu District

Sōbetsu

Yūfutsu District

Abira Atsuma Mukawa

v t e

Hidaka Subprefecture

Districts

Hidaka District

Shinhidaka

Horoizumi District

Erimo

Niikappu District

Niikappu

Samani District

Samani

Saru District

Biratori Hidaka

Urakawa District

Urakawa

v t e

Tokachi Subprefecture

City

Obihiro

Districts

Ashoro District

Ashoro Rikubetsu

Hiroo District

Hiroo Taiki

Kamikawa District

Shimizu Shintoku

Kasai District

Memuro Nakasatsunai Sarabetsu

Katō District

Kamishihoro Otofuke Shihoro Shikaoi

Nakagawa District

Honbetsu Ikeda Makubetsu Toyokoro

Tokachi District

Urahoro

v t e

Kushiro Subprefecture

City

Kushiro

Districts

Akan District

Tsurui

Akkeshi District

Akkeshi Hamanaka

Kawakami District

Shibecha Teshikaga

Kushiro District

Kushiro

Shiranuka District

Shiranuka

v t e

Nemuro Subprefecture

City

Nemuro

Districts

Menashi District

Rausu

Notsuke District

Betsukai

Shibetsu District

Nakashibetsu Shibetsu

Kuril Islands dispute

Etorofu District

Rubetsu

Kunishiri District

Tomari Ruyobetsu

Shana District

Shana

Shibetoro District

Shibetoro

Shikotan District

Shikotan

List of mergers in Hokkaido

v t e

Metropolitan cities of Japan

Tokyo
Tokyo
Metropolis

Special
Special
wards of Tokyo※

Adachi Arakawa Bunkyo Chiyoda Chūō Edogawa Itabashi Katsushika Kita Koto Meguro Minato Nakano Nerima Ōta Setagaya Shibuya Shinagawa Shinjuku Suginami Sumida Toshima Taitō

Designated cities

Chiba※ Fukuoka※ Hamamatsu Hiroshima※ Kawasaki Kitakyushu Kobe※ Kumamoto※ Kyoto※ Nagoya※ Niigata※ Okayama※ Osaka※ Sagamihara Saitama※ Sakai Sapporo※ Sendai※ Shizuoka※ Yokohama※

Core cities

Akashi Akita※ Amagasaki Aomori※ Asahikawa Fukushima※ Fukuyama Funabashi Gifu※ Hachinohe Hachiōji Hakodate Higashiōsaka Himeji Hirakata Iwaki Kagoshima※ Kanazawa※ Kashiwa Kawagoe Kawaguchi Kōchi※ Kōriyama Koshigaya Kurashiki Kure Kurume Maebashi※ Matsue※ Matsuyama※ Miyazaki※ Morioka※ Naha Nagano※ Nagasaki※ Nara※ Nishinomiya Ōita※ Okazaki Ōtsu※ Sasebo Shimonoseki Takamatsu※ Takasaki Takatsuki Tottori※ Toyama※ Toyohashi Toyonaka Toyota Utsunomiya※ Wakayama※ Yao Yokosuka

Special
Special
cities

Atsugi Chigasaki Fuji Fukui※ Hiratsuka Ibaraki Ichinomiya Isesaki Jōetsu Kakogawa Kasugai Kasukabe Kishiwada Kōfu※ Kumagaya Matsumoto Mito※ Nagaoka Neyagawa Numazu Odawara Ōta Saga※ Sōka Suita Takarazuka Tokorozawa Tsukuba Yamagata※ Yamato Yokkaichi

Prefectural capitals

Tsu Tokushima Yamaguchi

Note: ※ also a prefectural capital

Authority control

WorldCat Identities GND: 7655507-0 NDL: 00257447 VIA