The ASAF JAHI (Hindi: आसफ़ जाहि, Urdu: آصف جاہ)
was a Turkic dynasty from the region around
The dynasty was founded by Mir Qamar-ud-Din Siddiqi , a viceroy of the Deccan under the Mughal emperors from 1713 to 1721 and he intermittently ruled after Aurangzeb\'s death in 1707 and under the title Asaf Jah in 1724, the Mughal Empire crumbled and the viceroy in Hyderabad, the young Asaf Jah, declared himself independent.
* 1 History
* 2 Asaf Jah I
* 3 Asaf Jah II
* 4 Asaf Jah III
* 5 Asaf Jah IV
* 6 Asaf Jah V
* 7 Asaf Jah VI
* 8 Asaf Jah VII
* 9 Others
* 10 Asaf Jahi Rulers Of
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Nawab Khwaja Abid Siddiqi , grandfather of the first Nizam, was born in Aliabad near Samarkhand in the kingdom of Bukhara . His father, Alam Shaik, was a well-known Sufi and celebrated man of letters. Khaja Abid's mother was of the family of Mir Hamdan, a distinguished Syed of Samarkhand.
Khaja Abid, who had held the high office of
Qazi (Judge) and
Shaik-ul-Islam, first visited
In 1657 Khaja Abid returned from his pilgrimage and joined the service of Aurangzeb (Mughal Emperor). At that time Aurangzeb was in the Deccan preparing for the war of succession to the Mughal throne. Khaja Abid, besides being a learned man, was well versed in the art of war. Aurangzeb gave him an important post in the Imperial army. He was granted a high rank of 3000 Zat and 500 Sawars and the title of Khan .
After succeeding in the war of succession, Aurangzeb made him the Governor of Ajmer and subsequently of Multan with the title of Qalich Khan . He served the Emperor with distinction particularly during the early years of Aurangzeb's reign while he was consolidating and restoring peace in his newly acquired territory.
On 30 January 1687 during the siege of Golconda while leading the Imperial armies against the Qutb Shahi King, Qalich Khan died when he was struck fatally by a cannonball.
Qalich Khan was survived by five sons, and his eldest son Shahabuddin Khan, entitled Ghaziuddin Khan Feroz Jung, earned the position of highest distinction in the Mughal Court. He married Safia Khanum, daughter of Saadullah Khan, the famous Prime Minister of Shah Jehan, and by her had a son named Qamaruddin, afterwards the celebrated Nizam-ul-Mulk , the founder of the Asaf Jahi Dynasty.
ASAF JAH I
Qamaruddin Khan,Asaf Jah I
The founder of this dynasty was Mir Qamaruddin Khan , a noble and a
courtier of the Mughal
Muhammad Shah , who negotiated for a peace
treaty with Nadirshah, the Iranian invader; got disgusted with the
intrigues that prevailed in
The Asafjahi Nizams are generally counted as seven, though they were
Nasir Jung and Muzaffar Jung, son and grandson of the Nizam I who
were killed by the
Cuddapah Nawabs and Salabatjung who
also ruled for a decade, were not counted by the historians though the
Mughal emperors at
The authority of the founder of the State of Hyderabad, Asafjah I, extended from Narmada to Trichinapally and from Machilipatnam to Bijapur . During the period of Afzal-ud-Daula (AD 1857–1869) it was estimated to be 95,337 sq.miles (2,46,922.83 km2), forming a lateral square of more than 450 miles (724.17 km) each way.
After Nizam I, Asaf Jah, died in AD 1748, there was tussle for power among his son, Nasir Jung , and grandson Muzaffar Jung . The English supported Nasir Jung whereas Muzaffar Jung got support from the French. These two heirs were subsequently killed by Nawabs of Kurnool and Cuddapah, one after another, in AD 1750 and AD 1751 respectively. The third son of Nizam I, Salabat Jung became the ruler as Nizam under the support of the French.
Hostilities recommenced in
ASAF JAH II
The fourth son of the Nizam-ul-Mulk , Nizam Ali Khan was born on 24 February 1734. He assumed the Subedari of the Deccan at the age of 28 years and ruled the Deccan for almost 42 years - The longest period among the Nizams. His reign was one of the most important chapters in the history of the Asaf Jahi dynasty. Among his efforts to consolidate the Nizam empire was the shift of the Deccan capital from Aurangabad to Hyderabad. He ruled the Deccan at a most critical period and got very successful support from the Paigah Party. He protected the Deccan from the attack of the Marathas and Tippu Sultan of Mysore by signing a mutual protection treaty with the British.
After a reign that played a pivotal role in the establishment of the Nizam dynasty, Nizam Ali Khan died in 1803 at the age of 69. He was buried at the Mecca Masjid alongside the tomb of his mother Umda Begum.
ASAF JAH III
Mir Akbar Ali Khan Sikander Jah, Asaf Jah III was born on 11 November 1768 .After the death of the Nizam Ali Khan he became the Subedar Jah was ratified by the emperor Shah Alam Khan and he also conferred all his father's titles on Sikander Jah.
ASAF JAH IV
Mir Farkhunda Ali Khan Nusir-ud-Dawlah was born in
ASAF JAH V
Mir Tahniath Ali Khan Afzal-ud-daula was born on 11 October 1827. He
was the eldest son of Nawab Nasir-ud-daula. He ascended the throne on
18 May 1857 and Indian mutiny was stated on 17 July 1857 Rohilas
attacked the residency but
Sir Salar Jung
ASAF JAH VI
Mir Mahaboob Ali Khan was born on 17 August 1866. He was the only son of Nawab Afzal-ud-Daula. When his father died he was two years and seven months old. He was installed as the Munsab by Sir Salar Jung, Nawab Rasheeduddin Khan, Shar-ul-Ummul and the Resident, there functioned as the Reyab. Shar-ul-Ummul died on 12 December 1881 and Salar Jung become the sole regent. He was remembered administrator and regent till his death.
ASAF JAH VII
Mir Osman Ali Khan
ASAF JAHI RULERS OF HYDERABAD
Asaf Jahi Rulers Of
Mir Qamaruddin Khan (Asaf Jah I) 11-07-1671 31-07-1724 to 1748 22-05-1748
Mir Ahmed Ali Khan Nasir Jung Nizam-ud-daula* 15-02-1712 23-05-1748 to 1750 05-12-1750
Hidayath Mohiuddin Khan Muzaffar Jung* - 05-12-1750 to 1751 03-02-1751
Syed Mohammed Khan Amir-ul-Mulk Salabat Jung* 1718 03-02-1751 to 1762 11-09-1763
Nizam Ali Khan Nizam-ul-Mulk (Asaf Jah II) 24-02-1734 08-07-1762 to 1803 06-08-1803
Mir Akbar Ali Khan Sikander Jah (Asaf Jah III) 11-11-1768 11-08-1803 to 1829 21-05-1829
Mir Farkhunda Ali Khan Nasir-ud-daula (Asaf Jah IV) 25-04-1794 23-05-1829 to 1859 17-05-1857
Mir Tahniat Ali Khan Afzal-ud-Daula (Asaf Jah V) 11-10-1827 18-05-1857 to 1869 26-02-1869
Mir Mahboob Ali Khan (Asaf Jah VI) 17-08-1866 29-02-1869 to 1911 29-08-1911
Mir Osman Ali Khan
Mir Firasath Ali Khan - Dubai
* These three rulers are not enumerated in the serial order of the ASAF JAHs mainly because they were not granted the title of ASAF JAH by the Mughal Emperor.
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* List of institutions * List of schools
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PLACES OF WORSHIP
* Musi River