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The ASAF JAHI (Hindi: आसफ़ जाहि, Urdu: آصف جاہ) was a Turkic dynasty from the region around Samarkand
Samarkand
in modern day Uzbekistan . The family came to India
India
in the late 17th century, and became employees of the Mughal Empire . As the Mughals, Turco-Mongol origin, were great patron of Persian culture , language, literature: the family found a ready patronage.

The dynasty was founded by Mir Qamar-ud-Din Siddiqi , a viceroy of the Deccan under the Mughal emperors from 1713 to 1721 and he intermittently ruled after Aurangzeb\'s death in 1707 and under the title Asaf Jah in 1724, the Mughal Empire crumbled and the viceroy in Hyderabad, the young Asaf Jah, declared himself independent.

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Asaf Jah I * 3 Asaf Jah II * 4 Asaf Jah III * 5 Asaf Jah IV * 6 Asaf Jah V * 7 Asaf Jah VI * 8 Asaf Jah VII * 9 Others * 10 Asaf Jahi Rulers Of Hyderabad
Hyderabad
* 11 See also * 12 References

HISTORY

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Nawab Khwaja Abid Siddiqi , grandfather of the first Nizam, was born in Aliabad near Samarkhand in the kingdom of Bukhara . His father, Alam Shaik, was a well-known Sufi and celebrated man of letters. Khaja Abid's mother was of the family of Mir Hamdan, a distinguished Syed of Samarkhand.

Khaja Abid, who had held the high office of Qazi (Judge) and Shaik-ul-Islam, first visited India
India
during the reign of Shah Jehan (Mughal Emperor) in 1655 on his way to Mecca. He presented himself at the Imperial Court where he won favours and robe of honour. He was offered a position in the Emperor's service, which he agreed to accept after his return from Mecca.

In 1657 Khaja Abid returned from his pilgrimage and joined the service of Aurangzeb (Mughal Emperor). At that time Aurangzeb was in the Deccan preparing for the war of succession to the Mughal throne. Khaja Abid, besides being a learned man, was well versed in the art of war. Aurangzeb gave him an important post in the Imperial army. He was granted a high rank of 3000 Zat and 500 Sawars and the title of Khan .

After succeeding in the war of succession, Aurangzeb made him the Governor of Ajmer and subsequently of Multan with the title of Qalich Khan . He served the Emperor with distinction particularly during the early years of Aurangzeb's reign while he was consolidating and restoring peace in his newly acquired territory.

On 30 January 1687 during the siege of Golconda while leading the Imperial armies against the Qutb Shahi King, Qalich Khan died when he was struck fatally by a cannonball.

Qalich Khan was survived by five sons, and his eldest son Shahabuddin Khan, entitled Ghaziuddin Khan Feroz Jung, earned the position of highest distinction in the Mughal Court. He married Safia Khanum, daughter of Saadullah Khan, the famous Prime Minister of Shah Jehan, and by her had a son named Qamaruddin, afterwards the celebrated Nizam-ul-Mulk , the founder of the Asaf Jahi Dynasty.

ASAF JAH I

Qamaruddin Khan,Asaf Jah I

The founder of this dynasty was Mir Qamaruddin Khan , a noble and a courtier of the Mughal Muhammad Shah , who negotiated for a peace treaty with Nadirshah, the Iranian invader; got disgusted with the intrigues that prevailed in Delhi
Delhi
. He was on his way back to the Deccan, where, earlier he was a Subedar . But he had to confront Mubariz Khan, as a result of a plot by the Mughal emperor to kill the former. Mubariz Khan failed in his attempt and he was himself slain. This took place in AD 1724, and henceforth Mir Kamaruddin, who assumed the title of Nizam-ul-Mulk , conducted himself as an independent prince. Earlier, while he was one of the Ministers of the Mughal emperor Muhammad Shah, the latter conferred on him the title of Asaf Jah. Thus begins the Asaf Jahi rule over Golconda with the capital at Aurangabad .

The Asafjahi Nizams are generally counted as seven, though they were ten. Nasir Jung and Muzaffar Jung, son and grandson of the Nizam I who were killed by the Kurnool and Cuddapah Nawabs and Salabatjung who also ruled for a decade, were not counted by the historians though the Mughal emperors at Delhi
Delhi
recognised them as Subedars of the Deccan.

The authority of the founder of the State of Hyderabad, Asafjah I, extended from Narmada to Trichinapally and from Machilipatnam to Bijapur . During the period of Afzal-ud-Daula (AD 1857–1869) it was estimated to be 95,337 sq.miles (2,46,922.83 km2), forming a lateral square of more than 450 miles (724.17 km) each way.

After Nizam I, Asaf Jah, died in AD 1748, there was tussle for power among his son, Nasir Jung , and grandson Muzaffar Jung . The English supported Nasir Jung whereas Muzaffar Jung got support from the French. These two heirs were subsequently killed by Nawabs of Kurnool and Cuddapah, one after another, in AD 1750 and AD 1751 respectively. The third son of Nizam I, Salabat Jung became the ruler as Nizam under the support of the French.

Hostilities recommenced in India
India
between the French and the English in AD 1758 on the outbreak of Seven Years\' War in Europe in AD 1756. As a result, the French lost their power in India
India
and consequently it also lost influence at Hyderabad. In AD 1762 Nizam Ali Khan dislodged Salabat Jung and proclaimed himself as Nizam.

ASAF JAH II

The fourth son of the Nizam-ul-Mulk , Nizam Ali Khan was born on 24 February 1734. He assumed the Subedari of the Deccan at the age of 28 years and ruled the Deccan for almost 42 years - The longest period among the Nizams. His reign was one of the most important chapters in the history of the Asaf Jahi dynasty. Among his efforts to consolidate the Nizam empire was the shift of the Deccan capital from Aurangabad to Hyderabad. He ruled the Deccan at a most critical period and got very successful support from the Paigah Party. He protected the Deccan from the attack of the Marathas and Tippu Sultan of Mysore by signing a mutual protection treaty with the British.

After a reign that played a pivotal role in the establishment of the Nizam dynasty, Nizam Ali Khan died in 1803 at the age of 69. He was buried at the Mecca Masjid alongside the tomb of his mother Umda Begum.

ASAF JAH III

Mir Akbar Ali Khan Sikander Jah, Asaf Jah III was born on 11 November 1768 .After the death of the Nizam Ali Khan he became the Subedar Jah was ratified by the emperor Shah Alam Khan and he also conferred all his father's titles on Sikander Jah.

ASAF JAH IV

Mir Farkhunda Ali Khan Nusir-ud-Dawlah was born in Bidar
Bidar
on 25 April 1794. He was the eldest son of Sikander Jah and after his father's death he succeeded him on 23 May 1829. During the reign of his father a number of British officers were employed on several civil services. Hence on ascending the throne in 1829 one of the first ads of this highness was to request the Governor general, Lord William Bentick to the European officers.

ASAF JAH V

Mir Tahniath Ali Khan Afzal-ud-daula was born on 11 October 1827. He was the eldest son of Nawab Nasir-ud-daula. He ascended the throne on 18 May 1857 and Indian mutiny was stated on 17 July 1857 Rohilas attacked the residency but Sir Salar Jung
Sir Salar Jung
put down the attack with a firm hand. Similarly trouble was stated in Solapur but the Maharaja of Solapur was unable to control.

ASAF JAH VI

Mir Mahaboob Ali Khan was born on 17 August 1866. He was the only son of Nawab Afzal-ud-Daula. When his father died he was two years and seven months old. He was installed as the Munsab by Sir Salar Jung, Nawab Rasheeduddin Khan, Shar-ul-Ummul and the Resident, there functioned as the Reyab. Shar-ul-Ummul died on 12 December 1881 and Salar Jung become the sole regent. He was remembered administrator and regent till his death.

ASAF JAH VII

Mir Osman Ali Khan
Mir Osman Ali Khan
was born in Hyderabad
Hyderabad
on 5 April 1886 at Purani Haveli. Since he was the heir-apparent, great attention was paid to his education, and eminent scholars were engaged to teach him English, Urdu, Persian. On 14 April 1906 he was married to Dulhan Pasha Begum, daughter of Nawab Jahangir Jung, at Eden Bagh at the age 21.

OTHERS

* Azam Jah
Azam Jah
, Prince of Berar , GCIE , GBE
GBE
, MSM (21 February 1907 – 9 October 1970). Granted the title of His Highness the Prince of Berar (13 November 1936). Passed over in the line of succession in 1967 in favour of his elder son. He had two sons, the elder Mukarram Jah titles abolished by the Indian Government on 28 December 1971. He has children that include two sons.

ASAF JAHI RULERS OF HYDERABAD

Asaf Jahi Rulers Of Hyderabad
Hyderabad
NAME BIRTH RULED DIED

Mir Qamaruddin Khan (Asaf Jah I) 11-07-1671 31-07-1724 to 1748 22-05-1748

Mir Ahmed Ali Khan Nasir Jung Nizam-ud-daula* 15-02-1712 23-05-1748 to 1750 05-12-1750

Hidayath Mohiuddin Khan Muzaffar Jung* - 05-12-1750 to 1751 03-02-1751

Syed Mohammed Khan Amir-ul-Mulk Salabat Jung* 1718 03-02-1751 to 1762 11-09-1763

Nizam Ali Khan Nizam-ul-Mulk (Asaf Jah II) 24-02-1734 08-07-1762 to 1803 06-08-1803

Mir Akbar Ali Khan Sikander Jah (Asaf Jah III) 11-11-1768 11-08-1803 to 1829 21-05-1829

Mir Farkhunda Ali Khan Nasir-ud-daula (Asaf Jah IV) 25-04-1794 23-05-1829 to 1859 17-05-1857

Mir Tahniat Ali Khan Afzal-ud-Daula (Asaf Jah V) 11-10-1827 18-05-1857 to 1869 26-02-1869

Mir Mahboob Ali Khan (Asaf Jah VI) 17-08-1866 29-02-1869 to 1911 29-08-1911

Mir Osman Ali Khan
Mir Osman Ali Khan
(Asaf Jah VII) 05-04-1886 18-09-1911 to 1948 24-02-1967

Mir Firasath Ali Khan - Dubai

* These three rulers are not enumerated in the serial order of the ASAF JAHs mainly because they were not granted the title of ASAF JAH by the Mughal Emperor.

SEE ALSO

* Hyderabad State * Nizam of Hyderabad * Paigah * Salar Jung family * List of Sunni Muslim dynasties

REFERENCES

* Advanced Study in the History of Modern India
India
1707–1813, p. 142, at Google Books * http://www.hyderabadplanet.com/hyderabad-history.html

* v * t * e

Hyderabad
Hyderabad
topics

HISTORY

* History of Hyderabad
Hyderabad
* Nizams of Hyderabad
Hyderabad
* Asaf Jahi Dynasty * Hyderabad State * Telangana
Telangana
* Hyderabad
Hyderabad
Social Service League

MONUMENTS

* Charminar
Charminar
* Falaknuma Palace * Golconda fort * Chowmahalla Palace * Heritage structures * Paigah Tombs

NEIGHBOURHOODS

* A. S. Rao Nagar
A. S. Rao Nagar
* Abids
Abids
* Afzal Gunj
Afzal Gunj
* Aghapura * Alwal * Ameerpet * Banjara Hills * Barkas * Begumpet
Begumpet
* Bolarum * Bowenpally * Chanchalguda * Dabirpura * Dilsukhnagar
Dilsukhnagar
* Domalguda * Gachibowli
Gachibowli
* Ghatkesar
Ghatkesar
* Himayat Nagar * Jubilee Hills * Kamala Nagar * Kompally * Kondapur * Kothi * Kukatpally
Kukatpally
* L. B. Nagar
L. B. Nagar
* Malakpet * Malkajgiri * Medchal * Mehdipatnam * Miyapur * Moula-Ali * Musheerabad * Nampally * Pocharam * Panjagutta * Patancheru
Patancheru
* Saidabad * Sainikpuri
Sainikpuri
* Sanjeeva Reddy Nagar * Santosh Nagar * Saroor Nagar * Secunderabad * Shah Ali Banda
Shah Ali Banda
* Shamshabad
Shamshabad
* Tarnaka * Trimulgherry * Uppal * Vanasthalipuram
Vanasthalipuram
* Yakutpura
Yakutpura

GOVERNMENT

* Greater Hyderabad
Hyderabad
Municipal Corporation * Hyderabad
Hyderabad
District Collectorate * Hyderabad
Hyderabad
Metropolitan Development Authority

BUILDINGS

* Telangana
Telangana
Secretariat * Salar Jung Museum * Birla Planetarium * Lal Bahadur Shastri Stadium
Lal Bahadur Shastri Stadium
* HITEC City
HITEC City
* Genome Valley * Rajiv Gandhi International Cricket Stadium
Rajiv Gandhi International Cricket Stadium

TOURIST ATTRACTIONS

* Laad Bazaar
Laad Bazaar
* Nehru Zoological Park * Birla Mandir * Public Gardens * NTR Gardens * Lumbini Park * Salar Jung Museum * Makkah Masjid * Ramoji Film City
Ramoji Film City
* Prasads IMAX
Prasads IMAX
* Golconda Fort * Indira Park * Sanjeevaiah Park * Snow World * Jalavihar * Jalagam Vengal Rao Park

EDUCATION

* List of institutions * List of schools

HIGHER EDUCATION

* University of Hyderabad
Hyderabad
* Birla Institute of Technology border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px">

* List of hospitals in Hyderabad
Hyderabad

INDUSTRY

* Defence Research and Development Organisation * Atomic Minerals Directorate for Exploration and Research * Nuclear Fuel Complex * Electronics Corporation of India
India
Limited * Dr. Reddy\'s Laboratories * Industries in Hyderabad
Hyderabad
* Information technology industry in Hyderabad, Telangana
Telangana

TRANSPORT

AIR

* Rajiv Gandhi International Airport
Rajiv Gandhi International Airport
* Begumpet
Begumpet
Airport

RAIL

* MMTS Hyderabad
Hyderabad
* Secunderabad railway station * Hyderabad
Hyderabad
Railway Station * Kachiguda Railway Station * South Central Railway * Hyderabad
Hyderabad
Metro

ROAD

* Telangana
Telangana
State Road Transport Corporation * Hyderabad
Hyderabad
Elevated Expressways * Outer Ring Road * Hyderabad
Hyderabad
BRTS * Mahatma Gandhi Bus Station

CULTURE

* Hyderabadi Muslims
Hyderabadi Muslims
* Hyderabadi Urdu
Hyderabadi Urdu
* Deccani * Hyderabadi biryani

PLACES OF WORSHIP

* List of mosques in Hyderabad
Hyderabad
* Temples of Hyderabad
Hyderabad

CUISINE

* Hyderabadi Biryani * Hyderabadi Haleem
Hyderabadi Haleem
* Hyderabadi Marag

WATER BODIES

* Osman Sagar
Osman Sagar
* Hussain Sagar * Himayat Sagar
Himayat Sagar
* Shamirpet Lake
Shamirpet Lake
* Lotus Pond * Durgam Cheruvu

RIVER

* Musi River

National parks around Hyderabad
Hyderabad

* Kasu Brahmananda Reddy National Park * Mahavir Harina Vanasthali National Park
Mahavir Harina Vanasthali National Park
* Mrugavani National Park

SPORTS TEAMS

* Deccan Chargers * Sunrisers Hyderabad
Hyderabad
* Hyderabad
Hyderabad
Sultans * Hyderabad
Hyderabad
HotShots

OTHER TOPICS

* Famous people from Hyderabad
Hyderabad
* List of cities in India