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The Nizam
Nizam
of Hyderabad
Hyderabad
(Nizam-ul-Mulk, also known as Asaf Jah) was a monarch of the Hyderabad
Hyderabad
State, now divided into Telangana
Telangana
state, Hyderabad-Karnataka
Hyderabad-Karnataka
region of Karnataka
Karnataka
and Marathwada
Marathwada
region of Maharashtra. Nizam, shortened from Nizam-ul-Mulk, meaning Administrator of the Realm, the title of the sovereigns of Hyderabad State, was the premier Prince of India, since 1724, belonging to the Asaf Jah dynasty. The Asaf Jah Dynasty was founded by Mir Qamar-ud-Din Siddiqi, a viceroy of the Deccan under the Mughal Empire
Mughal Empire
from 1713 to 1721. He intermittently ruled after Aurangzeb's death in 1707. In 1724, Mughal control lapsed, and Asaf Jah declared himself independent in Hyderabad. Following the decline of the Mughal power, the region of Deccan saw the rise of Maratha Empire. The Nizam
Nizam
himself saw many invasions by the Marathas in the 1720s, which resulted in the Nizam
Nizam
paying a regular tax (Chauth) to the Marathas. The major battles fought between the Marathas and the Nizam
Nizam
include Palkhed, Bhopal, Rakshasbhuvan, and Kharda, in all of which the Nizam
Nizam
lost.[1][2] Following the conquest of Deccan by Bajirao I
Bajirao I
and the imposition of chauth by him, Nizam remained a tributary of the Marathas for all intent and purposes.[3] In 1805, after the British victory in the Second Anglo-Maratha War, Nizam
Nizam
of Hyderabad
Hyderabad
came under the protection of the British East India Company.[4] In 1903 the Berar region of the state was separated and merged into the Central Provinces of British India, to form the Central Provinces and Berar. In 1947, at the time of the partition of India, Britain offered the 565 princely states in the sub-continent the options of acceding to either India
India
or Pakistan, or remaining independent. Hyderabad
Hyderabad
was the largest and most prosperous state of all princely states in India. It covered 82,698 square miles (214,190 km2) of fairly homogeneous territory and had a population of roughly 16.34 million people (as per the 1941 census), of which a majority (85%) was Hindu. Hyderabad State
Hyderabad State
had its own army, airline, telecommunication system, railway network, postal system, currency and radio broadcasting service. In spite of the overwhelming Hindu
Hindu
majority, Hindus were severely under-represented in government, police and the military. [5] Of 1765 officers in the State Army, 1268 were Muslims, 421 were Hindus, and 121 others were Christians, Parsis and Sikhs. Of the officials drawing a salary between Rs.600-1200 per month, 59 were Muslims, 5 were Hindus and 38 were of other religions. The Nizam
Nizam
and his nobles, who were mostly Muslims, owned 40% of the total land in the state.[6][7] The Nizam
Nizam
decided to keep Hyderabad
Hyderabad
independent, unlike the other princely states, most of which acceded to India
India
or to Pakistan voluntarily. The leaders of the new Indian Union
Indian Union
did not want an independent - and possibly hostile - state in the heart of their new country, and were determined to assimilate Hyderabad
Hyderabad
into the Indian Union, by force if necessary. In September 1948, in Operation Polo, the Indian Army
Indian Army
marched into Hyderabad, deposed the Nizam, and annexed the state into the Indian Union.[8][9] Seven Nizams ruled Hyderabad
Hyderabad
for two centuries until 1947. The Asaf Jahi rulers were great patrons of literature, art, architecture, and culture, and rich food. The Nizams patronized aspects of a Persianate society, copied from their Turco-Mongol Mughal overlords, and which became central[citation needed] to the Hyderabadi Muslims identity.[citation needed] The last Nizam
Nizam
of Hyderabad
Hyderabad
state, Osman Ali, had been the richest man in the world in his time.[10] The Nizams developed the railway, introduced electricity, and developed roads, airways, irrigation and reservoirs; in fact, all major public buildings in Hyderabad City
Hyderabad City
were built during his reign under the British Raj. He pushed education, science, and establishment of Osmania University.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Etymology 1.2 Origins 1.3 Reign

2 Culture

2.1 Infrastructure 2.2 Palaces

3 List of Nizams of Hyderabad
Hyderabad
(1724–1948) 4 Descendants of the last Nizam, Osman Ali Khan, Asif Jah VII 5 Family tree 6 End of the dynasty and removal of the last Nizam 7 Places and things named after the Nizam 8 See also 9 References 10 External links

History[edit] Etymology[edit]

Map of India
India
in 1760. The area under Nizam
Nizam
Domain is coloured green.

The name Nizam
Nizam
also spelled as Nezam, comes from Urdu
Urdu
(نظام) /nɪˈzɑːm/, which itself is derived from the ancient Arabic language niẓām which means "order" or "arrangement".[11] Nizām-ul-mulk was a title first used in Urdu
Urdu
around 1600 to mean Governor of the realm or Deputy for the whole Empire. The word is derived from the Arabic language, as in Abu Ali Hasan ibn Ali Tusi (11 April 1018 – 14 October 1092), better known by his honorific title of Nizam
Nizam
al-Mulk (Arabic: نظام‌ الملک, "Order of the Realm"). Origins[edit] According to Sir Roper Lethbridge in "The Golden Book of India"—( 1893); The Nizams belong to a family of the highest antiquity and importance among Muslim rulers, being lineally descended from the First khalif Abu Bakr, the successor of the Prophet Muhammed.[12] The family of Nizam's in India
India
is descended from Abid Khan, a Turkoman from Samarkand, who's lineage is traced to Sufi Shihab-ud-Din Suhrawardi ( 1154–91) of Central Asia. In early 1650s, on his way to hajj, Abid Khan stopped in Deccan, where the young prince Aurangzeb, then Governor of Deccan, cultivated him. Abid Khan returned to the service of Aurangzeb
Aurangzeb
to fight in the succession wars of 1657–58. After Aurangzeb's enthronement, Abid Khan was richly rewarded and became Aurangzeb's favourite nobleman. His son Ghazi Uddin Khan received in marriage, Safiya Khanum, the daughter of the former imperial prime minister Sa‘dullah Khan. Mir Qamaruddin Khan, the founder of the line of Nizams, was born of the couple, thus descending from two illustrious families of the Mughal court.[13] Ghazi Uddin Khan rose to become a General of the Emperor Aurangzeb
Aurangzeb
and played a vital role in conquering Bijapur and Golconda Sultanates of Southern India
India
in 1686.[14] He also played a key role in thwarting the rebellion by Prince Akbar and alleged rebellion by Prince Mu`azzam.[15] Qamaruddin was personally cared by Aurangzeb
Aurangzeb
and he grew up with deep reverence for the emperor. Both father and son remained steadfast in their loyalty to emperor Aurangzeb
Aurangzeb
until his death in 1707.[16] After Aurangzeb's death and during the war of succession, Qamaruddin and his father remained neutral by which they escaped the risk of being on the losing side, they remained marginal players in the Mughal court during the reigns of Bahadur Shah I
Bahadur Shah I
( 1707–12) and Jahandar Shah
Jahandar Shah
( 1712–13). Their successor Farrukhsiyar ( 1713–19) appointed Qamaruddin the governor of Deccan in 1713, awarding him the title Nizam-ul-Mulk. However, the governorship was taken away two years later and Qamaruddin withdrew to his estate in Moradabad. Under the next emperor, Muhammad Shah
Muhammad Shah
( 1719–48), Qamaruddin accepted the governorship of Deccan for a second time in 1721. The next year, following the death of his uncle Muhammad Amin Khan who had been a power-broker in the Mughal Court, Qamaruddin returned to the Delhi and was made the wazir (prime minister). According to historian Faruqui, his tenure as prime minister was undermined by his opponents and a rebellion in Deccan was engineered against him. In 1724, the Nizam
Nizam
returned to Deccan to reclaim his base, in the process making a transition to a semi-independent ruler.[17] Reign[edit] In 1724, Asif Jah I defeated Mubariz Khan to establish autonomy over the Deccan Suba, named the region Hyderabad
Hyderabad
Deccan, and started what came to be known as the Asif Jahi dynasty. Subsequent rulers retained the title Nizam
Nizam
ul-Mulk and were referred to as Asif Jahi Nizams, or Nizams of Hyderabad.[18][19] Nizam
Nizam
I never formally declared independence from the Mughals. He still flew the Mughal flag and was loyal to them. He was never crowned or had his own throne or any sign of sovereignty. In Friday prayers, the sermon would be conducted in the name of Aurangzeb, and this tradition would continue until the end of Hyderabad State
Hyderabad State
in 1948. The death of Asif Jah I in 1748 resulted in a period of political unrest as his sons, backed by opportunistic neighbouring states and colonial foreign forces, contended for the throne. The accession of Asif Jah II, who reigned from 1762 to 1803, ended the instability. In 1768 he signed the treaty of Machilipatnam, surrendering the coastal region to the East India
India
Company in return for a fixed annual rent.[20] The first Nizam
Nizam
ruled on behalf of the Mughal emperors. After the death of Aurangzeb, the Nizams split from the Mughals to form an independent kingdom. When the British achieved paramountcy over India, the Nizams were allowed to continue to rule their princely states as client kings. The Nizams retained internal power over Hyderabad
Hyderabad
State until 17 September 1948 when Hyderabad
Hyderabad
was integrated into the new Indian Union. The Asaf Jah dynasty had only seven rulers; however there was a period of 13 years after the rule of the first Nizam
Nizam
when three of his sons (Nasir Jung, Muzafar Jung and Salabath Jung) ruled. They were not officially recognised as the rulers. By tradition no Nizam
Nizam
has ever left India
India
no matter how good a reason might exist for doing so, as it was said,[by whom?] "the Sovereign
Sovereign
is too precious to his people ever to leave India". After the Nizam
Nizam
family, the next group in the hierarchy was the Paigah family. The royal family had matrimonial relations only with them and were the closest group of nobles during the Nizam's period. Culture[edit] Infrastructure[edit]

The Nizam's of Hyderabad
Hyderabad
throne in Chowmahalla Palace

During the period of Nizam
Nizam
rule, Hyderabad State
Hyderabad State
became the richest. Osman Ali Khan, Asaf Jah VII
Osman Ali Khan, Asaf Jah VII
and his family including Salar Jung I were taught by Nawab Sarwar Ul Mulk and Agha Mirza Baig Bahadur, who was his political advisor,[21] and the senior-most salute state among the Indian princely states. It was spread over 223,000 km2 (86,000 sq mi) in the Deccan, ruled by the Asaf Jahi dynasty. The Nizams were conferred with the title of His Exalted Highness, and "Faithful Ally of the British Government" by the imperial-colonial British government for their collaborating role in the wars against Tipu Sultan
Tipu Sultan
of Mysore, the First war of Indian Independence of 1857–1858,[22] becoming the only Indian prince to be given both these titles.[23] The rule of the Nizams brought cultural and economic growth for Hyderabad
Hyderabad
city. One example of the wealth of Nizam
Nizam
rule is the Jewels of the Nizams, which is an international tourist attraction occasionally displayed in Salar Jung Museum. In 1948 Hyderabad state
Hyderabad state
had an estimated population of 17 million (1.7 crore), and it generated an estimated annual revenue of £90,029,000.[22] The state had its own currency known as the Hyderabadi rupee, until 1951.[24] The pace at which the last Nizam
Nizam
Mir Osman Ali Khan amassed wealth made him one of the world's richest men in 1937 and he was also known for his miserliness.[23] He was estimated to be worth ₹660 crores (roughly US$2 billion by the then exchange rates).[25] According to the Forbes
Forbes
All-Time Wealthiest List of 2008, Nizam
Nizam
Mir Osman Ali Khan
Mir Osman Ali Khan
is the fifth richest man in recorded history per the figures, with an estimated worth of US$210.8 billion adjusted by Forbes
Forbes
as per the growth of the US GDP since that period and the present exchange-rate of the US dollar against the Indian rupee.[24] The Nizams set up numerous institutions in the name of the dynasty including hospitals and schools, colleges, universities that imparted education in Urdu.[24] Inspired by the Indian Civil Service, the Nizams established their own local Hyderabad
Hyderabad
Civil Service. They were great engineers: for example, they built large reservoirs. Survey work on the Nagarjuna Sagar Dam
Nagarjuna Sagar Dam
was initiated during this time, although the actual work was actually completed under the aegis of the Government of India
India
in 1969.[26][27] Palaces[edit] The Asaf Jahis were prolific builders. Several palaces of the Nizams were:

Chowmahalla Palace-Official residence of early Nizams Purani Haveli King Kothi Palace Hyderabad
Hyderabad
House, New Delhi. Mahboob Mansion Falaknuma Palace Bella Vista Hill Fort Palace Chiran Palace Saifabad Palace Khilwath Palace

Other landmarks include the High Court of Judicature at Hyderabad, City College, Public Gardens, also known as Bagh-e-aam, Jubilee Hall, Asafia library, The Assembly building, Niloufer Hospital, the Osmania Arts College and the Osmania Medical College. The Nizams liked the European style of architecture and created a fusion of European traditions with Hindu
Hindu
and Islamic
Islamic
forms and motifs.[citation needed] List of Nizams of Hyderabad
Hyderabad
(1724–1948)[edit]

Image Titular Name Personal Name Date of birth Nizam
Nizam
From Nizam
Nizam
Until Date of death

Nizam-ul-Mulk, Asaf Jah I نظام‌الملک آصف جاہ‬ Mir Qamar-ud-din Khan 20 August 1671 31 July 1724 1 June 1748

Nasir Jung نصیرجنگ‬ Mir Ahmed Ali Khan 26 February 1712 1 June 1748 16 December 1750

Muzaffar Jung مظفرجنگ‬ Mir Hidayat Muhi-ud-din Sa'adullah Khan ? 16 December 1750 13 February 1751

Salabat Jung صلابت جنگ‬ Mir Sa'id Muhammad Khan 24 November 1718 13 February 1751 8 July 1762 (deposed) 16 September 1763

Nizam-ul-Mulk, Asaf Jah II نظام‌الملک آصف جاہ دوم‬ Mir Nizam
Nizam
Ali Khan 7 March 1734 8 July 1762 6 August 1803

Sikander Jah, Asaf Jah III سکندر جاہ ،آصف جاہ تریہم‬ Mir Akbar Ali Khan 11 November 1768 6 August 1803 21 May 1829

Nasir-ud-Daula, Asaf Jah IV ناصر الدولہ ،آصف جاہ چارہم‬ Mir Farqunda Ali Khan 25 April 1794 21 May 1829 16 May 1857

Afzal-ud-Daula, Asaf Jah V افضال الدولہ ،آصف جاہ پنجم‬ Mir Tahniyath Ali Khan 11 October 1827 16 May 1857 26 February 1869

Asaf Jah VI آصف جاہ شیشم‬ Mir Mahbub Ali Khan 17 August 1866 26 February 1869 29 August 1911

Asaf Jah VII آصف جاہ ہفتم‬ Mir Osman Ali Khan 6 April 1886 29 August 1911 17 September 1948 (deposed) 24 February 1967

Descendants of the last Nizam, Osman Ali Khan, Asif Jah VII[edit]

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On 22 February 1937 a cover story by TIME
TIME
called Osman Ali Khan, Asif Jah VII as the wealthiest man in the world

The last Nizam, Osman Ali Khan, Asif Jah VII, had 28 sons and 44 daughters. The Asaf Jah dynasty followed the Order of Precedence of male primogeniture regardless of the mother's marital status or rank. Among his children were Azam Jah, Prince of Berar (21 February 1907 – 9 October 1970) the eldest son. Family tree[edit]

I. Asaf Jah I, Yamin us-Sultanat, Rukn us-Sultanat, Jumlat ul-Mulk, Madar ul-Maham, Nizam
Nizam
ul-Mulk, Nizam
Nizam
ud-Daula, Khan-i-Dauran, Nawab Mir Ghazi ud-din Siddiqi, Khan Bahadur, Fath Jang, Sipah Salar, Nawab Subadar of the Deccan, 1st Nizam
Nizam
of Hyderabad
Hyderabad
(cr. 1720) (20 August 1671 – 1 June 1748). A senior governor and counsellor in the Imperial government. Defeated the Imperial forces on 19 June 1720 at Hasanpur and formed an independent state of his own. Confirmed in his possessions by Imperial firman and crowned on 31 July. Named Vice-Regent of the Mughal Empire
Mughal Empire
by the Emperor Muhammad Shah
Muhammad Shah
on 8 February 1722, secured the province of Berar on 11 October 1724 and formally made Hyderabad City
Hyderabad City
his new capital on 7 December 1724.

II. Humayun Jah, Nizam
Nizam
ud-Daula, Nawab Mir Ahmad 'Ali Siddiqi, Khan Bahadur, Nasir Jang, Nawab Subadar of the Deccan, 2nd Nizam
Nizam
of Hyderabad
Hyderabad
(26 February 1712 – k. by the Nawab of Kadapa 16 December 1750; r. 1 June 1748 – 16 December 1750). Sahibzadi Khair un-nisa Begum. Married Nawab Talib Muhi ud-din Mutasawwil Khan Bahadur, Muzaffar Jang:

III. Nawab Hidayat Muhi ud-din Sa'adu'llah Siddiqi, Khan Bahadur, Muzaffar Jang, Nawab Subadar of the Deccan, 3rd Nizam
Nizam
of Hyderabad
Hyderabad
(k. by the Nawab of Kurnool 13 February 1751; r. 16 December 1750 – 13 February 1751).

IV. Amir ul-Mamalik, Asaf ud-Daula, Nawab Said Muhammad Siddiqi, Khan Bahadur, Zaffar Jang, Nawab Subadar of the Deccan, 4th Nizam
Nizam
of Hyderabad
Hyderabad
(November 1718 – 16 September 1763; r. 13 February 1751 – 8 July 1762). Deposed by his younger brother on 8 July 1762 and killed in prison the following year, aged 44. V. Asaf Jah II, Nizam
Nizam
ul-Mulk, Nizam
Nizam
ud-Daula, Nawab Mir Nizam
Nizam
'Ali Siddiqi, Khan Bahadur, Fath Jang, Sipah Salar, Nawab Subadar of the Deccan, 5th Nizam
Nizam
of Hyderabad
Hyderabad
(7 March 1734 – 6 August 1803; r. 8 July 1762 – 6 August 1803)

VI. Asaf Jah III, Muzaffar ul-Mamaluk, Nizam
Nizam
ul-Mulk, Nizam
Nizam
ud-Daula, Nawab Mir Akbar 'Ali Siddiqi, Khan Bahadur, Fulad Jang, 6th Nizam
Nizam
of Hyderabad
Hyderabad
(11 November 1768 – 21 May 1829; r. 6 August 1803 – 21 May 1829). The first of the dynasty to be officially granted the title of Nizam.

VII. Rustam-i-Dauran, Aristu-i-Zaman, Asaf Jah IV, Muzaffar ul-Mamaluk, Nizam
Nizam
ul-Mulk, Nizam
Nizam
ud-Daula, Nawab Mir Farkhanda 'Ali Siddiqi, Khan Bahadur [Gufran Manzil], Sipah Salar, Fath Jang, Ayn waffadar Fidvi-i-Senliena, Iqtidar-i-Kishwarsitan Muhammad Akbar Shah Padshah-i-Ghazi, 7th Nizam
Nizam
of Hyderabad
Hyderabad
(25 April 1794 – 16 May 1857; r. 21 May 1829 – 16 May 1857).

VIII. Asaf Jah V, Nizam
Nizam
ul-Mulk, Afzal ud-Daula, Nawab Mir Tahniyat 'Ali Siddiqi, Khan Bahadur, 8th Nizam
Nizam
of Hyderabad, GCSI
GCSI
(11 October 1827 – 26 February 1869; r. 16 May 1857 – 26 February 1869). The first of the dynasty to come under British rule.

IX. Rustam-i-Dauran, Arustu-i-Zaman, Wal Mamaluk, Asaf Jah VI, Muzaffar ul-Mamaluk, Nizam
Nizam
ul-Mulk, Nizam
Nizam
ud-Daula, Nawab Mir Mahbub 'Ali Siddiqi, Khan Bahadur, Sipah Salar, Fath Jang, 9th Nizam
Nizam
of Hyderabad
Hyderabad
GCB, GCSI
GCSI
(17 August 1866 – 31 August 1911; r. 26 February 1869 – 31 August 1911). Succeeded his father on 26 February 1869, ruled under a regency until 5 February 1884, when he was invested with full ruling powers by the Viceroy
Viceroy
of India.

X. Rustam-i-Dauran, Arustu-i-Zaman, Wal Mamaluk, Asaf Jah VII, Muzaffar ul-Mamaluk, Nizam
Nizam
ul-Mulk, Nizam
Nizam
ud-Daula, Nawab Mir Osman ‘Ali Siddiqi, Khan Bahadur, Sipah Salar, Fath Jang, Faithful Ally of the British Government, 10th Nizam
Nizam
of Hyderabad
Hyderabad
and of Berar GCSI, GBE, Royal Victorian Chain, MP (6 April 1886 – 24 January 1967; r. 31 August 1911 – 26 January 1950). Granted the style of His Exalted Highness (1 January 1918), the title of Faithful Ally of the British Government (24 January 1918) and Nizam
Nizam
of Hyderabad
Hyderabad
and of Berar (13 November 1936). The last of the ruling Nizams; ruled absolutely from his accession until 19 September 1948, when the state was formally annexed to the Union of India. Maintained semi-ruling and semi-autonomous status from then until 23 November 1949, when he accepted the paramountcy of the new Indian government and Constitution and acceded to the Union. Formally lost his sovereignty, ending 230 years of Asaf Jahi rule, upon the formal promulgation of the Constitution on 26 January 1950. Served as Rajpramukh
Rajpramukh
of the new Hyderabad State
Hyderabad State
from 26 January 1950 until 31 October 1956, when the post was abolished. Served as a titular monarch from 26 January 1950 until his death.

Azam Jah, Prince of Berar GCIE, GBE (21 February 1907 – 9 October 1970). Granted the title of His Highness the Prince of Berar (13 November 1936). Passed over in the line of succession in 1967 in favour of his elder son.

XI. Rustam-i-Dauran, Arustu-i-Zaman, Wal Mamaluk, Asaf Jah VIII, Muzaffar ul-Mamaluk, Nizam
Nizam
ul-Mulk, Nizam
Nizam
ud-Daula, Nawab Mir Barakat ‘Ali Siddiqi, Khan Bahadur, Sipah Salar, Fath Jang, 11th Nizam
Nizam
of Hyderabad
Hyderabad
and Berar (b. 6 October 1933; 11th Nizam: 24 January 1967 – 28 December 1971; dynastic head and pretender since then).

Azmat Jah, Nawab Mir Muhammad Azmat ‘Ali Siddiqi, Khan Bahadur (b. 23 June 1960; appointed Prince of Berar and heir apparent: 2002)

The Nizam's daughters had been married traditionally to young men of the Paigah family. This family belonged to the Sunni sect, and from the second Nizam's time they had been personal bodyguards of the Nizam. italics – Considered pretenders by most historians; refrained from exercising traditional authority during their reigns.[28] End of the dynasty and removal of the last Nizam[edit] Main article: Hyderabad
Hyderabad
Campaign (1948)

Hyderabad State
Hyderabad State
in 1909

General El Edroos
General El Edroos
(at right) offers his surrender of the Hyderabad State Forces to Major General (later General and Army Chief) Joyanto Nath Chaudhuri at Secunderabad.

After the Independence of India
India
in 1947, the Nizam
Nizam
of Hyderabad initially chose to join neither India
India
nor Pakistan. He later declared Hyderabad
Hyderabad
a free, self-governing independent state but the Government of India, desirous of ending marginalization of the population under Nizam, refused to accept his point of view citing as reasons: Hyderabad
Hyderabad
being surrounded by India
India
on all sides and not having an access to the sea. After extensive attempts by India
India
to persuade the Nizam
Nizam
to accede to India
India
failed, the Indian government finally launched a military operation named Operation Polo
Operation Polo
to overthrow his rule. When the Indian Army
Indian Army
invaded his princely State on 13 September 1948, his overwhelmingly untrained forces were unable to withstand the Indian army and were defeated. The Nizam
Nizam
capitulated in surrendering his forces on 17 September 1948; that same afternoon he broadcast the news over the State radio network. The Nizam
Nizam
was forced to accept accession to the new Republic of India. His abdication on 17 September 1948 marked the end of the dynasty's ambitions. Mir Osman Ali Khan, the last Nizam, died on Friday 24 February 1967. All the Nizams are buried in royal graves at the Makkah Masjid near Charminar
Charminar
in Hyderabad
Hyderabad
excepting the last, Mir Osman Ali Khan, who wished to be buried beside his mother, in the graveyard of Judi Mosque
Judi Mosque
facing King Kothi Palace opposite, befitting the rulers in time and place.[citation needed] Places and things named after the Nizam[edit]

Nizamabad, a city and district in state of Telangana Jamia Nizamia
Jamia Nizamia
university Nizam
Nizam
College Nizam's Museum Nizam's Guaranteed State Railway Nizam's Institute of Medical Sciences Jewels of the Nizams Nizam
Nizam
Diamond Nizam
Nizam
Sagar HMAS Nizam, a Royal Australian Naval vessel named for the Nizam
Nizam
prince who helped finance her construction Nizamia observatory Nizam
Nizam
Club

See also[edit]

India
India
portal

Osmanistan Hyderabadi Muslims History of Telangana Carnatic Wars History of Hyderabad, India Salar Jung family List of Sunni Muslim dynasties

References[edit]

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Hyderabad
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India
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Hyderabad
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Rao, Sushil (11 December 2009). "Testing time again for the pearl of Deccan". The Times of India. Retrieved 28 February 2018. 

^ Regani, Sarojini (1988). Nizam-British relations, 1724–1857. Concept Publishing. pp. 130–150. ISBN 81-7022-195-1. 

Farooqui, Salma Ahmed (2011). A comprehensive history of medieval India. Dorling Kindersley. p. 346. ISBN 978-81-317-3202-1.  Malleson, George Bruce (2005). An historical sketch of the native states of India
India
in subsidiary alliance with the British government. Asian Education Services. pp. 280–292. ISBN 978-81-206-1971-5.  Townsend, Meredith (2010). The annals of Indian administration, Volume 14. BiblioBazaar. p. 467. ISBN 978-1-145-42314-5. 

^ "Hyderabad:silver jubilee durbar". Time. 22 February 1937. Retrieved 15 September 2011.  ^ a b "Hyderabad:the holdout". Time. 30 August 1948. Retrieved 10 October 2011.  ^ a b "Richest Indian in history!". Daily Star (United Kingdom). 23 July 2010. Retrieved 15 September 2011.  "Making money the royal way". The Economic Times. 23 April 2008. Retrieved 15 September 2011.  ^ a b c "Jewel in the crown: a palace fit for a Nizam". The Guardian. 20 February 2011. Retrieved 15 September 2011.  ^ History of the rupee ^ Mahmood Bin, Muhammad (1999). A policeman ponders: memories and melodies of a varied life. A.P.H.Publishing Corporation. p. 19. ISBN 978-81-7648-026-0.  ^ Rann Singh, Mann (1996). Tribes of India:ongoing challenges. MD Publication Pvt Ltd. p. 310. ISBN 81-7533-007-4.  ^ "hyder". Retrieved 28 September 2014. 

Secondary sources

Benichou, Lucien D. (2000), From Autocracy to Integration: Political Developments in Hyderabad
Hyderabad
State, 1938-1948, Orient Blackswan, ISBN 978-81-250-1847-6  Briggs, Henry George (1861). The Nizam: His History and Relations With the British Government, Volume 1. London: B. Quaritch.  Farooqui, Salma Ahmed (2011), A Comprehensive History of Medieval India: Twelfth to the Mid-Eighteenth Century, Pearson Education India, pp. 346–, ISBN 978-81-317-3202-1  Faruqui, Munis D. (2013), "At Empire's End: The Nizam, Hyderabad
Hyderabad
and Eighteenth-century India", in Richard M. Eaton; Munis D. Faruqui; David Gilmartin; Sunil Kumar, Expanding Frontiers in South Asian and World History: Essays in Honour of John F. Richards, Cambridge University Press, pp. 1–38, ISBN 978-1-107-03428-0  Hastings, Fraser (1865). Our Faithful Ally, the Nizam. London: Smith, Elder & Co.  Lethbridge, Roper (2005) [first published 1893]. "Hyderabad". The Golden Book of India. Aakar Books. p. 179. ISBN 9788187879541.  Lynton, Harriet Ronken; Rajan, Mohini (1974). The Days of the Beloved. University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-02442-7.  Lynton, Harriet Ronken; Rajan, Mohini. The Days of the Beloved. Berkeley University Press.  Nayeem, M. A. (1985). Mughal Administration of Deccan Under Nizamul Mulk Asaf Jah, 1720–48 A.D. Indian Council of Historical Research, University of Pune, Dept. of History.  Ranga, Reddy A. (2003). The state of Rayalaseema. Naurang Rai, Mittal Publication. p. 5. ISBN 978-81-7099-814-3.  P.V, Kate (1987). Marathwada
Marathwada
Under the Nizams, 1724–1948. Mittal Publications. pp. 23–47. ISBN 81-7099-017-3.  Regani, Sarojini (1988) [First published 1963]. Nizam-British Relations, 1724–1857. New Delhi: Concept Publishing Company. ISBN 978-81-7022-195-1.  Smith, Wilfred Cantwell (January 1950), "Hyderabad: Muslim Tragedy", Middle East Journal, 4 (1): 27–51, JSTOR 4322137  Zubrzycki, John (2006). The Last Nizam: An Indian Prince in the Australian Outback. Australia: Pan Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-330-42321-2. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Nizams of Hyderabad.

Asaf Jahi Dynasty
Asaf Jahi Dynasty
with Genealogical Tree and Photos Detailed genealogy of the Nizams of Hyderabad Rare colour footage of accession ceremony of the 8th Nizam
Nizam
of Hyderabad
Hyderabad
in 1967 (YouTube) University of Queensland feature

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