Aryeh Makhlouf Deri (Hebrew: אריה מכלוף דרעי) (also
Arie Deri or Arieh Deri; born 17 February 1959 in Meknes) is an
Israeli politician. He is one of
Shas founders, and acts on its
behalf as Minister of the Interior, Minister of the Development of the
Negev and Galilee, and a member in the Security Cabinet of Israel. He
previously served as Minister of the Economy. In 1999, Deri was
convicted of bribery, fraud and breach of trust and given a three-year
jail sentence. At the end of 2012, ahead of the elections for the
nineteenth Knesset, he returned to lead
Shas party. He was placed in
the 2nd position, and was re-elected to the Knesset. In May 2013, he
was re-appointed to the role of
2 Political career
2.1 Establishment of
Shas and Interior Minister role
2.3 Return to public life
2.4 Personal life
3 See also
5 External links
Aryeh Deri was born on February 17, 1959, in Meknes, Morocco, to
Esther (née Azougi) and Eliyahu. His parents lived in one of the new
wealthy districts of the city, and were influenced by the French
culture. His father owned a successful business of tailoring, and his
family were traditional Jews, but not religious. When he turned 5,
he began to learn in Ozar Hatorah, a school that combined secular and
Orthodox Jewish religious education, and excelled in his studies. In
1968, as he turned 9, his family made
Aliyah and settled in Bat Yam.
Deri attended a religious boarding school in Hadera. In 1973, he began
to study at Porat Yosef, a leading Sephardic yeshiva in Jerusalem. In
May 1976, he transferred to Hebron
Yeshiva yeshiva, where he received
his rabbinical ordination. In 1981, he married Yaffa Cohen. The young
couple were financially supported by a couple of lonely Holocaust
survivors from New York who Yaffa knew.
In addition to Hebrew, Deri is fluent in
Moroccan Arabic and
French. His older brother, Yehuda Deri, is the
Chief Rabbi and Av
Beit Din of the city Be'er Sheva. He is also a member of The Chief
Rabbinate Council. Another brother of Deri, Shlomo, is a lawyer.
After completing his yeshiva studies, Deri was appointed secretary of
the Haredi settlement of Ma'ale Amos, and joined the Gush Etzion
Regional Council. In 1983, he was appointed administrative manager of
Lev Banim Yeshiva.
Shas and Interior Minister role
In 1984, he began to serve as a secretary to Moetzet Chachmei HaTorah
of Shas. During 1985, he served as an assistant to Interior Minister,
Yitzhak Peretz, and at the end of the same year he was appointed to
the role of the Secretary General of Shas. In June 1986, he enlisted
to a shortened time of 3 months in the
Israel Defense Forces.
Immediately after he finished his time at the army, Deri was appointed
CEO of the Interior Ministry, while he was only 27 years old.
After the Elections for the 12th Knesset, he was appointed to the
Interior Minister role in the government of Yitzhak Shamir, because of
the refusal of Rabbi Yitzhak Peretz to receive this role. Deri was
sworn in as the Interior Minister on December 22, 1988, and became the
youngest minister in
Israel history. He was only 29 years old.
After his appointment to Interior Minister role, Deri received a lot
of attention from the Israeli media. He abolished the censorship of
plays in theaters, a popular act among the public in Israel.
The grand coalition suffered from instability, and the Labor Party
tried to break up from the coalition and create a narrow coalition.
Deri was part of those efforts. His friendship with Haim Ramon, a
young and leading
Knesset member from the Labor Party, brought
negotiations between the sides, and at the end both parties agreed to
overthrow the government and to create a government of Labor-Haredi
instead. This agreement became practical with a motion of no
confidence on March 15, 1990. This act overthrown the grand coalition,
Knesset members on behalf of
Shas party were absent from the
vote. This agreement nicknamed "The dirty trick". Two strong rabbis,
Menachem Mendel Schneerson
Menachem Mendel Schneerson and Elazar Shach, strongly opposed to
co-operate with the political left, caused the deal to fail, and the
Labor Party chairman, Shimon Peres, didn't succeed to create a
coalition. At the end, Yitzhak Shamir,
Likud chairman, established a
government of Likud-Right-Haredis, where Deri continued to serve as
After the Labor Party, led by Yitzhak Rabin, won the elections in
Shas party joined the coalition, and Deri continued to serve as
Interior Minister, and, for the first time, as a
Knesset member. He
remained Minister of the Interior until May 1993, when he became a
Minister without Portfolio, before returning to the Interior Ministry
in June. He left the cabinet in September 1993. He was re-elected to
Knesset in 1996.
Deri was convicted of taking $155,000 in bribes while serving as
Interior Minister, and was given a three-year jail sentence in 2000.
He was replaced by Eli Yishai. Due to good behavior, Deri was
Maasiyahu Prison in 2002 after serving 22 months.
Return to public life
In June 2011, he announced that he was planning to return to
politics. He was re-elected to the
Knesset in 2013. However, on 28
December 2014, Channel 2 released video footage in which Ovadia Yosef,
the founder of Shas, attacked Deri, calling him a wicked man and a
thief. The same day, Deri handed a resignation letter to the
rabbinical board of Shas, who refused to accept it. On the following
day, Deri presented his resignation to the
Knesset speaker Yuli-Yoel
Edelstein, with his seat taken by Lior Edri.
Despite his resignation from the Knesset, Deri headed the
for the March 2015 elections, and was subsequently appointed Minister
of the Economy and Minister of the Development of the Negev and
Galilee in the new government. He left his post as Minister of the
Economy on 3 November 2015, reportedly over an unpopular gas monopoly
deal, and was replaced by Netanyahu, who promised to speed up the
deal. He was appointed Minister of the Interior on 11 January
2016. He resigned from the
Knesset in October 2016 to allow Michael
Malchieli to take his seat, whilst remaining a minister.
Deri is married, and has nine children. He lives in Jerusalem.
List of Israeli public officials convicted of crimes or misdemeanors
Jews of Morocco
^ Dayan, Aryeh (1997). The Story of Shas. p. 66. For many years,
Deri was known as "Aryeh Deri", and he signed with this name in the
Book of Laws when he became the Minister of Interior, even that in the
candidates list to the
Knesset his name written as "Aryeh Makhlouf
Deri". During the elections for the 20th Knesset, he placed a lot of
emphasis on sectarianism, and began to be presented in his full name,
"Aryeh Makhlouf Deri".
^ a b Dayan, Aryeh (1999). The Story of Shas.
^ "Personal details".
^ יודילוביץ', מרב (2009-05-27). "תבוטל הצנזורה
על סרטים". Ynet (in Hebrew). Retrieved 2017-01-01.
^ Sontag, Deborah (September 4, 2000). "In a Divided Israel, Thousands
Rally for the Ex-
Shas Party Leader as He Goes to Jail". The New York
Times. Retrieved October 10, 2007.
^ Kessel, Jerrold (September 3, 2000). "Israeli political leader goes
to jail after emotional send-off". CNN. Retrieved October 10,
Shas leader to leave prison". BBC News. July 11, 2002.
Retrieved October 10, 2007.
Shas leader announces intent to return to politics".
Ha'aretz English. June 22, 2011. Retrieved June 22, 2011.
^ Ettinger, Yair (29 December 2014). "After split with Shas, Yishai
releases 'doomsday weapon' tape on Deri". Haaretz. Retrieved
^ ‘Struggle over democracy’: Israelis protest Netanyahu’s gas
deal with US energy giant Russia Today, 8 November 2015
^ Interior Minister Shal Leader Deri Resigns From
World, 31 October 2016
Aryeh Deri on the
Current government of Israel
Benjamin Netanyahu (also Foreign Affairs, and Regional
Ofir Akunis (Science, Technology and Space)
Uri Ariel (Agriculture)
David Azulai (Religious Affairs)
Naftali Bennett (Education, Diaspora Affairs)
Eli Cohen (Economy)
Aryeh Deri (Development of the Negev & Galilee, Interior)
Ze'ev Elkin (
Jerusalem Affairs & Heritage, Environmental
Gilad Erdan (Public Security, Strategic Affairs, Information)
Yoav Galant (Construction)
Gila Gamliel (Senior Citizens)
Tzachi Hanegbi (Without portfolio)
Moshe Kahlon (Finance)
Ayoob Kara (Communications)
Haim Katz (Welfare and Social Services)
Yisrael Katz (Intelligence, Transportation)
Sofa Landver (
Aliyah and Integration)
Yariv Levin (Tourism)
Avigdor Lieberman (Defense)
Yaakov Litzman (Health)
Miri Regev (Culture & Sport)
Ayelet Shaked (Justice)
Yuval Steinitz (National Infrastructure, Energy & Water)
Eli Ben-Dahan (Defense)
Yitzhak Cohen (Finance)
Tzipi Hotovely (Foreign Affairs)
Ayoob Kara (Regional Cooperation)
Jackie Levy (Construction)
Yaron Mazuz (PM's Office)
Meshulam Nahari (Interior)
Meir Porush (Education)
See also: 2015
Current members of the Knesset
Ministers of the Economy
Ran Cohen (1999–2000)
Eli Cohen (2017–)
Interior Ministers of
Porat Yosef Yeshiva
Jerusalem (Old City and
Past roshei yeshiva
Ben Zion Abba Shaul
Ben Zion Abba Shaul
Baruch Ben Haim
Eliyahu Ben Haim
ISNI: 0000 0001 1444 5