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Suzanna Arundhati Roy
Arundhati Roy
(born 24 November 1961)[1] is an Indian author best known for her novel The God of Small Things
The God of Small Things
(1997), which won the Man Booker Prize
Man Booker Prize
for Fiction in 1997 and became the biggest-selling book by a non-expatriate Indian author. She is also a political activist involved in human rights and environmental causes.[3]

Contents

1 Early life 2 Personal life 3 Career

3.1 Early career: screenplays 3.2 The God of Small Things 3.3 Later career

4 Advocacy

4.1 Support for Kashmiri separatism 4.2 Sardar Sarovar Project 4.3 US foreign policy, war in Afghanistan 4.4 India's nuclear weaponry 4.5 Criticism of Israel 4.6 2001 Indian parliament attack 4.7 The Muthanga incident 4.8 Comments on 2008 Mumbai attacks 4.9 Criticism of Sri Lankan government 4.10 Views on the Naxalites 4.11 Sedition charges 4.12 Criticism of Anna Hazare 4.13 Views on Narendra Modi

5 Awards 6 Bibliography

6.1 Fiction 6.2 Non-fiction

7 See also 8 References 9 Further reading

9.1 Books and articles on Roy 9.2 Other

10 External links

Early life Arundhati Roy
Arundhati Roy
was born in Shillong, Meghalaya, India,[4] to Mary Roy, a Malayali
Malayali
Syrian Christian
Syrian Christian
women's rights activist from Kerala
Kerala
and Rajib Roy, a Bengali Hindu
Hindu
tea plantation manager from Calcutta.[5] When she was two, her parents divorced and she returned to Kerala
Kerala
with her mother and brother.[5] For a time, the family lived with Roy's maternal grandfather in Ooty, Tamil Nadu. When she was five, the family moved back to Kerala, where her mother started a school.[5] Roy attended school at Corpus Christi, Kottayam, followed by the Lawrence School, Lovedale, in Nilgiris, Tamil Nadu. She then studied architecture at the School of Planning and Architecture, Delhi, where she met architect Gerard da Cunha. The two lived together in Delhi, and then Goa, before they separated.[5] Personal life Roy returned to Delhi, where she obtained a position with the National Institute of Urban Affairs.[5] In 1984, she met independent filmmaker Pradip Krishen, who offered her a role as a goatherd in his award-winning movie, Massey Sahib.[6] Later, the two married. They collaborated on a television series on India's independence movement and on two films, Annie and Electric Moon.[5] Disenchanted with the film world, Roy did various jobs, including running aerobics classes. Roy and Krishen eventually separated.[5] She became financially secure by the success of her novel The God of Small Things, published in 1997. Roy is a cousin of prominent media personality Prannoy Roy, the head of the leading Indian television media group NDTV.[7] She lives in Delhi.[5] Career Early career: screenplays Early in her career, Roy worked for television and movies. She wrote the screenplays for In Which Annie Gives It Those Ones (1989), a movie based on her experiences as a student of architecture, in which she also appeared as a performer, and Electric Moon (1992).[8] Both were directed by her husband, Pradip Krishen, during their marriage. Roy won the National Film Award for Best Screenplay in 1988 for In Which Annie Gives It Those Ones.[9] She attracted attention in 1994, when she criticised Shekhar Kapur's film, Bandit Queen, which was based on the life of Phoolan Devi.[8] In her film review entitled, "The Great Indian Rape Trick", she questioned the right to "restage the rape of a living woman without her permission", and charged Kapur with exploiting Devi and misrepresenting both her life and its meaning.[10][11][12] The God of Small Things Roy began writing her first novel, The God of Small Things, in 1992, completing it in 1996.[13] The book is semi-autobiographical and a major part captures her childhood experiences in Aymanam.[4] The publication of The God of Small Things
The God of Small Things
catapulted Roy to international fame. It received the 1997 Booker Prize
Booker Prize
for Fiction and was listed as one of the New York Times
New York Times
Notable Books of the Year for 1997.[14] It reached fourth position on the New York Times
New York Times
Bestsellers list for Independent Fiction.[15] From the beginning, the book was also a commercial success: Roy received half a million pounds as an advance.[12] It was published in May, and the book had been sold in eighteen countries by the end of June.[13] The God of Small Things
The God of Small Things
received stellar reviews in major American newspapers such as The New York Times
New York Times
(a "dazzling first novel,"[16] "extraordinary", "at once so morally strenuous and so imaginatively supple"[17]) and the Los Angeles Times
Los Angeles Times
("a novel of poignancy and considerable sweep"[18]), and in Canadian publications such as the Toronto Star
Toronto Star
("a lush, magical novel"[19]). By the end of the year, it had become one of the five best books of 1997 by Time.[20] Critical response in the United Kingdom was less positive, and the awarding of the Booker Prize
Booker Prize
caused controversy; Carmen Callil, a 1996 Booker Prize judge, called the novel "execrable", and The Guardian
The Guardian
called the context "profoundly depressing".[21] In India, the book was criticised especially for its unrestrained description of sexuality by E. K. Nayanar,[22] then Chief Minister of Roy's home state Kerala, where she had to answer charges of obscenity.[23] Later career Since the success of her novel, Roy has written a television serial, The Banyan Tree,[24] and the documentary, DAM/AGE: A Film with Arundhati Roy
Arundhati Roy
(2002). In early 2007, Roy stated that she was working on a second novel.[12][25]

Arundhati Roy, Man Booker Prize
Man Booker Prize
winner

She contributed to We Are One: A Celebration of Tribal Peoples, a book released in 2009,[26] that explores the culture of peoples around the world, portraying their diversity and the threats to their existence. The royalties from the sale of this book go to the indigenous rights organisation Survival International.[27] She has written numerous essays on contemporary politics and culture. They have been collected by Penguin India in a five-volume set.[5] In October 2016, Penguin India and Hamish Hamilton
Hamish Hamilton
UK announced that they would publish her second novel, entitled The Ministry of Utmost Happiness, in June 2017.[28] The novel was chosen for the Man Booker Prize 2017 Long List.[29] The Ministry of Utmost Happiness was nominated as a finalist for the National Book Critics Circle Award for fiction in January 2018.[30] Advocacy Since publishing The God of Small Things
The God of Small Things
in 1997, Roy has spent most of her time on political activism and nonfiction (such as collections of essays about social causes). She is a spokesperson of the anti-globalization/alter-globalization movement and a vehement critic of neo-imperialism and U.S. foreign policy. She opposes India's policies toward nuclear weapons as well as industrialization and economic growth (which she describes as "encrypted with genocidal potential" in Listening to Grasshoppers: Field Notes on Democracy).[31] Support for Kashmiri separatism In an August 2008 interview with the Times of India, Arundhati Roy expressed her support for the independence of Kashmir
Kashmir
from India after the massive demonstrations in 2008 in favour of independence took place—some 500,000 separatists rallied in Srinagar in the Kashmir part of Jammu and Kashmir
Jammu and Kashmir
state of India for independence on 18 August 2008, following the Amarnath land transfer controversy.[32] According to her, the rallies were a sign that Kashmiris desire secession from India, and not union with India.[33] She was criticised by the Indian National Congress (INC) and Bharatiya Janata Party
Bharatiya Janata Party
(BJP) for her remarks.[34][35] All India Congress Committee
All India Congress Committee
member and senior Congress party leader, Satya Prakash Malaviya, asked Roy to withdraw her "irresponsible" statement saying it was "contrary to historical facts".[35]

"It would do better to brush up her knowledge of history and know that the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir
Jammu and Kashmir
had acceded to the Union of India after its erstwhile ruler Maharaja Hari Singh
Maharaja Hari Singh
duly signed the Instrument of Accession
Instrument of Accession
on October 26, 1947. And the state, consequently has become as much an integral part of India as all the other erstwhile princely states have."[35]

She was charged with sedition along with separatist Hurriyat leader Syed Ali Shah Geelani and others by Delhi Police
Delhi Police
for their "anti-India" speech at a convention on Kashmir : “Azadi: The Only Way" in 2010.[36][37] Sardar Sarovar Project Roy has campaigned along with activist Medha Patkar
Medha Patkar
against the Narmada dam project, saying that the dam will displace half a million people, with little or no compensation, and will not provide the projected irrigation, drinking water, and other benefits.[38] Roy donated her Booker prize money, as well as royalties from her books on the project, to the Narmada Bachao Andolan. Roy also appears in Franny Armstrong's Drowned Out, a 2002 documentary about the project.[39] Roy's opposition to the Narmada Dam project was criticised as "maligning Gujarat" by Congress and BJP leaders in Gujarat.[40] In 2002, Roy responded to a contempt notice issued against her by the Indian Supreme Court with an affidavit saying the court's decision to initiate the contempt proceedings based on an unsubstantiated and flawed petition, while refusing to inquire into allegations of corruption in military contracting deals pleading an overload of cases, indicated a "disquieting inclination" by the court to silence criticism and dissent using the power of contempt.[41] The court found Roy's statement, which she refused to disavow or apologise for, constituted criminal contempt and sentenced her to a "symbolic" one day's imprisonment and fined Roy Rs. 2500.[42] Roy served the jail sentence for a single day and opted to pay the fine rather than serve an additional three months for default.[43] Environmental historian
Environmental historian
Ramachandra Guha
Ramachandra Guha
has been critical of Roy's Narmada dam activism. While acknowledging her "courage and commitment" to the cause, Guha writes that her advocacy is hyperbolic and self-indulgent,[44] "Ms. Roy's tendency to exaggerate and simplify, her Manichaean
Manichaean
view of the world, and her shrill hectoring tone, have given a bad name to environmental analysis".[45] He faulted Roy's criticism of Supreme Court judges who were hearing a petition brought by the Narmada Bachao Andolan, as careless and irresponsible. Roy counters that her writing is intentional in its passionate, hysterical tone: "I am hysterical. I'm screaming from the bloody rooftops. And he and his smug little club are going 'Shhhh... you'll wake the neighbours!' I want to wake the neighbours, that's my whole point. I want everybody to open their eyes".[46] Gail Omvedt and Roy have had fierce yet constructive discussions, in open letters, on Roy's strategy for the Narmada Dam movement. The activists disagree on whether to demand stopping the dam building altogether (Roy) or searching for intermediate alternatives (Omvedt).[47] US foreign policy, war in Afghanistan

Arundhati Roy
Arundhati Roy
delivering a talk "Can We Leave the Bauxite
Bauxite
in the Mountain? Field Notes on Democracy" at the Harvard Kennedy School
Harvard Kennedy School
on April 1, 2010 [48]

In a 2001 opinion piece in the British newspaper The Guardian, entitled "The algebra of infinite justice", Arundhati Roy
Arundhati Roy
responded to the U.S. military invasion of Afghanistan, finding fault with the argument that this war would be a retaliation for the September 11 attacks: "The bombing of Afghanistan
Afghanistan
is not revenge for New York and Washington. It is yet another act of terror against the people of the world." According to her, U.S. president George W. Bush
George W. Bush
and UK prime minister Tony Blair
Tony Blair
were guilty of a Big Brother type of doublethink:

"When he announced the air strikes, President George Bush said: 'We're a peaceful nation.' America's favourite ambassador, Tony Blair, (who also holds the portfolio of prime minister of the UK), echoed him: 'We're a peaceful people.' So now we know. Pigs are horses. Girls are boys. War is peace."

She disputes U.S. claims of being a peaceful and freedom-loving nation, listing China and nineteen Third World
Third World
"countries that America has been at war with—and bombed—since World War II
World War II
", as well as previous U.S. support for the Taliban
Taliban
movement and support for the Northern Alliance
Northern Alliance
(whose "track record is not very different from the Taliban's"). She does not spare the Taliban: "Now, as adults and rulers, the Taliban
Taliban
beat, stone, rape, and brutalise women, they don't seem to know what else to do with them."[49] In the final analysis, Roy sees American-style capitalism as the culprit: "In America, the arms industry, the oil industry, the major media networks, and, indeed, U.S. foreign policy, are all controlled by the same business combines". She puts the attacks on the World Trade Center and on Afghanistan
Afghanistan
on the same moral level, that of terrorism, and mourns the impossibility of imagining beauty after 2001: "Will it be possible ever again to watch the slow, amazed blink of a newborn gecko in the sun, or whisper back to the marmot who has just whispered in your ear—without thinking of the World Trade Centre and Afghanistan?"[50] In May 2003 she delivered a speech entitled "Instant-Mix Imperial Democracy (Buy One, Get One Free)" at the Riverside Church
Riverside Church
in New York City, in which she described the United States as a global empire that reserves the right to bomb any of its subjects at any time, deriving its legitimacy directly from God. The speech was an indictment of the U.S. actions relating to the Iraq War.[51][52] In June 2005 she took part in the World Tribunal on Iraq, and in March 2006, Roy criticised U.S. President George W. Bush's visit to India, calling him a "war criminal".[53] India's nuclear weaponry In response to India's testing of nuclear weapons in Pokhran, Rajasthan, Roy wrote The End of Imagination (1998), a critique of the Indian government's nuclear policies. It was published in her collection The Cost of Living (1999), in which she also crusaded against India's massive hydroelectric dam projects in the central and western states of Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, and Gujarat. Criticism of Israel In August 2006, Roy, along with Noam Chomsky, Howard Zinn, and others, signed a letter in The Guardian
The Guardian
called the 2006 Lebanon War
2006 Lebanon War
a "war crime" and accused Israel
Israel
of "state terror".[54] In 2007, Roy was one of more than 100 artists and writers who signed an open letter initiated by Queers Undermining Israeli Terrorism
Terrorism
and the South West Asian, North African Bay Area Queers calling on the San Francisco International LGBT Film Festival "to honor calls for an international boycott of Israeli political and cultural institutions, by discontinuing Israeli consulate sponsorship of the LGBT film festival and not cosponsoring events with the Israeli consulate".[55] 2001 Indian parliament attack Roy has raised questions about the investigation into the 2001 Indian Parliament attack and the trial of the accused. She had called for the death sentence of Mohammad Afzal to be stayed while a parliamentary enquiry into these questions is conducted and denounced press coverage of the trial.[56] The BJP spokesperson Prakash Javadekar
Prakash Javadekar
criticised Roy for calling convicted terrorist Mohammad Afzal a "prisoner-of-war" and called Arundhati a "prisoner of her own dogma".[57] Afzal was hanged in 2013.[58] The Muthanga incident In 2003, the Adivasi
Adivasi
Gothra Maha Sabha, a social movement for Adivasi land rights in Kerala, organised a major land occupation of a piece of land of a former Eucalyptus plantation in the Muthanga Wildlife Reserve, on the border of Kerala
Kerala
and Karnataka. After 48 days, a police force was sent into the area to evict the occupants—one participant of the movement and a policeman were killed, and the leaders of the movement were arrested. Arundhati Roy
Arundhati Roy
travelled to the area, visited the movement's leaders in jail, and wrote an open letter to the then Chief Minister of Kerala, A. K. Antony, saying "You have blood on your hands."[59] Comments on 2008 Mumbai attacks In an opinion piece for The Guardian
The Guardian
(13 December 2008), Roy argued that the November 2008 Mumbai attacks
November 2008 Mumbai attacks
cannot be seen in isolation, but must be understood in the context of wider issues in the region's history and society such as widespread poverty, the Partition of India ("Britain's final, parting kick to us"), the atrocities committed during the 2002 Gujarat
Gujarat
violence, and the ongoing Kashmir
Kashmir
conflict. Despite this call for context, Roy states clearly in the article that she believes "nothing can justify terrorism" and calls terrorism "a heartless ideology". Roy warns against war with Pakistan, arguing that it is hard to "pin down the provenance of a terrorist strike and isolate it within the borders of a single nation state", and that war could lead to the "descent of the whole region into chaos".[60] Her remarks were strongly criticised by Salman Rushdie
Salman Rushdie
and others, who condemned her for linking the Mumbai attacks with Kashmir
Kashmir
and economic injustice against Muslims in India;[61] Rushdie specifically criticised Roy for attacking the iconic status of the Taj Mahal Palace & Tower.[62] Indian writer Tavleen Singh
Tavleen Singh
called Roy's comments "the latest of her series of hysterical diatribes against India and all things Indian".[63] Criticism of Sri Lankan government In an opinion piece, once again in The Guardian
The Guardian
(1 April 2009), Roy made a plea for international attention to what she called a possible government-sponsored genocide of Tamils in Sri Lanka. She cited reports of camps into which Tamils were being herded as part of what she described as "a brazen, openly racist war".[64] She also mentioned that the "Government of Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
is on the verge of committing what could end up being genocide"[64] and described the Sri Lankan IDP camps where Tamil civilians are being held as concentration camps.[65] Ruvani Freeman, a Sri Lankan writer called Roy's remarks "ill-informed and hypocritical" and criticised her for "whitewashing the atrocities of the LTTE".[66] Roy has said of such accusations: "I cannot admire those whose vision can only accommodate justice for their own and not for everybody. However I do believe that the LTTE
LTTE
and its fetish for violence was cultured in the crucible of monstrous, racist, injustice that the Sri Lankan government and to a great extent Sinhala society visited on the Tamil people for decades".[67] Views on the Naxalites Roy has criticised the Indian government's armed actions against the Naxalite-Maoist insurgency
Naxalite-Maoist insurgency
in India, calling it "war on the poorest people in the country". According to her, the government has "abdicated its responsibility to the people"[68] and launched the offensive against Naxals to aid the corporations with whom it has signed Memoranda of Understanding.[69] While she has received support from various quarters for her views,[70] Roy's description of the Maoists as "Gandhians" raised a controversy.[71][72] In other statements, she has described Naxalites as patriots "of a kind"[73] who are "fighting to implement the Constitution, (while) the government is vandalising it".[68]

Arundhati Roy
Arundhati Roy
at the Jamia Millia Islamia in March 2014

Sedition charges In November 2010, Roy, Syed Ali Shah Geelani, and five others were brought up on charges of sedition by the Delhi Police. The filing of the First Information Report came following a directive from a local court on a petition filed by Sushil Pandit who alleged that Geelani and Roy made anti-India speeches at a conference on "Azadi-the Only Way" on 21 October 2010. In the words of Arundhati Roy, " Kashmir
Kashmir
has never been an integral part of India. It is a historical fact. Even the Indian government has accepted this".[74][75][76][77] A Delhi city court directed the police to respond to the demand for a criminal case after the central government declined to charge Roy, saying that the charges were inappropriate.[78][79] Criticism of Anna Hazare On 21 August 2011, at the height of Anna Hazare's anti-corruption campaign, Arundhati Roy
Arundhati Roy
criticised Hazare and his movement in an opinion piece published in The Hindu.[80] In the course of the article, she questioned Hazare's secular credentials, pointing out the campaign's corporate backing, its suspicious timing, Hazare's silence on private-sector corruption and other critical issues of the day, expressing her fear that the Lokpal
Lokpal
will only end up creating "two oligarchies, instead of just one". She states that while "his means may be Gandhian, his demands are certainly not", and alleges that by "demonising only the Government they" are preparing to call for "more privatisation, more access to public infrastructure and India's natural resources", satirically adding that it "may not be long before Corporate Corruption is made legal and renamed a Lobbying
Lobbying
Fee". Roy also accuses the electronic media of blowing the campaign out of proportion. In an interview with Kindle Magazine, Roy pointed out the role of media hype and target audience in determining how well hunger strikes “work as a tool of political mobilization” by noting the disparity in the attention Hazare’s fast has received in contrast to the decade-long fast of Irom Sharmila
Irom Sharmila
“to demand the repealing of a law that allows non-commissioned officers to kill on suspicion—a law that has led to so much suffering.”[81] Roy's comparison of the Jan Lokpal
Lokpal
Bill with the Maoists: claiming both sought "the overthrow of the Indian State" met with resentment from members of Team Anna. Medha Patkar reacted sharply calling Roy's comments "highly misplaced" and chose to emphasise the "peaceful, non-violent" nature of the movement.[82] Roy also has stated that “an ‘anti-corruption’ campaign is a catch-all campaign. It includes everybody from the extreme left to the extreme right and also the extremely corrupt. No one’s going to say they are for corruption after all…I’m not against a strong anti-corruption bill, but corruption is just a manifestation of a problem, not the problem itself.”[81] Views on Narendra Modi In 2013, Roy described Narendra Modi's nomination for the prime ministerial candidate as a "tragedy". She further said that the business houses also are supporting his candidature because he is the "most militaristic and aggressive" candidate.[83] Awards Arundhati Roy
Arundhati Roy
was awarded the 1997 Booker Prize
Booker Prize
for her novel The God of Small Things. The award carried a prize of approximately US$30,000[84] and a citation that noted, "The book keeps all the promises that it makes".[85] Roy donated the prize money she received, as well as royalties from her book, to human rights causes. Prior to the Booker, Roy won the National Film Award for Best Screenplay in 1989, for the screenplay of In Which Annie Gives It Those Ones, in which she captured the anguish among the students prevailing in professional institutions.[9] In 2015, she returned the national award in protest against religious intolerance and the growing violence by rightwing groups in India.[86] In 2002, she won the Lannan Foundation's Cultural Freedom Award for her work "about civil societies that are adversely affected by the world's most powerful governments and corporations", in order "to celebrate her life and her ongoing work in the struggle for freedom, justice and cultural diversity".[87] In 2003, she was awarded "special recognition" as a Woman of Peace at the Global Exchange
Global Exchange
Human Rights Awards in San Francisco
San Francisco
with Bianca Jagger, Barbara Lee, and Kathy Kelly. Roy was awarded the Sydney Peace Prize in May 2004 for her work in social campaigns and her advocacy of non-violence.[88][89] In January 2006, she was awarded the Sahitya Akademi Award, a national award from India's Academy of Letters, for her collection of essays on contemporary issues, The Algebra of Infinite Justice, but she declined to accept it "in protest against the Indian Government toeing the US line by 'violently and ruthlessly pursuing policies of brutalisation of industrial workers, increasing militarisation and economic neo-liberalisation'".[90][91] In November 2011, she was awarded the Norman Mailer Prize for Distinguished Writing.[92] Roy was featured in the 2014 list of Time 100, the 100 most influential people in the world.[93] Bibliography Fiction

The God of Small Things. Flamingo, 1997. ISBN 0-00-655068-1 The Ministry of Utmost Happiness. Hamish Hamilton, 2017. ISBN 0-24-130397-4

Non-fiction

The End of Imagination. Kottayam: D.C. Books, 1998. ISBN 81-7130-867-8 The Cost of Living. Flamingo, 1999. ISBN 0-375-75614-0 The Greater Common Good. Bombay: India Book Distributor, 1999. ISBN 81-7310-121-3 The Algebra of Infinite Justice. Flamingo, 2002. ISBN 0-00-714949-2 Power Politics. Cambridge: South End Press, 2002. ISBN 0-89608-668-2 War Talk. Cambridge: South End Press, 2003. ISBN 0-89608-724-7 An Ordinary Person's Guide To Empire. Consortium, 2004. ISBN 0-89608-727-1 Public Power in the Age of Empire. New York: Seven Stories Press. 2004. ISBN 9781583226827.  The Checkbook and the Cruise Missile: Conversations with Arundhati Roy. Interviews by David Barsamian. Cambridge: South End Press, 2004. ISBN 0-89608-710-7 The Shape of the Beast: Conversations with Arundhati Roy. New Delhi: Penguin, 2008. ISBN 978-0-670-08207-0 Listening to Grasshoppers: Field Notes on Democracy. New Delhi: Penguin, 2010. ISBN 978-0-670-08379-4 Broken Republic: Three Essays. New Delhi: Hamish Hamilton, 2011. ISBN 978-0-670-08569-9 Walking with the Comrades. New Delhi: Penguin, 2011. ISBN 978-0-670-08553-8 Kashmir: The Case for Freedom. Verso, 2011. ISBN 1-844-67735-4 The Hanging of Afzal Guru and the Strange Case of the Attack on the Indian Parliament. New Delhi: Penguin. 2013. ISBN 978-0143420750.  Capitalism: A Ghost Story. Chicago: Haymarket Books, 2014. ISBN 978-1-60846-385-5[94] Things that Can and Cannot Be Said: Essays and Conversations (with John Cusack). Chicago: Haymarket Books, 2016. ISBN 978-1-608-46717-4 The Doctor and the Saint: Caste, Race, and Annihilation of Caste, the Debate Between B.R. Ambedkar and M.K. Gandhi. Chicago: Haymarket Books, 2017. ISBN 978-1-608-46797-6

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See also

Anti-globalization
Anti-globalization
movement List of peace activists Indian English literature

References

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announces second book after 19 yrs; to release in June 2017" Archived 18 October 2016 at the Wayback Machine.. Hindustan Times. October 3, 2016. Retrieved October 3, 2016. ^ Book Depository Retrieved 27 July 2017. ^ Press Trust of India (23 January 2018). " Arundhati Roy
Arundhati Roy
and Mohsin Hamid among five finalists for top US book critics award". Hindustan Times.  ^ "Arundhati Roy: Necessary, but wrong". The Economist. July 30, 2009.  ^ Thottam, Jyoti (4 September 2008). "Valley of Tears". Time. Retrieved 6 April 2009.  ^ Ghosh, Avijit (19 August 2008). " Kashmir
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needs freedom from India: Arundhati Roy". The Times of India. Retrieved 6 April 2009.  ^ "Cong attacks Roy on Kashmir
Kashmir
remark". The Times of India. The Economic Times. India. 20 August 2008. Retrieved 25 March 2009.  ^ a b c "Cong asks Arundhati Roy
Arundhati Roy
to withdraw statement on J-K". 25 October 2010. Retrieved 26 August 2012.  ^ "Case registered against Arundhati, Geelani". The Hindu. 2010-11-29. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 2015-11-22.  ^ "Sedition case registered against Arundhati Roy, Geelani". NDTV.com. Retrieved 2015-11-22.  ^ Roy, Arundhati (22 May – 4 June 1999). "The Greater Common Good". Frontline. 16 (11).  ^ Drowned Out on IMDb ^ "Playwright Tendulkar in BJP gunsight". The Telegraph (Kolkata). 13 December 2003. Retrieved 6 April 2009.  The Telegraph – Calcutta: Nation. ^ "Arundhati's contempt: Supreme Court writes her a prison sentence". The Indian Express. 7 March 2002. V. Venkatesan and Sukumar Muralidharan (18–31 August 2001). "Of contempt and legitimate dissent". Frontline. Archived from the original on 20 February 2012.  ^ In re: Arundhati Roy.... Contemner, JUDIS (Supreme Court of India bench, Justices G.B. Pattanaik & R.P. Sethi 6 March 2002). ^ Roy, Arundhati (7 March 2002). "Statement by Arundhati Roy". Friends of River Narmada. Retrieved 21 March 2007.  ^ Ramachandra Guha, "The Arun Shourie of the left" Archived 8 November 2010 at the Wayback Machine., The Hindu, 26 November 2000. ^ Ramachandra Guha, "Perils of extremism" Archived 20 June 2014 at the Wayback Machine., The Hindu, 17 December 2000. ^ Ram, N. (6–19 January 2001). "Scimitars in the Sun: N. Ram interviews Arundhati Roy
Arundhati Roy
on a writer's place in politics". Frontline, The Hindu. Retrieved 30 October 2008.  ^ Omvedt, Gail. "An Open Letter to Arundhati Roy". Friends of River Narmada. Archived from the original on 26 October 2008. Retrieved 30 October 2008.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 2014-09-18.  ^ Roy, Arundhati (29 September 2001). "The algebra of infinite justice". Guardian. Retrieved 1 June 2017.  ^ Roy, Arundhati (23 October 2001). "'Brutality smeared in peanut butter': Why America must stop the war now". The Guardian. London. Archived from the original on 10 February 2009. Retrieved 11 March 2009.  ^ Roy, Arundhati (13 May 2003). "Instant-Mix Imperial Democracy (Buy One, Get One Free)". Text of speech at the Riverside Church. Commondreams.org. Archived from the original on 4 April 2009. Retrieved 6 April 2009.  ^ Roy, Arundhati. "Instant-Mix Imperial Democracy, Buy One Get One Free – An Hour With Arundhati Roy". Text of speech at the Riverside Church. Democracy Now!. Archived from the original on 8 April 2009. Retrieved 6 April 2009.  ^ Roy, Arundhati (28 February 2006). "George Bush go home". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 23 February 2007. Retrieved 21 March 2007.  ^ "War crimes and Lebanon". The Guardian. London. 3 August 2006. Retrieved 6 April 2009.  ^ Matthew S. Bajko (17 May 2007). "Political Notebook: Queer activists reel over Israel, Frameline
Frameline
ties". The Bay Area Reporter.  ^ Arundhati Roy, "And His Life Should Become Extinct" Archived 3 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine., Outlook, 30 October 2006. ^ "BJP flays Arundhati for 'defending' Afzal". 28 October 2006. Retrieved 24 August 2012.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 3 September 2014. Retrieved 2014-09-01.  ^ Roy, Arundhati (15 March 2003). " Arundhati Roy
Arundhati Roy
to Kerala
Kerala
Chief Minister Antony". Frontline. 20 (6). Retrieved 25 March 2009.  ^ Roy, Arundhati (13 December 2008). "The Monster in the Mirror". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 18 January 2010.  ^ "All terrorism roads lead to Pakistan, says Rushdie". The Times of India. 18 December 2008.  ^ "Rushdie Slams Arundhati Roy". The Times of India. 18 December 2008. Retrieved 18 January 2010.  ^ Singh, Tavleen (21 December 2008). "The Real Enemies". The Indian Express. Retrieved 18 January 2010.  ^ a b Roy, Arundhati (1 April 2009). "This is not a war on terror. It is a racist war on all Tamils". The Guardian. London.  ^ Fernandes, Edna (3 May 2009). "Inside Sri Lanka's 'concentration camps'". Daily Mail, UK. Retrieved 24 October 2009.  ^ "Lankan writer slams Arundhati Roy" Archived 1 April 2016 at the Wayback Machine., The Indian Express, 4 April 2009. ^ "Situation in Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
absolutely grim". Tamil Guardian. 25 October 2010. Retrieved 1 November 2010.  ^ a b Karan Thapar, "India is a corporate, Hindu
Hindu
state: Arundhati" Archived 27 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine., CNN-IBN, 12 September 2010. ^ "Govt at war with Naxals to aid MNCs: Arundhati" Archived 27 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine., IBNLive, 21 October 2009. ^ Amulya Ganguli, "Rooting for rebels" Archived 12 March 2013 at the Wayback Machine., 11 May 2010. DNA India. ^ "Walking With The Comrades" Archived 15 October 2013 at the Wayback Machine., Outlook cover story, 29 March 2010. ^ "Cops shouldn't have used public bus: Arundhati" Archived 22 May 2010 at the Wayback Machine., The Times of India, 19 May 2010. ^ "Naxals are patriots: Arundhati". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 2014-08-18.  ^ "Sedition case registered against Arundhati Roy, Geelani". NDTV. 2010-11-29. Retrieved 2014-08-18.  ^ " Kashmir
Kashmir
has never been integral part of India: Arundhati". Indian Express. 2010-10-25. Retrieved 2014-08-18.  ^ "Arundhati, Geelani charged with sedition". Hindustan Times. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 17 October 2012.  ^ Gethin Chamberlain (26 October 2010). " Arundhati Roy
Arundhati Roy
faces arrest over Kashmir
Kashmir
remark". The Guardian. Retrieved 17 October 2012.  ^ Priscilla Jebaraj (2 January 2011). "Binayak Sen among six charged with sedition in 2010". The Hindu. Retrieved 17 October 2012.  ^ "India: Drop Sedition Charges Against Cartoonist". Human Rights Watch. 12 October 2012. Retrieved 17 October 2012.  ^ I'd rather not be Anna: Arundhati Roy
Arundhati Roy
Archived 23 June 2015 at the Wayback Machine.. The Hindu, 21 August 2011. Retrieved 18 June 2012. ^ a b Kejriwal, Pritha. "Love is the Centre, an Interview with Arundhati Roy". Kindle Magazine. Retrieved April 15, 2014.  ^ Mukherjee, Vishwajoy (22 August 2011). "We Are Not Like the Maoists: Medha Patkar". Tehelka. Retrieved 29 August 2011. ^ " Arundhati Roy
Arundhati Roy
writing her second novel". The Hindu. 11 November 2013. Retrieved 13 November 2013.  ^ David Barsamian
David Barsamian
(September 2001). " Arundhati Roy
Arundhati Roy
interviewed". The South Asian.  ^ "Previous winners – 1997". Booker Prize
Booker Prize
Foundation. Archived from the original on 27 January 2007. Retrieved 21 March 2007.  ^ Hannah Ellis (5 November 2015). " Arundhati Roy
Arundhati Roy
returns award in protest against religious intolerance in India". Guardian. Retrieved 5 November 2015.  ^ "2002 Lannan Cultural Freedom Prize awarded to Arundhati Roy". Lannan Foundation. Archived from the original on 6 February 2007. Retrieved 21 March 2007.  ^ " Arundhati Roy
Arundhati Roy
gets Sydney Peace Prize" Archived 21 August 2013 at the Wayback Machine., Outlook, Retrieved 1 April 2012. ^ "Peace?..." Archived 19 February 2015 at the Wayback Machine., Outlook, Retrieved 1 April 2012. Arundhati Roy ^ "Sahitya Akademi Award: Arundhati Roy
Arundhati Roy
Rejects Honor" Archived 21 August 2013 at the Wayback Machine., Deccan Herald, 16 January 2006. ^ "Award-Winning Novelist Rejects a Prize" Archived 6 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine., New York Times, 17 January 2006. Retrieved 18 December 2011. ^ "From Norman Mailer to Arundhati Roy". Archived 22 December 2015 at the Wayback Machine. Hamish Hamilton. Retrieved December 13, 2015). ^ Time 100
Time 100
Archived 14 September 2016 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Jean Drezet (24 October 2015). "The dark underbelly of state capitalism in India". The Lancet. 386 (10004): 1620. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(15)00543-7. 

Further reading Books and articles on Roy

Balvannanadhan, Aïda (2007). Arundhati Roy's The God of Small Things. New Delhi: Prestige Books. ISBN 81-7551-193-1.  Bhatt, Indira; Indira Nityanandam (1999). Explorations: Arundhati Roy’s The God of Small Things. New Delhi: Creative Books. ISBN 81-86318-56-9.  "The Politics of Design", in Ch'ien, Evelyn Nien-Ming (2005). Weird English. Harvard University Press. pp. 154–199. ISBN 978-0-674-01819-8.  Dhawan, R.K. (1999). Arundhati Roy: The Novelist Extraordinary. New Delhi: Prestige Books. ISBN 81-7551-060-9.  Dodiya, Jaydipsinh; Joya Chakravarty (1999). The Critical Studies of Arundhati Roy's The God of Small Things. New Delhi: Atlantic. ISBN 81-7156-850-5.  Durix, Carole; Jean-Pierre Durix (2002). Reading Arundhati Roy's The God of Small Things. Dijon: Editions universitaires de Dijon. ISBN 2-905965-80-0.  Ghosh, Ranjan; Antonia Navarro-Tejero (2009). Globalizing Dissent: Essays on Arundhati Roy. New York: Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-99559-7.  Mullaney, Julie (2002). Arundhati Roy's The God of Small Things: A Reader's Guide. New York: Continuum. ISBN 0-8264-5327-9.  Navarro-Tejero, Antonia (2005). Gender and Caste in the Anglophone-Indian Novels of Arundhati Roy
Arundhati Roy
and Githa Hariharan: Feminist Issues in Cross-cultural Perspective. Lewiston: Edwin Mellen. ISBN 0-7734-5995-2.  Pathak, R. S. (2001). The Fictional World of Arundhati Roy. New Delhi: Creative Books. ISBN 81-86318-84-4.  Prasad, Murari (2006). Arundhati Roy: Critical Perspectives. Delhi: Pencraft International. ISBN 81-85753-76-8.  Roy, Amitabh (2005). The God of Small Things: A Novel of Social Commitment. Atlantic. pp. 37–38. ISBN 978-81-269-0409-9.  Sharma, A. P. (2000). The Mind and the Art of Arundhati Roy: A Critical Appraisal of Her Novel, The God of Small Things. New Delhi: Minerva. ISBN 81-7662-120-X.  Shashi, R. S.; Bala Talwar (1998). Arundhati Roy's The God of Small Things: Critique and Commentary. New Delhi: Creative Books. ISBN 81-86318-54-2.  Tickell, Alex (2007). Arundhati Roy's The God of Small Things. New York: Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-35842-2. 

Other

We, a political documentary about Roy's words. Available online. Arundhati Roy
Arundhati Roy
denounces Indian democracy by Atul Cowshish, Asian Tribune, 2006-07-06 Carreira, Shirley de S. G. "A representação da mulher em Shame, de Salman Rushdie, e O deus das pequenas coisas, de Arundathi Roy". In: MONTEIRO, Conceição & LIMA, Tereza M. de O. ed. Rio de Janeiro: Caetés, 2005 Ch'ien, Evelyn Nien-Ming, "The Politics of Design" in Weird English. Cambridge: Harvard UP, 2004; 154–199. Essay on Roy's language.

External links

Quotations related to Arundhati Roy
Arundhati Roy
at Wikiquote Media related to Arundhati Roy
Arundhati Roy
at Wikimedia Commons Works by or about Arundhati Roy
Arundhati Roy
in libraries ( WorldCat
WorldCat
catalog) Arundhati Roy
Arundhati Roy
on IMDb SAWNET biography South Asian Women network, authors " Arundhati Roy
Arundhati Roy
collected news and commentary". The Guardian.  Column archive at The Guardian Appearances on C-SPAN

Interviews and speeches

Arundhati Roy
Arundhati Roy
 – interview on Al Jazeera English'd Fault Lines, 2010-8-29 (video, 23 mins) Come September –Interview with Howard Zinn, Outlook, September 2008 How Deep Shall We Dig –Full text of I.G. Khan Memorial Lecture delivered at Aligarh Muslim University on April 6, 2004, Outlook, 6 May 2004

v t e

Recipients of the Booker Prize

List of winners and shortlisted authors Booker of Bookers The Best of the Booker The Golden Man Booker Man Booker International Prize

P. H. Newby (1969) Bernice Rubens
Bernice Rubens
(1970) J. G. Farrell
J. G. Farrell
(Lost Man Booker Prize, 1970) V. S. Naipaul
V. S. Naipaul
(1971) John Berger
John Berger
(1972) J. G. Farrell
J. G. Farrell
(1973) Nadine Gordimer
Nadine Gordimer
/ Stanley Middleton
Stanley Middleton
(1974) Ruth Prawer Jhabvala
Ruth Prawer Jhabvala
(1975) David Storey (1976) Paul Scott (1977) Iris Murdoch
Iris Murdoch
(1978) Penelope Fitzgerald
Penelope Fitzgerald
(1979) William Golding
William Golding
(1980) Salman Rushdie
Salman Rushdie
(1981) Thomas Keneally
Thomas Keneally
(1982) J. M. Coetzee
J. M. Coetzee
(1983) Anita Brookner (1984) Keri Hulme (1985) Kingsley Amis
Kingsley Amis
(1986) Penelope Lively
Penelope Lively
(1987) Peter Carey (1988) Kazuo Ishiguro
Kazuo Ishiguro
(1989) A. S. Byatt
A. S. Byatt
(1990) Ben Okri
Ben Okri
(1991) Michael Ondaatje
Michael Ondaatje
/ Barry Unsworth
Barry Unsworth
(1992) Roddy Doyle
Roddy Doyle
(1993) James Kelman (1994) Pat Barker
Pat Barker
(1995) Graham Swift (1996) Arundhati Roy
Arundhati Roy
(1997) Ian McEwan
Ian McEwan
(1998) J. M. Coetzee
J. M. Coetzee
(1999) Margaret Atwood
Margaret Atwood
(2000) Peter Carey (2001) Yann Martel
Yann Martel
(2002) DBC Pierre
DBC Pierre
(2003) Alan Hollinghurst
Alan Hollinghurst
(2004) John Banville
John Banville
(2005) Kiran Desai
Kiran Desai
(2006) Anne Enright
Anne Enright
(2007) Aravind Adiga (2008) Hilary Mantel (2009) Howard Jacobson (2010) Julian Barnes (2011) Hilary Mantel (2012) Eleanor Catton
Eleanor Catton
(2013) Richard Flanagan
Richard Flanagan
(2014) Marlon James (2015) Paul Beatty
Paul Beatty
(2016) George Saunders
George Saunders
(2017)

v t e

National Film Award for Best Screenplay

1967–1980

S. L. Puram Sadanandan (1967) Pandit Anand Kumar (1968) Puttanna Kanagal
Puttanna Kanagal
(1969) Satyajit Ray
Satyajit Ray
(1970) Tapan Sinha (1971) Gulzar
Gulzar
(1972) Mrinal Sen
Mrinal Sen
and Ashish Burman (1973) Satyajit Ray
Satyajit Ray
(1974) No Award (1975) Vijay Tendulkar
Vijay Tendulkar
(1976) Satyadev Dubey, Shyam Benegal, Girish Karnad
Girish Karnad
(1977) T. S. Ranga and T. S. Nagabharana
T. S. Nagabharana
(1978) Sai Paranjpye (1979) Mrinal Sen
Mrinal Sen
(1980)

1981–2000

K. Balachander
K. Balachander
(1981) Mrinal Sen
Mrinal Sen
(1982) G. V. Iyer
G. V. Iyer
(1983) Adoor Gopalakrishnan
Adoor Gopalakrishnan
(1984) Bhabendra Nath Saikia (1985) Budhdhadeb Dasgupta (1986) Adoor Gopalakrishnan
Adoor Gopalakrishnan
(1987) Arundhati Roy
Arundhati Roy
(1988) M. T. Vasudevan Nair (1989) K. S. Sethumadhavan (1990) M. T. Vasudevan Nair (1991) M. T. Vasudevan Nair (1992) Satyajit Ray
Satyajit Ray
(1993) M. T. Vasudevan Nair (1994) Saeed Akhtar Mirza
Saeed Akhtar Mirza
and Ashok Mishra (1995) Agathiyan
Agathiyan
(1996) Rituparno Ghosh
Rituparno Ghosh
(1997) Ashok Mishra (1998) Madampu Kunjukuttan
Madampu Kunjukuttan
(1999) Bharathiraja (2000)

2001–present

Neelakanta (2001) Aparna Sen
Aparna Sen
(2002) Goutam Ghose
Goutam Ghose
(2003) Manoj Tyagi and Nina Arora (2004) Prakash Jha, Manoj Tyagi and Shridhar Raghavan (2005) Abhijat Joshi, Rajkumar Hirani
Rajkumar Hirani
and Vidhu Vinod Chopra
Vidhu Vinod Chopra
(2006) Feroz Abbas Khan (2007) Sachin Kundalkar
Sachin Kundalkar
(2008)

Original

P. F. Mathews and Harikrishna (2009) Vetrimaaran
Vetrimaaran
(2010) Nitish Tiwary, Vikas Bahl
Vikas Bahl
and Vijay Maurya (2011) Sujoy Ghosh
Sujoy Ghosh
(2012) P. Sheshadri
P. Sheshadri
(2013) Srijit Mukherji (2014) Juhi Chaturvedi and Himanshu Sharma (2015) Syam Pushkaran
Syam Pushkaran
(2016)

Adapted

Gopal Krishan Pai and Girish Kasaravalli
Girish Kasaravalli
(2009) Anant Mahadevan
Anant Mahadevan
and Sanjay Pawar (2010) Avinash Deshpande Nigdi (2011) Bhavesh Mandalia and Umesh Shukla (2012) Panchakshari (2013) Joshy Mangalath
Joshy Mangalath
(2014) Vishal Bhardwaj
Vishal Bhardwaj
(2015) Sanjay Krishnaji Patil (2016)

Dialogues

Pandiraj
Pandiraj
(2009) Sanjay Pawar (2010) Girish Kulkarni
Girish Kulkarni
(2011) Anjali Menon
Anjali Menon
(2012) Sumitra Bhave (2013) Vishal Bhardwaj
Vishal Bhardwaj
(2014) Juhi Chaturvedi and Himanshu Sharma (2015) Tharun Bhascker Dhaassyam (2016)

v t e

Sahitya Akademi Award
Sahitya Akademi Award
for English

1960–1970

The Guide
The Guide
by R. K. Narayan
R. K. Narayan
(1960) The Serpent and the Rope
The Serpent and the Rope
by Raja Rao
Raja Rao
(1964) The Tribal World of Verrier Elwin
The Tribal World of Verrier Elwin
by Verrier Elwin (1965) Shadow From Ladakh
Shadow From Ladakh
by Bhabani Bhattacharya (1967) An Artist in Life by Niharranjan Ray (1969)

1971–1980

Morning Face by Mulk Raj Anand
Mulk Raj Anand
(1971) Scholar Extraordinary by Nirad C. Chaudhuri
Nirad C. Chaudhuri
(1975) Jawaharlal Nehru by Sarvepalli Gopal (1976) Azadi by Chaman Nahal (1977) Fire on the Mountain by Anita Desai (1978) Inside the Haveli by Rama Mehta (1979) On the Mother by K. R. Srinivasa Iyengar
K. R. Srinivasa Iyengar
(1980)

1981–1990

Relationship by Jayanta Mahapatra (1981) The Last Labyrinth by Arun Joshi (1982) Latter-Day Psalms by Nissim Ezekiel (1983) The Keeper of the Dead by Keki N. Daruwalla (1984) Collected Poems by Kamala Das (1985) Rich Like Us by Nayantara Sahgal
Nayantara Sahgal
(1986) Trapfalls In the Sky by Shiv K. Kumar (1987) The Golden Gate by Vikram Seth
Vikram Seth
(1988) The Shadow Lines
The Shadow Lines
by Amitav Ghosh
Amitav Ghosh
(1989) That Long Silence by Shashi Deshpande (1990)

1991–2000

The Trotter-Nama by Allan Sealy (1991) Our Trees Still Grow In Dehra by Ruskin Bond
Ruskin Bond
(1992) After Amnesia by G. N. Devy (1993) Serendip by Dom Moraes (1994) Memories of Rain by Sunetra Gupta (1996) Final Solutions and Other Plays by Mahesh Dattani (1998) The Collected Poems by A. K. Ramanujan (1999) Cuckold by Kiran Nagarkar
Kiran Nagarkar
(2000)

2001–2010

Rajaji: A Life by Rajmohan Gandhi
Rajmohan Gandhi
(2001) A New World by Amit Chaudhuri
Amit Chaudhuri
(2002) The Perishable Empire
Empire
by Meenakshi Mukherjee (2003) The Mammaries of the Welfare State
The Mammaries of the Welfare State
by Upamanyu Chatterjee (2004) The Algebra of Infinite Justice
The Algebra of Infinite Justice
by Arundhati Roy
Arundhati Roy
(2005) The Sari Shop by Rupa Bajwa
Rupa Bajwa
(2006) Disorderly Women by Malathi Rao (2007) Mahabharata: An Inquiry into the Human Condition by Chaturvedi Badrinath (2009) The Book of Rachel by Esther David (2010)

2011–present

India after Gandhi by Ramachandra Guha
Ramachandra Guha
(2011) These Errors are Correct by Jeet Thayil
Jeet Thayil
(2012) Laburnum For My Head
Laburnum For My Head
by Temsula Ao (2013) Trying to Say Goodbye by Adil Jussawalla (2014) Chronicle of a Corpse Bearer by Cyrus Mistry (2015) Em and the Big Hoom by Jerry Pinto
Jerry Pinto
(2016) The Black Hill by Mamang Dai (2017)

v t e

Sydney Peace Prize laureates

Muhammad Yunus
Muhammad Yunus
(1998) Desmond Tutu
Desmond Tutu
(1999) Xanana Gusmão
Xanana Gusmão
(2000) William Deane
William Deane
(2001) Mary Robinson
Mary Robinson
(2002) Hanan Ashrawi
Hanan Ashrawi
(2003) Arundhati Roy
Arundhati Roy
(2004) Olara Otunnu (2005) Irene Khan
Irene Khan
(2006) Hans Blix
Hans Blix
(2007) Pat Dodson
Pat Dodson
(2008) John Pilger
John Pilger
(2009) Vandana Shiva
Vandana Shiva
(2010) Noam Chomsky
Noam Chomsky
(2011) Sekai Holland
Sekai Holland
(2012) Cynthia Maung (2013) Julian Burnside (2014) George Gittoes
George Gittoes
(2015) Naomi Klein
Naomi Klein
(2016) Black Lives Matter
Black Lives Matter
(2017)

v t e

Recipients of the Orwell Award

1975–1999

1975: David Wise 1976: Hugh Rank 1977: Walter Pincus 1978: Sissela Bok 1979: Erving Goffman 1980: Sheila Harty 1981: Dwight Bolinger 1982: Stephen Hilgartner, Richard C. Bell, and Rory O'Connor 1983: Haig Bosmajian 1984: Ted Koppel 1985: Torben Vestergaard and Kim Schroder 1986: Neil Postman 1987: Noam Chomsky 1988: Donald Barlett and James B. Steele 1989: Edward S. Herman and Noam Chomsky 1990: Charlotte Baecher, Consumers Union 1991: David Aaron Kessler 1992: Donald L. Barlett and James Steele 1993: Eric Alterman 1994: Garry Trudeau 1995: Lies of Our Times 1996: William D. Lutz 1997: Gertrude Himmelfarb 1998: Juliet Schor 1998: Scott Adams 1999: Norman Solomon

2000–present

2000: Alfie Kohn 2001: Sheldon Rampton
Sheldon Rampton
and John Stauber 2002: Bill Press 2004: Seymour Hersh
Seymour Hersh
and Arundhati Roy 2005: Jon Stewart
Jon Stewart
and The Daily Show
The Daily Show
cast 2006: Steven H. Miles 2007: Ted Gup 2008: Charlie Savage 2009: Amy Goodman 2010: Michael Pollan 2011: F.S. Michaels 2012: Peter Zuckerman and Amanda Padoan 2013: Paul L. Thomas 2014: The Onion 2015: Anthony Cody 2016: David Greenberg

National Council of Teachers of English George Orwell

Authority control

WorldCat
WorldCat
Identities VIAF: 76457869 LCCN: n89250447 ISNI: 0000 0001 1071 6772 GND: 115693424 SELIBR: 222748 SUDOC: 035547243 BNF: cb131959009 (data) BIBSYS: 90988632 MusicBrainz: 51698125-4cb8-4bb3-9567-bd49409f28ca NLA: 35256087 NDL: 00680885 NKC: jo2002111

.