The Info List - Artur Rodziński

Artur Rodziński (1 January 1892 – 27 November 1958) was a Polish conductor of opera and symphonic music. He is especially noted for his tenures as music director of the Cleveland Orchestra
Cleveland Orchestra
and the New York Philharmonic
New York Philharmonic
in the 1930s and 1940s.


1 Biography

1.1 Early years 1.2 Los Angeles and Cleveland 1.3 New York and Chicago 1.4 Last years

2 Family 3 Recordings 4 Notes 5 References 6 External links

Biography[edit] Early years[edit] Rodziński was born in Split, the capital of Dalmatia, on 1 January 1892. Soon afterward his father, of Polish descent and a general in the army of the Habsburg empire, returned with his family to Lwów, Poland, where Artur studied music. He later studied law in Vienna, where he simultaneously enrolled at the Academy of Music; his teachers there included Josef Marx and Franz Schreker
Franz Schreker
(composition), Franz Schalk (conducting), and Emil von Sauer
Emil von Sauer
and Jerzy Lalewicz (piano).[citation needed] He returned to Lwów
where he was engaged as chorus master at the Opera in that city, making his debut as a conductor in 1920 with Verdi's Ernani. The following year saw him conducting the Warsaw Philharmonic Orchestra and at the Warsaw Opera. While visiting Poland, Leopold Stokowski
Leopold Stokowski
heard Rodziński leading a performance of Wagner's Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg
Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg
and exclaimed, "I have found that rare thing, a born conductor!" and invited him to conduct the Philadelphia Orchestra.[citation needed] Los Angeles and Cleveland[edit] Between 1925 and 1929 he served as Stokowski's assistant, conducted for the Philadelphia Grand Opera and directed the opera and orchestral departments at the Curtis Institute of Music. From 1929 to 1933, Rodziński was the music director of the Los Angeles Philharmonic. From 1933 to 1943 he was music director of the Cleveland Orchestra, developing it into one of the foremost orchestras in the U.S. He engaged new musicians and raised the playing standards to a very high level. His programs were innovative, offering works such as the first American performance of Shostakovich's radical opera Lady Macbeth of the Mtsensk District, which gained the orchestra national attention.[1] Between December 1939 and February 1942, Rodziński and the Cleveland Orchestra made an extensive series of recordings for the Columbia Records label.[citation needed] During this time he appeared with the New York Philharmonic
New York Philharmonic
in 1934 and 1937, when his concert performance of Richard Strauss's Elektra (which was recorded) aroused great enthusiasm. Rodziński was also active in Europe, becoming the first naturalized American citizen to conduct the Vienna Philharmonic
Vienna Philharmonic
at the Salzburg Festival
Salzburg Festival
in 1936 and 1937. At Arturo Toscanini's recommendation, Rodziński was engaged by NBC
to select the musicians for the new NBC
Symphony Orchestra. He rigorously trained the orchestra, made some of its first recordings (issued on the budget label "World's Greatest Music," with neither conductor nor orchestra identified) and conducted its first concerts in 1937, before the arrival of Toscanini.[citation needed] New York and Chicago[edit] Rodziński was appointed music director of the New York Philharmonic in 1943.[2] Although his four-year tenure was marked by struggles with Arthur Judson, the manager of the orchestra, Rodziński achieved high standards of performance. The renowned music critic and composer Virgil Thomson
Virgil Thomson
wrote about Rodziński's tenure at the Philharmonic: "We now have an orchestra that is a joy to hear...and we owe it all to Artur Rodziński." During Rodziński's time on the podium the Philharmonic recorded extensively, again for Columbia, performed weekly live broadcasts on CBS Radio, and appeared in the feature film Carnegie Hall.[citation needed] However, despite the quality of the orchestra's performances, numerous artistic matters such as the prerogative of the music director to dismiss musicians, select soloists and determine repertoire were persistent grounds of contention. Not willing to compromise on these matters, Rodziński resigned in 1947. His reputation as a conductor was so prominent at this time that his resignation was the subject of a cover story in Time magazine in February 1947.[3] The Chicago Symphony
Chicago Symphony
Orchestra had been wooing Rodziński for some time, and now he decided to accept the leadership of that orchestra immediately, starting with the 1947-1948 season. Here again, an inability to work with the board resulted in his swift departure after only one season. His short tenure still had a significant impact upon the orchestra and local audiences through performances such as an account of Wagner's Tristan und Isolde
Tristan und Isolde
with Kirsten Flagstad.[citation needed] Last years[edit]

This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (September 2015) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

After his departure from Chicago, Rodziński's health began to deteriorate. There was little recording activity available to him in the U.S., and so he settled in Europe once more. Here his status as a major musician was recognized and he was invited to lead significant productions, such as the 1953 first performance of Prokofiev's War and Peace at the Maggio Musicale in Florence, as well as traditional repertoire works.[citation needed] He conducted at La Scala
La Scala
and worked extensively for Italian radio, conducting well received readings of Wagner's Tannhäuser and Tristan, and Mussorgsky's Boris Godunov and Khovanshchina. He re-established his presence as a recording artist through a contract with Westminster Records, for whom he recorded extensively with the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra (under the pseudonym "Philharmonic-Symphony Orchestra of London") from 1955. His final recordings were for EMI
in 1958.[citation needed] By this time, the state of Rodziński's health had become fragile. He was warned by his Italian doctor that further conducting activity would put his life at risk. However, he returned to Chicago in 1958 to conduct Tristan once again, this time with the Chicago Lyric Opera
Chicago Lyric Opera
and soprano Birgit Nilsson. His return was a triumph, but these were his last performances and he died shortly afterwards.[citation needed] Family[edit] Rodziński was married twice and had two sons. In 1917 he married the concert pianist Mme. Ilse, and in 1918 they had a son, Witold, who became an historian, sinologist and diplomat. In 1934, while living in Cleveland, he married Halina Lilpop Wieniawski (1905-1993), who was from a well-known Warsaw family.[4] Their infant son Richard was the subject of Arnold Schoenberg's amusing canon "I am almost sure when your nurse will change your diapers."[5] Richard served as artistic administrator at the San Francisco Opera and Metropolitan Opera
Metropolitan Opera
companies in the 1960s and 1970s. He recently retired from his position as president of the Van Cliburn Foundation, and in 2009 became the General Director of the International Tchaikovsky Competition. In 1976 Halina Rodziński wrote the autobiography 'Our Two Lives, which is still the most extensive published account of Rodziński's life and career.[citation needed] Recordings[edit]

This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (February 2018) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

Rodziński recorded for Columbia Records
Columbia Records
(with the Cleveland Orchestra and the New York Philharmonic); RCA Victor
RCA Victor
(with the Chicago Symphony); Westminster Records (the Royal Philharmonic); and EMI. A few of his later recordings were taped in stereo and have remained in circulation to this day. His complete recording of Tchaikovsky's The Nutcracker for Westminster was recorded in stereo in 1956. The stereo version was originally released on 2-track reel-to-reel audio tape. On LP it was initially released only in mono, then later in stereo as stereo record albums became available in 1958. The stereo Nutcracker was re-released in 2001 by Deutsche Grammophon
Deutsche Grammophon
on compact disc. Live recordings of some of his broadcast performances with the New York Philharmonic and the RAI-Radio Italiana orchestra have also become available on independent labels. Rodziński's highly acclaimed 1937 concert performance of Strauss's Elektra with soprano Rose Pauly and the New York Philharmonic
New York Philharmonic
has been restored and was issued on CD by the Immortal Performances label in 2014.[6] Notes[edit]

^ Marsh, Robert C. (1967). The Cleveland Orchestra. World Publishing Company. Library of Congress 67-22910. ^ Downes, Olin, “Rodzinski Comes to New York”, New York Times, 3 January 1943. ^ "The Master Builder". Time. 17 February 1947. Retrieved 11 April 2007.  ^ Encyclopedia of Cleveland History, case.edu; accessed 13 September 2015. ^ Profile, schoenberg.at; accessed 13 September 2015.(in German) ^ Fogel, Henry,"Artur Rodzinski: Strauss, Beethoven on Immortal Performances", Fanfare Magazine (October 2014).


Claghorn, Charles Eugene. Biographical Dictionary of American Music, Parker Pub. Co., 1974. Ewen, David. Musicians since 1900. Performers in Concert and Opera, H. W. Wilson, 1978. Holmes, John L. Conductors on record, Victor Gollancz, 1982. Lyman, Darryl. Great Jews in Music, J. D. Publishers, 1986. Pâris, Alain. Dictionnaire des interpretes et de l'interpretation musicale au XX siecle, Robert Laffont, 1989. Rodziński, Halina (1976). Our Two Lives. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. ISBN 0-684-14511-1.  Sadie, Stanley; Hitchcock, H. Wiley (Ed.). The New Grove Dictionary of American Music. Grove's Dictionaries of Music, 1986.

External links[edit]

Artur Rodzinski on IMDb

v t e

Los Angeles Philharmonic
Los Angeles Philharmonic
Music Directors

Walter Henry Rothwell
Walter Henry Rothwell
(1919) Georg Schnéevoigt
Georg Schnéevoigt
(1927) Artur Rodziński (1929) Otto Klemperer
Otto Klemperer
(1933) Alfred Wallenstein (1943) Eduard van Beinum
Eduard van Beinum
(1956) Zubin Mehta
Zubin Mehta
(1962) Carlo Maria Giulini
Carlo Maria Giulini
(1978) André Previn
André Previn
(1985) Esa-Pekka Salonen
Esa-Pekka Salonen
(1992) Gustavo Dudamel
Gustavo Dudamel

v t e

Cleveland Orchestra
Cleveland Orchestra
Music Directors

Nikolai Sokoloff
Nikolai Sokoloff
(1918) Artur Rodziński (1933) Erich Leinsdorf
Erich Leinsdorf
(1943) George Szell
George Szell
(1946) Pierre Boulez
Pierre Boulez
(1970) Lorin Maazel
Lorin Maazel
(1972) Christoph von Dohnányi (1984) Franz Welser-Möst
Franz Welser-Möst

v t e

New York Philharmonic
New York Philharmonic
Music Directors

Ureli Corelli Hill
Ureli Corelli Hill
(1842) Theodore Eisfeld
Theodore Eisfeld
(1848) Carl Bergmann (1855) Leopold Damrosch
Leopold Damrosch
(1876) Theodore Thomas (1877) Adolf Neuendorff
Adolf Neuendorff
(1878) Anton Seidl
Anton Seidl
(1891) Emil Paur (1898) Walter Damrosch
Walter Damrosch
(1902) Vasily Safonov
Vasily Safonov
(1906) Gustav Mahler
Gustav Mahler
(1909) Josef Stránský
Josef Stránský
(1911) Willem Mengelberg
Willem Mengelberg
(1922) Arturo Toscanini
Arturo Toscanini
(1928) John Barbirolli
John Barbirolli
(1936) Artur Rodziński (1943) Bruno Walter
Bruno Walter
(1947) Leopold Stokowski
Leopold Stokowski
(1949) Dimitri Mitropoulos
Dimitri Mitropoulos
(1949) Leonard Bernstein
Leonard Bernstein
(1958) George Szell
George Szell
(1969) Pierre Boulez
Pierre Boulez
(1971) Zubin Mehta
Zubin Mehta
(1978) Kurt Masur
Kurt Masur
(1991) Lorin Maazel
Lorin Maazel
(2002) Alan Gilbert (2009)

v t e

Chicago Symphony
Chicago Symphony
Orchestra Music Directors

Theodore Thomas (1891) Frederick Stock
Frederick Stock
(1905) Désiré Defauw
Désiré Defauw
(1943) Artur Rodziński (1947) Rafael Kubelík
Rafael Kubelík
(1950) Fritz Reiner
Fritz Reiner
(1953) Jean Martinon (1963) Irwin Hoffman (1968) Georg Solti
Georg Solti
(1969) Daniel Barenboim
Daniel Barenboim
(1991) Riccardo Muti
Riccardo Muti

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 19866758 LCCN: n84072870 ISNI: 0000 0000 8362 4599 GND: 116579684 SUDOC: 079460534 BNF: cb13899104n (data) MusicBrainz: 58162ec6-f69b-43ec-9ccf-