HOME
The Info List - Artois


--- Advertisement ---



Artois
Artois
(French pronunciation: ​[aʁtwa]; adjective Artesian; Dutch: Artesië) is a region of northern France. Its territory has an area of around 4,000 km² and a population of about one million. Its principal cities are Arras
Arras
(Dutch: Atrecht), Saint-Omer, Lens, and Béthune.

Contents

1 Location 2 History 3 Notable residents 4 See also 5 References 6 External links

Location[edit] Artois
Artois
occupies the interior of the Pas-de-Calais
Pas-de-Calais
département,[1] the western part of which constitutes the former Boulonnais. Artois roughly corresponds to the arrondissements of Arras, Béthune, Saint Omer, and Lens, and the eastern part of the arrondissement of Montreuil. It occupies the western end of the coalfield which stretches eastward through the neighbouring Nord département and across central Belgium. History[edit] Main article: History of Artois

Location of the County of Artois
County of Artois
in the 15th century

Originally a feudal county itself, Artois
Artois
was annexed by the county of Flanders. It came to France in 1180 as a dowry of a Flemish princess, Isabelle of Hainaut, and was again made a separate county in 1237 for Robert, a grandson of Isabelle. Through inheritance, Artois
Artois
came under the rule of the dukes of Burgundy
Burgundy
in 1384. At the death of the fourth duke, Charles the Bold, Artois
Artois
was inherited by the Habsburgs and passed to the dynasty's Spanish line. After the religious revolts of 1566 in the Netherlands, Artois
Artois
briefly entered the Dutch Revolt
Dutch Revolt
in 1576, participating in the Pacification of Ghent
Pacification of Ghent
until it formed the Union of Atrecht
Union of Atrecht
in 1579. After the Union of Atrecht, Artois
Artois
and Hainaut (Dutch: Henegouwen) reached a separate agreement with Philip II. Artois
Artois
remained with the Spanish Netherlands until it was conquered by the French during the Thirty Years War. The annexation was acknowledged during the Treaty of the Pyrenees in 1659, and it became a French province. Artois
Artois
had already been largely French-speaking, but it was part of the Southern Netherlands until the French annexation. Artois
Artois
experienced rapid industrial development during the second half of the 19th century, fueled by its rich coal resources. During World War I, the front line between the opposing Central Powers
Central Powers
and Allied armies in France ran through the province, resulting in enormous physical damage. Since the second half of the 20th century, Artois
Artois
has suffered along with nearby areas because of the decline of the coal industry. Notable residents[edit]

Pierre-Charles Le Sueur (c. 1657 – c. 1705), born in Artois, noted explorer and trader.[2] Maximilien Robespierre
Maximilien Robespierre
(1758–1794), French revolutionary leader, born in Arras Carolus Clusius
Carolus Clusius
(1526–1609), early botanist

See also[edit]

Artesian aquifer Battle of Artois
Artois
(other) Communauté d'agglomération de l'Artois Countess of Artois Counts of Artois County of Artois List of World War I
World War I
memorials and cemeteries in Artois Weald- Artois
Artois
Anticline, a ridge that connected continental Europe and Britain until 225,000 years ago

References[edit]

^ "Artois" in The New Encyclopædia Britannica. Chicago: Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 15th ed., 1992, Vol. 1, p. 607. ^ Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607–1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1963. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Artois
Artois
at Wikimedia Commons

v t e

Historical provinces of France

Alsace Angoumois Anjou Artois Aunis Auvergne Basse-Navarre Béarn Beaujolais Berry Bourbonnais Brittany Burgundy Champagne Corsica Dauphiné Flanders and Hainaut Foix Forez Franche-Comté Gascony Guyenne Île-de-France Languedoc Limousin Lorraine Lyonnais Maine Marche Montbéliard Mulhouse Nice Nivernais Normandy Orléanais Perche Picardy Poitou Provence Roussillon Saintonge Savoy Touraine Trois-Évêchés Venaissin

Coordinates: 50°30′N 2°30′E / 50.500°N 2.500°E / 50.500; 2.500

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 134901292 LCCN: n83014

.