Arthur Stanley, 5th Baron Sheffield
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Arthur Lyulph Stanley, 5th Baron Stanley of Alderley, (14 September 1875 – 22 August 1931), also 5th
Baron Sheffield Baron Sheffield is a title that has been created four times: once in the Peerage of England, twice in the Peerage of Ireland, and once in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. The first creation, as ''Baron Sheffield of Butterwick'', was in the Peera ...
and 4th
Baron Eddisbury Baron Eddisbury, of Winnington in the County Palatine of Chester, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created on 12 May 1848 for the British Whig Party, Whig politician and diplomat Edward Stanley, 2nd Baron Stanley of Alderley, ...
, was an English
nobleman Nobility is a social class normally ranked immediately below Royal family, royalty and found in some societies that have a formal aristocracy (class), aristocracy. Nobility has often been an Estates of the realm, estate of the realm that p ...
and
Governor of Victoria The governor of Victoria is the representative of the monarchy of Australia, monarch, Queen Elizabeth II, in the Australian state of Victoria (Australia), Victoria. The governor is one of seven viceregal representatives in the country, analogous ...
from 1914 to 1920.


Early life and family

Stanley was the second child and first son of Edward Lyulph Stanley, 4th Baron Stanley and Mary Katherine Bell. On 29 August 1905 he married Margaret Evelyn Evans Gordon. They had five children: *Mary Katherine Adelaide Stanley (30 May 1906 – 1981) * Edward John Stanley (9 October 1907 – 3 March 1971), the 6th Baron * Pamela Margaret Stanley (6 September 1909 – 30 June 1991), the actress Pamela Stanley * Lyulph Henry Victor Owen Stanley (22 October 1915 – 23 June 1971), the 7th Baron *Victoria Venetia Stanley, the actress "Tordie" Woods (29 June 1917 – 2007)


Political career

Stanley was educated at
Eton College Eton College () is a public school (private sector) for boys in Eton, Berkshire Eton ( ) is a town in Berkshire, England, on the opposite bank of the River Thames to Windsor, connected to it by Windsor Bridge. The civil parish In ...

Eton College
and
Balliol College Balliol College () is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford The University of Oxford , mottoeng = The Lord is my light , established = , endowment = £6.1 billion (including colleges) (2019) , budget = ...

Balliol College
,
University of Oxford The University of Oxford is a collegiate university, collegiate research university in Oxford, England. There is evidence of teaching as early as 1096, making it the oldest university in the English-speaking world and the List of oldest universit ...
, where obtained a
Bachelor of Arts Bachelor of Arts (BA or AB; from the Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language A classical language is a language A language is a structured system of communication Communication (from Latin ''communicare'', meaning "to ...
in 1898. In 1902 he was
called to the bar The call to the bar (rarely, call to bar) is a legal term of art in most common law jurisdictions where persons must be qualified to be allowed to argue in court on behalf of another party and are then said to have been "called to the bar" or to ...
at the
Inner Temple The Honourable Society of the Inner Temple, commonly known as the Inner Temple, is one of the four (professional associations for s and judges) in London. To be and practise as a barrister in , a person must belong to one of these Inns. It is ...

Inner Temple
. In 1904 he became a
London County Council London County Council (LCC) was the principal local government body for the County of London The County of London was a county of England from 1889 to 1965, corresponding to the area known today as Inner London. It was created as part of th ...
lor and in 1906 became
Liberal Liberal or liberalism may refer to: Politics *a supporter of liberalism, a political and moral philosophy **Liberalism by country *an adherent of a Liberal Party Arts, entertainment and media *''El Liberal'', a Spanish newspaper published betw ...
Member of Parliament for Eddisbury in Cheshire near the family seat. Whilst an MP he was
Parliamentary Secretary A parliamentary secretary is a member of Parliament in the Westminster system who assists a more senior political minister, minister with their duties. In several countries, the position has been re-designated as assistant minister. In the parliam ...
to the
Postmaster General A Postmaster General, in Anglosphere The Anglosphere is a group of English-speaking nations that share common cultural and historical ties to the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known ...
serving under
Sydney Buxton
Sydney Buxton
. His sister,
Venetia Stanley Venetia Anastasia Digby (née Stanley) (December 1600 – 1 May 1633) was a celebrated beauty of the Stuart period (England), Stuart period and the wife of a prominent courtier and scientist, Kenelm Digby. She was a granddaughter of Thomas ...
, was a close correspondent of the Prime Minister and leader of the Liberal party,
H. H. Asquith Herbert Henry Asquith, 1st Earl of Oxford and Asquith, (12 September 1852 – 15 February 1928), generally known as H. H. Asquith, was a British statesman and Liberal Liberal or liberalism may refer to: Politics *a supporter of liber ...
. In 1913 he was serving as
High Sheriff of Anglesey This is a list of Sheriffs of Anglesey. Following the conquest of Wales by Edward I, Anglesey Anglesey (; cy, Ynys Môn ), an island off the north-west coast of Wales Wales ( cy, Cymru ) is a country A country is a distinct terr ...
when he was appointed
Governor of Victoria The governor of Victoria is the representative of the monarchy of Australia, monarch, Queen Elizabeth II, in the Australian state of Victoria (Australia), Victoria. The governor is one of seven viceregal representatives in the country, analogous ...
. He was made a
Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George The Most Distinguished Order of Saint Michael and Saint George is a British order of chivalry founded on 28 April 1818 by George IV, George, Prince Regent, later King George IV, while he was acting as regent for his father, George III, King ...
and took up his post on 23 February 1914. He served a five-year term and an additional year until relinquishing the post on 30 January 1920, although he had returned to Britain the previous year due to ill health. In the
1923 Events January * January 1 – The Grouping: All major British railway companies are grouped into four larger companies, under terms of the Railways Act 1921. * January 1–January 7, 7 – Rosewood massacre: In a violent, racially mot ...
General election he stood unsuccessfully as Liberal candidate for
Knutsford Knutsford () is a market town A market town is a European that obtained by custom or royal charter, in the , a market right, which allowed it to host a regular ; this distinguished it from a or . In Britain, small rural towns with a h ...
, losing by 80 votes to
Conservative Conservatism is an aesthetic Aesthetics, or esthetics (), is a branch of philosophy that deals with the nature of beauty and taste (sociology), taste, as well as the philosophy of art (its own area of philosophy that comes out of ae ...

Conservative
, Sir Ernest Makins. From 1925 to 1928 he was Chairman of the
Royal Colonial Institute The Royal Commonwealth Society (RCS) is a Non-governmental organization, non-governmental organisation with a Mission-based organization, mission to promote the value of the Commonwealth of Nations, Commonwealth and the Value (ethics), values u ...
and of the East Africa Joint Committee. In 1925 he succeeded his father to the three baronies and was known by the Stanley title. He died in August 1931 of a bacterial infection,
actinomycosis Actinomycosis is a rare infectious disease, infectious bacterial disease caused by ''Actinomyces'' species. About 70% of infections are due to either ''Actinomyces israelii'' or ''Actinomyces gerencseriae, A. gerencseriae''. Infection can also be c ...

actinomycosis
. He was succeeded by his son Edward. In his capacity as former Governor of Victoria, he attended the Covent Garden farewell of the Australian soprano
Nellie Melba Dame Nellie Melba GBE (born Helen Porter Mitchell; 19 May 186123 February 1931) was an Australian operatic soprano A soprano () is a type of classical female singing Singing is the act of producing musical sounds with the voice. ...

Nellie Melba
, and made a speech thanking her for her artistry and war-work. HMV recorded several excerpts of the evening, including Lord Stanley's speech, all of which can be heard on CD today.http://www.musicweb-international.com/classrev/2004/Jun04/Melba_Naxos.htm


References


External links

*
Australian Dictionary of Biography – Sir Arthur Lyulph Stanley


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