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Arthur is a common male given name of Brythonic origin. Its popularity derives from it being the name of the legendary hero
King Arthur King Arthur ( cy, Brenin Arthur, kw, Arthur Gernow, br, Roue Arzhur) is a Legend, legendary king of Great Britain, Britain, and a central figure in the medieval literary tradition known as the Matter of Britain. In the earliest tradition ...
. The etymology is disputed. It may derive from the Celtic ''Artos'' meaning “Bear”. Another theory, more widely believed, is that the name is derived from the Roman clan '' Artorius'' who lived in
Roman Britain Roman Britain was the period in classical antiquity when large parts of the island of Great Britain were under occupation by the Roman Empire The Roman Empire ( la, Imperium Romanum ; grc-gre, Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίω ...
for centuries. A common spelling variant used in many Slavic, Romance, and Germanic languages is Artur. In Spanish and Italian it is Arturo.


Etymology

The earliest datable attestation of the name Arthur is in the early 9th century Welsh-Latin text ''
Historia Brittonum ''The History of the Britons'' ( la, Historia Brittonum) is a purported history of the indigenous British (Britons (historical), Brittonic) people that was written around 828 and survives in numerous recensions that date from after the 11th centu ...
'', where it refers to a circa 5th to 6th-century
Briton British people or Britons, also known colloquially as Brits, are the citizens of the United Kingdom, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the British Overseas Territories, and the Crown dependencies.: British nationality ...
general who fought against the invading
Saxons The Saxons ( la, Saxones, german: Sachsen, ang, Seaxan, osx, Sahson, nds, Sassen, nl, Saksen) were a group of Germanic peoples, Germanic * * * * peoples whose name was given in the early Middle Ages to a large country (Old Saxony, la, Saxo ...
, and who later gave rise to the famous
King Arthur King Arthur ( cy, Brenin Arthur, kw, Arthur Gernow, br, Roue Arzhur) is a Legend, legendary king of Great Britain, Britain, and a central figure in the medieval literary tradition known as the Matter of Britain. In the earliest tradition ...
of medieval legend and literature. A possible earlier mention of the same man is to be found in the epic Welsh poem ''
Y Gododdin ''Y Gododdin'' () is a medieval Welsh poem consisting of a series of elegies to the men of the Brittonic kingdom of Gododdin and its allies who, according to the conventional interpretation, died fighting the Angles The Angles ( ang ...
'' by
Aneirin Aneirin , Aneurin or Neirin was an Wales in the Early Middle Ages, early Medieval Celtic Britons, Brythonic war poet. He is believed to have been a bard or court poet in one of the Cumbric kingdoms of the Hen Ogledd, probably that of Gododdin at ...
, which some scholars assign to the late 6th century, though this is still a matter of debate and the poem only survives in a late 13th century manuscript entitled the
Book of Aneirin The Book of Aneirin ( cy, Llyfr Aneirin) is a late 13th century Welsh manuscript containing Old and Middle Welsh poetry Poetry (derived from the Greek '' poiesis'', "making"), also called verse, is a form of literature that uses aest ...
. A 9th-century Breton landowner named Arthur witnessed several charters collected in the '' Cartulary of Redon''. The Irish borrowed the name by the late 6th century (either from an early Archaic Welsh or
Cumbric Cumbric was a variety (linguistics), variety of the Common Brittonic language spoken during the Early Middle Ages in the ''Hen Ogledd'' or "Old North" in what is now the counties of Westmorland, Cumberland and northern Lancashire in Northern E ...
form ''Artur''), producing
Old Irish Old Irish, also called Old Gaelic ( sga, Goídelc, Ogham, Ogham script: ᚌᚑᚔᚇᚓᚂᚉ; ga, Sean-Ghaeilge; gd, Seann-Ghàidhlig; gv, Shenn Yernish or ), is the oldest form of the Goidelic languages, Goidelic/Gaelic language for which ...
''Artúr'' ( Latinized as ''Arturius'' by
Adomnán Adomnán or Adamnán of Iona (, la, Adamnanus, Adomnanus; 624 – 704), also known as Eunan ( ; from ), was an abbot ''Abbot'' is an ecclesiastical title given to the male head of a monastery in various Western religious traditions, ...
in his Life of St. Columba, written circa 697–700), The earliest historically attested bearer of the name is a son or grandson of
Áedán mac Gabráin Áedán mac Gabráin (pronounced in Old Irish Old Irish, also called Old Gaelic ( sga, Goídelc, Ogham, Ogham script: ᚌᚑᚔᚇᚓᚂᚉ; ga, Sean-Ghaeilge; gd, Seann-Ghàidhlig; gv, Shenn Yernish or ), is the oldest form of the Goi ...
(died 609). The exact origins of the name Arthur remains a matter of debate. The most widely accepted etymology derives it from the Roman ''
nomen gentile The (or simply ) was a hereditary name borne by the peoples of Roman Italy and later by the citizens of the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire. It was originally the name of one's (family or clan) by Patrilineality, patrilineal descent. However, ...
'' (family name) Artorius. Artorius is of obscure and contested etymology, but is possibly of
Messapic Messapic (; also known as Messapian; or as Iapygian) is an extinct Indo-European languages, Indo-European language of the southeastern Italian Peninsula, once spoken in Apulia by the Iapyges, Iapygian peoples of the region: the ''Calabri'' and ''S ...
or Etruscan origin. According to the linguist and
Celticist Celtic studies or Celtology is the academic discipline occupied with the study of any sort of cultural output relating to the Celts, Celtic-speaking peoples (i.e. speakers of Celtic languages). This ranges from linguistics, literature and art ...
Stefan Zimmer, it is possible that Artorius has a Celtic origin, being a Latinization of the hypothetical name ''*Artorījos'', derived from the
patronym A patronymic, or patronym, is a component of a personal name based on the given name A given name (also known as a forename or first name) is the part of a personal name quoted in that identifies a person, potentially with a middle nam ...
''*Arto-rīg-ios'', meaning "Son of the Bear/Warrior-King". ''*Arto-rīg-ios'' is unattested, but the root, ''*arto-rīg'', "bear/warrior-king", is the source of the Old Irish personal name ''Artrí'', while the similar ''*Arto-maglos'', "bear-prince", produced names in several Brittonic languages. According to Zimmer's etymology, the Celtic short compositional vowel -o- was lengthened and the long -ī- in the second element of the compound ''-rījos'' was shortened by Latin speakers, under the influence of Latin agent nouns ending in ''-tōr'' (and their derivatives in ''-tōrius''). Some scholars have noted that the legendary
King Arthur King Arthur ( cy, Brenin Arthur, kw, Arthur Gernow, br, Roue Arzhur) is a Legend, legendary king of Great Britain, Britain, and a central figure in the medieval literary tradition known as the Matter of Britain. In the earliest tradition ...
's name only appears as ''Arthur'', ''Arthurus'', or ''Arturus'' in early Latin Arthurian texts, never as ''Artōrius'' (although the Classical Latin ''Artōrius'' became ''Arturius'' in some Vulgar Latin dialects). However, this may not say anything about the origin of the name ''Arthur'', as ''Artōrius'' would regularly become ''Art(h)ur'' when borrowed into Welsh. The commonly proposed derivation from Welsh ''arth'' "bear" + (g)wr "man" (earlier ''*Arto-uiros'' in Brittonic) is not possible for
phonological Phonology is the branch of linguistics that studies how languages or dialects systematically organize their sounds or, for sign languages, their constituent parts of signs. The term can also refer specifically to the sound or sign system of a ...
and orthographic reasons; notably that a Brittonic compound name ''*Arto-uiros'' should produce Old Welsh ''*Artgur'' (where -u- represents the short vowel /u/) and Middle/Modern Welsh ''*Arthwr'' and not ''Arthur'' (where -u- is a long vowel /ʉː/) In Welsh poetry the name is always spelled ''Arthur'' and is exclusively rhymed with words ending in ''-ur''—never words ending in ''-wr''—which confirms that the second element cannot be '' r'' "man"). An alternative theory, which has only gained limited acceptance among scholars, derives the name Arthur from the
Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally a dialect spoken in the lower Tiber area (then known as Latium) around present-day Rome, but through ...
Arcturus , - bgcolor="#FFFAFA" , Note (category: variability): , , H and K emission vary. Arcturus is the brightest star in the Northern celestial hemisphere, northern constellation of Boötes. With an apparent visual magnitude of −0.05, it ...
(the brightest star in the constellation
Boötes Boötes ( ) is a constellation in the northern sky, located between 0° and +60° declination, and 13 and 16 hours of right ascension on the celestial sphere. The name comes from la, Boōtēs, which comes from grc-gre, Βοώτης, Boṓtēs ...
, near
Ursa Major Ursa Major (; also known as the Great Bear) is a constellation A constellation is an area on the celestial sphere in which a group of visible stars forms a perceived pattern or outline, typically representing an animal, mythological sub ...
or the Great Bear), which is the latinisation of the
Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece, a country in Southern Europe: *Greeks, an ethnic group. *Greek language, a branch of the Indo-European language family. **Proto-Greek language, the assumed last common ancestor ...
Ἀρκτοῦρος (''Arktouros'') and means ''Bear Guardian'' from ἄρκτος (''arktos'' ''"bear"'') and οὖρος (''ouros'' ''"watcher/guardian"''). This form, ''Arcturus'' would have become ''Art(h)ur'' when borrowed into Welsh, and its brightness and position in the sky led people to regard it as the "guardian of the bear" and the "leader" of the other stars in Boötes. Avestan '/arta and its
Vedic FIle:Atharva-Veda samhita page 471 illustration.png, upright=1.2, The Vedas are ancient Sanskrit texts of Hinduism. Above: A page from the ''Atharvaveda''. The Vedas (, , ) are a large body of religious texts originating in ancient India. Co ...
equivalent '' '' both derive from
Proto-Indo-Iranian Proto-Indo-Iranian, also Proto-Indo-Iranic is the Linguistic reconstruction, reconstructed proto-language of the Indo-Iranian languages, Indo-Iranian/Indo-Iranic branch of Indo-European languages, Indo-European. Its speakers, the hypothetical Pr ...
''*ṛtá-'' "truth", which in turn continues
Proto-Indo-European Proto-Indo-European (PIE) is the reconstructed common ancestor of the Indo-European language family. Its proposed features have been derived by linguistic reconstruction from documented Indo-European languages. No direct record of Proto-Indo-E ...
''*'' "properly joined, right, true", from the root ''*''. The word is attested in
Old Persian Old Persian is one of the two directly attested Old Iranian languages (the other being Avestan language, Avestan) and is the ancestor of Middle Persian (the language of Sasanian Empire). Like other Old Iranian languages, it was known to its native ...
as '.


People and characters with the given name Arthur


Kings and princes


Legendary

*
King Arthur King Arthur ( cy, Brenin Arthur, kw, Arthur Gernow, br, Roue Arzhur) is a Legend, legendary king of Great Britain, Britain, and a central figure in the medieval literary tradition known as the Matter of Britain. In the earliest tradition ...
, king of Britain in
Arthurian legend The Matter of Britain is the body of medieval literature and legend A legend is a Folklore genre, genre of folklore that consists of a narrative featuring human actions, believed or perceived, both by teller and listeners, to have taken ...


Brittany

*
Arthur I, Duke of Brittany Arthur I ( br, Arzhur 1añ; french: link=no, Arthur 1er de Bretagne) (29 March 1187 – presumably 1203) was 4th Earl of Richmond and Duke of Brittany between 1196 and 1203. He was the posthumous son of Geoffrey II, Duke of Brittany, and Constan ...
(1187–1203), killed by his uncle king
John Lackland John (24 December 1166 – 19 October 1216) was King of England The monarchy of the United Kingdom, commonly referred to as the British monarchy, is the constitutional monarchy, constitutional form of government by which a hereditar ...
*
Arthur II, Duke of Brittany Arthur II (25 July 1261 – 27 August 1312), of the House of Dreux The House of Dreux was a cadet branch of the Capetian dynasty. It was founded by Robert I, Count of Dreux, a son of Louis VI of France, who was given the County of Dreux as his ...
(1261–1312) *
Arthur III, Duke of Brittany Arthur III ( br, Arzhur), more commonly known as Arthur de Richemont (24 August 139326 December 1458), was briefly Duke of Brittany from 1457 until his death. He is noted primarily, however, for his role as a leading military commander during ...
(1393–1458)


Great Britain

*
Arthur, Prince of Wales Arthur, Prince of Wales (19/20 September 1486 – 2 April 1502), was the eldest son of King Henry VII of England and Elizabeth of York. He was Duke of Cornwall from birth, and he was created Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester in 1489. As ...
(1486–1502), elder son of Henry VII of England *
Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn (Arthur William Patrick Albert; 1 May 185016 January 1942), was the seventh child and third son of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom and Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. He served as Gov ...
(1850–1942), seventh child and third son of
Queen Victoria Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until Death and state funeral of Queen Victoria, her death in 1901. Her reign of 63 years and 21 ...
*
Prince Arthur of Connaught Prince Arthur of Connaught (Arthur Frederick Patrick Albert; 13 January 1883 – 12 September 1938) was a British military officer and a grandson of Queen Victoria Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Que ...
(1883–1938), son of Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn


Famous people

*
Arthur Arthur is a common male given name of Brittonic languages, Brythonic origin. Its popularity derives from it being the name of the legendary hero King Arthur. The etymology is disputed. It may derive from the Celtic ''Artos'' meaning “Bear”. An ...
or Arthur Melo (born 1996), Brazilian footballer * Arthur "Man" Agee Jr., American former Chicago-area high school basketball player * Arthur Ahmed (born 1970), Ghanaian politician * Arthur Albiston (born 1957), Scottish footballer who played for
Manchester United Manchester () is a city in Greater Manchester, England. It had a population of 552,000 in 2021. It is bordered by the Cheshire Plain to the south, the Pennines to the north and east, and the neighbouring city of City of Salford, Salford to ...
and
Scotland Scotland (, ) is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United Kingdom. Covering the northern third of the island of Great Britain, mainland Scotland has a Anglo-Scottish border, border with England to the southeast ...
*
Arthur Alexander Arthur Alexander (May 10, 1940 – June 9, 1993) was an American Southern Soul, country soul songwriter and singer. Jason Ankeny, music critic for AllMusic, said Alexander was a "country-soul pioneer" and that, though largely unknown, "his mus ...
(1940–1993), American soul singer and songwriter *
Arthur Antunes Coimbra Arthur Antunes Coimbra (, born 3 March 1953), better known as Zico (), is a Brazilian association football, football coach and former player who played as an attacking midfielder. Often called the "White Pelé", he was a creative playmaker, wi ...
(born 1953), Brazilian footballer, commonly known as Zico *
Arthur Ashe Arthur Robert Ashe Jr. (July 10, 1943 – February 6, 1993) was an American professional tennis player who won three Grand Slam (tennis), Grand Slam singles titles. He started to play tennis at six years old. He was the first black player ...
(1943–1993), American tennis player *
Arthur Askey Arthur Bowden Askey, (6 June 1900 – 16 November 1982) was an English comedian A comedian or comic is a person who seeks to entertainment, entertain an audience by making them laughter, laugh. This might be through jokes or amusing situa ...
(1900–1982), English comedian * Artur Awejde (1838–1863), Polish commissioner of Augustów Voivodeship during the
January Uprising The January Uprising ( pl, powstanie styczniowe; lt, 1863 metų sukilimas; ua, Січневе повстання; russian: Польское восстание; ) was an insurrection principally in Russian Empire, Russia's Congress Poland, Kin ...
*
Arthur Balfour Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour, (, ; 25 July 184819 March 1930), also known as Lord Balfour, was a British Conservative statesman who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom The prime minister of the United Kingdo ...
(1848–1930), earl of Balfour, British politician, and prime minister under Edward VII * Art Baltazar (born 1968), comic writer and illustrator for DC Super Pets * Arthur Harold Beal (1896–1992), creator of Nitt Witt Ridge * Arthur Blok (1882–1974), English first administrative head of the
Technion – Israel Institute of Technology The Technion – Israel Institute of Technology ( he, הטכניון – מכון טכנולוגי לישראל) is a public university, public research university located in Haifa, Israel. Established in 1912 under the dominion of the Ottoman E ...
*
Arthur Bluethenthal Arthur Bluethenthal, nicknamed "Bluey" (November 1, 1891 – June 5, 1918), was an All-American football player for Princeton University, who died in combat fighting for France in World War I. Early life The son of Leopold and Johanna Bluethentha ...
(1891–1918), American football player * Arthur Bradfield (1892–1978), English cricketer * Arthur Bramley (1929–2021), English footballer *
Arthur Bremer Arthur Herman Bremer (; born August 21, 1950) is an American convicted criminal who attempted to assassinate U.S. Democratic presidential candidate George Wallace George Corley Wallace Jr. (August 25, 1919 – September 13, 1998) was an A ...
(born 1950), American attempted assassin of
George Wallace George Corley Wallace Jr. (August 25, 1919 – September 13, 1998) was an American politician who served as the List of governors of Alabama, 45th governor of Alabama for four terms. A member of the Democratic Party (United States), Democratic P ...
*
Art Carney Arthur William Matthew Carney (November 4, 1918 – November 9, 2003) was an American actor and comedian. A recipient of an Academy Awards, Academy Award, a Golden Globe Award, and six Primetime Emmy Awards, he was best known for his role as Ed ...
(1918–2003), American actor *
Arthur Cayley Arthur Cayley (; 16 August 1821 – 26 January 1895) was a prolific British mathematician A mathematician is someone who uses an extensive knowledge of mathematics in their work, typically to solve mathematical problems. Mathematicians ...
(1822–1895), British mathematician * Sir Arthur C. Clarke (1917–2008), British writer *
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle Sir Arthur Ignatius Conan Doyle (22 May 1859 – 7 July 1930) was a British writer and physician. He created the character Sherlock Holmes in 1887 for ''A Study in Scarlet'', the first of four novels and fifty-six short stories about Hol ...
(1859–1930), British writer *
Arthur Conley Arthur Lee Conley (January 4, 1946 – November 17, 2003), also known in later years as Lee Roberts, was an American soul music, soul singer, best known for the 1967 hit "Sweet Soul Music". Early life Conley was born in McIntosh County, Georgia ...
(1946–2003), American soul singer *General Sir
Arthur Currie General Sir Arthur William Currie, (5 December 187530 November 1933) was a senior officer of the Canadian Army who fought during World War I. He had the unique distinction of starting his military career on the very bottom rung as a pre-wa ...
(1875-1933), senior officer of the
Canadian Army The Canadian Army (french: Armée canadienne) is the command responsible for the operational readiness of the conventional ground forces of the Canadian Armed Forces. It maintains regular forces units at bases across Canada Canada ...
during the First World War *
Arthur Darvill Thomas Arthur Darvill (born 17 June 1982) is an English actor. He is known for portraying Rory Williams, a Companion (Doctor Who), companion of the Eleventh Doctor in the television series ''Doctor Who'' (2010–2012), as well as Rip Hunter (Arro ...
(born 1982), British actor and musician * Arthur Marcelles de Silva (1879-1957), Sri Lankan Sinhala surgeon, first Sri Lankan to gain Fellowship in the
Royal College of Surgeons of England The Royal College of Surgeons of England (RCS England) is an independent professional body and registered charity that promotes and advances standards of surgery, surgical care for patients, and regulates surgery and dentistry in England and Wa ...
* Arthur Delaporte (born 1991), French politician *
Sir Arthur Eddington Sir Arthur Stanley Eddington (28 December 1882 – 22 November 1944) was an English astronomer, physicist, and mathematician. He was also a philosopher of science A philosopher is a person who practices or investigates philosophy ...
(1882–1944), British astrophysicist *
Sir Arthur Evans Sir Arthur John Evans (8 July 1851 – 11 July 1941) was a British archaeologist Archaeology or archeology is the scientific study of human activity through the recovery and analysis of material culture. The archaeological record consis ...
(1851–1941), British archaeologist *
Arthur Fenner Arthur Fenner (December 10, 1745October 15, 1805) was an American politician who served as the List of Governors of Rhode Island, fourth Governor of Rhode Island from 1790 until his death in 1805. He has the seventh longest gubernatorial tenure ...
(1745–1805), fourth Governor of Rhode Island *
Arthur Frommer Arthur Frommer (born July 17, 1929) is a travel writer. He founded the Frommer's Frommer's is a travel guide book series created by Arthur Frommer in 1957. Frommer's has since expanded to include more than 350 guidebooks in 14 series, as well ...
(born 1929), American travel writer and publisher * Arthur Burdett Frost (1851-1928), American illustrator, graphic artist, painter and comics writer *Arthur J. Gallagher, founder of Arthur J. Gallagher & Co. *
Art Garfunkel Arthur Ira Garfunkel (born November 5, 1941) is an American singer, poet, and actor. He is best known for his partnership with Paul Simon in the folk rock duo Simon & Garfunkel. Highlights of Garfunkel's solo music career include one top-10 h ...
(born 1941), American entertainer * Arthur Gatter (1940–1990), German serial killer * Count Arthur Gobineau (1816–1882), French polemicist and political and historical writer *
Arthur Godfrey Arthur Morton Godfrey (August 31, 1903 – March 16, 1983) was an American radio and television broadcaster and entertainer who was sometimes introduced by his nickname The Old Redhead. At the peak of his success, in the early-to-mid 1950s, Godf ...
(1903–1983), American radio and television personality *
Arthur Goldberg Arthur Joseph Goldberg (August 8, 1908January 19, 1990) was an American statesman and jurist who served as the 9th U.S. Secretary of Labor, an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States An associate justice of the Supreme C ...
(1908–1990), American politician and judge * A. O. Granger (1846–1914), American industrialist and soldier *
Arthur Greiser Arthur Karl Greiser (22 January 1897 – 21 July 1946) was a Nazism, Nazi German politician, SS-''Obergruppenführer'', ''Gauleiter'' and ''Reichsstatthalter'' (Reich Governor) of the German-occupied territory of ''Wartheland''. He was one of th ...
(1897–1946), German Nazi SS officer executed for war crimes *
Arthur Guinness Arthur Guinness ( 172523 January 1803) was an Irish brewer, entrepreneur, and philanthropist. The inventor of Guinness beer, he founded the Guinness Brewery at St. James's Gate in 1759. Born in Celbridge, County Kildare around 1725, Guinness' ...
(1725–1803), Irish brewer *
Arthur Hailey Arthur Frederick Hailey, Air Efficiency Award, AE (5 April 1920 – 24 November 2004) was a British-Canadian novelist whose plot-driven storylines were set against the backdrops of various industries. His books, which include such best sellers ...
(1920–2004), British novelist * Arthur Harvey (disambiguation) * Arthur Lawrence Hellyer Jr. (1923–2018), American radio host *
Art Heyman Arthur Bruce Heyman (June 24, 1941 – August 27, 2012) was an American professional basketball player. Playing for Duke University in college, in 1963 he was Oscar Robertson Trophy, USBWA Player of the Year, Associated Press College Basketball P ...
(1941–2012), American NBA basketball player *
Arthur Holden Arthur Holden (born August 28, 1959) is a Canadians, Canadian actor and writer. Known for his roles such as Mr. Ratburn in ''Arthur (TV series), Arthur'', Baba-Miao in ''Sagwa, the Chinese Siamese Cat'', Mayor Mallard in ''The Little Twins'', ...
(born 1959), Canadian voice actor *
Arthur Honegger Arthur Honegger (; 10 March 1892 – 27 November 1955) was a Swiss composer who was born in France and lived a large part of his life in Paris. A member of Les Six, his best known work is probably ''Antigone (Honegger), Antigone'', composed bet ...
(1892–1955), Swiss composer *
Arthur James Johnes Arthur James Johnes (4 February 1809 – 23 July 1871) was an Welsh county court A county court is a court based in or with a jurisdiction covering one or more county, counties, which are administrative divisions (subnational entities) within a ...
(1809–1871), English judge * Arthur J. Jones (born 1948), American
neo-Nazi Neo-Nazism comprises the post–World War II militant, social, and political movements that seek to revive and reinstate Nazism, Nazi ideology. Neo-Nazis employ their ideology to promote hatred and Supremacism#Racial, racial supremacy (ofte ...
politician *
Arthur Koestler Arthur Koestler, (, ; ; hu, Kösztler Artúr; 5 September 1905 – 1 March 1983) was a Hungarian-born author and journalist. Koestler was born in Budapest and, apart from his early school years, was educated in Austria. In 1931, Koestler join ...
(1905–1983), British writer *
Arthur Laffer Arthur Betz Laffer (; born August 14, 1940) is an American economist An economist is a professional and practitioner in the social sciences, social science discipline of economics. The individual may also study, develop, and apply theorie ...
(born 1940), American economist * Arthur Lee (1945–2006), American musician *Arthur Lethbridge (known as Ivor Moreton) (1908–1984), British singer and pianist * Arthur Liebehenschel (1901–1948), German commandant at the Auschwitz and Majdanek concentration camps executed for war crimes *
Art Linkletter Arthur Gordon Linkletter (born Gordon Arthur Kelly or Arthur Gordon Kelly; sources differ; July 17, 1912 – May 26, 2010) was a Canadian-born American radio and television personality. He was the host of '' House Party'', which ran on CBS radio ...
(1912–2010), Canadian-born American radio and television personality *
Arthur Loveridge Arthur Loveridge (28 May 1891 – 16 February 1980) was a British people, British biologist and Herpetology, herpetologist who wrote about animals in East Africa, particularly Tanzania, and New Guinea. He gave Binomial nomenclature, scientific na ...
(1891–1980), British herpetologist *
Arthur Lydiard Arthur Leslie Lydiard (6 July 1917 – 11 December 2004) was a New Zealand running, runner and athletics (sport), athletics coach. He has been lauded as one of the outstanding athletics coaches of all time and is credited with popularising the ...
(1917–2004), New Zealand runner and athletics coach * Arthur MacArthur, Jr., (1845–1912), American soldier * Arthur "Harpo" Marx (1888–1964), American comedian and musician * Arthur Meighen (1874–1960), Canadian prime minister in the 1920s * Arthur Miley (born 1993), American football player *
Arthur Miller Arthur Asher Miller (October 17, 1915 – February 10, 2005) was an American playwright, essayist and screenwriter in the 20th-century Theater in the United States, American theater. Among his most popular plays are ''All My Sons'' (1947), ...
(1915–2005), American playwright * Arthur O'Shaughnessy (1844–1881), British poet and herpetologist * Arthur Uther Pendragon (born 1954), British neo-druid leader * Art Potter (1909–1998), Canadian ice hockey administrator * Arthur Prysock (1924–1997), American jazz and R&B singer * Sir Arthur Godwin Ranasinghe, Sri Lankan Sinhala civil servant, Governor of the
Central Bank of Sri Lanka The Central Bank of Sri Lanka ( CBSL; si, ශ්‍රී ලංකා මහ බැංකුව, Sri Lanka Maha Bankuwa) is the monetary authority In finance and economics, a monetary authority is the entity that manages a country’s curre ...
from 1954-1959 *
Arthur Rimbaud Jean Nicolas Arthur Rimbaud (, ; 20 October 1854 – 10 November 1891) was a French poet known for his transgressive and surreal themes and for his influence on Modernism, modern literature and arts, prefiguring surrealism. Born in Charleville ...
(1854–1891), French poet * Arthur Rödl (1898–1945), German Nazi SS commandant of the Gross-Rosen concentration camp * Arthur J. Samberg (1941–2020), American businessman *
Arthur Scargill Arthur Scargill (born 11 January 1938) is a British trade unionist who was President of the National Union of Mineworkers (Great Britain), National Union of Mineworkers (NUM) from 1982 to 2002. He is best known for leading the UK miners' strik ...
(born 1938), British miners' union leader * Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr. (1917–2007), American historian *
Arthur Moritz Schoenflies Arthur Moritz Schoenflies (; 17 April 1853 – 27 May 1928), sometimes written as Schönflies, was a German mathematician, known for his contributions to the application of group theory to crystallography, and for work in topology. Schoenflies ...
(1853–1928), German mathematician *
Arthur Schopenhauer Arthur Schopenhauer ( , ; 22 February 1788 – 21 September 1860) was a German philosopher. He is best known for his 1818 work ''The World as Will and Representation'' (expanded in 1844), which characterizes the Phenomenon, phenomenal world ...
(1788–1860), German philosopher *
Arthur Seyss-Inquart Arthur Seyss-Inquart (German: Seyß-Inquart, ; 22 July 1892 16 October 1946) was an Austrian Austrian National Socialism, Nazi politician who served as Chancellor of Austria in 1938 for two days before the ''Anschluss''. His positions in Nazi Ge ...
(1892–1946), Austrian Nazi politician * Arthur "Buddy" Schumacher (1916–1925), boy who was found murdered in 1925 *
Art Shamsky Arthur Louis Shamsky (nicknamed "Sham" and "Smasher"; born October 14, 1941) is an American former Major League Baseball player. He played right field, left field, and first base from 1965 to 1972 for the Cincinnati Reds, New York Mets, Chicago ...
(born 1941), American major league baseball player and
Israel Baseball League The Israel Baseball League (IBL; Hebrew Hebrew (; ; ) is a Northwest Semitic languages, Northwest Semitic language of the Afroasiatic languages, Afroasiatic language family. Historically, it is one of the spoken languages of the Israelit ...
manager * Arthur Shawcross (1945–2008), American cannibalistic serial killer and rapist * Sir Arthur Sullivan (1842–1900), English composer who did operatic collaborations with librettist W. S. Gilbert *
Arthur Tracy Arthur Tracy (25 June 1899 – 5 October 1997) was an American vocalist and actor, billed as The Street Singer. His performances in theatre, films and radio, along with his recordings, brought him international fame in the 1930s. Late evening r ...
(1899–1997), American singer and actor *
Arthur Treacher Arthur Veary Treacher (, 23 July 1894 – 14 December 1975) was an English film and stage actor active from the 1920s to the 1960s, and known for playing English types, especially butler and manservant roles, such as the P.G. Wodehouse valet ...
(1894–1975), English actor *
Arthur Vandenberg Arthur Hendrick Vandenberg Sr. (March 22, 1884April 18, 1951) was an American politician who served as a United States senator from Michigan from 1928 to 1951. A member of the Republican Party, he participated in the creation of the United N ...
(1884–1951), American politician * Arthur Warbrick (1863–1902), New Zealand rugby footballer *Sir Arthur Wellesley (1769–1852), duke of Wellington; military commander who defeated Napoleon at Waterloo; British Prime Minister 1828–1830 and briefly in 1834 *
Arthur Wijewardena Sir Edwin Arthur Lewis Wijewardena, King's Counsel, KC (21 March 1887 – 1964) was the 28th Chief Justice of Ceylon. Educated at Ananda College, Ananda College, Colombo and S. Thomas' College, Mount Lavinia, Wijewardena graduated from Univer ...
(1887–1964),
Chief Justice of Sri Lanka The Chief Justice of Sri Lanka, the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka is the head of the judiciary of Sri Lanka and the Supreme Court of Sri Lanka. Established in 1801, the Chief Justice is one of ten Supreme Court justices; the other n ...
from 1949-1950 * Arthur A. Wilson, Anglo-Indian cinematographer


Artturi

* Artturi Jämsén (1925–1976), Finnish politician * Artturi Lehkonen (born 1995), Finnish professional ice hockey player * Artturi Leinonen (1888–1963), Finnish journalist and politician *
Artturi Ilmari Virtanen Artturi Ilmari Virtanen (; 15 January 1895 – 11 November 1973) was a Finnish chemist and recipient of the 1945 Nobel Prize in Chemistry ) , image = Nobel Prize.png , alt = A golden medallion with an embossed image of a beard ...
(1895–1973), Finnish chemist


Fictional characters

* ''Arthur'', an animated educational television series for children ages 4 to 8, developed by Kathy Waugh for
PBS The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is an American public broadcaster and non-commercial, free-to-air television network based in Arlington, Virginia. PBS is a publicly funded nonprofit organization and the most prominent provider of ...
, and produced by WGBH. *Arthur Kirkland (アーサー・カークランド), the given human name for the
personification Personification occurs when a thing or abstraction is represented as a person, in literature or art, as a type of anthropomorphism, anthropomorphic metaphor. The type of personification discussed here excludes passing literary effects such as "Sh ...
of the United Kingdom from the anime series '' Hetalia: Axis Powers'' *Arthur, a character 1991 American coming-of-age comedy-drama movie '' My Girl'' *Arthur Birling, an antagonist within the post-war play
An Inspector Calls ''An Inspector Calls'' is a play written by English dramatist A playwright or dramatist is a person who writes play (theatre), plays. Etymology The word "play" is from Middle English pleye, from Old English plæġ, pleġa, plæġa ("play, ...
*Arthur Curry, ''
Aquaman Aquaman is a superhero appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. Created by Paul Norris and Mort Weisinger, the character debuted in '' More Fun Comics'' #73 (November 1941). The character is a pastiche of Namor. Initial ...
'' *Arthur the Tank Engine, a character from
Thomas and Friends ''Thomas & Friends'' (originally known as ''Thomas the Tank Engine & Friends'' and later ''Thomas & Friends: Big World! Big Adventures!'') is a British children's television series that aired across 24 series from 1984 to 2021. Based on ''The ...
*Ser Arthur Dayne, a character from ''
A Song of Ice and Fire ''A Song of Ice and Fire'' is a series of High fantasy, epic fantasy novels by the American novelist and screenwriter George R. R. Martin. He began the first volume of the series, ''A Game of Thrones'', in 1991, and it was published in 1996. Ma ...
'' book series *Arthur Denison, the main character of the ''
Dinotopia ''Dinotopia'' is a series of illustrated fantasy books, created by author and illustrator James Gurney. It is set in the titular Dinotopia, an isolated island inhabited by shipwrecked humans and sapient dinosaur Dinosaurs are a diverse ...
'' book series *
Arthur Dent Arthur Philip Dent is a fictional character and the hapless protagonist of the comic science fiction series ''The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy'' by Douglas Adams. In the radio, Vinyl record, LP and television versions of the story, Arthur ...
, the main character of ''
The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy ''The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy'' (sometimes referred to as ''HG2G'', ''HHGTTG'', ''H2G2'', or ''tHGttG'') is a comic science fiction, comedy science fiction franchise created by Douglas Adams. Originally The Hitchhiker's Guide to th ...
'' series * Arthur Dupres, a character in the American TV miniseries ''
V (1983 miniseries) ''V'' (or ''V: The Original Miniseries'') is a two-part American science fiction on television, science-fiction television miniseries, written and directed by Kenneth Johnson (filmmaker), Kenneth Johnson. First shown in 1983, it initiated V (fra ...
'' *Arthur Fleck, the main character in '' Joker (2019 film)'' * Arthur Fonzarelli, ''
Happy Days ''Happy Days'' is an American television sitcom that aired first-run on the American Broadcasting Company, ABC network from January 15, 1974, to July 19, 1984, with a total of 255 half-hour episodes spanning 11 seasons. Created by Garry Marsha ...
'' * Arthur Morgan, the main character of the video game ''
Red Dead Redemption 2 ''Red Dead Redemption 2'' is a 2018 action-adventure game The action-adventure genre is a video game hybrid genre that combines core elements from both the action game and adventure game genres. Typically, pure adventure games have ...
'' *
Arthur Read Arthur Timothy Read is a fictional Anthropomorphism, anthropomorphic aardvark created by American author Marc Brown (author), Marc Brown. He is in the third grade and lives in the fictional city of Elwood City. Physical appearance Arthur is an ...
, main character in ''
Arthur (TV Show) ''Arthur'' is an animated Educational entertainment, educational television series for children ages 4 to 8, developed by Kathy Waugh for PBS, and produced by WGBH-TV, WGBH. The show is set in the fictional U.S. city of Elwood City, and revolv ...
'' *Arthur Seaton is the main character in
Alan Sillitoe Alan Sillitoe FRSL The Royal Society of Literature (RSL) is a learned society founded in 1820, by George IV of the United Kingdom, King George IV, to "reward literary merit and excite literary talent". A charity that represents the voice of ...
's debut novel Saturday Night and Sunday Morning. *Arthur Shelby, a character from the ''
Peaky Blinders (TV series) ''Peaky Blinders'' is a British period drama, period crime drama television series created by Steven Knight. Set in Birmingham, England, it follows the exploits of the Peaky Blinders crime gang in the direct aftermath of the World War I, First W ...
'' *
Arthur Weasley The Order of the Phoenix is a secret organisation in the ''Harry Potter'' series of fiction books written by J. K. Rowling. Founded by Albus Dumbledore to fight Lord Voldemort and his followers, the Death Eaters, the Order lends its name to the ...
, a character of the ''
Harry Potter ''Harry Potter'' is a series of seven fantasy literature, fantasy novels written by British author J. K. Rowling. The novels chronicle the lives of a young Magician (fantasy), wizard, Harry Potter (character), Harry Potter, and his friends ...
'' book series *Arthur Wright, a character in the 1997 French-American fantasy drama movie '' FairyTale: A True Story'' *Arthur Watts, a major antagonist in the animated web series ''
RWBY ''RWBY'' (pronounced "Ruby") is an American Anime-influenced animation, anime-influenced Computer animation, computer-animated web series created by Monty Oum for Rooster Teeth. It is set in the fictional world of Remnant, where young people tr ...
''


In many languages

* Albanian: Artur *
Amharic Amharic ( or ; (Amharic: ), ', ) is an Ethiopian Semitic language, which is a subgrouping within the Semitic branch of the Afroasiatic languages. It is spoken as a first language by the Amharas, and also serves as a lingua franca for all o ...
: አርተር *
Arabic Arabic (, ' ; , ' or ) is a Semitic languages, Semitic language spoken primarily across the Arab world.Semitic languages: an international handbook / edited by Stefan Weninger; in collaboration with Geoffrey Khan, Michael P. Streck, Janet C ...
: أرثر, ارثور, ارتور * Armenian: (Art'ur) * Basque: Artur, Artza * Bengali: আর্থার (Ārthāra) * Breton: Arzhur * Bulgarian: Артур (Artur) * Catalan: Artur, Artús * Chechen: Артур (Artur) *
Chinese Chinese can refer to: * Something related to China China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a country in East Asia. It is the world's List of countries and dependencies by population, most populous country, with a Popul ...
: ''Simplified:'' 亚瑟 (Yàsè), 阿瑟 (Āsè), 阿图尔 (Ātúěr) ''Traditional:'' 亞瑟 (Yàsè), 阿瑟 (Āsè), 阿圖爾 (Ātúěr) * Croatian: Artur *
Czech Czech may refer to: * Anything from or related to the Czech Republic, a country in Europe ** Czech language ** Czechs, the people of the area ** Czech culture ** Czech cuisine * One of three mythical brothers, Lech, Czech, and Rus' Places *Czech, ...
: Artuš, Artur *
Danish Danish may refer to: * Something of, from, or related to the country of Denmark ) , song = ( en, "King Christian stood by the lofty mast") , song_type = National and royal anthem , image_map = EU-Denmark.svg , map_caption = , subdivisi ...
: Arthur * Dutch: Arthur, Artuur * Estonian: Artur, Ats * English: Arthur * Finnish: Artturi, Arttu, Arto, Artto * French: Arthur * Galician: Artur, Artús * Georgian: ართური (Arturi) * German: Artur, Arthur *
Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece, a country in Southern Europe: *Greeks, an ethnic group. *Greek language, a branch of the Indo-European language family. **Proto-Greek language, the assumed last common ancestor ...
: Αρθούρος (Arthouros/Artouros) *
Gujarati Gujarati may refer to: * something of, from, or related to Gujarat, a state of India * Gujarati people, the major ethnic group of Gujarat * Gujarati language, the Indo-Aryan language spoken by them * Gujarati languages, the Western Indo-Aryan sub- ...
: આર્થર (Ārthara) *
Hebrew Hebrew (; ; ) is a Northwest Semitic languages, Northwest Semitic language of the Afroasiatic languages, Afroasiatic language family. Historically, it is one of the spoken languages of the Israelites and their longest-surviving descendants, ...
: ארתור (Artur) *
Hindi Hindi (Devanāgarī: or , ), or more precisely Modern Standard Hindi (Devanagari: ), is an Indo-Aryan languages, Indo-Aryan language spoken chiefly in the Hindi Belt region encompassing parts of North India, northern, Central India, centr ...
: आर्थर (aarthar) * Hungarian: Artúr * Icelandic: Arthur * Indonesian: Arthur *
Inuktitut Inuktitut (; , Inuktitut syllabics, syllabics ; from , "person" + , "like", "in the manner of"), also Eastern Canadian Inuktitut, is one of the principal Inuit languages of Canada. It is spoken in all areas north of the tree line, including part ...
: ᐋᑐᕐ (aatur) *
Irish Irish may refer to: Common meanings * Someone or something of, from, or related to: ** Ireland Ireland ( ; ga, Éire ; Ulster Scots dialect, Ulster-Scots: ) is an island in the Atlantic Ocean, North Atlantic Ocean, in Northwestern Europe ...
: Artúr * Italian: Arturo (common name), Artù (the Briton king) *
Japanese Japanese may refer to: * Something from or related to Japan Japan ( ja, 日本, or , and formally , ''Nihonkoku'') is an island country in East Asia. It is situated in the northwest Pacific Ocean, and is bordered on the west by the Sea ...
: アーサー (Āsā) (in
katakana is a Japanese syllabary, one component of the Japanese writing system along with hiragana, kanji and in some cases the Latin script (known as rōmaji). The word ''katakana'' means "fragmentary kana", as the katakana characters are derived fro ...
) *
Kannada Kannada (; ಕನ್ನಡ, ), originally romanised Canarese, is a Dravidian languages, Dravidian language spoken predominantly by the people of Karnataka in southwestern India, with minorities in all neighbouring states. It has around 47&n ...
: ಆರ್ಥರ್‌ (Ārthar‌) *
Korean Korean may refer to: People and culture * Koreans, ethnic group originating in the Korean Peninsula * Korean cuisine * Korean culture * Korean language **Korean alphabet, known as Hangul or Chosŏn'gŭl **Korean dialects and the Jeju language ** ...
: 아서 (Aseo), 아써 (Asseo), 아더 (Adeo) * Kurdish: ئارتەر *
Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally a dialect spoken in the lower Tiber area (then known as Latium) around present-day Rome, but through ...
: Arturus/Arthurus, Artorius/Arturius * Latvian: Artūrs * Lithuanian: Artūras *
Malayalam Malayalam (; , ) is a Dravidian languages, Dravidian language spoken in the Indian state of Kerala and the union territories of Lakshadweep and Puducherry (union territory), Puducherry (Mahé district) by the Malayali people. It is one of 2 ...
: ആർതർ (ārtar) * Maldivian: އަރތަރ * Maltese: Arturu, Turu * Nāhuatl: Arthur *
Norman Norman or Normans may refer to: Ethnic and cultural identity * The Normans, a people partly descended from Norse Vikings who settled in the territory of Normandy in France in the 10th and 11th centuries ** People or things connected with the Norm ...
: Èrthu * Norwegian: Artur * Ossetian: Артур (Artur) *
Patois ''Patois'' (, pl. same or ) is speech or language that is considered nonstandard dialect, nonstandard, although the term is not formally defined in linguistics. As such, ''patois'' can refer to pidgins, creole language, creoles, dialects or vernac ...
: Aata *
Persian Persian may refer to: * People and things from Iran Iran, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran, and also called Persia, is a country located in Western Asia. It is bordered by Iraq and Turkey to the west, by Azerbaijan and Arm ...
: آرتور * Polish: Artur * Portuguese: Artur, Arthur (archaic spelling, common in Brazil) *
Punjabi Punjabi, or Panjabi, most often refers to: * Something of, from, or related to Punjab Punjab (; Punjabi Language, Punjabi: پنجاب ; ਪੰਜਾਬ ; ; also Romanization, romanised as ''Panjāb'' or ''Panj-Āb'') is a geopolitical, ...
: ''Gurmukhi script:'' ਆਰਥਰ (Ārathara), ''Shahmukhi script:'' آرتھر *
Romanian Romanian may refer to: *anything of, from, or related to the country and nation of Romania **Romanians, an ethnic group **Romanian language, a Romance language ***Romanian dialects, variants of the Romanian language **Romanian cuisine, traditional ...
: Arthur, Artur * Russian: Артур (Artur) * Serbian: Артур (Artur) *
Sinhalese Sinhala may refer to: * Something of or related to the Sinhalese people of Sri Lanka Sri Lanka (, ; si, ශ්‍රී ලංකා, Śrī Laṅkā, translit-std=ISO (); ta, இலங்கை, Ilaṅkai, translit-std=ISO ()), formerl ...
: ආතර් (ātar) * Slovakian: Artúr * Slovenian: Artur *
Spanish Spanish might refer to: * Items from or related to Spain: **Spaniards are a nation and ethnic group indigenous to Spain **Spanish language, spoken in Spain and many Latin American countries **Spanish cuisine Other places * Spanish, Ontario, Cana ...
: Arturo * Swedish: Artur * Thai: อาร์เธอร์ (Xār̒ṭhexr̒) * Turkish: Artur * Ukrainian: Артур (Artur) *
Urdu Urdu (;"Urdu"
''Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary''.
ur, , link=no, ) is an Indo-Aryan languages, In ...
: آرتھر * Uzbek: Artur * Welsh: Arthur


See also

* Arturo * MacArthur (disambiguation) * Macarthur (disambiguation) * McArthur (disambiguation)


References

Sources *. *. *. (
EBSCO EBSCO Industries is an American company founded in 1944 by Elton Bryson Stephens Sr. and headquartered in Birmingham, Alabama, Birmingham, Alabama. The ''EBSCO'' acronym is based on ''Elton Bryson Stephens Company''. EBSCO Industries is a diver ...
subscription required for online access.) *. *. *. * *. *. (
JSTOR JSTOR (; short for ''Journal Storage'') is a digital library founded in 1995 in New York City. Originally containing digitized back issues of academic journal An academic journal or scholarly journal is a periodical publication in which S ...
subscription required for online access.) * Jaski, Bart, ''Early Irish examples of the name Arthur'', '' Z.C.P.'' band 56, 2004 * {{given name Welsh masculine given names English-language masculine given names English masculine given names Irish masculine given names Scottish masculine given names French masculine given names Dutch masculine given names Norwegian masculine given names Swedish masculine given names Finnish masculine given names Danish masculine given names vi:Arthur