Arthur Joseph Penty (17 March 1875 – 1937) was an English architect
and writer on
1 Early life 2 Architect in York 3 Move to London 4 Influence 5 Penty the distributist 6 Works 7 References 8 Notes
Early life Arthur Penty was born at 16 Elmwood Street, in the parish of St Lawrence, York, the second son of Walter Green Penty (1852–1902), architect, and his wife, Emma Seller. After attending St Peter's School in York he was apprenticed in 1888 to his father. Architect in York When, in the 1890s, Penty joined his father's architectural practice, now renamed as Penty & Penty, "a marked improvement in the quality and originality of the firm's work" ensued. Among surviving buildings by Walter and Arthur Penty are:
1894: The Bay Horse, a public house in Marygate. 1895-6: Rowntree Wharf on the River Foss, originally a flour warehouse for Leetham's Mill, which burnt down in 1931, now flats and offices. 1899: Terry Memorial almshouses in Skeldergate. 1900–02: Buildings in River Street, Colenso Street and Lower Darnborough Street in the Clementhorpe area south of the River Ouse.
He attracted national and even international attention, including
favourable notice in Herman Muthesius's Das englische Haus (1904).
His younger brother, Frederick T. Penty (1879–1943) took over the
business after their father died. Arthur's other younger brother,
George Victor Penty (1885–1967), emigrated to Australia to pursue a
career in the wool industry.
Move to London
Around 1900 Penty had met A. R. Orage; together with Holbrook Jackson
they founded the Leeds Arts Club. Penty left his father's office in
1901, and moved to London in 1902 to pursue his interest in the arts
and crafts movement. Orage and Jackson followed in 1905 and 1906;
Penty in fact led the way, and Orage lodged with him in his first
attempts to live by writing.
For a time, from 1906, Penty's ideas were widely influential. Orage,
as editor of The New Age, was a convert to guild socialism. After
World War I
“ By a curious coincidence the arrival of Douglas reproduced for a moment the old trio of Jackson, Orage and Penty, who ten years before had come from Leeds to London to launch the Fabian Arts Group. Jackson soon dropped away after introducing Douglas to Orage; but Penty [...] engaged in a long struggle with this rival, Douglas, to recapture the interest of Orage.[...] The hold of Penty over Orage was finally broken, and the architect was left to ponder his theories alone, ending in the thirties as Pound was to end in forties, an admirer of Mussolini. ”
Penty went with the distributists.
The Restoration of the Gild System, Swan Sonnenschein and Co., 1906.
"The Restoration of the
"The Peril of Large Organisations," The New Age, Vol. X, No. 13, 1912.
"Art as a Factor in Social Reform," The New Age, Vol. XIV, No. 13,
"Art and National Guilds," The New Age, Vol. XIV, No. 16, 1914.
"Art and Revolution," The New Age, Vol. XIV, No. 20, 1914.
"Guilds and Versatility," The New Age, Vol. XIV, No. 21, 1914.
"Aestheticism and History," The New Age, Vol. XIV, No. 22, 1914.
"The Leisure State," The New Age, Vol. XIV, No. 23, 1914.
"The Upside Down Problem," The New Age, Vol. XIV, No. 24, 1914.
"Mediaevalism and Modernism," The New Age, Vol. XIV, No. 25, 1914.
"Art and Plutocracy," The New Age, Vol. XV, No. 1, 1914.
"Fabians, Pigeons, and Dogs," The New Age, Vol. XV, No. 2, 1914.
"Liberty and Art," The New Age, Vol. XV, No. 5, 1914.
Essays on Post-Industrialism (1914) edited with Ananda Kentish
Old Worlds for New, George Allen & Unwin ltd., 1917.
"After the War," The New Age, Vol. XX, No. 11, 1917,
"The Function of the State," The New Age, Vol. XXII, No. 9, 1917,
"National Guilds v. the Class War," The New Age, Vol. XXIII, No. 16,
1918, pp. 250–253.
"Dance of Siva," The New Age, Vol. XXIII, No. 17, 1918,
"On the Class War Again," The New Age, Vol. XXIII, No. 21, 1918,
"Syndicalism and the Neo-Marxians," The New Age, Vol. XXIII, No. 24,
1918, pp. 376–377.
"The Neo-Marxians and the Materialist Conception of History," The New
Age, Vol. XXIII, No. 25, 1918, pp. 393–394.
"A Guildsman's Interpretation of History," The New Age, Vol. XXIV, No.
1, 1918, pp. 5–7.
Kiernan, Edward J. Arthur J. Penty: his Contribution to Social
^ Stephen Dorril, Blackshirt: Sir Oswald Mosley and British Fascism, p. 73, calls Penty a disciple of Morris. ^ Pevsner, Nikolaus; Neave, David (1995) . Yorkshire: York and the East Riding (2nd ed.). London: Penguin Books. ISBN 0-14-071061-2. ^ J. P. Carswell, Lives and Letters (1978), p. 148.