HOME
The Info List - Arthur Freed

Arthur Freed (September 9, 1894 – April 12, 1973) was an American lyricist and Hollywood film producer.

Contents

1 Life and career 2 Hit songs

2.1 With Nacio Herb Brown 2.2 With others

3 Producing credits 4 References 5 External links

Life and career[edit] Freed was born Arthur Grossman,[1] to a Jewish family in Charleston, South Carolina,[2][3] and began his career as a song-plugger and pianist in Chicago. After meeting Minnie Marx, he sang as part of the act of her sons, the Marx Brothers, on the vaudeville circuit, and also wrote material for the brothers.[4] He soon began to write songs, and was eventually hired by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. For years, he wrote lyrics for numerous films, many set to music by Nacio Herb Brown. In 1939, after working (uncredited) in the role of associate producer[5] on The Wizard of Oz, he was promoted to being the head of his own unit within MGM, and helped elevate the studio to the leading creator of film musicals. His first solo credit as producer was the film version of Rodgers and Hart's smash Broadway musical Babes in Arms (also 1939), released only a few months after The Wizard of Oz. It starred Mickey Rooney
Mickey Rooney
and Judy Garland, and it was so successful that it ushered in a long series of "let's put on a show" "backyard" musicals, all starring Rooney and Garland. One child star, Shirley Temple, wrote in her 1988 autobiography[6] that when aged twelve she was interviewed by Freed with a view to transferring her career to MGM. During the interview he unzipped his trousers and exposed himself to her. "Being innocent of male anatomy, she responded by giggling, and he threw her out of his office", said the actress's obituary.[7] Freed brought an outstanding amount of talent from the Broadway theaters to the MGM
MGM
soundstages including Vincente Minnelli, Betty Comden, Adolph Green, Roger Edens, Kay Thompson, Zero Mostel, June Allyson, Nancy Walker, Charles Walters, orchestrators Conrad Salinger, Johnny Green, Lennie Hayton, and many others. He also helped shape the careers of stars including Gene Kelly, Frank Sinatra, Red Skelton, Lena Horne, Jane Powell, Esther Williams, Kathryn Grayson, Howard Keel, Cyd Charisse, Ann Miller, Vera-Ellen, and many others. He brought Fred Astaire
Fred Astaire
to MGM
MGM
after Astaire's tenure at RKO
RKO
and coaxed him out of semi-retirement to star with Garland in Easter Parade. His team of writers, directors, composers and stars produced a steady stream of popular, critically acclaimed musicals until the late 1950s. He allowed his directors and choreographers free rein, something unheard of in those days of committee-produced film musicals, and is credited for furthering the boundaries of film musicals by allowing such moments in films as the fifteen-minute ballet at the end of An American in Paris (1951), after which the film concludes moments later with no further dialogue or singing, and he allowed the musical team of Lerner and Loewe complete control in their writing of Gigi (1958). According to Hugh Fordin's book The World of Entertainment, however, Freed did have a hand in the stage-to-screen adaptation of at least one of MGM's musicals, the 1951 Technicolor remake of Kern and Hammerstein's stage classic, Show Boat. It was Freed who disagreed with the original structure of the show's second act, in which more than twenty years pass between most of the act and the final three scenes of the musical. He felt that it made for a lack of drama in the story, and so, together with screenwriter John Lee Mahin, Freed hit upon the idea of having the gambler Gaylord Ravenal leave his wife Magnolia while both are still young and Magnolia is expecting a baby, and then having Julie, the half-black actress who is forced to leave the boat because of her mixed race background, be the person who brings Ravenal and Magnolia back together again after a separation of only a few years rather than twenty. And it was Freed who cast Ava Gardner in the role of Julie.[8] Two of his films won the Academy Award for Best Picture: An American in Paris and Gigi. On the night that An American in Paris
An American in Paris
won Best Picture, Freed received an Honorary Oscar, and his version of Show Boat was also up for two Oscars that year, though it lost both to An American in Paris. Singin' in the Rain
Singin' in the Rain
(1952), now his most highly regarded film, won no Oscars. He was inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 1972. Freed left MGM
MGM
in 1970 after failing for almost a decade to bring his dream project, a biographical film of Irving Berlin, Say It With Music, to the screen. He died three years later surrounded by his family. Hit songs[edit] With Nacio Herb Brown[edit]

"The Broadway Melody" "You Were Meant for Me" "Wedding of the Painted Doll" "Singin' in the Rain" "Pagan Love Song" "Should I" "Beautiful Girl" "Going Hollywood" "Temptation" "We'll Make Hay While the Sun Shines" "Cinderella's Fella Fell off the Cliff" "All I Do Is Dream of You" "You Are My Lucky Star" "I've Got a Feelin' You're Foolin'" "Broadway Rhythm" "Sing Before Breakfast" "Alone" "Would You" "Yours and Mine" "Smoke Dreams" "Good Morning" "Make 'Em Laugh"

With others[edit]

"I Cried for You" (with Gus Arnheim
Gus Arnheim
and Abe Lyman) "Our Love Affair" (with Roger Edens) "This Heart of Mine" (with Harry Warren) "There's Beauty Everywhere" (with Harry Warren) "Here's to the Girls" (with Roger Edens)

Producing credits[edit]

The Wizard of Oz (1939) (associate producer) Babes in Arms
Babes in Arms
(1939) Strike Up the Band (1940) Little Nellie Kelly
Little Nellie Kelly
(1940) Lady Be Good (1941) Babes on Broadway
Babes on Broadway
(1941) Panama Hattie
Panama Hattie
(1942) For Me and My Gal (1942) Cabin in the Sky (1943) Best Foot Forward (1943) Du Barry Was a Lady (1943) Girl Crazy (1943) Meet the People
Meet the People
(1944) (executive producer) Meet Me in St. Louis
Meet Me in St. Louis
(1944) The Clock (1945) Yolanda and the Thief
Yolanda and the Thief
(1945) The Harvey Girls
The Harvey Girls
(1946) Ziegfeld Follies (1946) Till the Clouds Roll By
Till the Clouds Roll By
(1946) Good News (1947) Summer Holiday (1948) The Pirate (1948) Easter Parade (1948) Words and Music (1948) Take Me Out to the Ball Game (1949) The Barkleys of Broadway
The Barkleys of Broadway
(1949) Any Number Can Play
Any Number Can Play
(1949) On the Town (1949) Annie Get Your Gun (1950) Crisis (1950) Pagan Love Song
Pagan Love Song
(1950) Royal Wedding
Royal Wedding
(1951) Show Boat (1951) An American in Paris
An American in Paris
(1951) The Belle of New York (1952) Singin' in the Rain
Singin' in the Rain
(1952) The Band Wagon
The Band Wagon
(1953) Brigadoon (1954) It's Always Fair Weather
It's Always Fair Weather
(1955) Kismet (1955) Invitation to the Dance (1956) Silk Stockings (1957) Gigi (1958) Bells Are Ringing (1960) The Subterraneans
The Subterraneans
(1960) The Light in the Piazza (1962)

References[edit]

^ Joseph F. Clarke (1977). Pseudonyms. BCA. p. 67.  ^ Cones, John. Motion Picture Biographies: The Hollywood Spin on Historical Figures. p. 32. ISBN 9781628941166.  ^ "Oz Memorial". Wendyswizardofoz.com. Retrieved February 28, 2012.  ^ "Find a Grave" memorial site. ^ Imdb gives this job title to Freed's uncredited work on the film, so does the documentary on the Freed unit in the 50th Anniversary edition of Singin' in the Rain, but Thomas Hischak in The Oxford Companion to the American Musical (NYC: OUP, 2008, p264) suggests "co-producer". ^ "The Art Of The Creep: When Good Movies Happen To Bad People". Vanity Fair. Retrieved June 11, 2016.  ^ Harmetz, Aljean (February 11, 2014). " Shirley Temple
Shirley Temple
Black, Screen Darling, Dies at 85". New York Times. Retrieved February 11, 2014.  ^ Fordin, Hugh (1975-01-01). The world of entertainment!: Hollywood's greatest musicals (1st ed.). Doubleday. ISBN 9780385039659. 

External links[edit]

Biography portal

Arthur Freed at Find a Grave SHoF page on Arthur Freed Full list of Freed's songs on SHoF site Arthur Freed at the Internet Broadway Database
Internet Broadway Database
Arthur Freed on IMDb Arthur Freed – Filmography – New York Times

Non-profit organization positions

Preceded by Wendell Corey President of Academy of Motion Pictures, Arts and Sciences 1963–1967 Succeeded by Gregory Peck

v t e

Arthur Freed musical productions

As producer

Babes in Arms
Babes in Arms
(1939) Strike Up the Band (1940) Little Nellie Kelly
Little Nellie Kelly
(1940) Lady Be Good (1941) Babes on Broadway
Babes on Broadway
(1941) Panama Hattie
Panama Hattie
(1942) For Me and My Gal (1942) Cabin in the Sky (1943) DuBarry Was a Lady (1943) Best Foot Forward (1943) Girl Crazy (1943) Meet Me in St. Louis
Meet Me in St. Louis
(1944) Yolanda and the Thief
Yolanda and the Thief
(1945) The Harvey Girls
The Harvey Girls
(1946) Ziegfeld Follies (1946) Till the Clouds Roll By
Till the Clouds Roll By
(1946) Good News (1947) Summer Holiday (1948) The Pirate (1948) Easter Parade (1948) Words and Music (1948) Take Me Out to the Ball Game (1949) The Barkleys of Broadway
The Barkleys of Broadway
(1949) On the Town (1949) Annie Get Your Gun (1950) Pagan Love Song
Pagan Love Song
(1950) Royal Wedding
Royal Wedding
(1951) Show Boat (1951) An American in Paris
An American in Paris
(1951) The Belle of New York (1952) Singin' in the Rain
Singin' in the Rain
(1952) The Band Wagon
The Band Wagon
(1953) Brigadoon (1954) It's Always Fair Weather
It's Always Fair Weather
(1955) Kismet (1955) Invitation to the Dance (1956) Silk Stockings (1957) Gigi (1958) Bells Are Ringing (1960)

Uncredited as producer

The Wizard of Oz (1939) Meet the People
Meet the People
(1944)

Non-musicals

The Clock (1945) Any Number Can Play
Any Number Can Play
(1949) Crisis (1950) The Subterraneans
The Subterraneans
(1960) Light in the Piazza (1962)

v t e

Academy Honorary Award

1928–1950

Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
/ Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin
(1928) Walt Disney
Walt Disney
(1932) Shirley Temple
Shirley Temple
(1934) D. W. Griffith
D. W. Griffith
(1935) The March of Time
The March of Time
/ W. Howard Greene and Harold Rosson (1936) Edgar Bergen
Edgar Bergen
/ W. Howard Greene / Museum of Modern Art
Museum of Modern Art
Film Library / Mack Sennett
Mack Sennett
(1937) J. Arthur Ball / Walt Disney
Walt Disney
/ Deanna Durbin
Deanna Durbin
and Mickey Rooney
Mickey Rooney
/ Gordon Jennings, Jan Domela, Devereaux Jennings, Irmin Roberts, Art Smith, Farciot Edouart, Loyal Griggs, Loren L. Ryder, Harry D. Mills, Louis Mesenkop, Walter Oberst / Oliver T. Marsh and Allen Davey / Harry Warner
Harry Warner
(1938) Douglas Fairbanks
Douglas Fairbanks
/ Judy Garland
Judy Garland
/ William Cameron Menzies / Motion Picture Relief Fund (Jean Hersholt, Ralph Morgan, Ralph Block, Conrad Nagel)/ Technicolor Company (1939) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
/ Nathan Levinson (1940) Walt Disney, William Garity, John N. A. Hawkins, and the RCA Manufacturing Company / Leopold Stokowski
Leopold Stokowski
and his associates / Rey Scott / British Ministry of Information (1941) Charles Boyer
Charles Boyer
/ Noël Coward
Noël Coward
/ Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
(1942) George Pal
George Pal
(1943) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
/ Margaret O'Brien
Margaret O'Brien
(1944) Republic Studio, Daniel J. Bloomberg, and the Republic Studio Sound Department / Walter Wanger
Walter Wanger
/ The House I Live In / Peggy Ann Garner (1945) Harold Russell
Harold Russell
/ Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
/ Ernst Lubitsch
Ernst Lubitsch
/ Claude Jarman Jr. (1946) James Baskett
James Baskett
/ Thomas Armat, William Nicholas Selig, Albert E. Smith, and George Kirke Spoor
George Kirke Spoor
/ Bill and Coo / Shoeshine (1947) Walter Wanger
Walter Wanger
/ Monsieur Vincent
Monsieur Vincent
/ Sid Grauman
Sid Grauman
/ Adolph Zukor
Adolph Zukor
(1948) Jean Hersholt
Jean Hersholt
/ Fred Astaire
Fred Astaire
/ Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
/ The Bicycle Thief (1949) Louis B. Mayer
Louis B. Mayer
/ George Murphy
George Murphy
/ The Walls of Malapaga (1950)

1951–1975

Gene Kelly
Gene Kelly
/ Rashomon
Rashomon
(1951) Merian C. Cooper
Merian C. Cooper
/ Bob Hope
Bob Hope
/ Harold Lloyd
Harold Lloyd
/ George Mitchell / Joseph M. Schenck / Forbidden Games
Forbidden Games
(1952) 20th Century-Fox Film Corporation / Bell & Howell Company / Joseph Breen / Pete Smith (1953) Bausch & Lomb Optical Company / Danny Kaye
Danny Kaye
/ Kemp Niver / Greta Garbo / Jon Whiteley
Jon Whiteley
/ Vincent Winter / Gate of Hell (1954) Samurai I: Musashi Miyamoto (1955) Eddie Cantor
Eddie Cantor
(1956) Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers
Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers
/ Gilbert M. "Broncho Billy" Anderson / Charles Brackett / B. B. Kahane (1957) Maurice Chevalier
Maurice Chevalier
(1958) Buster Keaton
Buster Keaton
/ Lee de Forest
Lee de Forest
(1959) Gary Cooper
Gary Cooper
/ Stan Laurel
Stan Laurel
/ Hayley Mills
Hayley Mills
(1960) William L. Hendricks / Fred L. Metzler / Jerome Robbins
Jerome Robbins
(1961) William J. Tuttle
William J. Tuttle
(1964) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
(1965) Yakima Canutt
Yakima Canutt
/ Y. Frank Freeman
Y. Frank Freeman
(1966) Arthur Freed (1967) John Chambers / Onna White (1968) Cary Grant
Cary Grant
(1969) Lillian Gish
Lillian Gish
/ Orson Welles
Orson Welles
(1970) Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin
(1971) Charles S. Boren / Edward G. Robinson
Edward G. Robinson
(1972) Henri Langlois
Henri Langlois
/ Groucho Marx
Groucho Marx
(1973) Howard Hawks
Howard Hawks
/ Jean Renoir
Jean Renoir
(1974) Mary Pickford
Mary Pickford
(1975)

1976–2000

Margaret Booth (1977) Walter Lantz
Walter Lantz
/ Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
/ King Vidor
King Vidor
/ Museum of Modern Art Department of Film (1978) Hal Elias / Alec Guinness
Alec Guinness
(1979) Henry Fonda
Henry Fonda
(1980) Barbara Stanwyck
Barbara Stanwyck
(1981) Mickey Rooney
Mickey Rooney
(1982) Hal Roach
Hal Roach
(1983) James Stewart
James Stewart
/ National Endowment for the Arts
National Endowment for the Arts
(1984) Paul Newman
Paul Newman
/ Alex North (1985) Ralph Bellamy
Ralph Bellamy
(1986) Eastman Kodak
Kodak
Company / National Film Board of Canada
National Film Board of Canada
(1988) Akira Kurosawa
Akira Kurosawa
(1989) Sophia Loren
Sophia Loren
/ Myrna Loy
Myrna Loy
(1990) Satyajit Ray
Satyajit Ray
(1991) Federico Fellini
Federico Fellini
(1992) Deborah Kerr
Deborah Kerr
(1993) Michelangelo Antonioni
Michelangelo Antonioni
(1994) Kirk Douglas
Kirk Douglas
/ Chuck Jones
Chuck Jones
(1995) Michael Kidd
Michael Kidd
(1996) Stanley Donen
Stanley Donen
(1997) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1998) Andrzej Wajda
Andrzej Wajda
(1999) Jack Cardiff
Jack Cardiff
/ Ernest Lehman (2000)

2001–present

Sidney Poitier
Sidney Poitier
/ Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(2001) Peter O'Toole
Peter O'Toole
(2002) Blake Edwards
Blake Edwards
(2003) Sidney Lumet
Sidney Lumet
(2004) Robert Altman
Robert Altman
(2005) Ennio Morricone
Ennio Morricone
(2006) Robert F. Boyle (2007) Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
/ Roger Corman
Roger Corman
/ Gordon Willis
Gordon Willis
(2009) Kevin Brownlow / Jean-Luc Godard
Jean-Luc Godard
/ Eli Wallach
Eli Wallach
(2010) James Earl Jones
James Earl Jones
/ Dick Smith (2011) D. A. Pennebaker
D. A. Pennebaker
/ Hal Needham
Hal Needham
/ George Stevens Jr.
George Stevens Jr.
(2012) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
/ Steve Martin
Steve Martin
/ Piero Tosi (2013) Jean-Claude Carrière
Jean-Claude Carrière
/ Hayao Miyazaki
Hayao Miyazaki
/ Maureen O'Hara
Maureen O'Hara
(2014) Spike Lee
Spike Lee
/ Gena Rowlands
Gena Rowlands
(2015) Jackie Chan
Jackie Chan
/ Lynn Stalmaster / Anne V. Coates / Frederick Wiseman (2016) Charles Burnett / Owen Roizman / Donald Sutherland
Donald Sutherland
/ Agnès Varda (2017)

v t e

Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award

Darryl F. Zanuck
Darryl F. Zanuck
(1938) Hal B. Wallis
Hal B. Wallis
(1939) David O. Selznick
David O. Selznick
(1940) Walt Disney
Walt Disney
(1942) Sidney Franklin (1943) Hal B. Wallis
Hal B. Wallis
(1944) Darryl F. Zanuck
Darryl F. Zanuck
(1945) Samuel Goldwyn
Samuel Goldwyn
(1947) Jerry Wald
Jerry Wald
(1949) Darryl F. Zanuck
Darryl F. Zanuck
(1951) Arthur Freed (1952) Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
(1953) George Stevens
George Stevens
(1954) Buddy Adler (1957) Jack L. Warner
Jack L. Warner
(1959) Stanley Kramer
Stanley Kramer
(1962) Sam Spiegel
Sam Spiegel
(1964) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1966) Robert Wise
Robert Wise
(1967) Alfred Hitchcock
Alfred Hitchcock
(1968) Ingmar Bergman
Ingmar Bergman
(1971) Lawrence Weingarten (1974) Mervyn LeRoy
Mervyn LeRoy
(1976) Pandro S. Berman
Pandro S. Berman
(1977) Walter Mirisch (1978) Ray Stark (1980) Albert R. Broccoli
Albert R. Broccoli
(1982) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1986) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1988) David Brown and Richard D. Zanuck
Richard D. Zanuck
(1991) George Lucas
George Lucas
(1992) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1995) Saul Zaentz
Saul Zaentz
(1997) Norman Jewison
Norman Jewison
(1999) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(2000) Dino De Laurentiis
Dino De Laurentiis
(2001) John Calley (2009) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(2010)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 94212060 LCCN: n84163297 ISNI: 0000 0001 1688 6801 GND: 124876900 SUDOC: 029333954 BNF: cb13939239h (data) BIBSYS: 4098769 MusicBrainz: 80cb9ce6-e1c7-4211-91fa-36cedde0ce66 NDL: 001174230 BNE: XX850873 SN