An arsenal is a place where arms and ammunition are made, maintained
and repaired, stored, or issued, in any combination, whether privately
or publicly owned.
1 Etymology 2 Types 3 Operational subdivision 4 See also 5 References
Etymology From Italian: arsenale, and French: arsenal, from Arabic: دار الصناعة, dār aṣ-ṣināʕa, meaning "manufacturing shop". Types A lower-class arsenal, which can furnish the materiel and equipment of a small army, may contain a laboratory, gun and carriage factories, small-arms ammunition, small-arms, harness, saddlery tent and powder factories; in addition, it must possess great store-houses. In a second-class arsenal, the factories would be replaced by workshops. The situation of an arsenal should be governed by strategic considerations. If of the first class, it should be situated at the base of operations and supply, secure from attack, not too near a frontier, and placed so as to draw in readily the resources of the country. The importance of a large arsenal is such that its defences would be on the scale of those of a large fortress. In the early twentyfirst century the term "floating armoury" described a ship storing weapons to be supplied to merchant vessels in international waters subject to piracy, so that the weapons do not enter territorial waters where they would be illegal. Operational subdivision The branches in a great arsenal are usually subdivided into storekeeping, construction and administration.
Under storekeeping we should have the following departments and stores: Departments of issue and receipt, pattern room, armoury department, ordnance or park, harness, saddlery and accoutrements, camp equipment, tools and instruments, engineer store, timber yard, breaking-up store, unserviceable store. Under construction: Gun factory, carriage factory, laboratory, small-arms factory, harness and tent factory, powder factory, etc. In a second-class arsenal there would be workshops instead of these factories. Under the head of administration would be classed as the chief director of the arsenal, officials military and civil, non-commissioned officers and military artificers, civilian foremen, workmen and laborers, with the clerks and writers necessary for the office work of the establishments.
In the manufacturing branches are required skill, and efficient and
economical work, both executive and administrative; in the
storekeeping part, good arrangement, great care, thorough knowledge of
all warlike stores, both in their active and passive state, and
scrupulous exactness in the custody, issue and receipt of stores.
Frederick Taylor introduced command and control techniques to
arsenals, including the U.S.'s
Harpers Ferry Armory
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^ Soanes, Catherine and Stevenson, Angus (ed.) (2005). Oxford
Dictionary of English, 2nd Ed., revised, Oxford University Press,
Oxford, New York, p. 85. ISBN 978-0-19-861057-1.
^ The English barrister and heraldist
Arthur Charles Fox-Davies
This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Arsenal". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
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