The Info List - Arsames

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Arsames (Old Persian: 𐎠𐎼𐏁𐎠𐎶[1] Aršāma,[2] modern Persian: آرشام‎[3] Arshām, Greek: Ἀρσάμης; – ca. 520 BC) was the son of Ariaramnes and perhaps briefly the king of Persia during the Achaemenid dynasty, but gave up the throne and declared loyalty to Cyrus II of Persia. After this, Arsames most likely retired to his family estate in the Persian heartland of Parsa, and lived out the rest of his long years there peacefully, though he may nominally have exercised the duties of a "lesser king" under the authority of the "Great King". In an inscription allegedly found in Hamadan[4] he is called "king of Persia", but some scholars believe it is a fraud, either modern or ancient. Another attestation of his reign is the Behistun Inscription, where his grandson Darius I
Darius I
lists him among his royal forebears and counts him among the eight kings who preceded him. Arsames was father of Hystaspes, satrap of Parthia, and of Pharnaces. Arsames would live to see his grandson, Darius I, become the Great King of the Persian Empire, though he would die during his reign. In any case, he must have been one of the longest-surviving royals anywhere in the world at that time, probably living well into his nineties. The name translates to "having a hero's strength".[5] References[edit]

^ Akbarzadeh (2006), page 56 ^ Kent (1384 AP), page 393 ^ Kent (1384 AP), page 392 ^ The inscription is known among Old Persian scholars by the code AsH. ^ http://www.iranicaonline.org/articles/arsama-greek-arsmes-aramaic-rsm-name-of-several-achaemenid-notables


Akbarzadeh, D.; A. Yahyanezhad (2006). The Behistun Inscriptions (Old Persian Texts) (in Persian). Khaneye-Farhikhtagan-e Honarhaye Sonati. ISBN 964-8499-05-5.  Kent, Ronald Grubb (1384 AP). Old Persian: Grammar, Text, Glossary (in Persian). translated into Persian by S. Oryan. p. 393. ISBN 964-421-045-X.  Check date values in: date= (help) A. Sh. Shahbazi: "Arsama", in Encyclopaedia Iranica.

External links[edit]

Arsames page at livius.org

Arsames Achaemenid dynasty Born:  ?? Died: c. 520 BC

Preceded by Ariamenes King of Persia Succeeded by Cyrus II

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Median and Achaemenid kings

Family tree

Median (728–550 BC)

Deioces Phraortes Madius Cyaxares Astyages

Achaemenid (550–330 BC)

Achaemenes Ariaramnes Arsames Teispes Cyrus I Cambyses I Cyrus the Great
Cyrus the Great
(Cyrus II) Cambyses II Smerdis Gaumata Darius the Great (Darius I) Xerxes the Great (Xerxes I) Artaxerxes I Xerxes II Sogdianus Darius II
Darius II
Nothus Artaxerxes II Mnemon Artaxerxes III
Artaxerxes III
Ochus Artaxerxes IV Arses Darius III
Darius III
Codomannus Artaxerxes V Bessus

Italics indicate kings not directly attested and so possibly legendary.

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