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ARRIVA is a multinational public transport company headquartered in Sunderland , England. It was established in 1938 as T Cowie and through a number of mergers and acquisitions was rebranded Arriva
Arriva
in 1997 and became a subsidiary of Deutsche Bahn
Deutsche Bahn
in 2010. Arriva
Arriva
operates bus, coach, train, tram and waterbus services in 14 countries across Europe. As at December 2015 it employed 55,000 people and operated 2.2 billion passenger journeys annually. It operates as three divisions: UK Bus , UK Rail and Mainland Europe.

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 2 Current operations

* 2.1 Croatia

* 2.1.1 Bus

* 2.2 Czech Republic

* 2.2.1 Bus and coach * 2.2.2 Train

* 2.3 Denmark

* 2.3.1 Bus * 2.3.2 Train * 2.3.3 Waterbus

* 2.4 Hungary

* 2.4.1 Bus

* 2.5 Italy

* 2.5.1 Bus and coach

* 2.6 Netherlands

* 2.6.1 Bus and coach

* 2.6.1.1 Contracts

* 2.6.2 Train

* 2.6.2.1 Contracts

* 2.6.3 Bus and train combination

* 2.7 Poland

* 2.7.1 Bus * 2.7.2 Train

* 2.8 Portugal

* 2.8.1 Bus and coach

* 2.9 Serbia

* 2.9.1 Bus

* 2.10 Slovakia

* 2.10.1 Bus

* 2.11 Slovenia

* 2.11.1 Bus

* 2.12 Spain

* 2.12.1 Bus

* 2.13 Sweden

* 2.13.1 Bus * 2.13.2 Train

* 2.14 United Kingdom

* 2.14.1 Bus and coach * 2.14.2 Patient transport * 2.14.3 Train

* 3 Former operations

* 3.1 Germany

* 3.1.1 Bus * 3.1.2 Train

* 3.2 Malta
Malta

* 3.2.1 Bus

* 3.3 United Kingdom

* 3.3.1 Bus * 3.3.2 Train

* 4 Controversy

* 5 Branding

* 5.1 Sapphire premium services

* 6 References * 7 External links

HISTORY

Arriva North West Wright Eclipse Gemini bodied Volvo B7TL
Volvo B7TL
in Liverpool
Liverpool
in March 2013 in the Interurban livery Arriva
Arriva
North West "> Alexander ALX200 bodied Dennis Dart in Mladá Boleslav

Arriva
Arriva
group bought three medium-sized bus transport companies (Transcentrum Bus s.r.o., Bosák Bus s.r.o. and Osnado s.r.o.) in 2006 and 2007 end established its own rail transport company Arriva
Arriva
vlaky s.r.o. in 2009. These four companies are owned through Arriva
Arriva
holding Česká republika s.r.o. which is owned by the Dutch company Arriva Coöperatie W.A. (majority of 99.9% since 2008).

In July 2013, the current Veolia Transport Česká republika a.s. with its four subsidiary companies fell under Arriva
Arriva
group as Arriva Transport Česká republika a.s. The daughter companies were simultaneously renamed and rebranded as Arriva
Arriva
Praha s.r.o., Arriva Teplice s.r.o., Arriva
Arriva
Vychodni Cechy a.s. and Arriva
Arriva
Morava a.s. They operate primarily buses (it is the biggest bus transport operator in the Czech Republic) but also trolleybuses in Teplice ( Arriva
Arriva
Teplice) and Desná Railway ( Arriva
Arriva
Morava).

The two Arriva
Arriva
holdings in the Czech Republic have not any direct interconnection yet. Moreover, the Arriva
Arriva
group operated in the Czech Republic also through the German rail transport company Vogtlandbahn GmbH.

Former Abellio\'s companies Probo Bus and PT Real, purchased in December 2013, are owned by DB Czech Holding s.r.o. which is owned by German DB Mobility Logistics AG.

Bus And Coach

In December 2006 Arriva
Arriva
purchased Transcentrum Bus, operating services in Mladá Boleslav District of the Central Bohemian Region , north east of Prague
Prague
. In January 2007 Arriva
Arriva
acquired Bosák Bus, which operates to the south west of Prague
Prague
and the Příbram District of the Central Bohemian Region. In November 2007 Arriva
Arriva
acquired Osnado, which operates bus and coach services in the north of Hradec Králové Region in East Bohemia, in the foothills of Krkonoše mountains. The three bus companies retain their original names but with the Arriva
Arriva
corporate logo and livery. At the turn of 2014/2015, Bosák Bus s.r.o. was merged with Transcentrum Bus s.r.o. and Transcentrum Bus s.r.o. renamed to Arriva
Arriva
Střední Čechy s.r.o.

In July 2013 Veolia Transport Česká republika a.s. was purchased with its four subsidiary companies which were renamed Arriva
Arriva
Morava, Arriva
Arriva
Praha, Arriva
Arriva
Teplice and Arriva
Arriva
Východní Čechy. These four companies are owned by holding company Arriva
Arriva
Transport Česká republika. It also operates trolleybuses in Teplice ( Arriva
Arriva
Teplice) and trains in Desná Railway ( Arriva
Arriva
Morava).

In December 2013 Abellio\'s Probo Bus and PT Real operations were purchased with 110 buses. As at November 2016, Arriva
Arriva
operated 1,960 buses in the Czech Republic.

Train

German rail transport company Vogtlandbahn
Vogtlandbahn
, owned by Arriva
Arriva
since 2004, operated several train routes in the Czech Republic as a subcontractor of České dráhy (fasttrain line alex Nord: München – Regensburg – Hof – Plzeň – Praha, line VB2 Zwickau – Plauen – Bad Brambach – Františkovy Lázně – Cheb – Mariánské Lázně, line VB8 Marktredwitz – Schirnding – Cheb) and GW Train Regio , formerly Viamont (line VB1 Zwickau – Klingenthal – Kraslice – Sokolov). Since December 2010, Vogtlandbahn
Vogtlandbahn
operates under its own name the line Trilex (Liberec – Zittau – Varnsdorf – Rybniště/Seifhennersdorf). After Arriva
Arriva
was bought by Deutsche Bahn
Deutsche Bahn
in 2010, Vogtlandbahn
Vogtlandbahn
was resold to the Italian state railways Ferrovie dello Stato together with Luxembourg infrastructure fund Cube.

Between September 2013 and December 2013, Arriva
Arriva
vlaky tried operating a commercial service from Praha Masarykovo nádraží to Kralupy nad Vltavou in competition with subsidised lines of České dráhy. The company did not succeed with its effort to gain a subsidy for it to continue.

Four trains on the local Desná Railway, operated by Connex Morava (lately Veolia Transport Morava) since 2002, were taken over by Arriva Morava in July 2013. In March 2016, Arriva
Arriva
introduced a weekly service from Praha to Trencin
Trencin
in Slovakia. It has applied to increase this to twice daily from December 2016.

DENMARK

Alstom Coradia LINT train in Denmark in September 2007 Waterbus in Copenhagen
Copenhagen
in August 2012

Bus

In September 1997 Arriva
Arriva
purchased Unibus. In March 1999 Arriva Denmark expanded with the acquisition of Bus Danmark In April 2001 Arriva
Arriva
acquired Denmark's largest bus operator, Combus with 1,200 vehicles. In August 2004 Arriva
Arriva
purchased Wulff, which operated buses in Jutland
Jutland
and Copenhagen
Copenhagen
. In 2007 Arriva
Arriva
acquired Veolia Denmark, then Denmark's second largest bus operator with 640 buses. Arriva
Arriva
operates 50% of bus services in Copenhagen
Copenhagen
and 40% throughout Denmark.

Train

In mid-2002 Arriva
Arriva
began to operate services on the Varde
Varde
to Nørre Nebel line. In March 2012 Arriva
Arriva
was awarded a new franchise until June 2018.

In 2003 Arriva
Arriva
began operating an eight-year contract to operate services in mid Jutland
Jutland
. In March 2009 Arriva
Arriva
was awarded a new franchise until December 2018. Arriva
Arriva
operates 17% of the Danish rail network.

Waterbus

In 2000 Arriva
Arriva
began operating waterbuses in Copenhagen
Copenhagen
's harbour.

HUNGARY

VT Transman Mercedes-Benz O530G Citaro in Budapest
Budapest
in June 2013

Bus

In April 2008 Arriva
Arriva
purchased an 80% shareholding in Eurobus Invest, Hungary's largest private bus operator, which operates services in Hungary and Slovakia. In 2009 Arriva
Arriva
purchased the remaining 20%. Arriva
Arriva
is in a joint venture with Videoton Holding operating as VT Transman.

In May 2013 VT Transman began operating two bus contracts in Budapest for eight years. This will see 150 Mercedes-Benz Citaros added to the 225 bus fleet. The joint venture now operates under the VT-Arriva brand.

ITALY

Bus And Coach

In July 2002 Arriva
Arriva
purchased SAB Autoservizi and SAF - Società Autoservizi Friuli-Venezia Giulia
Friuli-Venezia Giulia
operating in Lombardy
Lombardy
, Liguria
Liguria
and Friuli-Venezia Giulia
Friuli-Venezia Giulia
regions of northern Italy.

In May 2004 Arriva
Arriva
expanded into the Udine area of the Friuli-Venezia Giulia region, buying 49% of 500 bus SAF, exercising an option in December 2005 to increase its stake to 60%. In October 2005 Arriva began operating in the Piemonte and Valle d\'Aosta regions of northern Italy with an 80% shareholding in SADEM, increased to 100% in 2008. In 2006 Arriva
Arriva
purchased a 35% share in Trieste Trasporti, increased in 2007 to 40%.

In June 2007 Arriva
Arriva
entered a joint venture with Ferrovie Nord Milano to purchase 49% of 317 bus SPT Linea, which was then renamed ASF Autolinee .

In 2008 it took control of Brescia
Brescia
-based SAIA Transporti.

NETHERLANDS

Bus And Coach

DAF MB200 in March 2001 VDL Citea in November 2012 A VDL Citea bus in Katwijk
Katwijk

In January 1998 Arriva
Arriva
purchased Vancom Nederland followed in December 1998 by Veonn "> Spurt Stadler GTW
Stadler GTW
in September 2008

Arriva
Arriva
established the joint venture NoordNed with Nederlandse Spoorwegen in 1999, taking 100% ownership in 2003, and dropping the name NoordNed two years later. In 2005 it secured a 15-year contract to operate trains from Groningen to Leeuwarden
Leeuwarden
, Delfzijl , Roodeschool and Nieuweschans
Nieuweschans
. It also secured a contract to operate trains from Leeuwarden
Leeuwarden
to Harlingen Haven and to Stavoren . Later that year it secured a contract to operate trains from Dordrecht
Dordrecht
to Gorinchem
Gorinchem
and on to Geldermalsen ( MerwedeLingelijn ). In 2012 Arriva commenced operating trains in the Achterhoek
Achterhoek
and between Zwolle
Zwolle
and Emmen . These services operate under the Spurt brand.

On 21 June 2013 Arriva
Arriva
was selected to operate a new service between The Hague
The Hague
and Brussels
Brussels
. Service was set to start in December 2015, but the project was cancelled in 2014 because the involved parties could not agree upon a final business case and because NS reactivated the original service to Brussels, making the new Arriva
Arriva
service unnecessary.

It recently acquired most of Limburg on December 2016 both bus and train systems.

Contracts

NAME FROM UNTIL

Groningen / Friesland
Friesland
11 Dec 5 15 Dec 20

Merwede-Lingelijn 1 Jan 7 31 Dec 18

North and Southwest Friesland
Friesland
9 Dec 12 11 Dec 27

Gelderland
Gelderland
/ Achterhoek
Achterhoek
9 Dec 12 1 Jan 21

Zwolle
Zwolle
-Emmen 9 Dec 12 1 Jan 21

Limburg 11 Dec 16 1 Jan 24

Bus And Train Combination

The Province of Limburg awarded a contract in June 2015 to Arriva
Arriva
to provide for the entire public transport (buses and five regional rail lines) in Limburg from December 2016 up until 2031. Abellio has originally been named the preferred bidder, but after it was discovered Abellio had gained some information that was not available to the other bidders, the contract was withdrawn. Another tenderer, Veolia , announced they will object to the decision of the province.

POLAND

SA 134 multiple unit at Toruń
Toruń
station

Bus

In May 2013 Arriva
Arriva
entered the Polish market through its acquisition of Veolia Transport Central Europe with 840 buses.

Train

Arriva
Arriva
formed Arriva
Arriva
PCC , a joint venture with PCC Rail in December 2006. In December 2007 Arriva
Arriva
commenced operating services on all non-electrified lines in the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship
Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship
. In June 2010 Arriva
Arriva
took 100% ownership of the business and renamed it Arriva
Arriva
RP. In December 2010 Arriva RP won a 10-year extension.

In December 2013 Arriva
Arriva
will start operating trains on four electrified lines in the Kujawsko-Pomorskie Voivodship for two years with 12 existing trains.

PORTUGAL

Bus And Coach

In November 2000 Arriva
Arriva
purchased João Carlos Soares e Filhos, Viacao Costa & Lino Lda, Ami-Transportes and Abílio da Costa Moreira "> Arriva
Arriva
Ikarbus IK 112 bus operating in Belgrade
Belgrade
bus public transport.

Bus

In May 2013 Arriva
Arriva
entered the Serbian bus market with the purchase of Veolia Transport Central Europe ( Veolia Transport Litas in Požarevac and Veolia Transport Luv in Belgrade
Belgrade
) with 250 buses. In January 2015, Arriva
Arriva
commenced operating bus services in Niš with 33 buses.

SLOVAKIA

Bus

In July 2008 Arriva
Arriva
entered the Slovakian bus market with the purchase of an 80% shareholding in Eurobus Invest. In July 2015, it purchased SAE Liorbus and SRD Trnana. Coach services are operated under the Arriva
Arriva
Express brand. As at November 2016, Arriva
Arriva
employed 2,390 people and operates 1,335 buses.

SLOVENIA

Bus

In May 2013 Arriva
Arriva
entered the Slovenian bus market with the purchase of Veolia Transport Central Europe ( Veolia Transport Štajerska , Veolia Transport Dolenjska and Primorska ) with 270 buses.

SPAIN

Bus

In July 1998 Arriva
Arriva
purchased Mercancia Ideal Gallego followed in September 1999 by Transportes Finisterre, both in Galicia . Their services cover three of the four provinces in the region: A Coruña
A Coruña
, Lugo
Lugo
and Ourense
Ourense
, including part of the famous Santiago pilgrimage route. In January 2002 Arriva
Arriva
commenced operating in Majorca with the purchase of Autocares Mallorca and Bus Nord. These operate on the northern and western parts of the island, linking the capital Palma with towns such as Soller , Inca and Alcúdia .

In 2007 Arriva
Arriva
acquired Autocares Fray Escoba and Esferain Madrid
Madrid
. In July 2008 Arriva
Arriva
acquired Empresa de Blas y Cia, which operates routes between Madrid
Madrid
and its southwestern suburbs (Alcorcón, Móstoles, Villaviciosa de Odón, Navalcarnero...), and between those suburbs.

SWEDEN

Bus

Arriva
Arriva
has operated bus lines in southern Sweden/The Skåne Region since 1997 when it purchased Unibus of Denmark.

Arriva
Arriva
operates bus lines in some municipalities of Stockholms län : Sigtuna kommun
Sigtuna kommun
, Upplands Väsby kommun and Ekerö kommun . In August 2012 Arriva
Arriva
commenced operating in the Bromma, Täby and Solna parts of Stockholm
Stockholm
with 255 buses under a 12-year contract with the regional transport authority. In January 2013 a further 229 buses were added.

Arriva
Arriva
has operated services in the Halland Region since June 2010, partly taking over services from Swebus.

Train

In June 2007 Arriva
Arriva
won a nine-year franchise for the Pågatåg regional rail services in Skåne County , south Sweden.

In 2009 Arriva
Arriva
expanded its rail operations in the country with a new contract operating the Kinnekulletåget between Göteborg and Örebro. In December 2010 DB Regio Sverige AB started to operate regional trains in Östgötapendeln . In November 2011 the company was renamed Arriva
Arriva
Östgötapendeln AB.

Since August 2012, Arriva
Arriva
has operated Stockholm
Stockholm
area tramlines Tvärbanan , Nockebybanan as well as the light rail systems Lidingöbanan and Saltsjöbanan . In January 2013, Arriva
Arriva
commenced operating commuter trains on Roslagsbanan
Roslagsbanan
north of Stockholm
Stockholm
.

UNITED KINGDOM

Bus And Coach

Wikimedia Commons has media related to ARRIVA BUSES GB .

Main article: Arriva UK Bus

Arriva
Arriva
operates 5,900 buses in London, the north east, north west and south east of England, Yorkshire, the Midlands and Wales.

Patient Transport

Arriva
Arriva
Transport Solutions provides non-emergency ambulance services, typically to convey disabled patients to and from hospital out-patient appointments. These services, formerly provided by ambulance services are now awarded by competitive tender. The company has been running these services in Nottinghamshire, Leicestershire and Rutland since 2012. A report by the Care Quality Commission in 2014 said that patients were "often" arriving late for appointments, and taxi drivers with "poor attitudes" being used when other resources were unavailable. Following its successful bid over the rival North West ambulance service for non–emergency transport, in Greater Manchester Arriva admitted it had submitted incorrect performance figures which had earned it a £1.5 m bonus. Arriva
Arriva
had been the subject of many complaints about its service. Comparisons were drawn with misreporting in the UK Serco scandal and MPs said the Serious Fraud Office may need to be involved.

Train

Main article: Arriva UK Trains Arriva Trains Wales
Arriva Trains Wales
Class 150 and Class 158 at Ruabon railway station in June 2014 CrossCountry
CrossCountry
Class 220 Voyager at Bristol
Bristol
Temple Meads in October 2010

Arriva
Arriva
has operated a number of rail franchises in the UK since privatisation in 1996 though its subsidiary, Arriva UK Trains . It gained its first franchises in February 2000. Arriva
Arriva
UK Trains currently runs a number of train operating companies :

* Arriva Rail London concession runs until May 2024 * Arriva TrainCare (previously LNWR) operates train maintenance depots at Bristol
Bristol
, Cambridge
Cambridge
, Crewe
Crewe
, Eastleigh and Newcastle . * Arriva
Arriva
Trains Wales/Trenau Arriva
Arriva
Cymru operates the majority of rail services in Wales. The Wales & Borders franchise runs from 7 December 2003 until 13 October 2018. * Chiltern Railways
Chiltern Railways
operates services on the Chiltern Main Line , franchise runs until December 2021 * CrossCountry
CrossCountry
operates long-distance cross-country routes, franchise runs until 9 November 2019 * Grand Central open access operator operating services on the East Coast Main Line purchased in November 2011 * Northern franchise runs until 31 March 2025

Following the purchase of Arriva
Arriva
by Deutsche Bahn
Deutsche Bahn
in August 2010, Arriva UK Trains expanded to take over Deutsche Bahn's existing DB Regio UK division which consisted of Chiltern Railways
Chiltern Railways
, Tyne "> Siemens Desiro in July 2009

GERMANY

Bus

In February 2005 Arriva
Arriva
purchased Sippel, a bus operator in the Rhine Main. In May 2006 Verkehrsbetriebe Bils was purchased followed in December 2006 by 80% of NeiBeverkehr.

Train

In April 2004 Arriva
Arriva
purchased Prignitzer Eisenbahn Gruppe which operated five franchises. In October 2004 a 77% shareholding, increased later in the year to 93%, was purchased in Regentalbahn. In 2007 Arriva
Arriva
purchased an 85% shareholding in Osthannoversche Eisenbahnen.

As part of the takeover of Arriva
Arriva
by Deutsche Bahn
Deutsche Bahn
, Arriva's German railway operations were sold to Ferrovie dello Stato to comply with a European Commission
European Commission
condition. These are now branded as Netinera .

MALTA

Bus

King Long in Sliema
Sliema
in October 2011 Mercedes-Benz O530G Citaro at the Malta
Malta
depot in July 2011

In July 2011 Arriva
Arriva
commenced operating a ten-year concession to operate all scheduled bus services on Malta
Malta
and Gozo
Gozo
. Arriva
Arriva
held a 67% shareholding with the local Tumas Group owning the remaining 33%.

The main fleet of Arriva
Arriva
Malta
Malta
was formed of 172 new King Long buses. These were supported on high-density routes by 68 former Arriva London
London
Mercedes-Benz O530G Citaro articulated buses. Ten hybrid Optare Solos and two Bluebird mini-buses for use in the city of Valletta
Valletta
were also purchased. An assortment of the newest buses from the former owner/driver pre-July 2011 operation were also acquired and refurbished to bring them broadly into line with the rest of the fleet. This included the fitting of air conditioning and CCTV equipment and rebranding into standard Arriva
Arriva
livery for daily use alongside the main fleet. These included buses built by SCARNIF, MCV , BMC , King Long and Saracakis among others, with the main common factor being that they are all fully automatic and low floor designs.

Arriva
Arriva
has been harshly criticised both by commuters and by the government agency Transport Malta
Malta
for consistently failing to keep up standards. On 14 November 2012, Arriva
Arriva
was harshly reprimanded by Transport Malta
Malta
and given until the end of the month to bring up all its routes to 100% efficiency before TM deploys its own shuttles at Arriva's expense.

In August 2013, the Government of Malta
Malta
instructed Arriva
Arriva
Malta
Malta
to remove the articulated buses from service, pending investigation following three major fire outbreaks in the span of 48 hours. The fires destroyed the buses and in one case caused extensive damage to some nearby vehicles belonging to MaltaPost , the country's postal operator. Nobody was injured in these incidents. Like in the UK when the same buses had caught fire, these buses became a popular joke in conversations and social media sites.

By the end of December 2013 Arriva
Arriva
had run up losses of €50 million in two and a half years.

On 1 January 2014 Arriva
Arriva
ceased operations in Malta
Malta
having been nationalised by the Maltese government as Malta
Malta
Public Transport , with a new bus operator to take over its operations in the near future.

UNITED KINGDOM

Arriva Trains Northern Class 156 at Carlisle in August 2004

Bus

* Arriva Scotland West sold to McGill\'s Bus Services in March 2012

* The Original Tour sold to RATP Group in September 2014 * Arriva
Arriva
Horsham sold to Metrobus in 2009

Train

* Arriva Trains Merseyside ran urban rail services on Merseyside from February 2000 until March 2003 * Arriva Trains Northern ran local rail services in Northern England for the Regional Railways North East franchise from March 1997 until December 2004 * London Overground Rail Operations
London Overground Rail Operations
50/50 joint venture with MTR Corporation , operated London Overground
London Overground
concession from November 2007 until November 2016, now operated by Arriva Rail London * Wrexham "> Wardle Transport Northern Counties Palatine bodied Volvo Olympian in October 2012 Green Line Van Hool
Van Hool
bodied VDL SB4000 in London
London
in May 2011 Northern Class 158 at Manchester Victoria in October 2016

Prior to being rebranded as Arriva
Arriva
in November 1997, the Cowie fleets generally were still trading under their pre-privatisation names with individual liveries. As part of the rebranding the operations were renamed as Arriva Derby , Arriva Fox County etc.

A uniform livery of aquamarine (pantone 321) with a cream coloured semicircle at the front with a yellow skirt and signwriting was adopted. This livery was adopted by most by Arriva's European acquisitions as well as Arriva Trains Northern and Arriva
Arriva
Trains Wales . The same livery was applied to the Arriva London fleet albeit with red in lieu of aquamarine to comply with a Transport for London requirement for buses to be 80% red. London
London
vehicles are now painted all-over red to comply with Transport for London's amended requirements.

In the mid-2000s, an aquamarine livery with less cream, a dark blue skirt and yellow stripe was adopted for some longer distance services in the United Kingdom. The first buses to carry this new style were 3 Northern Counties Palatine II DAF DB250s based at the Arriva
Arriva
Southern Counties Gillingham garage for routes 700/701 between Medway Towns and Bluewater . Dubbed the interurban livery, in September 2009 it was decided to adopt this livery as standard for all UK buses. Most European operations retain the old livery, although some Czech buses have also received it. In December 2008 Arriva Trains Wales
Arriva Trains Wales
unveiled a dark blue livery on its Mark 2 carriages, this has since been adopted as its standard livery.

Exceptions to standard livery include:

* Arriva
Arriva
Denmark – Movia yellow * Arriva London – red ivery specified by Transport for London
London
* Arriva Rail London – white, orange & blue livery specified by Transport for London * Arriva
Arriva
Stockholm
Stockholm
– red * Chiltern Railways
Chiltern Railways
– existing white & blue livery retained, superseded in 2013 by a white & silver livery * CrossCountry
CrossCountry
– maroon, grey & pink * Grand Central – existing black & orange livery retained * Green Line Coaches – light & dark green * Glasgow Flyer – white, green & black * New Enterprise Coaches – white with red logos * Northern - white -webkit-column-width: 30em; column-width: 30em; list-style-type: decimal;">

* ^ A B Companies House extract company no 347103 Archived 9 April 2016 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. Arriva
Arriva
plc formerly Cowie Group plc formerly T Cowie plc * ^ Successful year for Arriva
Arriva
Archived 19 April 2016 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. Railway Gazette International 24 March 2016 * ^ Completed acquisition by Arriva
Arriva
Passenger Services Limited of the remainder of the entire share capital of Centrebus Holdings Limited Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. Competition & Markets Authority 6 May 2014 page 2 * ^ A B C D E F History and growth Arriva
Arriva
Archived 20 September 2008 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. * ^ A B C Background Archived 18 June 2009 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. Sir Tom Cowie * ^ Keleny, Anne (1 February 2012). "Sir Tom Cowie: Founder of a transport empire". The Independent. London. * ^ A B "How Arriva
Arriva
arrived in the Capital" Archived 2 October 2012 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. Focus Transport February 2012 * ^ A B History Archived 13 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. Masterlease * ^ "Cowie is raising £45 million for expansion" Glasgow Herald 24 September 1987 * ^ "Henly\'s criticises jump in earnings at Cowie" Archived 13 April 2016 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. The Independent
The Independent
31 July 1992 * ^ The Arriva London Story. Arriva
Arriva
London. Archived 11 November 2013 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. * ^ Principal bus operating subsidiaries of British Bus
British Bus
Competition Commission 1997 * ^ "All change as Cowie swaps to buses" Archived 4 October 2013 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
.. Lancashire Telegraph (Blackburn). 8 October 1996. * ^ Cope, Nigel (12 June 1999). "GM unit buys Arriva
Arriva
car hire in £513m deal". The Independent. London. * ^ Recommended Cash Offer for MTL Services Archived 14 April 2016 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
.. Arriva. 18 February 2000. * ^ " Arriva
Arriva
buys MTL for £84m". Rail (Peterborough). Issue 378. 8 March 2000. page 13. * ^ EU move prompts Arriva
Arriva
to sell car dealerships The Independent 15 October 2002 * ^ Muspratt, Caroline (31 January 2006). " Arriva
Arriva
sells off car rental arm". The Daily Telegraph. London. * ^ " Arriva
Arriva
acquires LNWR" Archived 13 April 2016 at the Wayback Machine .. Railway Gazette (London). 18 November 2008. * ^ "FTSE flat but Arriva
Arriva
perks up on talk French backing to bid" The Daily Telegraph
The Daily Telegraph
24 March 2010 * ^ " Arriva
Arriva
moves ahead on bid battle hopes". The Guardian
The Guardian
24 March 2010. * ^ Statement re Keolis
Keolis
SA Arriva
Arriva
5 March 2010 * ^ "Response to Press Reports Regarding Deutsche Bahn
Deutsche Bahn
AG" (Press release). Arriva. 19 April 2010. Archived from the original on 4 June 2010. * ^ " Deutsche Bahn
Deutsche Bahn
buys Arriva
Arriva
for £1.5bn". Financial Times (London). 22 April 2010. * ^ A B DB/ Arriva
Arriva
Archived 13 April 2016 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. European Commission
European Commission
11 August 2010 * ^ "EC approves DB\'s takeover of Arriva". Railway Gazette International. London. 11 August 2010. * ^ "Scheme of Arrangement becomes effective" (Press release). Arriva. 27 August 2010. Archived from the original on 19 October 2012.

* ^ "Delisting of Arriva
Arriva
plc Shares" (Press release). Arriva. 31 August 2010. Archived from the original on 20 May 2012. * ^ A B " Arriva
Arriva
acquires open access operator Grand Central Railway" (Press release). Arriva. 4 November 2011. Archived from the original on 20 May 2012. * ^ A B " Arriva
Arriva
in Grand Central Railway takeover" Archived 13 April 2016 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
.. BBC News. 4 November 2011. * ^ A B " Arriva
Arriva
exits Scotland with Sale to McGill\'s" Archived 6 February 2013 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. Bus & Coach Professional 14 December 2011 * ^ A B "Bus firm McGill\'s to take over rivals Arriva". BBC News. 13 December 2011. * ^ A B "DB acquires Central European business operations from Veolia" Archived 13 April 2016 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
.. Deutsche Bahn. 16 May 2013. * ^ A B C D E " Arriva
Arriva
takes Veolia business" Archived 11 November 2013 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. Bus & Coach Professional 20 May 2013 * ^ A B " Arriva
Arriva
takes the lead in central and east Europe" Archived 13 April 2016 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
.. Passenger transport. 22 May 2013. * ^ A B C " Arriva
Arriva
acquires Veolia Transport Central Europe". Railway Gazette International. May 2013. * ^ Arriva
Arriva
Acquires Second Operator in Czech Republic Arriva
Arriva
31 January 2007 * ^ Second Czech bus firm bought by Arriva
Arriva
Bus & Coach Professional 6 February 2007 * ^ Arriva: Společnost Veolia Transport Central Europe součástí skupiny Arriva, BUSportál.cz, 16. May 2013 Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. * ^ Arriva
Arriva
strengthens it presence in Czech Republic Arriva
Arriva
29 November 2013 * ^ Completion of Sale of Probo Bus and PT Real to DB Arriva Abellio 2 December 2013 * ^ A B Arriva
Arriva
Czech Republic Arriva * ^ Arriva
Arriva
launches pilot Czech passenger service at its own risk Railway Gazette International 26 September 2013 * ^ Arriva
Arriva
to launch Praha suburban service Railway Gazette International 3 February 2016 * ^ Arriva
Arriva
to increase Czech Republic - Slovakia services Railway Gazette International 12 August 2016 * ^ A B C D E F Arriva
Arriva
Denmark Archived 14 September 2008 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. * ^ " Arriva
Arriva
buys top Danish operator for £8.50" Archived 14 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. The Daily Telegraph
The Daily Telegraph
17 January 2001 * ^ Acquisition Archived 6 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. Arriva
Arriva
20 July 2004 * ^ " Arriva
Arriva
agrees to purchase Veolia Danmark" (Press release). Arriva. 4 July 2007. * ^ " Arriva
Arriva
reveals £150m Danish franchise deal" Archived 28 October 2014 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
.. The Scotsman
The Scotsman
(Edinburgh). 7 January 2002. * ^ " Arriva
Arriva
Danmark signs new Vestbanen contract" Archived 6 January 2016 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
.. Railway Gazette (London). 29 March 2012. * ^ " Arriva
Arriva
Denmark extends Vestbanen contract" Archived 28 May 2016 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
.. Global Rail News. 30 March 2012. * ^ "Jylland contract stays with Arriva" Archived 13 October 2012 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
.. Railway Gazette (London). 13 March 2009. * ^ A B " Arriva
Arriva
moves into Hungary and Slovakia" Archived 28 October 2014 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
.. Bus & Coach Professional. 23 April 2008. * ^ Hungary Arriva
Arriva
Archived 27 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine . * ^ " Budapest
Budapest
bus contracts strengthen Arriva\'s Hungarian presence" (Press release). Arriva. 7 November 2012. * ^ " Budapest
Budapest
bus contracts strengthen Arriva\'s Hungarian presence" Archived 28 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
.. Eurotransport Magazine. 7 November 2012. * ^ A B C D Arriva
Arriva
Italy Archived 19 September 2008 at the Wayback Machine . * ^ " Arriva
Arriva
grows its position in the Italian public transport market" (Press release). Arriva. 4 May 2004. * ^ Arriva
Arriva
Increases Interest in SAF, Italy Arriva
Arriva
2 December 2005 * ^ " Arriva
Arriva
joint venture acquires 49 per cent of Italian bus operator" (Press release). Arriva. 28 June 2007. * ^ " ASF Autolinee - Azienda - Storia" (in Italian). ASF Autolinee. Archived from the original on 15 October 2012. Retrieved 22 October 2012. * ^ A B C D E F Netherlands Arriva
Arriva
Archived 27 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. * ^ A B C Arriva
Arriva
Timeline Arriva
Arriva
Archived 16 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. * ^ "Bus contract win in the Netherlands" .Eurotransport. 12 April 2012. Archived 1 April 2016 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. * ^ " Arriva
Arriva
expands with new contract" Archived 11 November 2013 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
.. Bus & Coach Professional. 7 May 2012. * ^ " Arriva
Arriva
begins to operate four contracts in the Netherlands" (Press release). Arriva. 12 December 2012. * ^ "Veelgestelde vragen". Arriva.nl (in Dutch). Retrieved 15 February 2017. * ^ " Arriva
Arriva
selected to operate Den Haag - Brussels
Brussels
inter-city service" Archived 11 December 2015 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
.. Railway Gazette (London). 21 June 2013. * ^ " Arriva
Arriva
to operate The Hague
The Hague
- Brussels
Brussels
services" Archived 7 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
.. International Rail Journal. 21 June 2013. * ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 22 August 2016. Retrieved 15 June 2016. * ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 18 May 2015. Retrieved 15 June 2016. * ^ "Veelgestelde vragen". Arriva.nl (in Dutch). Retrieved 15 February 2017. * ^ "Provincie Limburg - Provincie kiest voor Arriva". www.limburg.nl. Retrieved 2 June 2015. * ^ Arriva
Arriva
reveals plans for Limburg concession International Rail Journal 10 June 2015 * ^ NS finds irregularities in Limburg regional tender International Rail Journal 28 April 2015 * ^ Limburg regional concession goes to Arriva
Arriva
after tendering scandal Archived 16 April 2016 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. International Rail Journal 2 June 2015 * ^ "Limburg gunt concessie openbaar vervoer aan Arriva". NRC Handelsblad. Amsterdam. 2 June 2015. * ^ "Veolia protests as Arriva
Arriva
is awarded Dutch contract". Buses . Issue 724. July 2015. p. 24. * ^ "Freightliner prepares to compete in Poland". Railway Gazette International. March 2007. * ^ A B Rolf Andersson (October 2007). "Skåne springboard as Arriva
Arriva
expands". Railway Gazette International. * ^ A B Arriva
Arriva
Poland Arriva
Arriva
Archived 11 November 2013 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. * ^ " Arriva
Arriva
awarded 10-year Polish operating contract" Archived 6 January 2016 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
.. Railway Gazette (London). 2 November 2010. * ^ "Rail tender win for Arriva
Arriva
in Poland" (Press release). Arriva. 2 July 2013. * ^ " Arriva
Arriva
to operate additional train services in Poland" Archived 22 April 2016 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
.. Global Rail News. 2 July 2013. * ^ A B C Arriva
Arriva
Portugal. Arriva. Archived 11 November 2013 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. * ^ Arriva
Arriva
awarded Serbian bus contract Archived 4 August 2016 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. Arriva
Arriva
16 January 2015 * ^ Eurobus Deal Takes Arriva
Arriva
into Hungary and Slovakia Arriva
Arriva
3 April 2008 * ^ Arriva
Arriva
Completes Eurobus Acquisition Arriva
Arriva
16 July 2008 * ^ Arriva
Arriva
Strengthens Bus Business i Slovakia Arriva
Arriva
23 July 2015 * ^ Home Arriva
Arriva
Express * ^ Arriva
Arriva
in Slovakia – Arriva] * ^ A B Arriva
Arriva
Spain Arriva
Arriva
Archived 19 September 2008 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. * ^ A B Arriva
Arriva
Sweden Arriva
Arriva
Archived 24 July 2013 at the Wayback Machine . * ^ Plan för SLs upphandling av buss- och spårtrafik 2009-2012 * ^ A B Arriva
Arriva
gears up for start of services in Stockholm
Stockholm
Archived 5 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. Arriva
Arriva
Sweden 10 August 2012 * ^ Arriva
Arriva
gets first phase of Sweden\'s biggest multi-modal transport contract Archived 31 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. Breaking Travel News 28 August 2012 * ^ A B DB Arriva
Arriva
launches second phase of largest Swedish regional transport contract Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. Deutsche Bahn
Deutsche Bahn
8 January 2013 * ^ Arriva
Arriva
begins phase 2 of multi-modal Stockholm
Stockholm
transport contract Archived 25 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. Breaking Travel News 9 January 2013 * ^ Arriva
Arriva
vinner trafik i Halland Archived 5 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. * ^ " Arriva
Arriva
patient transport promises improvements". BBC News. 18 September 2014. Retrieved 30 September 2014. * ^ Mark Leftly (8 November 2015). " Arriva
Arriva
may face SFO fraud inquiry over NHS deal". The Independent. Retrieved 12 November 2015. * ^ Transport for London
London
announces intention to award London Overground contract to Arriva
Arriva
Arriva
Arriva
18 March 2016 * ^ Home Archived 15 October 2016 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. Arriva TrainCare * ^ SRA Announces Preferred Bidder for New Integrated Wales Franchise Archived 25 June 2016 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. Strategic Rail Authority 1 August 2003 * ^ Arriva
Arriva
welcomes new CrossCountry
CrossCountry
rail franchise award Arriva
Arriva
10 July 2007 Archived 20 May 2012 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. * ^ A B "Rail Professional interview: Bob Holland". Rail Professional. October 2011. Archived 6 February 2013 at the Wayback Machine . * ^ " Alliance Rail Holdings Restates its Position on New Rail Services for the West Coast Main Line" (Press release). Alliance Rail Holdings. 4 May 2012. * ^ "Bidders to oversee improvements on rail franchises announced" (Press release). Department for Transport. 29 March 2012. * ^ A B Annual Report 31 December 2004 Arriva * ^ A B Annual Report 31 December 2006 Arriva * ^ Commission clears proposed acquisition of Arriva
Arriva
by Deutsche Bahn, subject to conditions Archived 18 August 2010 at the Wayback Machine . Europa 11 August 2010 * ^ Deutsche Bahn
Deutsche Bahn
concludes sake of the Arriva
Arriva
Germany-Group Archived 31 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. Global Rail News 28 February 2011 * ^ Arriva
Arriva
signs contract to operate buses in Malta
Malta
Archived 6 November 2013 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. Arriva
Arriva
25 November 2010 * ^ Tumas Group sells off Arriva
Arriva
stake - reports Archived 19 February 2014 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. Malta
Malta
Today 15 October 2012 * ^ Arriva
Arriva
confirms new bus order for Malta
Malta
Archived 6 November 2013 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. Arriva
Arriva
2 February 2011 * ^ King Long handover busandcoach.com 10 April 2011 Archived 6 November 2013 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. * ^ Arriva
Arriva
places 2 million order for hybrid buses with Optare Archived 7 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. Times of Malta
Malta
3 March 2011 * ^ Peregrin, Christian (18 November 2012). " Arriva
Arriva
is given a harsh warning and a deadline". Times of Malta. Valletta. Retrieved 25 June 2013. * ^ "Updated - Ministry, Transport Malta, tell Arriva
Arriva
to withdraw all bendy buses". timesofmalta.com. 27 August 2013. Retrieved 28 August 2013. * ^ Memes after bendy-bus fire outbreak in Malta
Malta
Archived 3 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. Times of Malta
Malta
27 August 2013 * ^ Government to take on less than €15m of Arriva\'s debt Archived 4 July 2016 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. Times of Malta
Malta
29 December 2013 * ^ " Arriva
Arriva
Future Decided" Archived 27 June 2016 at the Wayback Machine .. Di-Ve Malta
Malta
News. 22 December 2013. * ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 23 March 2016. Retrieved 26 October 2014. "New Year in, Arriva
Arriva
out". Times of Malta. 23 December 2013. * ^ RATP Dev acquires leading London
London
sightseeing operator Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. RATP Dev * ^ Completed acquisition by Go-Ahead Group
Go-Ahead Group
plc of Arriva
Arriva
plc\'s Horsham (West Sussex) business Office of Fair Trading 24 November 2009 * ^ Wrexham-Shropshire- London
London
direct rail link to end BBC News 26 January 2011 * ^ Driver claims he applied for job but was told recruitment drive was only for Romanians Lincolnshire Echo 12 August 2016 * ^ Sapphire investment brings sparkle to bus services Archived 3 February 2014 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. Arriva
Arriva
20 June 2013 * ^ Arriva
Arriva
launches Sapphire upgrade busandcoach.com 21 February 2013 Archived 26 February 2014 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
.

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