Arricau-Bordes (Occitan: Arricau-Bòrdas) is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of south-western France.


View of Arricau-Bordes
Some houses in the village

Arricau-Bordes is located some 12 km north-west of Maubourguet and some 40 km north-east of Pau. Access to the commune is by the D13 road from Cadillon in the north passing through the heart of the commune and through the village then continuing south to Lembeye. The D298 from Aurions-Idernes forms the entire eastern border of the commune as it goes south to join the D13 north of Lembaye. The D228 comes from Séméacq-Blachon in the east and passes though the south of the commune west to Gayon. About 60% of the commune is forested mostly in a north-south belt through the centre with the rest of the commune farmland.[1]

The Lisau river flows though the heart of the commune from the Lac de Castillon just over the southern border to the Lac de Cadillon just over the northern border of the commune.[1]

Places and Hamlets[2]

  • Arricau
  • Les Balances
  • Barbé
  • Bordes
  • Le Calvaire
  • Carboué
  • Castagnat
  • Cazenave
  • Cerisère
  • Domengé[3]
  • Hauzoué
  • Lahitole[3][4]
  • Laramoune
  • Lecher
  • Marchand
  • Mereït
  • Pédéjouan
  • Péhat
  • La Riberette
  • Séglères
  • Tisné
  • Val Pré

Neighbouring communes and villages[1]


The commune name in béarnais is Arricau-Bordas.

According to Michel Grosclaude the name Arricau was formed from two Gascon terms: arric, meaning "ravine" or "Thalweg", and cau, meaning "sunken".[5]

Bordes comes from the Occitan borda meaning "house" or "Farm".[6]

The following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune.

Name Spelling Date Source Page Origin Description
Arricau Arricau 12th century Raymond
Marca Village
Arricau 1385 Raymond
Ricau 14th century Raymond
Arricau-Viele 1538 Raymond
Bordes Bordas 11th century Raymond
Lescar Village
Bordes en Vic-Bilh 1673 Raymond
Domengé L'ostau de Domenger 1385 Raymond
Census Farm
Lahitole La Fitola 1538 Raymond
Reformation Hamlet
Lahitolle 1673 Raymond
Lafitole 1863 Raymond
La Fitole 1863 Raymond
Nouguès Noguer 1385 Raymond
Census Farm
Saint-Martin Saint-Martin 1863 Raymond




Paul Raymond noted that, in 1385, Arricau and Bordes depended on the bailiwick of Lembeye and had respectively 18 and 12 fires. Arricau then had two parishes: Saint-Martin and Saint-Jacques. The fief of Bordes depended on the Viscounts of Béarn.[3]

Arricau and Bordes were merged between 1861 and 1866.[11]


List of Successive Mayors[12]

From To Name Party Position
1995 2008 Jean-Paul Cassou
2008 2014 Frédéric Cerisère
2014 2020 Marie-Odile Rigaud

(Not all data is known)


The commune is part of four inter-communal structures:[13]

  • the Community of communes of the Canton of Lembeye in Vic-Bilh;
  • the AEP association of Pays de Lembeye;
  • the Energy association of Pyrénées-Atlantiques;
  • the irrigation association of the Lees valley;


In 2010 the commune had 103 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Population change (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
250 180 - 263 213 301 290 269 249
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
231 215 326 336 326 344 338 312 280
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
267 226 228 192 178 178 172 150 118
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
139 124 126 105 102 105 106 103 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)

Population of Arricau-Bordes


The commune is part of the Appellation d'origine contrôlée (AOC) zones of Madiran, Pacherenc-du-vic-bilh, and Béarn.

Culture and Heritage

Civil heritage

Chateau of Arricau in 1926

The commune has many sites that are registered as historical monuments:

  • The Chateau of Arricau (1572)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[14] The Chateau contains several items that are registered as historical objects:
  • The Chateau of Bordes at Bordes (18th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[4]
  • A House at Lahitole (1777)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[4]
  • Houses and FarmsLogo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[18] Of the 40 buildings studied, 27 dated from before 1871.[18]

Religious heritage

The commune has two churches that are registered as historical monuments:

  • The Parish Church of Saint-Jacques at Arricau (1570)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[19] was mentioned in 1570 but was destroyed two centuries later.
  • The Parish Church of Saint John the Baptist at Bordes (11th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[20] The Church contains several items that are registered as historical objects:

See also

External links

Notes and references


  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 Archived 6 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine., the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.


  1. ^ a b c Google Maps
  2. ^ Géoportail, IGN (in French)
  3. ^ a b c d Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011 (in French)
  4. ^ a b c Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026443 Chateau of Bordes (in French)
  5. ^ Michel Grosclaude, Toponymic Dictionary of communes, Béarn, Edicions reclams & Édition Cairn - 2006, 416 pages, ISBN 2-35068-005-3 (in French)
  6. ^ Brigitte Jobbé-Duval, Dictionary of place names - Pyrénées-Atlantiques, 2009, Archives and Culture, ISBN 978-2-35077-151-9 (in French)
  7. ^ Pierre de Marca, History of Béarn
  8. ^ Manuscript from the 14th century - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
  9. ^ Manuscript from the 16th to 18th centuries - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
  10. ^ Cartulary of the Bishop of Lescar, published in the proofs of the History of Béarn by Pierre de Marca (in French)
  11. ^ Communal Notice for Arricau-Nordes on the Cassini database (in French)
  12. ^ List of Mayors of France (in French)
  13. ^ Intercommunality of Pyrénées-Atlantiques, Cellule informatique préfecture 64, consulted on 9 March 2012 (in French)
  14. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00084317 IA00026441 Chateau of Arricau(in French)Camera aabb.svg
  15. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64002098 Iron Host (in French)
  16. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64002097 Stoup (in French)
  17. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64002096 Hilarri (in French)
  18. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00027294 Houses and Farms (in French)
  19. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00027519 Parish Church of Saint-Jacques (in French)
  20. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026444 Parish Church of Saint John the Baptist (in French)
  21. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64002103 Chasuble (in French)
  22. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64002102 2 Processional Lanterns (in French)
  23. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64002101 Processional Cross (in French)
  24. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64002100 Celebrant's Chair (in French)
  25. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64002099 Altar, Altar step, and Tabernacle (in French)