Arrast-Larrebieu (Basque: Ürrustoi-Larrebille) is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of south-western France.
The inhabitants of the commune are known as Urrustoitars.
Arrast-Larrebieu General View
Arrast-Larrebieu is located in the former province of Soule some 12 km east by south-east of Saint-Palais and 10 km north by north-east of Mauléon-Licharre. Access to the commune is by the D243 road which branches off the D11 west of the commune and north of Espès-Undurein and passes through the village before continuing north-east to join the D115. The D135 from the D11 in the west to Moncayolle-Larrory-Mendibieu in the south-east passes through the south of the commune and the hamlet of Larrebieu. The commune is mainly farmland with many forests scattered throughout the commune.
The Laxubie rises in the south of the commune and flows north past the village gathering many tributaries and joins the Apaure north of the commune. Several small streams rise in the west of the commune and flow west to join the Saison.
Places and Hamlets
- Aitzaguer (ruins)
- Gastelu Arrast
The commune name in basque today is Ürrüstoi-Larrabile.
Jean-Baptiste Orpustan indicated that the spelling in Basque Arrast is sometimes given with the determinant Ürrüxtoia meaning "hazel tree grove". He also stated that larrabil means a "rounded moor, squat".
The following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune.
Paul Raymond noted on page 11 of his 1863 dictionary that the commune had a Lay Abbey, vassal of the Viscounts of Soule.
Larrebieu was merged with the commune of Arrast on 16 October 1842.
Arrast-Larrebieu Community Hall
List of Successive Mayors
(Not all data is known)
The commune is part of seven inter-communal structures:
- the Community of communes of Soule-Xiberoa;
- the Sanitation association of Pays de Soule;
- the AEP association of Pays de Soule;
- the inter-communal association of la Vallée;
- the Energy association of Pyrénées-Atlantiques;
- the inter-communal association for the construction and operation of the CES at Mauleon;
- the association to support Basque culture.
In 2009 the commune had 102 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]
Population change (See database)
Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)
Population of Arrast-Larrebieu
Economic activity is mainly agricultural (livestock and pasture). The town is part of the Appellation d'origine contrôlée zone designation of Ossau-iraty.
Culture and Heritage
An enclosure with an earthen parapet (a protohistoric fort or Gaztelu zahar) at an altitude of 282 metres at a place called Gazteluxaga reflects the ancient past of the commune.
The church of Sainte-Lucie
The Parish Church of Sainte-Lucie (19th century) is registered as an historical monument. It has a bell tower called Trinity or Souletin meaning the "top of the wall", pierced by bays for the bells with three roof peaks of approximately equal height, hence the name Trinity. The church contains a Processional Cross (17th century) which is registered as an historical object.
Notable people linked to the commune
Notes and references
- ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 Archived 6 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine., the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
- ^ Inhabitants of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
- ^ a b c Google Maps
- ^ Géoportail, IGN (in French)
- ^ Euskaltzaindia - Academy of the Basque language (Basque)
- ^ a b Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, New Basque Toponymy, Presses universitaires de Bordeaux, 2006, ISBN 2 86781 396 4 (in French)
- ^ a b c Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011 (in French)
- ^ Manuscript from the 14th century in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
- ^ Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
- ^ List of Mayors of France (in French)
- ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64000734 Parish Church of Sainte-Lucie (in French)
- ^ Philippe Veyrin, The Basques, p. 241, Arthaud, 20 December 1975, ISBN 2700300386 (in French)
- ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64000036 Processional Cross (in French)