HOME
The Info List - Armistice





An armistice is a formal agreement of warring parties to stop fighting. It is not necessarily the end of a war, since it may constitute only a cessation of hostilities while an attempt is made to negotiate a lasting peace. It is derived from the Latin
Latin
arma, meaning "arms" (as in weapons) and -stitium, meaning "a stopping".[1] The United Nations Security Council
United Nations Security Council
often imposes, or tries to impose, cease-fire resolutions on parties in modern conflicts. Armistices are always negotiated between the parties themselves and are thus generally seen as more binding than non-mandatory UN cease-fire resolutions in modern international law. An armistice is a modus vivendi and is not the same as a peace treaty, which may take months or even years to agree on. The 1953 Korean War Armistice
Armistice
Agreement is a major example of an armistice which has not been followed by a peace treaty. Armistice
Armistice
is also different from a truce or ceasefire, which refer to a temporary cessation of hostilities for an agreed limited time or within a limited area. A truce may be needed in order to negotiate an armistice.

Contents

1 International law
International law
regarding armistices 2 Armistice
Armistice
Day 3 Armistices in early modern history 4 Armistices of the 20th century 5 References 6 External links

International law
International law
regarding armistices[edit] Under international law an armistice is a legal agreement (often in a document) which ends fighting between the "belligerent parties" of a war or conflict.[2] The Hague II (1899) Treaty, says "If [the armistice's] duration is not fixed," the parties can resume fighting (Article 36) as they choose, but with proper notifications. This is in comparison to a "fixed duration" armistice, where the parties can renew fighting only at the end of the particular fixed duration. When the belligerent parties say (in effect), "this armistice completely ends the fighting" without any end date for the armistice, then duration of the armistice is fixed in the sense that no resumption of the fighting is allowed at any time. For example, the Korean Armistice Agreement calls for a "ceasefire and armistice" and has the "objective of establishing an armistice which will ensure a complete cessation of hostilities and of all acts of armed force in Korea until a final peaceful settlement is achieved.[3] Armistice
Armistice
Day[edit] Main article: Armistice
Armistice
Day Armistice Day
Armistice Day
(which coincides with Remembrance Day
Remembrance Day
and Veterans Day, public holidays) is commemorated every year on 11 November to mark the Armistice of 11 November 1918
Armistice of 11 November 1918
signed between the Allies
Allies
of World War
War
I and Germany
Germany
at Compiègne, France, for the cessation of hostilities on the Western Front of World War
War
I, which took effect at eleven o'clock in the morning—the "eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month" of 1918. Most countries changed the name of the holiday after World War
War
II, to honor veterans of that and subsequent conflicts. Most member states of the Commonwealth of Nations adopted the name Remembrance Day, while the United States chose Veterans Day. Armistices in early modern history[edit]

Armistice of Copenhagen of 1537 ended the Danish war known as the Count's Feud Armistice of Stuhmsdorf
Armistice of Stuhmsdorf
of 1635 between the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and Sweden Peace of Westphalia
Peace of Westphalia
of 1648 that ended the Thirty Years' War
War
and Eighty Years' War

Armistices of the 20th century[edit]

The announcing of the armistice on November 11, 1918, was the occasion for large celebrations in the allied nations.

Delegates sign the Korean Armistice
Armistice
Agreement

World War
War
I

Armistice
Armistice
between Russia and the Central Powers, December 1917 Armistice of Salonika
Armistice of Salonika
between Bulgaria and the Allies, September 1918 Armistice of Mudros
Armistice of Mudros
between the Ottoman Empire and the Allies, October 1918 Austrian-Italian Armistice of Villa Giusti
Austrian-Italian Armistice of Villa Giusti
ended the war on the Italian front in early November 1918 Armistice
Armistice
with Germany
Germany
(Compiègne), ended World War
War
I, November 11, 1918[4]

Armistice of Mudanya
Armistice of Mudanya
between Turkey, Italy, France
France
and the UK and later Greece, 1922 World War
War
II

Armistice
Armistice
with France
France
(Second Compiègne), 1940 Armistice of Saint Jean d'Acre between British forces in the Middle East and Vichy France
France
forces in Syria, 1941 Armistice
Armistice
with Italy, formal agreement of warring parties, the Allies and Italy, to stop fighting that was signed on 3 September 1943 by Walter Bedell Smith and Giuseppe Castellano. Moscow Armistice, signed by Finland and the Soviet Union on 19 September 1944 ending the Continuation War

1949 Armistice Agreements
1949 Armistice Agreements
between Israel and its neighbors Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon and Syria[5] Korean War
War
Armistice
Armistice
Agreement, July 1953 Geneva Agreements
Geneva Agreements
signed by France
France
and the Viet Minh on 20 July 1954 ending the First Indochina War Armistice
Armistice
in Algeria, 1962, which attempted to end the Algerian War

References[edit]

^ "Armistice". Dictionary.com.  ^ Hague Convention of 1899 specifically, Laws of War: Laws and Customs of War
War
on Land (Hague II); July 29, 1899; Chapter V. ^ [1] ^ "The Armistice". The War
War
to End All Wars. FirstWorldWar.com. 1 May 2004. Archived from the original on 5 January 2007. Retrieved 2007-01-04.  ^ "1949 Armistice". Middle East, Land of Conflict. CNN. Archived from the original on 2007-05-03. Retrieved 2007-01-04. 

External links[edit]

Look up armistice in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

"Allied Armistice
Armistice
Terms, 11 November 1918". The War
War
to End All Wars. FirstWorldWar.com. Archived from the original on 2 February 2007. Retrieved 2007-01-04.  The Expanded Cease-Fires Data Set Code Book (Emory

.