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The Armenian diaspora
Armenian diaspora
refers to the communities of Armenians
Armenians
outside the Republic of Armenia
Armenia
and other locations where Armenians
Armenians
are considered an indigenous population. Since antiquity, Armenians
Armenians
have established communities in many regions throughout the world. However, the modern Armenian diaspora
Armenian diaspora
was largely formed as a result of the Armenian Genocide
Armenian Genocide
of 1915, when the Armenians
Armenians
living in their ancestral homeland in eastern Turkey, known as Western Armenia
Armenia
to Armenians, were systematically exterminated by the Ottoman government.[1]

Contents

1 Terminology 2 History 3 Distribution

3.1 Population by country

4 See also 5 References 6 External links

Terminology[edit] In Armenian, the diaspora is referred to as spyurk (pronounced [spʰʏrkʰ]), spelled սփիւռք in classical orthography and սփյուռք in reformed orthography.[2][3] In the past, the word gaghut (գաղութ pronounced [ɡɑˈʁutʰ]) was used mostly to refer to the Armenian communities outside the Armenian homeland. It is borrowed from the Aramaic (Classical Syriac) cognate[4] of Hebrew galut (גלות).[5][6] History[edit] The Armenian diaspora
Armenian diaspora
has been present for over seventeen hundred years.[7] The modern Armenian diaspora
Armenian diaspora
was formed largely after World War I as a result of the Armenian Genocide. According to Randall Hansen, "Both in the past and today, the Armenian communities around the world have developed in significantly different ways within the constraints and opportunities found in varied host cultures and countries."[1] After the fall of the Ottoman Empire, Turkish nationalists led by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
took the region of Western Armenia. As a result of the Armenian Genocide, Armenians
Armenians
were forced to flee to different parts of the world (approximately half a million in number) and created new Armenian communities far from their native land. Through marriage and procreation, the number of Armenians
Armenians
in the diaspora who trace their lineage to those Armenians
Armenians
who survived and fled Western Armenia
Armenia
is now several million. Since the breakup of the Soviet Union, approximately one million Armenians
Armenians
have joined the diaspora largely as a result of difficult economic conditions in Armenia. Jivan Tabibian, an Armenian scholar and former diplomat in Armenia
Armenia
said, Armenians
Armenians
"are not place bound, but ... are intensely place-conscious."[8] In the fourth century, Armenian communities already existed outside of Greater Armenia. Diasporic Armenian communities emerged in the Sassanid and Persian empires, and also to defend eastern and northern borders of the Byzantine Empire.[9] In order to populate the less populated areas of Byzantium, Armenians
Armenians
were relocated to those regions. Some Armenians
Armenians
converted to Greek Orthodoxy while retaining Armenian as their language, whereas others stubbornly clung on to remain in the Armenian Church despite pressure from official authorities. A growing number of Armenians
Armenians
voluntarily migrated or were compelled to move to Cilicia
Cilicia
during the course of the eleventh and twelfth centuries. After the fall of the kingdom to the Mamelukes and loss of Armenian statehood in 1375, up to 150,000 went to Cyprus, the Balkans, and Italy.[9] Although an Armenian diaspora
Armenian diaspora
existed during Antiquity and the Middle Ages, it grew in size due to emigration from the Ottoman Empire, Iran, Russia, and the Caucasus. The Armenian diaspora
Armenian diaspora
is divided into two communities – those from Ottoman Armenia
Armenia
(or Western Armenian) and those who are from the former Soviet Union, the independent Republic of Armenia
Armenia
and Iran. (or Eastern Armenian) Armenians
Armenians
of the modern Republic of Turkey
Turkey
do not consider themselves as part of the Armenian Diaspora, since they believe that they continue residing in their historical homeland.[citation needed] The Armenian diaspora
Armenian diaspora
grew considerably during and after the First World War due to dissolution of the Ottoman Empire.[10] Although many Armenians
Armenians
perished during the Armenian Genocide, some of the Armenians managed to escape, and established themselves in various parts of the world. Distribution[edit] See also: Armenian population by urban areas Today, the Armenian diaspora
Armenian diaspora
refers to communities of Armenians
Armenians
living outside the Republic of Armenia
Armenia
and the Republic of Artsakh (Nagorno-Karabakh), since these regions form part of Armenians' indigenous homeland. The total Armenian population living worldwide is estimated to be 11,000,000. Of those, approximately 3 million live in Armenia, 130,000 in the de facto independent Nagorno-Karabakh
Nagorno-Karabakh
and 120,000 in the region of Javakhk
Javakhk
in neighboring Georgia. This leaves approximately 7,000,000 in diaspora (with the largest populations in Russia, the United States, France, Argentina, Lebanon, Syria, Iran, Turkey, Canada, Ukraine, Greece, and Australia).[11] Less than one third of the world's Armenian population lives in Armenia. Their pre- World War I
World War I
population area was six times larger than that of present-day Armenia, including the eastern regions of Turkey, northern part of Iran, southern part of Georgia, Artsakh (Nagorno-Karabakh) and Nakhichevan regions of Azerbaijan.[12] Population by country[edit] The table below lists countries and territories where at least a few Armenians
Armenians
live, with their number according to official data and estimates by various organizations and media. Estimates may vary greatly, because no reliable data are available for some countries. In France, Syria, Iran, Lebanon, Germany
Germany
and many other countries, ethnicity was never enumerated during population censuses and it is virtually impossible to determine the actual number of Armenians
Armenians
living there. Data on people of foreign origin (born abroad or having a foreign citizenship) is available for most European Union countries, but doesn't present the whole picture and can hardly be taken as a source for the number of Armenians, because in many countries, most prominently France, most Armenians
Armenians
aren't from the Republic of Armenia
Armenia
and they don't have any legal connection with their ancestral homeland. Also, not all Armenian citizens and people born in Armenia
Armenia
are ethnic Armenians, but the overwhelming majority of them are, as about 97.9% of the country's population is Armenian.[13] For other countries, such as Russia, the official number of Armenians is believed, by many, to have been underrated, because many migrant workers live in the country.

List of countries and territories by Armenian population

Country/territory Official data (latest available) Estimations or unofficial data Article

 Russia 7006118238800000000♠1,182,388 (2010 census)[14] 7006220000000000000♠ 1,500,000,[15] 2,000,000,[16] 2,500,000,[17] 2,900,000[18] Armenians
Armenians
in Russia

 United States 7005483366000000000♠483,366 (2011 ACS)[19] 7006123500000000000♠ 1,000,000,[20] 1,500,000[21] Armenian Americans

 France 7004123550000000000♠12,355 (2005, born in Armenia)[22] 7005450000000000000♠ 300,000,[15] 400,000,[23] 500,000,[24] 750,000[25] Armenians
Armenians
in France

 Georgia 7005168102000000000♠168,102 (2014 census)[26]

Armenians
Armenians
in Georgia

 Ukraine 7004998940000000000♠99,894 (2001 census)[27] 7005130000000000000♠ 100,000,[28] 250,000[29] Armenians
Armenians
in Ukraine

 Iran N/A 7005100000000000000♠ 70,000–80,000,[30] 70,000–90,000,[31] 120,000,[32] 150,000,[33] 200,000[34] Iranian Armenians

 Turkey[note 1] N/A 7004600000000000000♠ 50,000,[15] 50,000–70,000,[35] 60,000[36] Armenians
Armenians
in Turkey

 Lebanon N/A 7005100000000000000♠ 70,000–80,000,[37] 100,000[15] Armenians
Armenians
in Lebanon

 Argentina 7003122700000000000♠1,227 (2001, born in Armenia)[38] 7004700000000000000♠ 70,000[39] Armenians
Armenians
in Argentina

 Syria N/A 7004675000000000000♠ 35,000–40,000,[40] 60,000,[41] Armenians
Armenians
in Syria

 Canada 7004505000000000000♠50,500 (2006 census)[42] 7004625000000000000♠ 50,000,[43] 60,000–65,000[44] Armenian Canadian

 Greece 7003774200000000000♠7,742 (2001, Armenian citizens)[45] 7004600000000000000♠ 60,000,[46] 70,000–80,000[47] Armenians
Armenians
in Greece

 Abkhazia[note 2] 7004419070000000000♠41,907 (2011 census)[48] 7004600000000000000♠ 50,000,[49] 70,000[50] Armenians
Armenians
in Abkhazia

 Bulgaria 7004108320000000000♠10,832 (2001 census)[51] 7004500000000000000♠ 50,000[52] Armenians
Armenians
in Bulgaria

 Uzbekistan 7004505370000000000♠50,537 (1989 census)[53] 7004500000000000000♠ 42,359,[54] 50,000,[55] Armenians
Armenians
in Uzbekistan

 Spain 7004117060000000000♠11,706 (2011, Armenian citizens)[45] 7004450000000000000♠ 45,000,[56] 80,000[57] Armenians
Armenians
in Spain

 Germany 7004112050000000000♠11,205 (2011, Armenian citizens)[45] 7004450000000000000♠ 30,000,[58] 50,000–60,000[59] Armenians
Armenians
in Germany

 Poland 7003300000000000000♠3,000 (2011 census)[60] 7004400000000000000♠ 15,000–30,000,[52] 40,000,[61] 50,000[62] Armenians
Armenians
in Poland

 Australia 7004157910000000000♠15,791 (2006 census)[63] 7004375000000000000♠ 50,000[64] Armenians
Armenians
in Australia

 Brazil N/A 7004350000000000000♠ 30,000,[65] 35,000–40,000[66] Armenian Brazilian

 Belarus 7003851200000000000♠8,512 (2009 census)[67] 7004275000000000000♠ 25,000,[68] 30,000[69] Armenians
Armenians
in Belarus

 Turkmenistan N/A 7004250000000000000♠ 20,000–22,000,[70] 30,000[71] Armenians
Armenians
in Turkmenistan

 Kazakhstan 7004110310000000000♠11,031 (2010 official est.)[72] 7004225000000000000♠ 20,000–25,000,[73] 25,000[74] Armenians
Armenians
in Kazakhstan

 United Kingdom 7003172000000000000♠1,720 (2011, Armenian citizens)[75] 7004170000000000000♠ 18,000[76] Armenians
Armenians
in the United Kingdom

 Hungary 7002161000000000000♠161 (2011, Armenian citizens)[45] 7004150000000000000♠ 6,000,[52] 30,000[77] Armenians
Armenians
in Hungary

 Uruguay N/A 7004150000000000000♠ 15,000[78] Armenians
Armenians
in Uruguay

 Iraq N/A 7004100000000000000♠ 10,000[79] Armenians
Armenians
in Iraq

 Netherlands 7002705000000000000♠705 (2011, Armenian citizens)[45] 7004120000000000000♠ 12,000[80] Armenians
Armenians
in the Netherlands

 Belgium 7003963300000000000♠9,633 (2011, Armenian citizens)[45] 7003700000000000000♠ 7,000[81] Armenians
Armenians
in Belgium

 Kuwait N/A 7003600000000000000♠ 6,000[82] Armenians
Armenians
in Kuwait

 Egypt N/A 7003600000000000000♠ 6,000[83] Armenians
Armenians
in Egypt

 Czech Republic 7003210000000000000♠2,100 (2011, born in Armenia)[22] 7003600000000000000♠ ~10,000[84] Armenians
Armenians
in the Czech Republic

 Sweden 7003167200000000000♠1,672 (2011, born in Armenia)[22] 7003550000000000000♠ 5,000[85] Armenians
Armenians
in Sweden

 Austria 7003266700000000000♠2,667 (2009, Armenian citizens)[45] 7003400000000000000♠ 4,000[86] Armenians
Armenians
in Austria

 Romania 7003178000000000000♠1,780 (2002 census)[87] 7003400000000000000♠ 5,000,[88] 7,500–10,000[52] Armenians
Armenians
in Romania

 Latvia 7003274200000000000♠2,742 (2008 yearly statistics)[89] 7003375000000000000♠ 3,000[90] Armenians
Armenians
in the Baltic states

  Switzerland 7002612000000000000♠612 (2010, Armenian citizens)[91] 7003375000000000000♠ 4,500[92] Armenians
Armenians
in Switzerland

 Venezuela N/A 7003350000000000000♠ 3,500[93]

 Cyprus 7003134100000000000♠1,341 (2001 census)[94] 7003200000000000000♠ 3,000–3,500[95] Armenians
Armenians
in Cyprus

 Estonia 7003140200000000000♠1,402 (2011 census)[96] 7003300000000000000♠ 3,000[97] Armenians
Armenians
in the Baltic states

 Italy 7002666000000000000♠666 (2011, Armenian citizens)[45] 7003300000000000000♠ 3,000[98] Armenians
Armenians
in Italy

 Denmark 7002605000000000000♠605 (2011, born in Armenia)[22] 7003300000000000000♠ 3,000[99] Armenians
Armenians
in Denmark

 United Arab Emirates N/A 7003300000000000000♠ 3,000[68] Armenians
Armenians
in the UAE

 Tajikistan N/A 7003300000000000000♠ 3,000[100] Armenians
Armenians
in Tajikistan

 Jordan N/A 7003300000000000000♠ 3,000[101] Armenians
Armenians
in Jordan

 Moldova N/A 7003300000000000000♠ 2,000–4,000[102] Armenians
Armenians
in Moldova

 Lithuania 7003147700000000000♠1,477 (2001 census)[103] 7003250000000000000♠ 2,500[104] Armenians
Armenians
in the Baltic states

 Israel N/A 7003250000000000000♠ 2,000,[105] 3,000[106] Armenians
Armenians
in Israel

 Azerbaijan[note 3] 7002183000000000000♠183 (2009 census)[108] 2,000–3,000,[109] 5,000[110] Armenians
Armenians
in Azerbaijan

 Kyrgyzstan 7003136400000000000♠1,364 (1999 census)[111] 7002950000000000000♠ 900-1,000[112] Armenians
Armenians
in Kyrgyzstan

 Chile N/A 7003150000000000000♠ 1,500[113]

 Norway 7002275000000000000♠275 (2012, country of origin)[note 4] 7003100000000000000♠ 1,000[115] Armenians
Armenians
in Norway

 Finland 7001930000000000000♠93 (2011, Armenian citizens)[45] 7002600000000000000♠ 200,[116] 1,000[68]

 Malta 7001100000000000000♠10 (2008, Armenian citizens)[45] 7002500000000000000♠ 500[117] Armenians
Armenians
in Malta

 Slovakia 7002261000000000000♠261 (2005, born in Armenia)[22] 7002500000000000000♠ 500[118]

 Slovenia 7000700000000000000♠7 (2005, born in Armenia)[22] 7002500000000000000♠ 500[118]

 Albania N/A 7002400000000000000♠ 400[119]

 Mexico N/A 7002400000000000000♠ 400[120] Armenians
Armenians
in Mexico

 Serbia 7002222000000000000♠222 (2011 census)[121] 7002300000000000000♠ 300–350[122] Armenians
Armenians
in Serbia

 Macedonia N/A 7002300000000000000♠ 300[123] Armenians
Armenians
in Macedonia

 South Africa N/A 7002300000000000000♠ 300[124]

 Peru N/A 7002250000000000000♠ 250[124]

 New Zealand N/A 7002200000000000000♠ 200[125]

 India N/A 7002200000000000000♠ 200[126] Armenians
Armenians
in India

 Ireland 7001700000000000000♠70 (2011, born in Armenia)[22] 7002150000000000000♠ 150[127]

 Portugal 7002105000000000000♠105 (2009, born in Armenia)[22] 7002105000000000000♠

 Ethiopia N/A 7001850000000000000♠ 80–90[128] Armenians
Armenians
in Ethiopia

 Cuba N/A 7001800000000000000♠ 80[129]

 Singapore N/A 7001800000000000000♠ 80[130] Armenians
Armenians
in Singapore

 China N/A 7001550000000000000♠ 50–60[131] Armenians
Armenians
in China

 Japan 7001210000000000000♠21 (2000, Armenian citizens)[132] 7001550000000000000♠ 50–60[133]

 Malaysia N/A 7001450000000000000♠ 45 [134]

 Thailand N/A 7001450000000000000♠ 40–50[135]

 Croatia 7001370000000000000♠ 37 (2011 census)[136] N/A

 Morocco N/A 7001300000000000000♠ 25–30[137]

 Luxembourg 7000700000000000000♠7 (2001, Armenian citizens)[45] 7000700000000000000♠

 Maldives

7000100000000000000♠ 1[138]

 Bangladesh

7000100000000000000♠ 1[139] Armenians
Armenians
in Bangladesh

World 5,605,725 6,849,192 — 10,507,133

Not listed: Armenians
Armenians
in Myanmar, Armenians
Armenians
in Bahrain, Armenians
Armenians
in Qatar, Armenians
Armenians
in Sudan

Notes

^ Hamshenis
Hamshenis
and Crypto- Armenians
Armenians
are not included. ^ De facto independent, de jure part of Georgia. ^ Excluding Artsakh. The Republic of Artsakh
Republic of Artsakh
(Nagorno-Karabakh) is a de facto independent state that is generally not considered part of the Armenian diaspora. It is internationally recognized as de jure part of Azerbaijan. According to the 2005 census, the number of Armenians
Armenians
in NKR is 137,380.[107] ^ Immigrants and Norwegian-born to immigrant parents.[114]

See also[edit]

Armenia–European Union relations Foreign relations of Armenia Largest Armenian diaspora
Armenian diaspora
communities Visa requirements for Armenian citizens

Armenia
Armenia
portal

References[edit]

^ a b Hansen, Randall. Immigration and asylum: from 1900 to the present. p. 13.  ^ Dufoix, Stéphane (2008). Diasporas. Berkeley, California: University of California Press. p. 84. ISBN 978-0-520-25359-9.  ^ Harutyunyan, Arus (2009). Contesting National Identities in an Ethnically Homogeneous State: The Case of Armenian Democratization. Western Michigan University. p. 56. ISBN 978-1-109-12012-7.  ^ Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979). Hayerēn Armatakan Baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words]. 1. Yerevan: Yerevan University Press. p. 505.  ^ Melvin Ember; Carol R. Ember; Ian A. Skoggard (2004). Encyclopedia of diasporas: immigrant and refugee cultures around the world. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers. p. 37. ISBN 978-0-306-48321-9.  ^ Diaspora: Volume 1, Issue 1. Oxford University Press. 1991. ISBN 978-0-19-507081-1.  ^ Herzig, Edmund (2004-12-10). The Armenians: Past And Present In The Making Of National Identity. p. 126. ISBN 9780203004937.  ^ Ember, Melvin (2005). Encyclopedia of Diasporas: Immigrant and Refugee Cultures Around the World. p. 46. ISBN 9780306483219.  ^ a b Ember, Melvin; Ember, Carol R.; Skoggard, Ian (2004). Encyclopedia of Diasporas: Immigrant and Refugee Cultures around the World. Springer. pp. 36–43. ISBN 0-306-48321-1.  ^ Harutyunyan, Arus. Contesting National Identities in an Ethnically Homogeneous State: The Case of Armenian Democratization. Western Michigan University. p. 192. ISBN 9781109120127.  ^ " Armenia
Armenia
seeks to boost population". BBC
BBC
News. 2007-02-21. Archived from the original on 3 September 2008. Retrieved 2008-09-05.  ^ Melvin Ember; Carol R. Ember; Ian A. Skoggard (2004). Encyclopedia of diasporas: immigrant and refugee cultures around the world. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers. p. 36. ISBN 978-0-306-48321-9. Currently, only one-sixth of that land [ancestral territory] is inhabited by Armenians, due first to variously coerced emigrations and finally to the genocide of the Armenian inhabitants of the Ottoman Turkish Empire in 1915.  ^ Central Intelligence Agency
Central Intelligence Agency
(2012). "Armenia". The CIA World Factbook 2012. New York: Skyhorse Publishing Inc. ISBN 978-1-61608-332-8.  ^ "Национальный состав населения Российской Федерации [National makeup of the population of the Russian Federation]" (in Russian). Russian Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 5 January 2013.  ^ a b c d Gibney, Matthew J. (2005). Immigration and asylum: from 1900 to the present. Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO. p. 13. ISBN 978-1-57607-796-2.  ^ Harutyunyan, Yuri (2010). Об этносоциологических исследованиях армян России. Patma-Banasirakan Handes
Patma-Banasirakan Handes
(in Russian) (1): 129–136.  ^ В России проживает более 2,5 млн армян [2,5 million Armenians
Armenians
live in Russia] (in Russian). RIA Novosti. 16 December 2002. Retrieved 5 January 2013.  ^ Robert A. Saunders; Vlad Struko (2010). Historical dictionary of the Russian Federation. Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press. p. 50. ISBN 978-0-8108-5475-8.  ^ "Total ancestry categories tallied for people with one or more ancestry categories reported 2011 American Community Survey
American Community Survey
1-Year Estimates". United States
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Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 December 2012.  ^ Azadian, Edmond Y. (23 April 2012). "Commentary: A Million Person March on Washington". Armenian Mirror-Spectator. Retrieved 21 July 2012.  ^ "Barack Obama on the Importance of US- Armenia
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Relations". Armenian National Committee of America. 19 January 2008. Retrieved 24 July 2012.  ^ a b c d e f g h "Population by sex, age group and country of birth". Eurostat. Retrieved 4 January 2013.  ^ Auron, Yair (2005). The banality of denial: Israel
Israel
and the Armenian genocide. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Transaction Publishers. p. 67. ISBN 978-0-7658-0834-9.  ^ "French Senate Eyes Genocide Bill; Turkey
Turkey
Bristles". Dawn. 23 January 2012. Retrieved 5 January 2013.  ^ Taylor, Tony (2008). Denial: history betrayed. Carlton, Victoria: Melbourne University Publishing. p. 4. ISBN 978-0-522-85482-4.  ^ "The State Department for Statistics of Georgia". Archived from the original on 2004-04-11. . ^ The distribution of the population by nationality and mother tongue, Kiev: State Statistics Committee of Ukraine, 2001, retrieved 5 January 2013 [permanent dead link] ^ "Украина - Родина для 100 тысяч украинских армян [ Ukraine
Ukraine
is home for 100 thousand Armenians]" (in Russian). Inter TV. 12 August 2010. Retrieved 5 January 2013.  ^ "Армяне уезжают из Украины [ Armenians
Armenians
are leaving Ukraine]". News.am (in Russian). 10 January 2011. Retrieved 5 January 2013.  ^ "Իրանահայ "Ալիք"- ը նշում է 80- ամյակը" [Iranian-Armenian newspaper Alik is celebrating its 80th anniversary] (in Armenian). Public Radio of Armenia. 10 January 2012. Archived from the original on 7 July 2012. Retrieved 5 January 2013.  ^ Abrahamyan, Gayane (18 October 2010). "Armenia: Iranian-Armenians Struggle to Change Image as "Foreigners"". eurasianet.org. Open Society Institute.  ^ Vardanyan, Tamara (21 June 2007). "Իրանահայ համայնք. ճամպրուկային տրամադրություններ [The Iranian-Armenian community]" (in Armenian). Noravank Foundation. Retrieved 5 January 2013.  ^ Semerdjian, Harout Harry (14 January 2013). "Christian Armenia
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and Islamic Iran: An unusual partnership explained". The Hill. ... the presence of a substantial Armenian community in Iran numbering 150,000.  ^ Mirzoyan, Alla (2010). Armenia, the Regional Powers, and the West: Between History and Geopolitics. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 109. ISBN 978-0-230-10635-2. Today, the Armenian community in Iran numbers around 200,000 ...  ^ Khojoyan, Sara (16 October 2009). "Armenian in Istanbul: Diaspora
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in Turkey
Turkey
welcomes the setting of relations and waits more steps from both countries". ArmeniaNow. Retrieved 5 January 2013.  ^ "Foreign Ministry: 89,000 minorities live in Turkey". Today's Zaman. 15 December 2008. Retrieved 5 January 2013.  ^ Ayvazyan 2003, p. 290. ^ (in Spanish) Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censos (INDEC): Censo Nacional de Población, Hogares y Viviendas 2001: País de nacimiento. Retrieved 7 July 2012. ^ Ayvazyan 2003, p. 100. ^ Bedevyan, Astghik (9 March 2012). "Սիրիահայերը սկսել են Հայաստան գալ [Syrian Armenians
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began arriving in Armenia]" (in Armenian). Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty
Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty
Armenian Service. Retrieved 5 January 2013.  ^ Kalsahakian, Hrach (1 February 2012). "Միջին Արեւելքի հայության ապագան սուրիահայութեան փորձառութեան լոյսին տակ [The Future of Middle Eastern Armenians
Armenians
and the experience of Syrian Armenians]" (in Armenian). Noravank Foundation. Retrieved 5 January 2013.  ^ "Ethnic Origin (247), Single and Multiple Ethnic Origin Responses (3) and Sex (3) for the Population of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2006 Census - 20% Sample Data". Statistics Canada. 7 April 2011. Retrieved 5 January 2013.  ^ Vartanian, Hrag (1 January 2000). " Armenians
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in Ontario and Quebec". AGBU. Archived from the original on 9 December 2010. Retrieved 5 January 2013.  ^ Ayvazyan 2003, p. 331. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Population by sex, age group and citizenship". Eurostat. Retrieved 4 January 2013.  ^ Dilsijian, Leonidas (24 April 2007). " Armenians
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in Greece". University of California, Irvine. ... Greece's 60,000-strong Armenian community ...  Missing or empty url= (help) ^ Bedevyan, Astghik (18 January 2011). "Հունաստանի հայ համայնքը պատրաստվում է Հայաստանի նախագահի հետ հանդիպմանը [Armenian community of Greece
Greece
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Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty
Armenian Service. Retrieved 5 January 2013.  ^ Итоги переписи населения Республики Абхазия 2011 года, г. (in Russian). Abkhazian Statistic Office. Retrieved 27 January 2013.  ^ Chirikba, Viacheslav (2008). Armenians
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and Their Dialects in Abkhazia. Amsterdam, New York: Evidence and Counter-Evidence, Festschrift Frederik Kortlandt.  ^ "Աբխազիայում պայքարում են հայկական դպրոցների կենսունակության համար [In Abkhazia, Armenians
Armenians
struggle for vitality of their schools]". Yerkir Media TV (in Armenian). 19 May 2011. Archived from the original on 11 June 2014.  ^ "01.03.2001 Population by district and ethnic group". Sofia: Republic of Bulgaria
Bulgaria
National Statistical Institute. 2001. Retrieved 5 January 2013.  ^ a b c d "Արեվելյան Եվրոպայի հայ համայնքների խնդիրները [Problems of the Armenians in Eastern Europe]" (PDF) (in Armenian). Yerevan: Noravank Foundation. 2011. Retrieved 27 January 2013.  ^ "1989 all-Soviet census: Ethnic structure of Uzbek SSR" (in Russian). Demoscope Weekly. Archived from the original on 25 January 2016. Retrieved 27 January 2013.  ^ Ilkhamov, Alisher (2002). Этнический атлас Узбекистана [Ethnic Atlas of Uzbekistan] (PDF) (in Russian). Open Society Institute. p. 32. ISBN 5-86280-010-7. [dead link] ^ "Армянский национальный культурный центр Узбекистана [Armenian national cultural center of Uzbekistan]" (in Russian). Armenian Internet Society. Retrieved 28 September 2012.  ^ Gayane Khachatryan (4 December 2008). "Իմ խորհուրդն է Հայաստանի հայերին՝ մնալ իրենց երկրում [Armenian ambassador in Spain: 'I advice Armenians
Armenians
of Armenia
Armenia
to stay in their country']". Azg Daily (in Armenian). Retrieved 5 January 2013.  ^ "Armenios, el genocidio olvidado". Diariocrítico. 8 May 2008. Retrieved 27 January 2013.  ^ Thon, Caroline (2012). Armenians
Armenians
in Hamburg: an ethnographic exploration into the relationship between diaspora and success. Berlin: Lit. p. 35. ISBN 978-3-643-90226-9.  ^ "Համայնքի մասին [About the community]" (in Armenian). Armenian embassy in Germany. Retrieved 27 January 2013.  ^ 2011 Census. Retrieved 27 November 2012. ^ "40,000 Polish- Armenians
Armenians
with no community". Armenians
Armenians
Today on-line newspaper, Armenian Ministry of Diaspora. 18 June 2011. Archived from the original on 26 September 2012. Retrieved 27 January 2013.  ^ Belhadj, Marnia (2010). Policies on Irregular Migrants France, Portugal
Portugal
and Poland. Strasbourg: Council of Europe. p. 118. ISBN 978-92-871-6768-2.  ^ "2006 Census of Population and Housing Ancestry (full classification list) by sex". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 4 February 2013.  ^ "Armenian-Australian Community". Armenian National Committee Of Australia. Retrieved 5 January 2013.  ^ "Բրազիլահայ համայնքը լուրջ խնդիրներ ունի [The Brazilian Armenian community has serious issues]". Panorama.am (in Armenian). 31 May 2012. Retrieved 5 January 2013.  ^ L. Yeghiazaryan; M. Nalbandyan-Margaryan. "Բրազիլահայ համայնք" (PDF). Lraber Hasarakakan Gitutyunneri. São Paulo: Armenian Academy of Sciences: 69. ... (35–40 հազար), մեր կարծիքով, ավելի մոտ է իրականությանը ...  ^ "Ethnic Composition of the Population of the Republic of Belarus". National Statistical Committee of the Republic of Belarus. Archived from the original on 29 July 2013. Retrieved 27 January 2013.  ^ a b c "Population". Armenia
Armenia
Diaspora
Diaspora
Conference Official Site. Archived from the original on 27 March 2008. Retrieved 5 January 2013.  ^ Hakobyan, Tatul (9 November 2008). "Ռոբերտ Քոչարյանը հանդիպեց Բելառուսի հայ համայնքի ներկայացուցիչներին [Robert Kocharyan met with the representatives of the Armenian community of Belarus]". Azg Daily (in Armenian). Retrieved 27 January 2013.  ^ Ayvazyan 2003, p. 203. ^ "Turkmenistan: Focus on Armenian migrants". IRIN. 6 May 2004. Retrieved 27 January 2013.  ^ Ethnic composition of Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
2010. Retrieved 7 July 2012. ^ Հայ համայնքը Ղազախստանում (in Armenian). Armenian embassy in Kazakhstan. Retrieved 27 January 2013.  ^ Martirosyan, Ara (9 November 2008). В Казахстане число армян возросло. Azg Daily (in Russian). Retrieved 27 January 2013. По его утверждению, за последние несколько лет число армян в Казахстане с 19 тыс. возросло до 25 тысяч.  ^ "Nationality and country of birth by age, sex and qualifications Jan - Dec 2013 (Excel sheet 60Kb)". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 11 June 2014.  ^ "The Community". Armenian Community and Church Council of Great Britain. Retrieved 27 January 2013.  ^ "Hongrie: Généralités d'ordre géographique, démolinguistique et politique [Hungary: Geography, demography and politics overview]" (in French). Université Laval. Archived from the original on 7 November 2012. Retrieved 27 January 2013.  ^ Ayvazyan 2003, p. 613. ^ "Իրաքում ընդհանուր առմամբ մնացել է շուրջ 10 հազար հայ [Around 10 thousand Armenians
Armenians
remain in Iraq]". News.am (in Armenian). 30 November 2011. Retrieved 27 January 2013.  ^ "Հոլանդական լրատվական կայքերից մեկի թուրք լրագրողը հեռացվել է աշխատանքից Հայոց ցեղասպանությունը ժխտելու եւ ներողություն չհայցելու համար [A Turk journalist fired from a Dutch news site for the denial of the Armenian Genocide]". News.am (in Armenian). 14 January 2010. Retrieved 27 January 2013.  ^ Ayvazyan 2003, p. 114. ^ We have around 6,000 Armenians
Armenians
in Kuwait, says ambassador ^ Ayvazyan 2003, p. 150. ^ Ghanalanyan, Tigran (17 January 2013). "Չեխիայի հայ համայնքը [The Armenian community of the Czech Republic]" (in Armenian). Noravank Foundation. Retrieved 27 January 2013.  ^ "Հայաստանի նախագահը՝ Շվեդիայում [Armenian President in Sweden]" (in Armenian). Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty Armenian Service. 7 February 2006. Retrieved 27 January 2013.  ^ Ayvazyan 2003, p. 92. ^ "Ethnic composition of Romania
Romania
2002". Retrieved 4 February 2013.  ^ Avakian, Florence (26 June 2012). "500th Anniversary of 'Church of Miracles' in Romania
Romania
to Be Celebrated in August". Armenian Mirror-Spectator (in Armenian). Archived from the original on June 22, 2014. Retrieved 22 June 2014.  ^ (in Latvian) Population of Latvia
Latvia
by ethnicity and citizenship, 01.07.2008.. Retrieved July 7, 2012. ^ "Հայերը փորձում են Լատվիան օգտագործել որպես ցատկահարթա՞կ դեպի Եվրոպա ճանապարհին" [ Armenians
Armenians
trying to use Latvia
Latvia
as a springboard on their way to Europe]. News.am (in Armenian). 23 November 2011. Retrieved 6 January 2013.  ^ "Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach detaillierter Staatsangehörigkeit" (in German). Swiss Federal Statistical Office. Archived from the original on 16 October 2012. Retrieved 27 January 2013.  ^ Hovhannisyan, Lilt. Սփյուռքն ու Հայաստանը պետք է կազմակերպվեն. Sobesednik Armenii (in Armenian). Retrieved 27 January 2013.  ^ Ayvazyan 2003, p. 539. ^ "Main results - Census of population 2001". Republic of Cyprus, Ministry of Interior, Press and Information Office. Archived from the original on 3 February 2017. Retrieved 4 February 2013.  ^ Hovyan, Vahram. "Կիպրահայ համայնք. համայնքային, քաղաքական եվ սոցիալական որոշ հարցեր [Cypriot Armenian community: community, political and social issues]" (in Armenian). Noravank Foundation. Retrieved 27 January 2013.  ^ "Eestis elab 192 rahvuse esindajaid". Õhtuleht. Retrieved 5 January 2013. [permanent dead link] ^ "Էստոնիայում հայերը հիմնականում ինտելիենցիայի ներկայացուցիչներ են [In Estonia, Armenians
Armenians
are mostly part of the intelligentsia]" (in Armenian). PanARMENIAN.Net. 16 November 2004. Retrieved 27 January 2013.  ^ Ayvazyan 2003, p. 220. ^ Ayvazyan 2003, p. 149. ^ Ayvazyan 2003, p. 581. ^ Ayvazyan 2003, p. 367. ^ Safonov, Igor (3 June 2011). "Армянин – он и в Молдове армянин [An Armenian is an Armenian in Moldova as well]". Panorama.md (in Russian). Archived from the original on 8 May 2016. Retrieved 6 January 2013.  ^ "Population by ethnicity (2001 Census)". Department of Statistics to the Government of the Republic of Lithuania
Lithuania
(Statistics Lithuania), 2005. Archived from the original on 5 May 2009. Retrieved 5 January 2013.  ^ Yurkyavichene, Yelena (28 July 2011). "Сурен Сергеев: "Армяне живут в Литве с ХVI века" [Suren Sergeyev: " Armenians
Armenians
live in Lithuania
Lithuania
since 16th century]". Nedelia.lt (in Russian). Retrieved 6 January 2013.  ^ "Armenian Quarter". Armenians
Armenians
in Holy Land. Retrieved 27 January 2013.  ^ Ayvazyan 2003, p. 214. ^ National Statistical Service of Artsakh. "De Jure Population (Urban, Rural) by Age and Ethnicity" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 March 2009. Retrieved 5 January 2013.  ^ Ethnic composition of Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan
2009. Retrieved 7 July 2012. ^ (in Russian) Этнический состав Азербайджана (по переписи 1999 года) Archived August 21, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. Demoscope Weekly "... в пределах 2–3 тысяч ..." ^ de Waal, Thomas (2003). Black Garden: Armenia
Armenia
and Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan
Through Peace and War. New York: New York University Press. p. 104. ISBN 978-0-8147-1945-9.  ^ Population and Housing Census 2009. Book
Book
2. Part 1. (in tables). Population of Kyrgyzstan. (Перепись населения и жилищного фонда Кыргызской Республики 2009. Книга 2. Часть 1. (в таблицах). Население Кыргызстана) (PDF) (in Russian), Bishkek: National Committee on Statistics, 2010, archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-08-10  ^ "Հայ համայնքը Ղրղզստանում [Armenian community in Kyrgyzstan]" (in Armenian). Armenian embassy in Kazakhstan. Retrieved 27 January 2013.  ^ Ayvazyan 2003, p. 436. ^ "Persons with immigrant background by immigration category, country background and gender. 1 January 2012". Statistics Norway. Archived from the original on 7 August 2011. Retrieved 27 January 2013.  ^ Ayvazyan 2003, p. 420. ^ Ayvazyan 2003, p. 620. ^ "Մալթայի հայ համայնքը ապրիլի 24-ին հավաքվել է խաչքար-հուշարձանի մոտ [Malta's Armenian community gathered near a khachkar-memorial on April 24]". PanARMENIAN.Net. 25 April 2011. Retrieved 27 January 2013.  ^ a b Ayvazyan 2003, p. 535. ^ Ayvazyan 2003, p. 31. ^ Ayvazyan 2003, p. 403. ^ "Попис становништва, домаћинстава и станова 2011. у Републици Србији Становништво према националној припадности [Census of Population, Households and Dwellings for 2011. in the Republic of Serbia
Serbia
Population by ethnicity]" (PDF). Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 27 January 2013.  ^ Avagyan, Sona (11 December 2009). "Սերբիայի 300 հոգանոց հայկական համայնքը ձուլվում է [Serbia's Armenian community of 300 people assimilating]" (in Armenian). Hetq Online. Archived from the original on 14 January 2013. Retrieved 23 September 2012.  ^ Asadrian, Hagop (13 August 2009). "Սքոփիէյի հայ համայնքը պիտի ունենայ իր շաբաթօրեայ դպրոցը [Skopje's Armenian community to have a Saturday school]". Hairenik
Hairenik
(in Armenian). Archived from the original on June 22, 2014. Retrieved 22 June 2014.  ^ a b Ayvazyan 2003, p. 351. ^ Ayvazyan 2003, p. 419. ^ Ayvazyan 2003, p. 357. ^ "Իռլանդիայի 150 հայ բնակիչները եկեղեցու եւ դպրոցի կարիք ունեն [150 Armenians
Armenians
of Ireland in need of a church and school]" (in Armenian). Noravank Foundation. 9 September 2010. Retrieved 27 January 2013.  ^ Ayvazyan 2003, p. 165. ^ Ayvazyan 2003, p. 350. ^ "175 and Counting: Armenians
Armenians
in Singapore
Singapore
celebrate church anniversary". ArmeniaNow'. 11 March 2011. Retrieved 5 January 2013.  ^ Ayvazyan 2003, p. 438. ^ "Year 2000 census - Results of Special
Special
Tabulation on Foreigners". stat.go.jp. Statistics Bureau of Japan. Archived from the original on December 25, 2007.  ^ Ayvazyan 2003, p. 387. ^ "Armenian community of Malaysia
Malaysia
makes efforts on preserving own language, faith and culture". armenpress.am.  ^ Ayvazyan 2003, p. 173. ^ "Stanovništvo prema narodnosti - detaljna klasifikacija - Popis 2011". dzs.hr (in Armenian). Croatian Bureau of Statistics. Archived from the original on 7 October 2017. Armenci 37  ^ Ayvazyan 2003, p. 391. ^ ATV (25 June 2016). "'Away from Home Maldives
Maldives
№5". YouTube. Retrieved 25 June 2016.  ^ Alastair Lawson (10 January 2003). "The mission of Dhaka's last Armenian". BBC. Retrieved 23 January 2015. 

Bibliography

Ayvazyan, Hovhannes (2003). Հայ Սփյուռք հանրագիտարան [Encyclopedia of Armenian Diaspora] (in Armenian). 1. Yerevan: Armenian Encyclopedia publishing. ISBN 5-89700-020-4.  de Waal, Thomas (2003). Black Garden: Armenia
Armenia
and Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan
Through Peace and War. New York: New York University Press. ISBN 978-0-8147-1945-9. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Armenian diaspora.

Armenian Ministry of Diaspora
Diaspora
official website Hayern Aysor ( Armenians
Armenians
Today) Official site of the Armenian Ministry of the Diaspora ArmDiasporaMuseum.com The Armenian Diaspora
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Today: Anthropological Perspectives. Articles in the Caucasus
Caucasus
Anallytical Digest No. 29

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Armenian diaspora

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Traditional areas of Armenian settlement

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European diasporas

Central Europe

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Eastern Europe

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Western Europe

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1 Russia
Russia
is a transcontinental country in Eastern Europe and Northern Asia. The vast majority of its population (80%) lives in European Russia, therefore Russia
Russia
as a whole is included as a European country here. 2 Turkey
Turkey
is a transcontinental country in the Middle East and Southeast Europe. It has a small part of its territory (3%) in Southeast Europe called Turkish Thrace. 3 Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia are transcontinental countries. Both have a small part of their territories in the European part of the Caucasus. 4 Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
is a transcontinental country. It has a small part of its territories located west of the Urals in Eastern Europe. 5 Cyprus
Cyprus
is entirely in Southwest Asia, but has socio-political and historical connections with Europe.

v t e

Armenia articles

History  (timeline)

Early

Origins Name Kura–Araxes culture Hayk Hayasa-Azzi Mitanni Nairi Kingdom of Urartu Median kingdom Orontid Dynasty Achaemenid Empire

Satrapy of Armenia

Kingdom of Armenia Roman Armenia Parthian Empire Byzantine Armenia Sasanian Armenia

Middle

Arminiya Sajids Bagratuni Armenia Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia Sallarids Ilkhanate Chobanids Ag Qoyunlu Kara Koyunlu Ottoman Armenia 1508–1828 Persian Armenia Safavid Iran Afsharid Iran Qajar Iran

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Russian Armenia

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Geography

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Outline Index

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