Armand Blanquet du Chayla
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Count Armand Simon Marie Blanquet du Chayla (9 May 1759 – 29 April 1826) was an officer in the
French Navy The French Navy (french: Marine nationale, lit=National Navy), informally , is the maritime arm of the French Armed Forces The French Armed Forces (french: Forces armées françaises) encompass the Army An army (from Latin ''arma'' "ar ...
, most famous as second in command of the French fleet during its defeat at the
Battle of the Nile The Battle of the Nile (also known as the Battle of Aboukir Bay; french: Bataille d'Aboukir) was a major naval battle fought between the British Royal Navy The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare Naval warfare is com ...

Battle of the Nile
.


Early actions

Du Chayla was born in
Marvejols Marvejols (; oc, Maruèjols), is a commune An intentional community is a voluntary residential community designed from the start to have a high degree of group cohesiveness, social cohesion and teamwork. The members of an intentional com ...
in the
Lozère Lozère (; oc, Losera ) is a landlocked department Department may refer to: * Departmentalization, division of a larger organization into parts with specific responsibility Government and military *Department (country subdivision), a geographi ...

Lozère
department in southeast
France France (), officially the French Republic (french: link=no, République française), is a transcontinental country This is a list of countries located on more than one continent A continent is one of several large landmasses ...

France
. As a young naval officer, he distinguished himself during the
American Revolutionary War The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), also known as the Revolutionary War and the American War of Independence, was initiated by delegates from Thirteen Colonies, thirteen American colonies of British America in Continental Congress ...
, serving under
Admiral d'Estaing Jean Baptiste Charles Henri Hector, comte d'Estaing (24 November 1729 – 28 April 1794) was a France, French General officer, general and admiral. He began his service as a soldier in the War of the Austrian Succession, briefly spending time as a p ...
. He was captured in 1778, and released two years later. He served under
Admiral de Grasse Admiral is one of the highest ranks in some navies A navy, naval force, or maritime force is the branch of a nation's armed forces A military, also known collectively as armed forces, is a heavily armed, highly organized force pr ...
aboard the ''Languedoc'' and took part in the Battle of Martinique. Du Chayla also fought at the
Battle of the Chesapeake The Battle of the Chesapeake, also known as the Battle of the Virginia Capes or simply the Battle of the Capes, was a crucial naval battle in the American Revolutionary War The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), also known as the ...
and at the
Battle of St. Kitts The Battle of Saint Kitts, also known as the Battle of Frigate Bay, was a naval battle fought on 25 and 26 January 1782 during the American Revolutionary War between a British fleet under Rear Admiral Samuel Hood, 1st Viscount Hood, Sir Samuel Ho ...
, and was wounded at the
Battle of the Saintes The Battle of the Saintes (known to the French as the Bataille de la Dominique), also known as the Battle of Dominica, was an important naval battle in the Caribbean between the British and the French that took place 9–12 April 1782. The Briti ...
. After the war, Du Chayla was promoted to ''Lieutenant de vaisseau'', and later to ''capitaine de vaisseau'', obtaining command of the ''Tonnant''. During the
French Revolutionary Wars The French Revolutionary Wars (french: Guerres de la Révolution française) were a series of sweeping military conflicts lasting from 1792 until 1802 and resulting from the French Revolution. They pitted French First Republic, France against Gr ...
, he took part in the campaigns on the Italian coasts. In 1793, he was relieved from command because of his nobility, but was soon reinstated. He served as aide to the Minister of the Navy from 1795 to 1797, before being promoted to division commander in 1796, and to
contre-amiral Counter admiral is a rank Rank is the relative position, value, worth, complexity, power, importance, authority, level, etc. of a person or object within a ranking A ranking is a relationship between a set of items such that, for any two items ...
soon later.


Battle of the Nile, and aftermath

In 1798, as a
rear admiral Rear admiral is a senior naval A navy, naval force, or maritime force is the branch of a nation's armed forces A military, also known collectively as armed forces, is a heavily armed, highly organized force primarily intended for wa ...
, Chayla hoisted his flag aboard the ''Franklin'' as second in command of the fleet under Admiral
François-Paul Brueys d'Aigalliers Vice-Admiral François-Paul Brueys d'Aigalliers, Comte de Brueys (12 February 1753 – 1 August 1798) was the French commander in the Battle of the Nile The Battle of the Nile (also known as the Battle of Aboukir Bay; french: Bataille d'Abouk ...

François-Paul Brueys d'Aigalliers
during the campaign in Egypt. Chayla fought gallantly during the battle and tried in vain to persuade Brueys to order the fleet to set sail. He was severely wounded in the French defeat, and he and the ''Franklin'' were both captured by the
Royal Navy The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare Naval warfare is combat Combat ( French for ''fight'') is a purposeful violent conflict meant to physically harm or kill the opposition. Combat may be armed (using weapon A ...
. After his return to France, Chayla was a fierce critic of the tactics of Villeneuve,
Decrès
Decrès
and
Ganteaume
Ganteaume
, and resigned in 1803. He was later rehabilitated by Napoléon. He was made a
Count Count (feminine: countess) is a historical title of nobility Nobility is a social class normally ranked immediately below Royal family, royalty and found in some societies that have a formal aristocracy (class), aristocracy. Nobility ...

Count
and honorary
vice-admiral Vice admiral is a senior naval flag officer A flag officer is a Officer (armed forces), commissioned officer in a nation's armed forces senior enough to be entitled to fly a flag to mark the position from which the officer exercises command. T ...
by
Louis XVIII of France Louis XVIII (Louis Stanislas Xavier; 17 November 1755 – 16 September 1824), known as the Desired (), was King of France The monarchs of the Kingdom of France The Kingdom of France ( fro, Reaume de France, frm, Royaulme de Franc ...

Louis XVIII of France
. Chayla died in Versailles on 29 April 1826.


External links

*
Netmarine


by the German porta
EPOCHE NAPOLEON
French Navy admirals French sailors 1759 births 1826 deaths French military personnel of the American Revolutionary War French military personnel of the French Revolutionary Wars Knights of the First French Empire {{France-mil-bio-stub