The GOVERNMENT OF ARGENTINA, within the framework of a federal system
, is a presidential representative democratic republic . The President
Argentina is both head of state and head of government . Executive
power is exercised by the President.
Legislative power is vested in
both the Executive and the National Congress . The
independent from the Executive and from the Legislature.
* 1 Executive Branch
* 2 Legislative branch
* 2.1 Current situation
* 4 Provincial and municipal governments
* 5 References
* 6 External links
The current composition of the Executive Branch includes only the
Head of State
Head of State and ]
President , formally given the power over the
Administration to follow through with the interests of the Nation. The
President is also the Chief of the Argentine Armed Forces.
President and the Vice
President are elected through universal
suffrage by the nation considered as a whole. The Constitutional
reform of 1994 introduced a two-round system by which the winning
President ticket has to receive EITHER more than 45% of
the overall valid votes, or at least 40% of it AND a 10% lead over the
runner-up. In any other case, the two leading tickets get to face a
second round whose victor will be decided by a simple majority. This
mechanism was not necessary in the 1995 election , when it could have
first come into use, nor in the 1999 one, nor in the last two
presidential elections, occurred in 2007 and 2011 . However, it was
instrumental in the selection of
Néstor Kirchner in 2003 .
The cabinet of ministers is appointed by the president, but is not
technically part of the Executive Power. The vice-president, Gabriela
Michetti , belongs to the legislative branch, since she is also the
president of the Senate. The
Casa Rosada , official residence of
President of Argentina
President of Argentina
Mauricio Macri has held office since December 10, 2015. As
of December 11, 2015, his cabinet consists of the following ministers:
Chief of the Cabinet of Ministers
Chief of the Cabinet of Ministers : MARCOS PEñA
* Minister of Foreign Relations (commonly known as the Chancellor ):
* Minister of the Treasury and Public Finances : ALFONSO PRAT-GAY
* Minister of Defense : JULIO MARTíNEZ
* Minister of Justice and Human Rights: GERMáN GARAVANO
* Minister of Energy: JUAN JOSE ARANGUREN
* Minister of Security: PATRICIA BULLRICH
* Minister of the Interior: ROGELIO FRIGERIO
* Minister of Labor, Employment and Social Security: JORGE TRIACA
* Minister of Modernization: ANDRES IBARRA
* Minister of Communications: OSCAR AGUAD
* Minister of Health: JORGE LEMUS
* Minister of Education: ESTEBAN BULLRICH
* Minister of Science, Technology and Innovative Production: LINO
* Minister of Social Development: CAROLINA STANLEY
* Minister of Production: FRANCISCO CABRERA
* Minister of Transportation: GUILLERMO DIETRICH
* Minister of Agriculture: RICARDO BURYAILE
* Minister of Tourism: GUSTAVO SANTOS
* Minister of Culture: PABLO AVELLUTO
* Minister of Environment and Sustainable Development: RABBI SERGIO
The Argentine National Legislature.
The National Congress (Spanish : Congreso Nacional) constitutes the
legislative branch of government. The Congress consists of the Senate
(72 seats), presided by the Vice-
President of the Nation, and the
Chamber of Deputies (257 seats), currently presided by Julián
Domínguez , deputy for
Buenos Aires province
Buenos Aires province . Senators stay in
office for six years, and deputies, for four.
Each of the Provinces and the Autonomous City of
Buenos Aires elect
deputies and senators directly. Deputies are representatives of the
whole people of the Nation, while Senators represent their districts.
Each district elects a number of deputies roughly proportional to
their overall population by proportional representation , and three
senators: two for the majority, and one for the first minority.
Members of both chambers are allowed indefinite re-elections.
Every two years, each of the 24 electoral districts (the twenty-three
Provinces and the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires) elects one half of
their lower chamber representatives. Districts with an odd number of
Deputies elect one more or one fewer of them on each election. As for
the Senators, the twenty-four districts are divided into three groups
consisting of eight districts. Every two years all eight districts of
one of those groups elect all their three senators, assigning two of
them from the party that obtains the majority, and one from the first
minority party. Six years later, the same group of districts will hold
its next senatorial elections.
Parts of this article (those related to current composition of
Argentine Congress) need to be UPDATED. Please update this article to
reflect recent events or newly available information.
Last update: 2012 (December 2011)
Following the 9/11 mid-term elections , half the Chamber of Deputies
seats and one third of the seats in the Senate were subjected to the
ballot box. The FRONT FOR VICTORY (FPV) and other allies of Néstor
and Cristina Kirchner , Argentina's progressive ruling couple, secured
113 of 257 seats in the lower house, losing 24 seats and their
previous absolute majority (the fractious JUSTICIALIST PARTY , to
which the FPV formally adheres, continue to enjoy the control of the
lower house since 1989). Among Justicialists representatives, a
further 17 seats went to anti-Kirchnerites (mostly conservatives ),
gaining just one seat from the previous situation. The centrist social
democratic RADICAL CIVIC UNION , Argentina's oldest party, allied
itself in various districts with the centrist CIVIC COALITION or with
the social democratic SOCIALIST PARTY , secured 77 seats, thus gaining
16. The conservative REPUBLICAN PROPOSAL secured 26 seats, gaining 12
from the previous election. A further 24 seats went to smaller
parties, mostly provincially oriented, but also from the center-left
Something similar took place in the Senate, where the Kirchners'
FRONT FOR VICTORY secured 36 of 72 seats (losing 4), the UCR /CC /PS
grouping secured 23 (gaining 7), and the JUSTICIALIST PARTY wing
opposed to the Kirchners maintained their presence of 9 seats.
Smaller, provincial parties were left with 4 seats in all (losing 3);
Justicialists (pro or against the current Administration) maintained
the control over the Senate they've enjoyed since 1983.
Riding a wave of approval during a dramatic economic recovery from a
2001-02 crisis, the Kirchners' FPV enjoyed increasingly large
majorities in Congress, reaching a peak at the 2007 general elections
(153 Congressmen and 44 Senators). However, soon after, on July 16,
2008, a presidentially sponsored bill to increase Argentina's export
taxes on the basis of a sliding scale met with a legislative deadlock,
and was ultimately defeated by the tie-breaking "against" vote of Vice
Julio Cobos . That controversial law cost the FPV 16
Congressmen and 4 Senators by way of defections.
In 2009 elections, FPV candidates lost in the four most important
electoral districts (home to 60% of Argentines), only in the Province
Buenos Aires by a narrow difference. Considering the overall
national vote, FPV obtained only a very narrow victory, becoming the
Congress first minority from December 10, 2009, onward. This will be
reflected in strengthened opposition alliances, notably the
center-right Unión Pro , the center-left
Civic Coalition and the
left-wing Proyecto Sur, when elected candidates in both chambers take
office on December 11, 2009.
Main building of the Argentine Supreme Court.
Judiciary Branch is composed of federal judges and others with
different jurisdictions, and a Supreme Court with nine members (one
President, one Vice-
President and seven Ministers), appointed by the
President with approval of the Senate, who may be deposed by Congress.
As of December 2015 there are six vacancies, which then President
Kirchner stated she did not intend to fill.
President of the Supreme Court: Dr. Ricardo L. Lorenzetti
President of the Supreme Court: Dra. Elena I. Highton de
* Minister of the Court: Dr.
Juan Carlos Maqueda
PROVINCIAL AND MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENTS
Administrative divisions of Argentina
Administrative divisions of Argentina
Argentina is divided into 23 districts called Provinces and one
autonomous district , which hosts the national capital, the Autonomous
Buenos Aires (which is conurbated into the province of Buenos
Aires ). Each of the provinces has its own constitution, laws,
authorities, form of government, etc., though these must first and
foremost comply with the national constitution and laws.
The government of each province has three branches. The Executive,
Legislative and Judiciary. The Executive branch is led by a Governor .
The Legislative Branch may be organized as a unicameral or a bicameral
system (that is, either one or two chambers or houses).
Each province, except for
Buenos Aires Province , is divided into
districts called departments (departamentos). Departaments are merely
administrative divisions; they do not have governing structures or
authorities of their own. They are in turn divided into municipalities
(cities, towns and villages). Each province has its own naming
conventions and government systems for different kinds of
municipalities. For example, Córdoba Province has municipios (cities)
and comunas (towns);
Santa Fe Province
Santa Fe Province further distinguishes between
first- and second- tier municipios;