The Senate ( es|Senado de la Nación) is the upper house of the National Congress of Argentina
The National Senate was established by the Argentine Confederation
on July 29, 1854, pursuant to Articles 46 to 54 of the 1853 Constitution. There are 72 members: three for each province
and three for the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires
. The number of senators per province was raised from two to three following the 1994 amendment of the Argentine Constitution
, and the change took effect following the May 14, 1995, general elections
Senators are elected to six-year terms by direct election on a provincial basis, with the party with the most votes being awarded two of the province's senate seats and the second-place party receiving the third seat. Historically, Senators were indirectly elected
to nine-year terms by each provincial legislature. These provisions were abrogated by a 1994 constitutional amendment, and direct elections to the Senate took effect in 2001. Currently one-third of the members are elected every two years. One-third of the provinces hold senatorial elections every two years; there are no term limits.
The Vice President of the Republic
is ''ex officio'' President of the Senate, with a casting vote in the event of a tie. In practice, the Provisional President
presides over the chamber most of the time.
The Senate must obtain quorum
to deliberate, this being an absolute majority. It has the power to approve bills passed by the Chamber of Deputies
, call for joint sessions with the Lower House or special sessions with experts and interested parties, and submit bills for the president's signature; bills introduced in the Senate must, in turn, be approved by the Lower House for their submittal to the president. The Senate must introduce any changes to federal revenue sharing
policies, ratify international treaties, approve changes to constitutional or federal criminal laws, as well as confirm or impeach presidential nominees to the cabinet, the judiciary, the armed forces, and the diplomatic corps, among other federal posts.
There are twenty-four standing committees made up of
fifteen members each, namely:
*Agreements (confirmation of federal nominees)
*Foreign Affairs and Worship
*Justice and Criminal Affairs
*Budget and Finance
*Administrative and Municipal Affairs
*Domestic Security and Drug Trafficking
*National Economy and Investment
*Industry and Trade
*Regional Economies, Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises
*Labor and Social Security
*Agriculture, Cattle Raising and Fishing
*Education, Culture, Science and Technology
*Rights and Guarantees
*Mining, Energy and Fuels
*Health and Sports
*Infrastructure, Housing and Transport
*Systems, Media and Freedom of Speech
*Environment and Human Development
*Population and Human Development
*Federal Revenue Sharing
According to Section 55 of the Argentine Constitution, candidates for the Argentine Senate must:
* be at least 30 years old
* have been a citizen of Argentina for six years
* be native to the province of his office, or have been a resident of that province for two years.
:''See List of current members of the Argentine Senate''
The current members of the Senate were elected in 2015, 2017 and 2019.
The titular President of the Senate is the Vice President of Argentina. However, day to day leadership of the Senate is exercised by the Provisional President.
Current leadership positions include:
*List of current Argentine senators
*Argentine Chamber of Deputies
*List of former Argentine Senators
*List of legislatures by country
Category:National Congress of Argentina
Category:1854 establishments in Argentina