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The Chamber of Deputies is the lower house of the Argentine National Congress. The Chamber holds exclusive rights to levy taxes; to draft troops; and to accuse the President, cabinet ministers, and members of the Supreme Court before the Senate.

Current composition

It has 257 seats and one-half of the members are elected every two years to serve four-year terms by the people of each district (23 provinces and the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires) using proportional representation, D'Hondt formula with a 3% of the district registered voters threshold, and the following distribution:

By province

Province Deputies Population (2010)
Buenos Aires City 25 2,890,151
Buenos Aires 70 15,625,084
Catamarca 5 367,828
Chaco 7 1,053,466
Chubut 5 506,668
Córdoba 18 3,304,825
Corrientes 7 993,338
Entre Ríos 9 1,236,300
Formosa 5 527,895
Jujuy 6 672,260
La Pampa 5 316,940
La Rioja 5 331,847
Mendoza 10 1,741,610
Misiones 7 1,097,829
Neuquén 5 550,334
Río Negro 5 633,374
Salta 7 1,215,207
San Juan 6 680,427
San Luis 5 431,588
Santa Cruz 5 272,524
Santa Fe 19 3,200,736
Santiago del Estero 7 896,461
Tierra del Fuego 5 126,190
Tucumán 9 1,448,200

By political groups

All data from official website.[1]

Interblock Block President of the block
Cambiemos (108) (President: Mario Negri) Pro (55) Nicolás Massot
Unión Cívica Radical (40) Mario Negri
Coalición Cívica (10) Elisa Carrió
Partido por la Justicia Social (1) Beatriz Ávila
Frente Cívico y Social de Catamarca (1) Eduardo Brizuela del Moral
Salta Somos Todos (1) Alfredo Olmedo
Frente para la Victoria-PJ (65) Agustín Rossi
Argentina Federal (31) (President: Pablo Kosiner) Justicialista (19) Pablo Kosiner
Frente de la Concordia Misionero (5) Jorge Daniel Franco
Córdoba Federal (4) Martín Llaryora
Justicialista por Tucumán (2) Pablo Raul Yedlin
Primero Tucumán (1) José Fernando Orellana
Frente Renovador UNA (20) (President: Graciela Camaño) Federal Unidos por Una Nueva Argentina (17) Graciela Camaño
Chubut Somos Todos (1) Jorge Taboada
Córdoba Trabajo y Producción (1) Adriana Mónica Nazario
Trabajo y Dignidad (1) Rosa Rosario Muñoz
Frente Cívico por Santiago (6) Hugo Infante
Peronismo para la Victoria (4) Leonardo Grosso
Socialdemócrata (4) (President: Martín Lousteau) Evolución Radical (3) Martín Lousteau
Partido Intransigente de Mendoza (1) José Luis Ramón
Compromiso Federal (4) Ivana Bianchi
Todos Juntos por San Juan (3) Todos Juntos por San Juan (1) Walberto Enrique Allende
Somos San Juan (1) María Florencia Peñaloza Marianetti
Partido Bloquista de San Juan (1) Graciela María Caselles
PTS-Frente de Izquierda (2) Nicolás del Caño
Elijo Catamarca (2) Gustavo Saadi
One deputy parties (8) Concertación Forja (1) Juan Manuel Pereyra
Frente de Izquierda y de los Trabajadores(1) Romina del Plá
Nuevo Espacio Santafesino (1) Alejandra Rodenas
Libres del Sur (1) Victoria Donda
Partido Socialista (1) Luis Contigiani
Movimiento Popular Neuquino (1) Alma “Chani” Sapag
Primero Argentina (1) Alejandro Ramos
Somos Mendoza (1) Omar Félix

Requirements

In order for an Argentine citizen to be elected to congress, they have to fulfil certain requirements: He or she has to be at least twenty five years old with at least four years of active citizenship and it has to be naturalized in the province that is being elected to or at least have two years of immediate residency in said province, according to art. 48 or the Argentine Constitution.

History

The Chamber of Deputies was provided for in the Constitution of Argentina, ratified on May 1, 1853. Eligibility requisites are that members be at least twenty-five years old, and have been a resident of the province they represent for at least four years; as congressional seats are elected at-large, members nominally represent their province, rather than a district.[2]

Otherwise patterned after Article One of the United States Constitution per legal scholar Juan Bautista Alberdi's treatise, Bases de la Constitución Argentina, the chamber was originally apportioned in one seat per 33,000 inhabitants. The constitution made no provision for a national census, however, and because the Argentine population doubled every twenty years from 1870 to 1930 as a result of immigration (disproportionately benefiting Buenos Aires and the Pampas area provinces), censuses were conducted generationally, rather than every decade, until 1947.[3]

Apportionment controversy

The distribution of the Chamber of Deputies is regulated since 1983 by Law 22.847, also called Ley Bignone, enacted by the last Argentine dictator, General Reynaldo Bignone, ahead of the 1983 general elections. This law established that, initially, each province shall have one deputy per 161,000 inhabitants, with standard rounding; after this is calculated, each province is granted three more deputies. If a province has fewer than five deputies, the number of deputies for that province is increased to reach that minimum.

Controversially, apportionment remains based on the 1980 population census, and has not been modified since 1983; national censuses since then have been conducted in 1991, 2001, and 2010. The minimum of five seat per province allots the smaller ones a disproportionately large representation, as well. Accordingly, this distribution does not reflect Argentina's current population balance.

Presidents of the Chamber

The President of the Chamber is elected by the majority caucus. The officeholders for this post since 1983 have been:

Term began Term ended Officeholder Party Province
December 10, 1983 April 3, 1989 Juan Carlos Pugliese UCR  Buenos Aires Province
April 3, 1989 July 8, 1989 Leopoldo Moreau UCR  Buenos Aires Province
July 8, 1989 December 10, 1999 Alberto Pierri PJ  Buenos Aires Province
December 10, 1999 December 10, 2001 Rafael Pascual UCR  City of Buenos Aires
December 10, 2001 December 10, 2005 Eduardo Camaño PJ  Buenos Aires Province
December 10, 2005 December 10, 2007 Alberto Balestrini FPV - PJ  Buenos Aires Province
December 10, 2007 December 6, 2011 Eduardo Fellner FPV - PJ  Jujuy
December 6, 2011 December 4, 2015 Julián Domínguez FPV - PJ  Buenos Aires Province
December 4, 2015 to date Emilio Monzó PRO-Cambiemos  Buenos Aires Province

Current authorities

Leadership positions include:

Title Officeholder Party Province
Chamber President Emilio Monzó PRO-Cambiemos  Buenos Aires Province
First Vice-President José Luis Gioja FPV-PJ  San Juan
Second Vice-President Patricia Giménez UCR  Mendoza
Third Vice-President Felipe Solá PJ-FR  Buenos Aires Province
Parliamentary Secretary Eugenio Inchausti
Administrative Secretary Florencia Romano
Coordinating Secretary María Luz Alonso

See also

References

External links