The government of Argentina, within the framework of a federal system,
is a presidential representative democratic republic. The
Argentina is both head of state and head of government. Executive
power is exercised by the President.
Legislative power is vested in
both the Executive and the National Congress. The
independent from the Executive and from the Legislature.
1 Executive branch
2 Legislative branch
2.1 Current situation
4 Provincial and municipal governments
6 External links
The current composition of the Executive Branch includes only the Head
of State and [] President, formally given the power over the
Administration to follow through with the interests of the Nation. The
President is also the Chief of the Argentine Armed Forces.
President and the Vice
President are elected through universal
suffrage by the nation considered as a whole. The Constitutional
reform of 1994 introduced a two-round system by which the winning
President ticket has to receive either more than 45% of
the overall valid votes, or at least 40% of it and a 10% lead over the
runner-up. In any other case, the two leading tickets get to face a
second round whose victor will be decided by a simple majority. This
mechanism was not necessary in the 1995 election, when it could have
first come into use, nor in the 1999 election, nor in the last two
presidential elections, occurred in 2007 and 2011. However, it was
instrumental in the selection of
Néstor Kirchner in 2003.
The cabinet of ministers is appointed by the president, but is not
technically part of the Executive Power. The
vice-president, Gabriela Michetti, belongs to the legislative branch,
since she is also the president of the Senate.
The Casa Rosada, official residence of the
President of Argentina
Mauricio Macri has held office since December 10, 2015. As
of December 11, 2015, his cabinet consists of the following
Chief of the Cabinet of Ministers: Marcos Peña
Minister of Foreign Relations (commonly known as the Chancellor):
Minister of the Treasury: Nicolás Dujovne
Minister of the Finance: Luis Caputo
Minister of Defense: Julio Martínez
Minister of Justice and Human Rights: Germán Garavano
Minister of Energy: Juan Jose Aranguren
Minister of Security: Patricia Bullrich
Minister of the Interior: Rogelio Frigerio
Minister of Labor, Employment and Social Security: Jorge Triaca
Minister of Modernization: Andres Ibarra
Minister of Communications: Oscar Aguad
Minister of Health: Jorge Lemus
Minister of Education: Esteban Bullrich
Minister of Science, Technology and Innovative Production: Lino
Minister of Social Development: Carolina Stanley
Minister of Production: Francisco Cabrera
Minister of Transportation: Guillermo Dietrich
Minister of Agriculture: Ricardo Buryaile
Minister of Tourism: Gustavo Santos
Minister of Culture: Pablo Avelluto
Minister of Environment and Sustainable Development: Rabbi Sergio
The Argentine National Legislature.
The National Congress (Spanish: Congreso Nacional) constitutes the
legislative branch of government. The Congress consists of the Senate
(72 seats), presided by the Vice-
President of the Nation, and the
Chamber of Deputies (257 seats), currently presided by Julián
Domínguez, deputy for
Buenos Aires province. Senators stay in office
for six years, and deputies, for four.
Each of the Provinces and the Autonomous City of
Buenos Aires elect
deputies and senators directly. Deputies are representatives of the
whole people of the Nation, while Senators represent their districts.
Each district elects a number of deputies roughly proportional to
their overall population by proportional representation, and three
senators: two for the majority, and one for the first minority.
Members of both chambers are allowed indefinite re-elections.
Every two years, each of the 24 electoral districts (the twenty-three
Provinces and the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires) elects one half of
their lower chamber representatives. Districts with an odd number of
Deputies elect one more or one fewer of them on each election. As for
the Senators, the twenty-four districts are divided into three groups
consisting of eight districts. Every two years all eight districts of
one of those groups elect all their three senators, assigning two of
them from the party that obtains the majority, and one from the first
minority party. Six years later, the same group of districts will hold
its next senatorial elections.
Parts of this article (those related to current composition of
Argentine Congress) need to be updated. Please update this article to
reflect recent events or newly available information.
Last update: 2012 (December 2011)
Following the 9/11 mid-term elections, half the Chamber of Deputies
seats and one third of the seats in the Senate were subjected to the
ballot box. The
Front for Victory
Front for Victory (FPV) and other allies of Néstor
and Cristina Kirchner, Argentina's progressive ruling couple, secured
113 of 257 seats in the lower house, losing 24 seats and their
previous absolute majority (the fractious
Justicialist Party, to which
the FPV formally adheres, continue to enjoy the control of the lower
house since 1989). Among Justicialists
representatives, a further 17 seats went to anti-Kirchnerites (mostly
conservatives), gaining just one seat from the previous situation. The
centrist social democratic Radical Civic Union, Argentina's oldest
party, allied itself in various districts with the centrist Civic
Coalition or with the social democratic Socialist Party, secured 77
seats, thus gaining 16. The conservative
Republican Proposal secured
26 seats, gaining 12 from the previous election. A further 24 seats
went to smaller parties, mostly provincially oriented, but also from
the center-left spectrum.
Something similar took place in the Senate, where the Kirchners' Front
for Victory secured 36 of 72 seats (losing 4), the UCR/CC/PS grouping
secured 23 (gaining 7), and the
Justicialist Party wing opposed to the
Kirchners maintained their presence of 9 seats. Smaller, provincial
parties were left with 4 seats in all (losing 3); Justicialists (pro
or against the current Administration) maintained the control over the
Senate they've enjoyed since 1983.
Riding a wave of approval during a dramatic economic recovery from a
2001-02 crisis, the Kirchners' FPV enjoyed increasingly large
majorities in Congress, reaching a peak at the 2007 general elections
(153 Congressmen and 44 Senators). However, soon after, on July 16,
2008, a presidentially sponsored bill to increase Argentina's export
taxes on the basis of a sliding scale met with a legislative deadlock,
and was ultimately defeated by the tie-breaking "against" vote of Vice
President Julio Cobos. That controversial law cost the FPV 16
Congressmen and 4 Senators by way of defections.
In 2009 elections, FPV candidates lost in the four most important
electoral districts (home to 60% of Argentines), only in the Province
Buenos Aires by a narrow difference. Considering the overall
national vote, FPV obtained only a very narrow victory, becoming the
Congress first minority from December 10, 2009, onward. This will
be reflected in strengthened opposition alliances, notably the
center-right Unión Pro, the center-left
Civic Coalition and the
left-wing Proyecto Sur, when elected candidates in both chambers take
office on December 11, 2009.
Main building of the Argentine Supreme Court.
Judiciary Branch is composed of federal judges and others with
different jurisdictions, and a Supreme Court with nine members (one
President, one Vice-
President and seven Ministers), appointed by the
President with approval of the Senate, who may be deposed by Congress.
As of December 2015 there are six vacancies, which then President
Kirchner stated she did not intend to fill.
President of the Supreme Court: Dr. Ricardo L. Lorenzetti
President of the Supreme Court: Dra. Elena I. Highton de Nolasco
Minister of the Court: Dr. Juan Carlos Maqueda
Provincial and municipal governments
Further information: Administrative divisions of Argentina
Argentina is divided into 23 districts called Provinces and one
autonomous district, which hosts the national capital, the Autonomous
Buenos Aires (which is conurbated into the province of Buenos
Aires). Each of the provinces has its own constitution, laws,
authorities, form of government, etc., though these must first and
foremost comply with the national constitution and laws.
The government of each province has three branches. The Executive,
Legislative and Judiciary. The Executive branch is led by a Governor.
The Legislative Branch may be organized as a unicameral or a bicameral
system (that is, either one or two chambers or houses).
Each province, except for
Buenos Aires Province, is divided into
districts called departments (departamentos). Departaments are merely
administrative divisions; they do not have governing structures or
authorities of their own. They are in turn divided into municipalities
(cities, towns and villages). Each province has its own naming
conventions and government systems for different kinds of
municipalities. For example, Córdoba Province has municipios (cities)
and comunas (towns);
Santa Fe Province
Santa Fe Province further distinguishes between
first- and second- tier municipios;
Chaco Province refers to every
populated center as municipios, in three categories.
The Province of
Buenos Aires has a different system. Its territory is
divided into 134 districts called partidos, each of which usually
contains several cities and towns.
Regardless of the province, each department/partido has a head town
(cabecera), often though not necessarily the largest urban center, and
in some provinces often named the same as their parent district.
Municipalities are ruled by mayors, usually called Intendant
(intendente) in the case of cities and towns (the larger categories).
A city has a legislative body called the Deliberative Council (Concejo
Deliberante). The smaller towns have simpler systems, often ruled by
commissions presided by a communal president (presidente communal) or
a similarly named authority.
Buenos Aires city, seat of the National Government, was declared an
autonomous city by the 1994 constitutional reform. Its mayor, formerly
chosen by the
President of the Republic, is now elected by the people,
and receives the title of Chief of Government (Jefe de Gobierno).
Other than that, Buenos Aires, as the provinces, has its own
Legislative Branch (a unicameral Legislature) and elect deputies and
senators as representatives to the National Congress.
^ "Autoridades Nacionales" (in Spanish). Government of Argentina.
Archived from the original on 12 December 2015. Retrieved 13 December
Argentina upgrades Tourism to Ministry given its growing economic
contribution http://en.mercopress.com Retrieved 17 July 2010
^ "Argentine rabbi appointed minister in newly elected Macri
government - Jewish World News". Haaretz.com. Retrieved
^ a b Clarín: Infografía
^ Clarín: Crisis política tras el sorpresivo voto del Vicepresidente
Cobos (in Spanish)
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