Argagnon (Arganhon in Occitan) is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of south-western France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Argagnonais or Argagnonaises[1]


The Gave de Pau at Aragnon

Argagnon is located some 7 km south-east of Orthez and 2 km north-west of Maslacq. Access to the commune is by the D817 road from Orthez which passes through the village and continues south-east to Artix. The D275 from Maslacq to Arthez-de-Béarn passes through the eastern part of the commune. The Toulouse-Bayonne railway passes through the south of the commune parallel to the D817 but there is no station in the commune. The nearest stations are at Orthez to the north-west and Lacq to the south-east. The commune consists mostly of farmland however there are forests in the east and north of the commune.[2]

The commune lies in the Drainage basin of the Adour and the Gave de Pau flows through the south-western edge of the commune with the Ruisseau de Clamonde flowing into it from the commune.[2] Paul Raymond mentioned in 1863[3] that the Juren, a stream with its source in Arthez-de-Béarn, crossed Aragnon and flowed into the Gave de Pau

Places and Hamlets[4]

  • Arramoun
  • Arrigran
  • Arriscle
  • Arvélé
  • Audios
  • Baraten
  • Bataille
  • Bernès
  • Bouhaben
  • Cazenave
  • Cazot
  • Château Champetier
  • Chou
  • Claverie
  • Clerc
  • Soum de Coste
  • Daubagna
  • Guillemet
  • Houndière
  • Jouanbayle
  • Lacamuse
  • Lachourute
  • Lahoueillâde
  • Larréc
  • Larrus
  • Lassègue
  • Lasserre
  • Lescloupé
  • Lirou
  • Louncouat
  • Lourtas
  • Lourteigt
  • Marcerin[3]
  • Marchand
  • Marquittou
  • Maysonnave
  • Mirabel
  • Momas
  • Mouillade
  • Moullié
  • Nicot
  • Pédauque
  • Pehau
  • Pierre Grand
  • Poumé
  • Pradot
  • Puyôo
  • Roc
  • Sabaté
  • Sarraillot
  • Sauvajunte
  • Tisné

Neighbouring communes and villages[2]


Its name in Béarnais is Arganhon. Brigitte Jobbé-Duval[5] indicated that the name Argagnon originated from the first owner, Arcanius, and was expanded with the suffix -onem giving the meaning "Domain of Arcanius".

The following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune.

Name Spelling Date Source Page Origin Description
Argagnon Arganion 977 Raymond
Bigorre Village
Argalhoo 1376 Raymond
Arguanhoo 1385 Raymond
Arganhoo 1546 Raymond
Argagnon 1750 Cassini
Argagnon-Marcerin 1851 Raymond
Castéra Casterar 1538 Raymond
Reformation Fief, vassal of the Viscounts of Béarn
Les Castets Les Castets 1779 Raymond
Marcerin Place
Marcerin Marsserü 1345 Raymond
Pardies Village
Marsserü 1385 Raymond
Marsery 1779 Raymond
Marcery 1793 Ldh/EHESS/Cassini



  • Bigorre: Cartulary of Bigorre[6]
  • Military: Military Inspection of Béarn[7]
  • Census: Census of Béarn[8]
  • Reformation: Reformation of Béarn[9]
  • Marcerin: The Terrier of Marcerin.[10]
  • Pardies: Notaries of Pardies[11]


In 1385 Argagnon and Marcerin depended on the bailiwick of Pau. Argagnon at that time had 9 fires and Marcerin had 12.[3]

The Lords of Argagnon were the Castera family[12][13]

Argagnon until 1846 was part of the Canton of Lagor.[3] The commune merged with Marcerin on 8 April 1851 to form the commune of Argagnon-Marcerin.

During the German occupation from 1940-1944 it was one of the official check points for the Demarcation line.


List of Successive Mayors[14]

From To Name Party Position
1995 Name Georges Vandesande
1995 2001 Guillaume Defarge
2001 2020 André Cassou

(Not all data is known)

Georges Vandesande sponsored the candidacy of Jacques Cheminade in the presidential election of 1995.


Argagnon belongs to five inter-communal structures:

  • the Community of communes of Lacq;
  • the AEP association of Gave and Baïse;
  • the energy association of Pyrénées-Atlantiques;
  • the inter-communal association of Arthez-de-Béarn;
  • the inter-communal association of defence against floods from the Gave de Pau.


In 2009 the commune had 730 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Population change (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
212 193 205 227 222 238 359 366 348
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
515 491 486 457 464 502 460 442 415
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
415 436 411 393 408 366 330 309 323
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2009 -
374 468 505 501 695 711 707 730 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)

Population of Argagnon


The town is part of the Appellation d'origine contrôlée (AOC) zone designation of Ossau-iraty.

Culture and Heritage

The Church of Saint-Pierre

Nickname and saying

According to Hubert Dutech,[15] the inhabitants of Marcerin were called perautucs, meaning "fools". He also cited the saying A Marcerin, n'i a glèisa ni mouli, mes que i a ua houratèra, oun lou diable apèra, which means "In Marcerin there is neither church nor mill, but there is a small cave where the devil calls".

Civil heritage

Several Prehistoric camps have been found in the commune, reflecting its ancient past. The most important of them is the Turoû de Dous Garos[15] at 90 metres altitude. Ditches surround it and there are three earthen ramparts. Remains from the Iron Age have been discovered. The park of the current chateau is located in the former castéra.

Religious heritage

The Church of Saint-Pierre (11th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg is registered as an historical monument.[16] It was built in 1866 on remains from the 11th century.


Argagnon has a primary school.

Notable people linked to the commune

  • Raymond Larrabure, born in 1797 in Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port and died in 1875 in Argagnon, was a French politician.
  • Henry de Pène, born in 1830 in Paris and died in 1888 in the same city, was a French writer and journalist. Henry de Pène was also called Henry de Pène of Argagnon - after the castle owned by his father at Argagnon.
  • Robert Sarrabère, born in 1926 in Argagnon was a French Catholic bishop of Aire and Dax until his retirement in 2002. From 9 January to 2 September 2007, he served the diocese of Montauban as Apostolic Administrator during the period of transition from one bishop to another.

See also

External links

Notes and references


  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 Archived 6 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine., the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.


  1. ^ Inhabitants of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
  2. ^ a b c Google Maps
  3. ^ a b c d e Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011 (in French)
  4. ^ Géoportail, IGN (in French)
  5. ^ Brigitte Jobbé-Duval, Dictionary of place names - Pyrénées-Atlantiques, 2009, Archives and Culture, ISBN 978-2-35077-151-9 (in French)
  6. ^ Cartulary of Bigorre, a Manuscript from the 15th century in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
  7. ^ Manuscript from 1376 in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
  8. ^ Manuscript from the 14th century - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
  9. ^ Manuscript from the 16th to 18th centuries - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
  10. ^ Manuscript from the 18th century in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
  11. ^ Notaries of Pardies in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
  12. ^ Review of Pau and Béarn, Nos. 10-11, Société des sciences, lettres et arts de Pau (in French)
  13. ^ French Armorial: Cabaumont-Cordes, J. H. Willems, H. Lamant, Jean-Yves Conan (in French)
  14. ^ List of Mayors of France (in French)
  15. ^ a b Lo Noste Béarn, Hubert Dutech, ISBN 978-2914709187, Monhélios, 2003 (Basque)
  16. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64000509 Church of Saint-Pierre (in French)