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Arequipa
Arequipa
(Aymara: Ariqipa; Quechua: Ariqipa) is a region in southwestern Peru[citation needed]. It is bordered by the Ica, Ayacucho, Apurímac and Cusco regions in the north, the Puno Region
Puno Region
in the east, the Moquegua Region
Moquegua Region
in the south, and the Pacific Ocean
Pacific Ocean
in the west. Its capital, also called Arequipa, is Peru's second-largest city.

Contents

1 Geography 2 Political division 3 People

3.1 Languages

4 Points of interest 5 See also 6 Sources 7 External links

Geography[edit] This region has a rough topography, which is characterized by heavy layers of volcanic lava covering large areas of its inter-Andean sector. It has deep canyons such as the ones formed by the Ocoña and Majes rivers. Plateaus
Plateaus
range in height from medium, such as La Joya, and high-altitude ones such the Arrieros Pampa and those located in the zones of Chivay, Huambo and Pichucolla. Volcanic cones, such as Misti, Chachani, Ampato, Mismi, Solimana and Coropuna, emerge above the plateaus and attract snowfall. In contrast with these heights, there are deep canyons, including Majes, Colca, Sihuas and Ocoña, where important aspects of the ecological evolution of this zone can be clearly observed. Along the coast, small plateaus and dunes represent characteristics of the desert of Arequipa, such as the ones located in the Majes, Sihuas and La Joya plains. These are particularly beautiful and developed. From a hydrographic point of view, the rivers draining its territory belong mainly to the Pacific watershed. Some rivers belong to the Amazon hydrographic system. Some of the region's main rivers are: Ocoña, Yauca, Camaná
Camaná
and Quilca. The starting point of the Amazon River is located in the Arequipa
Arequipa
region[citation needed]. Political division[edit]

An Andean
Andean
condor soars over the Colca Canyon.

Beaches of La Punta de Bombon

The region is divided into eight provinces (provincias, singular: provincia), which are composed of 109 districts (distritos, singular: distrito). The provinces, with their capitals in parentheses, are:

Arequipa
Arequipa
(Arequipa) Camaná
Camaná
(Camaná) Caravelí
Caravelí
(Caravelí) Castilla (Aplao) Caylloma (Chivay) Condesuyos (Chuquibamba) Islay (Mollendo) La Unión (Cotahuasi)

People[edit] Languages[edit] According to the 2007 Peru
Peru
Census, the first language learned by most of the residents was Spanish (83.17%), followed by the native language of Quechua (14.78%). The Quechua variety spoken in Arequipa
Arequipa
is Cusco–Collao Quechua. The following table shows the first languages by province in the Arequipa
Arequipa
Region by province:[1]

Province Quechua Aymara Asháninka Another native language Spanish Foreign language Deaf or mute Total

Arequipa 101,631 13,464 136 1,054 705,179 1,151 533 823,148

Camana 6,677 1,292 8 10 42,197 5 32 50,221

Caraveli 4,912 362 5 4 28,565 32 30 33,910

Castilla 6,700 545 6 31 28,840 7 49 36,178

Caylloma 23,281 1,142 10 109 44,656 21 51 69,270

Condesuyos 4,734 79 3 8 13,107 - 18 17,949

Islay 5,280 1,614 9 110 42,427 362 46 49,848

La Unión 8,676 40 4 31 5,873 11 25 14,660

Total 161,891 18,538 181 1,357 910,844 1,589 784 1,095,184

% 14.78 1.69 0.02 0.12 83.17 0.15 0.07 100.00

Points of interest[edit] There are numerous points of interest in the Arequipa
Arequipa
region. The three coastal provinces, Caraveli, Camana and Islay all have popular beaches. Various ports can also be found along the coastline, the two most important being Mollendo
Mollendo
and Matarani, both in the province of Islay. The Colca Canyon, twice as deep as the Grand Canyon
Canyon
in the United States, is situated in the province of Caylloma. The Cotahuasi Canyon is in the La Union Province. Colca Valley provides incredible close-up views of majestic Andean
Andean
condors soaring in their natural habitat. Cotahuasi, at 3,535 metres (11,598 ft), is thought to be the deepest canyon in the world. Both canyons offer spectacular scenery and villages as yet unaffected by the modern world. In the Castilla Province near Corire, Toro Muerto
Toro Muerto
(meaning "dead bull" in Spanish) is an area with more than 3,000 ancient petroglyphs dating to the ancient Wari culture
Wari culture
of 500-1000 CE, which dominated much of this region. Further to the north near Andaguas lies the Valley of Volcanoes. Almost 100 cones of various sizes dominate the lava-hardened landscape. See also[edit]

2001 southern Peru
Peru
earthquake Cotahuasi Subbasin Landscape Reserve

Sources[edit]

^ inei.gob.pe Archived January 27, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. INEI, Peru, Censos Nacionales 2007

External links[edit]

Arequipa
Arequipa
region official website (in Spanish) Arequipa
Arequipa
Today[permanent dead link]

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Regions of Peru

Amazonas Ancash Apurímac Arequipa Ayacucho Cajamarca Callao Cusco Huancavelica Huánuco Ica Junín La Libertad Lambayeque Lima Loreto Madre de Dios Moquegua Pasco Piura Puno San Martín Tacna Tumbes Ucayali

Peru's Lima Province is not p

.