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The Ardey Hills
Ardey Hills
(German: Ardeygebirge or Ardey) are a range of wooded hills, up to 273.8 m above sea level (NN),[1] in the territory of the city of Dortmund
Dortmund
and the districts of Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis
Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis
and Unna
Unna
in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia. The hills form part of the eastern Rhenish Massif and, to a lesser extent, to the Berg-Mark Hills (Bergisch-Märkisches Hügelland).

Contents

1 Geography

1.1 Location 1.2 Settlements 1.3 Elevations

2 Geology and history 3 Landscape 4 Walking 5 References

Geography[edit] Location[edit] The Ardey Hills, together with the Haarstrang, run from east to west, separating two major natural units: the Westphalian Lowland
Westphalian Lowland
including the Emscher
Emscher
Depression and Hellwegbörde in the north from the Süder Uplands and lower Sauerland
Sauerland
in the south, the Ardey being counted as part of the Süder Uplands
Süder Uplands
and the Haarstrang the Westphalian Lowland. From a topographical perspective, the Ardey Hills
Ardey Hills
are the western foothills of the sparsely wooded and mainly agricultural Haarstrang. However it is different, not only from a cultural landscape point of view, but also geologically (a decisive factor being the carboniferous boundary near the surface). In the north, on the territory of the city of Dortmund, the Ardey Hills descend gradually into the plain of the Westphalian Lowland
Westphalian Lowland
in the area of Münsterland. To the south and west they are bounded by the River Ruhr, their rugged slopes often dropping steeply into its valley. On those slopes the point where there is the maximum 165.2 m[2] height difference, from the upper storage basin (ca. 261.5 m above NN) to the Hengsteysee (96.3 m above NN[1]), is used by the pumped-storage power station of Koepchenwerk in Herdecke
Herdecke
to generate electricity from hydropower. Settlements[edit] The following cities and towns are located in or at the Ardey Hills along the Ruhr
Ruhr
− from east-northeast to west-southwest −: Fröndenberg, Unna, Holzwickede, Schwerte, Dortmund, Herdecke, Wetter and Witten. Elevations[edit] The highest point in the Ardey Hills
Ardey Hills
is the long ridge of Auf dem Heil, which rises in the territory of Herdecke
Herdecke
west of the town itself. This and the other high points in the Ardey are shown below in order of height (m) above sea level (NN):[1]

Auf dem Heil (273.8 m), Herdecke Klusenberg
Klusenberg
(254.3 m), Dortmund-Syburg Ahlenberg (247.5 m), Herdecke Wartenberg (246.1 m), Witten Syberg
Syberg
(245.4 m), Dortmund-Syburg Harkortberg (231.5 m), Wetter Ebberg (222.3 m), Schwerte Rehberg (197.9 m), Herdecke Hohenstein (ca. 146 m), Witten

Geology and history[edit] Predominantly acidophilous sandstone and clay (argillaceous shales) as well as grauwackes from the Carboniferous
Carboniferous
form the geological base of the Ardey Hills. They are the source of the Ruhr
Ruhr
Sandstone
Sandstone
which is extracted in large quarries. The Ardey and Haarstrang together were on the edge of the northern ice sheet from the last ice age. Landscape[edit] Along the Ruhr
Ruhr
the Ardey has a decidedly hilly character with large height differences, steep, rocky slopes and deep V-shaped valleys. Seen from the north and east the Ardey Hills
Ardey Hills
have a gentler appearance. Here there are gently curved hilltops covered in woods and meadows. Due to its proximity to the city of Dortmund
Dortmund
and town of Witten
Witten
the northern edge of the hills is a popular residential area and, as a result, densely populated. The ridges (Eggen or "edges") of the Ardey are covered by beech woods. Its slopes are incised by the V-shaped valleys of small streams, known as Seipen and divided into small landscape units. The Ardey Hills
Ardey Hills
are an old cultural landscape. Traces of historic woodland usages like coppicing, wood pasture and charcoal burning may still be found in many places today. Walking[edit] A particularly attractive section of the Ruhr
Ruhr
Ridgeway (Ruhrhöhenweg) maintained by the Sauerland
Sauerland
Mountain Club (Sauerländischer Gebirgsverein) runs along the heights of the Ardey Hills
Ardey Hills
from the source of the Ruhr
Ruhr
to its confluence. The path has many viewing points especially in the Ruhr
Ruhr
valley. The Westphalian Way (Westfalenweg) also runs over the Ardey Hills. References[edit]

^ a b c Topographisches Informationsmanagement, Bezirksregierung Köln, Abteilung GEObasis NRW ^ Pumpspeicherkraftwerk Koepchenwerk (Herdecke) auf rwe.com Archived July 27, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.

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