Archbishop of Embrun
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The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Embrun was located in southeastern France, in the mountains of the Maritime Alps, on a route that led from Gap by way of Briançon to Turin. It had as
suffragan A suffragan bishop is a type of bishop in some Christian denominations. In the Anglican Communion, a suffragan bishop is a bishop who is subordinate to a metropolitan bishop or diocesan bishop (bishop ordinary) and so is not normally jurisdictiona ...
s the
Diocese of Digne The Diocese of Digne (Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally a dialect spoken in the lower Tiber area (then known as Latium) arou ...
, Diocese of Antibes and Grasse, Diocese of Vence, Diocese of Glandèves, Diocese of Senez and
Diocese of Nice The Roman Catholic Diocese of Nice (Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally a dialect spoken in the lower Tiber area (then known as ...
. Its see was the Cathedral of Nôtre Dame in Embrun. The former French Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Embrun was suppressed after the
French Revolution The French Revolution ( ) was a period of radical political and societal change in France France (), officially the French Republic ( ), is a country primarily located in Western Europe. It also comprises of Overseas France, ...
. It was replaced, under the Civil Constitution of the Clergy (1790) by a diocese which had the same boundaries of the civil ''departement'' in which it was located. The diocese was called 'Haute-Alpes', with its center at Gap. When the Diocese of Gap was re-established in 1822 it comprised, besides the ancient Diocese of Gap, a large part of the ancient archdiocese of Embrun. The name of the metropolitan see of Embrun, however, had been absorbed in the title of the Archbishop of Aix-en-Provence and Arles, until 2007. In 2008, the title of Embrun was reattached to the Diocese of Gap by papal decree of
Pope Benedict XVI Pope Benedict XVI ( la, Benedictus XVI; it, Benedetto XVI; german: link=no, Benedikt XVI.; born Joseph Aloisius Ratzinger, , on 16 April 1927) is a retired prelate of the Catholic church who served as the head of the Church and the sovereign ...
.


History

Tradition ascribes the evangelization of Embrun to
Saints Nazarius and Celsus Nazarius and Celsus ( it, San Nazaro e San Celso) were two martyrs of whom little is known beyond the discovery of their bodies by Ambrose, Ambrose of Milan. According to Paulinus the Deacon, Paulinus the Deacon's ''Vita Ambrosii'', Ambrose, at s ...
, martyrs under emperor
Nero Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus ( ; born Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus; 15 December AD 37 – 9 June AD 68), was the fifth Roman emperor and final emperor of the Julio-Claudian dynasty, reigning from AD 54 unti ...
. Gregory of Tours states that they were martyred at Embrun. Their bodies, however, were discovered in a cemetery in Milan by Saint Ambrose. They were also drowned at Trier, on orders of the Emperor Nero. Their entire story is without historical foundation, and a mass of contradictions and improbabilities. According to another tradition, the first Bishop of Embrun, Saint Marcellus, was such a successful preacher that, by the end of his episcopacy, there was not a single pagan left in the diocese. The see became an archbishopric about 800. In 1056 Pope Victor confirmed the Archbishop of Embrun as Metropolitan of the Sees of Digne, Chorges, Solliès, Senez, Glandèves, Cimiez-Nice, Vence, and Antibes (Grasse). Bishop Winimann was also granted the ''
pallium The pallium (derived from the Roman ''pallium'' or ''palla'', a woolen cloak; : ''pallia'') is an ecclesiastical vestment in the Catholic Church, originally peculiar to the pope, but for many centuries bestowed by the Holy See upon metropolita ...
'' In 1276 the Archbishops of Embrun were made Princes of the Holy Roman Empire. The see was suppressed in the
French Revolution The French Revolution ( ) was a period of radical political and societal change in France France (), officially the French Republic ( ), is a country primarily located in Western Europe. It also comprises of Overseas France, ...
, being transferred to the diocese of Gap, and the cathedral church became a mere parish church.


Notable Bishops of Embrun

*St. Guillaume (1120–34), founder of the Abbey of Boscodon; *
Henry of Segusio Henry of Segusio, usually called Hostiensis, (c. 1200 – 6 or 7 November 1271) was an Italian canonist of the thirteenth century, born at Susa, Piedmont, Susa (Segusio), in the ancient Diocese of Turin. He died at Lyon. Life He undertook the stu ...
(1250–71), known as ''(H)Ostiensis'', i.e.
Cardinal Bishop of Ostia The Roman Catholic Suburbicarian Diocese of Ostia is an ecclesiastical territory located within the Metropolitan City of Rome in Italy Italy ( it, Italia ), officially the Italian Republic, ) or the Republic of Italy, is a country in Sout ...
, an orator and canonist of renown; * Bertrand de Déaulx (1323–38), who as the legate of
Clement VI Pope Clement VI ( la, Clemens VI; 1291 – 6 December 1352), born Pierre Roger, was head of the Catholic Church from 7 May 1342 to his death in December 1352. He was the fourth Avignon Papacy, Avignon pope. Clement reigned during the first visit ...
at Rome did much to bring about the downfall of
Rienzi ' (''Rienzi, the last of the tribunes''; Wagner-Werk-Verzeichnis, WWV 49) is an early opera by Richard Wagner in five acts, with the libretto written by the composer after Edward Bulwer-Lytton's novel of the same name (1835). The title is common ...
; * Giulio de' Medici (1510–11), later
pope The pope ( la, papa, from el, πάππας, translit=pappas, 'father'), also known as supreme pontiff ( or ), Roman pontiff () or sovereign pontiff, is the bishop of Rome (or historically the patriarch of Rome), head of the worldwide Cathol ...
under the name of Clement VII; *Cardinal François de Tournon (1517–26), employed on
diplomat A diplomat (from grc, δίπλωμα; romanization, romanized ''diploma'') is a person appointed by a state (polity), state or an intergovernmental institution such as the United Nations or the European Union to conduct diplomacy with one or m ...
ic missions by King
Francis I of France Francis I (french: François Ier; frm, Francoys; 12 September 1494 – 31 March 1547) was King of France France France (), officially the French Republic ( ), is a country primarily located in Western Europe. It also comprise ...
, and founder of the College de Tournon; * Cardinal de Tencin (1724–40), who in September, 1727, caused the condemnation by the Council of Embrun of the *
Jansenist Jansenism was an early modern theological movement within Catholicism The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the List of Christian denominations by number of members, largest Christian church, with 1.3&nbs ...
Soanen, Bishop of his suffragan see of Senez. * St. Vincent Ferrer preached several missions against the Vaudois in the Diocese of Embrun.


Bishops

* † by 374: Marcellinus. * 374: Artemius *c. 400: Jacob * 439: Armentarius * 440-† ca 475: Ingenuus * 517: Catulinus * Gallicanus''La Grande Encyclopédie'' précise que Gallican I a été expulsé de son siège par les Ariens. La source fait peut être une confusion avec Catulin (cf. note n°4). * Palladius of Embrun * 541-549: GallicanusLe ''Trésor de Chronologie'' précise qu'il faut peut être identifier Gallican II avec Gallican I. * 567-579: Salonius * Emeritus 585- 588 * Lopacharus 614 *c. 630: Albin *c. 650 to c. 653: Ætherius * hramlinus* . 740: Vualchinus founded Novalesa Abbey.Fornier, Marcellin (1592-1649), ''Histoire générale des Alpes Maritimes ou Cottiènes : et particulière de leur métropolitaine, Embrun''. Cf. , where it is stated that the monastery was founded in 726, and that its Founder was a rich Frank by the name of Abbone. The original charter of foundation survives, dated 30 January 726: Cipolla p. 7-13. On p. 8, in the note, he records that 'Walchunus' (Vualchinus) was not a bishop of Embrun, citing B. Hauréau and Jules Marion. *c. 791–794: Marcellus


Archbishops


c. 800–1200

*Bernardus * 829: Agericus *c. 853 to c. 859: Aribertus (or Arbertus) * 876: Bermond * 878: Aribert II. * 886: ''Ermoldus'' (or Ermaldus or Ermold) 886 or 887 * 890-899: Arnaud (or Arnaudus) * 900–916: Benedict * 920: Liberalis of Embrun (920-40) * 943–960: Boson *c. 970: Amadeus * 992: Pontius * 1007–1010: Ismidias *c. 1016 to c. 1027: Radon *c. 1033–1044: Ismidon *c. 1048: Vivemnus (Winnamanus) * 1050–1054: Guinervinarius * 1054–1055: Hugues * 1055–1065: Winnimanus (Guinamand) * 1066–1077: Guillaume * 1077: Peter *c. 1080–1084: Lantelmus * 1105–1118: Benedict II. * 1120–1134: Guillaume II. * 1135 to 7 December 1169: Guillaume III. * 9 January 1170 to 1176: Raimond I. *c. 1177–1189: Pierre II. Romain * 1189–1208: Guillaume IV. de Benevento


c. 1200–1500

* 1208 to c. 1212: Raimond II. Sédu * 1212 to c. 1235: Bernard Chabert * 1236 to 23. May 1245: Aimar * 1246–1250: Humbert * 1250 to May 1262: Henri de Suse (Henricus de Bartholomeis) * 1263–1286: Jacques Sérène * 4 August 1286 to 1289: Guillaume V. * 8 October 1289 to 28 June 1294: Raimond de Médullion * 28 March 1295 to 26 May 1311: Guillaume de Mandagot (promoted to the See of Aix) * 22 May 1311 to 1317: Jean du Puy, O.P. * 1319 to c. 1323: Raimond IV. Robaud * 5 September 1323 to 1338: Bertrand de Déaulx * 27. January 1338 to 17. December 1350: Pasteur de Sarrats, O.Min. * 16. February 1351 to 1361: Guillaume VII. de Bordes * 1361–1364: Raimond V. de Salges * 8 January 1364 to 5. September 1365: Bertrand II. de Castelnau * 1365–1366: Bernard II. * 1366 to 18 December 1378: Pierre Amelii (d'Ameil) * 20 May 1379 to 1 May 1427: Michel Etienne Delisle (de Insula), appointed by
Pope Clement VII Pope Clement VII ( la, Clemens VII; it, Clemente VII; born Giulio de' Medici; 26 May 1478 – 25 September 1534) was head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 19 November 1523 to his death on 25 September 1534. Deemed "the ...
of the Avignon Obedience * 30 July 1427 to 7 September 1432: Jacques Gelu * 1432 to 17 January 1457: Jean II. Girard * 1457 to c. 1470: Jean III de Montmagny *c. 1470–1494: Jean IV. Baile * 1494–1510: Rostaing d'Ancezune


from 1500

* 1510–1511:
Giulio di Giuliano de' Medici Pope Clement VII ( la, Clemens VII; it, Clemente VII; born Giulio de' Medici; 26 May 1478 – 25 September 1534) was head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 19 November 1523 to his death on 25 September 1534. Deemed "the ...
* 1511–1516: Niccolò Fieschi (Fiesque), Cardinal * 1517–1525: François de Tournon * 1526–1551: Antoine de Lévis de Château-Morand * 1551–1555: Balthasar de Jarente * 1555: Louis de Laval de Bois-Dauphin * 1556–1560: Robert Cardinal de Lenoncourt * 1561–1600: Guillaume d'Avançon de Saint-Marcel, Cardinal * 1601–1612: Honoré du Laurens * 1612–1648: Guillaume d'Hugues * 1649–1669: Georges d'Aubusson de La Feuillade (transferred to Metz) * 1669–1714: Charles Brûlart de Genlis * 1715–1719: François-Elie de Voyer de Paulmy d'Argenson * 1719–1724: Jean-François-Gabriel de Hénin-Liétard * 1724–1740: Pierre Guérin de Tencin (appointed
Archbishop of Lyon The Archdiocese of Lyon (Latin: ''Archidiœcesis Lugdunensis''; French language, French: ''Archidiocèse de Lyon''), formerly the Archdiocese of Lyon–Vienne–Embrun, is a Latin Church metropolis (religious jurisdiction), metropolitan archdioce ...
on 11 November 1740) * 1741–1767: Bernardin-François Fouquet * 1767–1790: Pierre-Louis de Leyssin ** 1791–1793: Ignace Cazeneuve (Constitutional Bishop of Hautes-Alpes)Cazeneuve was consecrated in Paris by Constitutional Bishop Gobel on 3 April 1791. In 1792 he took part in the Convention, but did not vote for the execution of
King Louis XVI Louis XVI (''Louis-Auguste''; ; 23 August 175421 January 1793) was the last King of France before the fall of the monarchy during the French Revolution. He was referred to as ''Citizen Louis Capet'' during the four months just before Execution ...
. He abandoned his ministry in 1793 and refused to take it up again in 1795. He resigned on 1 June 1798. After the Concordat, he made a public retractation and submission. He died in Gap on 10 May 1806.


See also

*
Catholic Church in France , native_name_lang = fr , image = 060806-France-Paris-Notre Dame.jpg , imagewidth = 200px , alt = , caption = Cathedral Notre-Dame de Paris , abbreviation = , type ...
*
List of Catholic dioceses in France The Catholic Church in France mainly comprises a Metropolitan Latin Church , native_name_lang = la , image = San Giovanni in Laterano - Rome.jpg , imagewidth = 250px , alt = Façade of the Archbas ...
* Croix de Provence on the Montagne Sainte-Victoire


References


Bibliography


Reference works

* pp. 548–549. (Use with caution; obsolete) * (Use with caution; obsolete) * * (in Latin) pp. 233–234. * (in Latin) p. 148. * p. 190. * pp. 179. * pp. 190–191. * p. 203.


Acknowledgment

*


Studies

* * * second edition (in French) * * * *


External links

* {{DEFAULTSORT:Ancient Diocese of Embrun Embrun Embrun 4th-century establishments in Roman Gaul