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Arbeia
Arbeia
was a large Roman fort in South Shields, Tyne & Wear, England, now ruined, and which has been partially reconstructed. It was first excavated in the 1870s and all modern buildings on the site were cleared in the 1970s. It is managed by Tyne and Wear
Tyne and Wear
Museums as Arbeia
Arbeia
Roman Fort and Museum.

Contents

1 Original fort 2 Museum 3 Reconstruction 4 External links 5 References

Original fort[edit] The fort stands on the Lawe Top, overlooking the River Tyne. Founded around 120, it later became the maritime supply fort for Hadrian's Wall, and contains the only permanent stone-built granaries yet found in Britain.[1] It was occupied until the Romans left Britain in the 5th century. A possible meaning for "Arbeia" is "fort of the Arab troops", referring to the fact that part of its garrison at one time was a squadron of Mesopotamian boatmen from the Tigris. From archaeological evidence, such as the gravestone of Victor, described below, it is known that a squadron of Spanish cavalry, the First Asturian, was stationed there. It was common for forts to be manned by units originally from elsewhere in the empire, though often enough these would assimilate and end up by recruiting locally. Museum[edit] Two monuments in the museum at Arbeia
Arbeia
testify to the cosmopolitan nature of its shifting population. One commemorates Regina, a British woman of the Catuvellauni
Catuvellauni
tribe (approximately modern Hertfordshire). She was first the slave, then the freedwoman and wife of Barates, a merchant from Palmyra
Palmyra
(now part of Syria) who, evidently missing her greatly, set up a gravestone after she died at the age of 30. (Barates himself is buried at the nearby fort of Coria (Corbridge).) The second commemorates Victor, another former slave, freed by Numerianus of the Ala I Asturum, who also arranged his funeral ("piantissime": with all devotion) when Victor died at the age of 20. The stone records that Victor was "of the Moorish nation". The museum also holds an altarpiece to a previously unknown god and a tablet with the name of the Emperor Alexander Severus
Alexander Severus
(died 235) chiselled off.

Wall painting at Arbeia.

Reconstruction[edit] A Roman gatehouse, barracks and Commanding Officer's house have been reconstructed on their original foundations. The gatehouse holds many displays related to the history of the fort, and its upper levels provide an overview of the archaeological site. External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Arbeia
Arbeia
Roman fort.

Arbeia
Arbeia
Roman Fort & Museum Tyne and Wear
Tyne and Wear
Museums

References[edit]

^ "Feeding the army". Archaeology. 70 (3): 33. May–June 2017. ISSN 0003-8113. Retrieved 8 July 2017 – via EBSCO's Master File
File
Complete (subscription required) 

v t e

Forts of Hadrian's Wall

Wall Forts (East to West)

Segedunum Pons Aelius Condercum Vindobala Onnum Cilurnum Procolita Vercovicium Aesica Magnae Banna Camboglanna Uxelodunum Aballava Coggabata Maia

Outpost Forts

Habitancum Fanum Cocidi Castra
Castra
Exploratorum Blatobulgium

Stanegate Forts

Corstopitum Newbrough Vindolanda Haltwhistle Burn Magnis Throp Nether Denton Castle Hill Boothby Brampton Old Church Luguvalium

Supply Forts

Alauna Arbeia Coria Vindomora

Cumbrian Coast Forts (North to South)

Bibra Alauna Burrow Walls Gabrosentum

v t e

Roman visitor sites in the UK

Villas

Bignor Brading Chedworth Crofton Dover Painted House Fishbourne Great Witcombe Littlecote Lullingstone Newport Piddington Rockbourne Sparsholt Wroxeter

Forts & military

Arbeia Binchester Birdoswald Burgh Castle Caerleon Chesters Derventio Dover Castle Eboracum Housesteads Lunt Carvoran Roman Army Museum Pevensey Castle Portchester Castle Ribchester Richborough Segedunum Venta Icenorum Vindolanda

Towns

Aldborough Roman Site Colchester Corbridge Silchester Venta Icenorum St Albans Wroxeter

Museums

Canterbury Roman Museum Carvoran Roman Army Museum Colchester Castle
Colchester Castle
Museum Corinium Museum Jewry Wall
Jewry Wall
Museum Ribchester Senhouse Roman Museum Trimontium Trust (Melrose) Verulamium
Verulamium
Museum

Other sites

Bath Roman Baths Caerleon Roman Baths Jewry Wall, Leicester Welwyn Roman Bath

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