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Arba Minch
Arba Minch
(Amharic: አርባ ምንጭ, "forty springs") is a city and separate woreda in southern Ethiopia; the first common name for this city was Ganta Garo. Located in the Gamo Gofa Zone
Gamo Gofa Zone
of the Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples Region
Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples Region
about 500 kilometers south of Addis Ababa, at an elevation of 1285 meters above sea level. It is the largest town in Gamo Gofa Zone
Gamo Gofa Zone
and the second town in SNNPR next to Awassa. It is surrounded by Arba Minch
Arba Minch
Zuria woreda.

Contents

1 Overview 2 History 3 Demographics 4 References 5 External links

Overview[edit]

A monument in Arba Minch

Arba Minch
Arba Minch
received its name for the abundant local springs which produce a groundwater forest. Located at the base of the western side of the Great Rift Valley, Arba Minch
Arba Minch
consists of the uptown administrative centre of Shecha and 4 kilometers away the downtown commercial and residential areas of Sikela, which are connected by a paved road.[1] On the eastern side of Sikela is the gate to Nechisar National Park, which covers the isthmus between Lake Abaya
Lake Abaya
to the north and Lake Chamo
Lake Chamo
to the south.[2] Buses and taxis connect the uptown and downtown parts; both parts have schools.[3] Kulfo River flows through the town, and drains into Lake Chamo. Arba Minch
Arba Minch
is known as a source for fruit, including mango, banana, orange, apple, guava and pineapple, and is also known for its fish farms.[citation needed] Indicating its richness of fish a local singer named Abile Chedo sang the song "Nu Dere Gamo Gofa Oycha Arbaminche muziri kalsi yedes Abaya-Chamo mole".[citation needed] It is the home of Arba Minch University and the Southwest Synod of the Mekane Yesus Church. The town also is served by Arba Minch
Arba Minch
Airport, ( ICAO
ICAO
code HAAM, IATA
IATA
AMH). History[edit] Arba Minch
Arba Minch
was founded in the early 1960s by then Fitawrari Aemeroselasie Abebe and the city succeeded Chencha
Chencha
as the provincial capital of Gamu-Gofa.[4] The oral tradition has it that Fitawrari Aemiro Selassie Abebe had to fight with prominent figures of Chencha (Aba Gaga) to move the capital from Chencha
Chencha
to Arbaminch. One of the reasons for Aemiroselassie Abebe to move the provincial centre from Chencha
Chencha
to Arbaminch was for travelers from Gidole to Chencha
Chencha
to take a break after a long, hot crossing of the arid Rift Valley.[citation needed] Roads were built linking the new town to Soddo and making Arba Minch only a day's journey by road to the capital, Addis Ababa.[4] A telephone line connecting the town to the capital, costing E$ 250,000, was turned up on 15 July 1967.[5] The Norwegian Lutheran Mission opened a station at Arba Minch
Arba Minch
in 1970, which included a trade school; the school's operation was later taken over by the Mekane Yesus Church. At the beginning of the Ethiopian Revolution public demonstrations occurred in the town,[6] and four people were killed in clashes with the police on 28 March 1974.[5] Following the revolution privately held plantations were made into state farms.[6] The 193 million birr Arba Minch
Arba Minch
Textile Mill was opened on 6 May 1992 in the presence of Ethiopian Prime Minister Tamirat Layne. The mill would produce polyester mixed with cotton grey fabrics.[5] According to the SNNPR's Bureau of Finance and Economic Development, as of 2003[update] other amenities in Arba Minch
Arba Minch
include postal service, 24-hour electrical service, a bank and a hospital.[7] May 2010, the Ethiopian Roads Authority awarded a contract worth 563 million E$ to the construction firm of Brehane Hagos to build a road 60 kilometers in length from this town to Belta.[8] The United States military operated a facility at Arba Minch
Arba Minch
from 2011 until September 2015. The facility served as the base for several General Atomics MQ-9 Reaper unmanned aerial vehicles.[9] Demographics[edit] Based on the 2007 Census conducted by the CSA, this town has a total population of 74,879, of whom 39,208 are men and 35,671 women. The majority of the inhabitants practiced Ethiopian Orthodox Christianity, with 56.04% of the population reporting that belief, 38.47% were Protestants, and 4.16% were Muslim. [10] In the same year, around the town of Arba Minch, in the Arba Minch
Arba Minch
District, there were 164,529 people, of whom 82,199 were male and 82,330 were female. In this district, 53.9% practiced Protestantism, 29.3% practiced Ethiopian Orthodox Christianity, 12.6% practiced Traditional beliefs, and all other religious practices made up 4.1%.[11] The 1994 national census reported this town had a total population of 40,020 of whom 20,096 were males and 19,924 were females.

References[edit]

^ Briggs, Philip; Blatt, Brian (2009-01-01). Ethiopia. Bradt Travel Guides. ISBN 9781841622842.  ^ "Ethiopia: Arba Minch
Arba Minch
and Nechisar National Park
Nechisar National Park
Stunning Open-Air Adventures". allAfrica.com. Retrieved 2016-02-09.  ^ Philip Briggs, Ethiopia: The Bradt Travel Guide, 3rd edition (Chalfont St Peters: Bradt, 2002), p. 229 ^ a b Freeman, Dena (2002). Initiating change in highland Ethiopia: causes and consequences of cultural transformation. p. 37.  ^ a b c "Local History in Ethiopia"[permanent dead link] The Nordic Africa Institute website (accessed 6 June 2008) ^ a b Günther Schlee, Elizabeth E. Watson (2009). Changing identifications and alliances in North-East Africa, Volume 1. 2: Ethiopia
Ethiopia
and Kenya. Berghahn Books. p. 150.  ^ "Detailed statistics on hotels and tourism" Archived 2011-05-31 at the Wayback Machine., Bureau of Finance and Economic Development website (accessed 4 September 2009) ^ "Tigray, Southern Towns Get First Roads", Addis Fortune 2 May 2010 (accessed 5 May 2010) ^ Whitlock, Craig (4 January 2016). "Pentagon shutters African drone base, moves aircraft to other hotspots". The Washington Post. Retrieved 5 January 2016.  ^ Census 2007 Tables: Southern Peoples, Nations and Nationalities Region Archived November 13, 2012, at the Wayback Machine., Tables 2.1, and 3.4. ^ Census 2007 Tables: Southern Peoples, Nations and Nationalities Region Archived November 13, 2012, at the Wayback Machine., Table 3.4.

External links[edit]

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Arba Minch.

Picture of Arba Minch Gughe Indigenous Art & Music Association One Heart

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Cities of Ethiopia

Adama Addis Ababa Adigrat Adwa Ambo Arba Minch Asella Awasa Axum Bahir Dar Bishoftu Debre Berhan Debre Marqos Debre Tabor Degehabur Dembidolo Dessie Dila Dire Dawa Gambela Goba Gode Gondar Harar Hosaena Irgalem Jijiga Jimma Kebri Dahar Kombolcha Mek'ele Negele Arsi Negele Boran Nekemte Sebeta Shashamane Sodo Weldiya Wukro Ziway

v t e

Woredas of the Gamo Gofa Zone

Former woredas

Boreda Abaya Dita Dermalo Gofa Zuria Zala Ubamale

Current woredas

Arba Minch
Arba Minch
Town Arba Minch
Arba Minch
Zuria Bonke Boreda Chencha Demba Gofa Dita Deramalo Geze Gofa Kemba Kucha Melokoza Mirab Abaya Oyda Sawla
Sawla
Town Ub

.