1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
Arbérats-Sillègue is located in Mixe Country in the former Basque province of Lower Navarre, 3 km north-east of Saint-Palais and 10 km south-west of Sauveterre-de-Béarn. The D933 road from Saint-Palais to Osserain-Rivareyte in the north passes through the northern part of the commune. The D134 road passes through the east of the commune from Sussaute in the north continuing south to join the D11 road west of Domezain-Berraute. Access to the village is by country road from the western border passing through the village and going east to join the D134.
The commune is located in the Drainage basin of the Adour. The Ruisseau de Recaide forms part of the northern border flowing north-west to join the Bidouze. The Ruisseau d'Eyherachar rises north-east of the village and flows west through the commune then south forming part of the western border before joining the Bidouze just south of Aïcirits (Aïcirits-Camou-Suhast).
Jean-Baptiste Orpustan suggested two possible origins of the name Arbérats, both from basque: ar(r)-bera (or beratz) meaning ’fragile’ or ’friable'; or, together with the word arbel, meaning a "black stone" (Slate). Brigitte Jobbé-Duval also interpreted Arbérats as place of slate.
For Sillègue Jean-Batiste Orpustan suggested the name was a blend of the Basque word zil(h)o, meaning "hole" or "depression in the terrain" and a second element leku meaning "place".
The following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune.
|Sanctus Laurebtius de Arberaz||1160||Orpustan|
|Arbezats||1801||Cassini1||Bulletin des lois|
|Sillègue||Sanctus Petrus de Silegue||1160||Orpustan||Village|
|Sillegue||1793||Cassini2||Bulletin des lois|
|Aitciria||Ayciri de Arberatz||1487||Raymond||
||Fief, vassal of the Kingdom of Navarre|
The village of Sillègue was merged with Arbérats on 14 April 1841.
Gules, ten escallops Argent arranged in pale 3, 4, and 3.
List of Successive Mayors
|2001||2020||Sauveur Arnaud Bacho|
(Not all data is known)
The commune belongs to six inter-communal structures:
The fiscal census of 1412-1413, made on the orders of Charles III of Navarre, compared with that of 1551 "of men and weapons that are in this Kingdom of Navarre below the ports" reveals a demography with strong growth. The first indicated the presence at Arbérats of 7 fires, the second of 26 (24 + 2 secondary fires). The same for Sillègue: the 1412 census reported 5 fires and that of 1551 22 fires (20 + 2 secondary fires).
In 2009 the commune had 307 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]
Although from 1793 to 1836 Arbérats and Sillègue were separate communes, the total population for both communes is shown in the above table.
The Church of Saint-Laurent (1615) is registered as an historical monument.
The commune has an elementary school
The commune has a festival hall located in the centre of the village. The original building was a school and has been completely renovated.
A pit dating to Roman times has been converted to a leisure park.
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