1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
Aramits is located in part of the Barétous valley, the westernmost of the three main valleys of Béarn crossing the Pyrenees. It is located some 15 km south-west of Oloron-Sainte-Marie and 3 km north of Arette.
Access is by the D919 road from Ance in the north-east to the village then continuing to Lanne-en-Baretous in the south-west. There are also the minor roads D659 from the village north to join the D159 on the northern border and the D133 which goes south from the village to Arette.
Bus route 848 of the Inter-urban network of Pyrénées-Atlantiques, which connects La Pierre Saint-Martin (a ski resort in Arette) to Oloron-Sainte-Marie, has a stop in Aramits.
Located in the drainage basin of the Adour, the commune is bisected from south-west to north-east by : Le Vert a tributary of the Gave d'Oloron which gathers many tributaries of its own in the commune including the Aurone, the Lancy, the Littos, the Talou Gros, and also by the arrècs of Bugalaran, Bitole (as well its tributary the Rachet), Ibarcis, and Labaigt (and by its tributary the Audore).
The tributaries of the Joos: the Arriou de Sulu and the Bouhatéko erreka (with the Dragon) also flow through the commune.
The commune name in béarnais is Aràmits (according to classical norm of Occitan). For Brigitte Jobbé-Duval, the origin of the name is from the Basque aran ("valley") and -itz (a locative and collective suffix) giving "place of valleys" or "confluence". It would also indicate that the inhabitants were once nicknamed grenouilles (frogs) - a name for the inhabitants of wetlands).
The following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune.
|Aramitz en Baratons||1376||Raymond||
|Aramys||1630||Grosclaude||Le Païs de Béarn Map|
|L'Arrigau||lo ariu aperat la Rigau||1538||Raymond||
||Reformation||Stream with its source in Arette and joining the Vert in Aramits|
|La Bourette||La Bourette||1863||Raymond||
||Tributary of the Vert which rises in Aramits|
|Le Bois de Bugangue||lo boscq de Buyangue||1477||Raymond||
||Aspe||Wood on the territory of Asasp in 1863. The Ruisseau de Bugangue, a tributary of the Mielle which rose in Asasp and Gurmençon in 1863, passed through the wood.|
||A Stream with its source in the Bois de Budangue and joining the Dandarou, a tributary of the Vert.|
|La Grange-d'Osse||L’Espitau d’Osse||1385||Raymond||
||Census||Farm next to the Vert belonging to Pontaut Abbey(Landes) and a fief of the Viscounts of Béarn depending on the bailiwick of Oloron.|
|La Grange de Osse ab une petite gleysi||1538||Raymond||
|Lanne de Haut||Lane||1385||Raymond||
||Census||Close to another place in Aramits which is now in the commune of Lanne-en-Barétous. It had a Lay Abbey, vassal of the Viscounts of Béarn. In 1385 it was part of the bailiwick of Oloron and had 17 fires.|
|Sanctus Martinus de Lanne||1673||Raymond||
Paul Raymond on page 7 of his 1863 dictionary that Aramits is the former capital of the Barétous valley and that there were two Lay Abbeys, vassals of the Viscounts of Béarn: The Abadie-Susan and Abadie-Jusan.
Shortly before (in 1375), the priest of Aramits played the role of mediator in conflicts between the Navarrese and the Bearnese which gave birth to the treaty called the Junta de Roncal, leading to the yearly tribute of the three cows paid by Aramits to Isaba (Spain).
In 1790, the Canton of Aramits also included Esquiule.
On 13 March 2000 Aramits was hit by an earthquake of magnitude 4.2.
Vert, two swords Argent saltirewise points to base surmounted by a musketeer's hat of Sable feathered in Argent.
List of Successive Mayors
(Not all data is known)
Aramits is part of five inter-communal structures:
In 2009 the commune had 677 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]
The Parish church of Saint-Vincent (17th century) is registered as an historical monument. It was a former Lay Abbey with the remains of a portal from the 17th century but the old church was demolished in 1880. The new Romanesque-Byzantine style church was built from 1884 to 1886.
The commune has a primary school.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Aramits.|