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The Arab Monetary Fund (AMF) is a regional Arab organization, a working sub-organization of the
Arab League The Arab League ( ar, الجامعة العربية, '), formally the League of Arab States ( ar, جامعة الدول العربية, '), is a regional organization in the Arab world The Arab world ( ar, العالم العربي '), f ...
. It was founded 1976, and has been operational since 1977.


History

The first president and director of the Arab Monetary Fund, from 1977 to 1982, was Dr. Jawad Hashim. In 1982, the Arab Monetary Fund funded and supervised the launch of Investcorp. Nemir Kirdar was transferred from Chase, where he advised the AMF, to Abu Dhabi to develop the new fund.
Omar Aggad
Omar Aggad
was the first investor in this fund. Still in 1982, the AMF inaugurated the Arab Monetary Fund building in Abu Dhabi. In 1988, the AMF initiated civil actions against its former president Jawad Hashim to recover funds he embezzled (estimated $50 million) during his tenure. A 20-year long legal feud between the AMF and Jawad Hashim followed. In 1992, the AMF published its yearly Arab Economic Report in which the institution revealed that Arab countries had lost a total of $620 billion during the invasion of Kuwait. $84 billion alone were direct payments from Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and the Gulf Emirates, to the United States, Britain and France, regarding military expenses. In June 2010, the AMF granted a $76 million loan to
Jordan Jordan ( ar, الأردن; tr. ' ), officially the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan ( ar, المملكة الأردنية الهاشمية; tr. '), is an Arab country in the Levant The Levant () is an approximate historical geographical ...
to undertake key financial reforms. In December 2010, the AMF granted a $200 million loan to
Yemen ) , image_map = File:Yemen on the globe (Yemen centered).svg , map_caption = , image_map2 = , capital = Sana'a (''Houthi takeover in Yemen, De jure'')Aden (Temporary capital Yemeni government, in exile) , coordinates = , capital_exile = ...
to support economic restructuring programs. $800 million had been granted to Yemen to this date. In September 2012, the AMF granted a $127 million loan to
Morocco ) , image_map = Morocco (orthographic projection, WS claimed).svg , map_caption = Location of Morocco in northwest Africa.Dark green: Undisputed territory of Morocco.Lighter green: Western Sahara, a United Nations list of Non-Self-Governing T ...
to help the country cope with the rising prices of food. In March 2014, Abdulrahman bin Abdullah al Hamidy, former head of Saudi Arabia's central bank, was appointed director general and chairman of the board of the Arab Monetary Fund. In April 2015, the
World Bank Group
World Bank Group
and the Arab Monetary Fund signed a partnership for enhanced cooperation in the MENA region. In May 2016, the Arab Monetary Fund called for central banks to step un in Islamic finance, pressing them to use
Sharia Sharia (, ar, ), Islamic law, or Sharia law, is a religious law forming part of the Islamic tradition. It is derived from the religious precepts of Islam, derived from the hadith. In Arabic, the term ''sharīʿah'' refers to God in Islam, G ...
-compliant tools to manage their short-term financial obligations. In May 2017, the Arab Monetary Fund loaned $332 million to the Egyptian government to make up for the decline of tourism in the country. In April 2018, the AMF announced its intention to create its own independent regional entity for the clearing and settlement of intra-Arab payments.


Objectives

The Arab Monetary Fund's main objectives are to correct and balance the payment of its member states, remove payment restrictions between members, improve Arab monetary cooperation, encourage the development of Arab financial markets (paving the way for a unified Arab currency), and to facilitate and promote trade between member states. The Articles of Agreement define the Fund's aims as follows: * Correct disequilibria in the balance of payments of member states; * Promote the stability of exchange rates among Arab currencies, to render them mutually convertible, and to eliminate restrictions on current payments between member states; * Establish policies and modes of monetary co-operation to accelerate Arab economic development in the member states; * Tender advice on the investment of member states' financial resources in foreign markets, whenever called upon to do so; * Promote the development of Arab financial markets; * Promote the use of the Arab dinar as a unit of account and to pave the way for the creation of a unified Arab currency; * Coordinate the positions of member states in dealing with international monetary and economic problems; * Provide a mechanism for the settlement of current payments between member states in order to promote trade among them.


Organization structure

The principal organs of the AMF are the Board of Governors, the Board of Executive Directors, and the Director-General. The Board of Governors (General Assembly) are the highest authority responsible for formulating policies on Arab economic integration and liberalization of trade amongst residing member states. In the Board of Governors, each member state is represented by an appointed Governor and Deputy Governor whom serve five-year terms. The Board of Executive Directors is composed of eight non-resident directors elected by the Board of Governors on renewable three-year terms that is chaired by the Director-General. The Director-General is also appointed to the board but hold five-year term limits. The Director-General holds the position of Managing Director of the AMF.Pierre van den Boogaerde, "Financial assistance from Arab countries and Arab regional institutions" (International Monetary Fund, 1991) The organization distributes its work through various offices (IA), departments, committees, and divisions. The Director-General supervises a committee dedicated to loans and another dedicated to investments in order to be able to make recommendations on loan and investment policies to the Board of Executive Director. In addition this person is responsible for conducting and submitting an Annual Report to the Board of Governors.


Location and members

The AMF's headquarters is in the city of
Abu Dhabi Abu Dhabi (, ; ar, أَبُو ظَبْيٍ ' ) is the capital and the second-most populous city of the United Arab Emirates (after Dubai). The city of Abu Dhabi is located on an island in the Persian Gulf, off the Central West Coast. Most ...

Abu Dhabi
, the capital of the
United Arab Emirates The United Arab Emirates (UAE; Arabic: الإمارات العربية المتحدة '), sometimes simply called the Emirates (Arabic: الإمارات '), is a country in Western Asia located at the eastern end of the Arabian Peninsula. It b ...
. Member countries (22) are: * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *' * * *


See also

*
Arab League The Arab League ( ar, الجامعة العربية, '), formally the League of Arab States ( ar, جامعة الدول العربية, '), is a regional organization in the Arab world The Arab world ( ar, العالم العربي '), f ...
*
Arab World The Arab world ( ar, العالم العربي '), formally the Arab homeland ( '), also known as the Arab nation ( '), the Arabsphere, or the Arab states, consists of the 22 Member states of the Arab League, Arab countries which are members of ...
* Council of Arab Economic Unity (CAEU) * List of Arab organizations


References


External links


Arab Monetary FundThe articles of agreement of the Arab Monetary Fund
{{DEFAULTSORT:Arab Monetary Fund Organizations established in 1976 Economy of the Arab League Arab League Arab organizations