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Aqeel ibn Abi Talib ( ar, عَقِيل ٱبْن أَبِي طَالِب, ) was a companion and first cousin of the Islamic prophet
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. He was known by the '' kunya'' Abu Yazid. He is also said to be the common ancestor of the Somali clans such as the Darod clan.


Early life

He was born in 581 CE, the second son of Abu Talib ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib, Abu Talib and Fatimah bint Asad; hence he was a brother of Ali. He was said to be an expert in genealogy. He married Fatima bint Al-Walid from the Abdshams clan of the Quraysh. He had seven sons: Muhammad, Muslim ibn Aqeel, Muslim, Ja'far, Musa, Abdul Rahman, Abdullah and Abu Saeed; and a daughter, Ramla.


At Badr

After Muhammad Hijra (Islam), departed from Mecca, Aqeel sold the houses of his Muslim relatives among the inhabitants of the city. He fought on the side of the polytheists at the Battle of Badr, where he was taken prisoner. Muhammad is reported to have told his companions on the Day of Badr: "Indeed I am aware that men from Banu Hashim, and others also, have been brought out under compulsion with no wish to fight us. If any of you encounters one from Banu Hashim then do not kill him" Umar said that he should be handed over to Ali to have his head cut off; but Muhammad approved of Abu Bakr's opinion that he should be released on ransom. Since Aqeel had no money, he had to be redeemed by his uncle Al-‘Abbas ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib, Abbas for 500 ''dinars'' or 40 ounces of gold. When Muhammad told him that Amr ibn Hishām, Abu Jahl had been killed, Aqeel conceded that nobody would now challenge Muhammad's authority: "Either people will be affected by your words, or you will dominate them by force."


Conversion to Islam

Aqeel emigrated to Medina in mid-629, a year after Battle of Khaybar, Khaybar.Tabari/Landau Tasseron p. 60. Aqeel and his children, due to their close relationship with Muhammad, were forbidden to receive anything from the zakat, alms tax. He fought in the Battle of Mu'tah. It is said that soon after this, he fell ill and "was not mentioned at" the Occupation of Mecca, conquest of Mecca, the ambush at Battle of Hunayn, Hunayn or the siege of siege of Ta'if, Ta'if. However, an alternative tradition indicates that he did in fact fight at Hunayn. When his wife asked him what plunder he had brought back from this battle, he replied: "This needle. You can sew your garments with it," and he gave her his bloodstained sword. Later Muhammad ordered anyone who had taken anything from the plunder to return it. Aqeel told Fatima, "By Allah, I think your needle is gone!" and threw his sword into the plunder.


After Muhammad

Aqeel donated a carpet to the mosque in Medina. On Fridays, it was spread out up the west wall. When the shadow of the wall covered the whole carpet, Umar knew it was time to come out for the Jumu'ah, midday prayer. Aqeel was the fourth husband of Fatima, a sister of Hind bint Utbah. She was a wealthy woman who paid Aqeel to manage her property as Aqeel was a wealthy and successful merchant. she often asked him about her father and uncle, who had been killed by the Muslim army. Aqeel once told her that they were in Hell, and their quarrel was so severe that Uthman assigned Muawiyah I, Muawiyah and Abd Allah ibn Abbas to mediate between them. Aqeel was the man who found Umm ul-Banin to marry Ali. In old age, he became blind. He died in the caliphate of Muawiyah I,Tabari/Landau Tasseron p. 61. at the age of 96.


Legacy

Descendants of Aqeel are numerous and spread out across Hejaz, Yemen, parts of Oman and Somalia. One of them is Darod, who is considered to be the Father of the Darod tribe that are found in Yemen, Oman, Somalia, Egypt, Saudi Arabia and Sudan. The shrine of Imam Saad bin Aqil' Shrine, Imam Saad bin Aqil' who is also a descendant, is located in Tal Afar, Iraq.


See also

* Ali ibn Abi Talib * Ja'far ibn Abi Talib * Talib ibn Abi Talib * Hasan ibn Ali * Husayn ibn Ali * Sahaba * Muslim ibn Aqeel * Bibi Pak Daman, Ruqayyah bint Ali (The daughter in law of Aqeel ibn Abi Talib) * Battle of Mu'tah


References


External links

*http://www.yazehra.com/fatimabint.htm *http://www.bajabr.jeeran.com {{DEFAULTSORT:Aqeel ibn Abi Talib 581 births 670s deaths Companions of the Prophet Banu Hashim