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APPLIED SCHOLASTICS is a non-profit corporation founded in 1972 to promote the use of study techniques created by L. Ron Hubbard the founder of the Church of Scientology . Hubbard called his theories on learning and education "study technology ." Applied Scholastics
Scholastics
runs the "Hollywood Education and Literacy Project" (HELP), the World Literacy Crusade , "Education Alive", and the "Literacy, Education and Abilities Program" (LEAP).

Applied Scholastics' declared mission is: "to promote and develop programs of effective education for educators, business trainers, tutors, parents, children and people in all walks of life who need improved study skills to enhance their scholastic, business and personal activities."

It is regarded by critics as a front group for the Church of Scientology
Scientology
.

CONTENTS

* 1 Study Tech * 2 Criticism and controversy * 3 See also * 4 Notes * 5 Further reading * 6 External links

STUDY TECH

Main article: Study Tech

Study Tech is a teaching methodology developed by L Ron Hubbard .

Hubbard's theories on education describe three "barriers to learning". First, the absence of mass, pertaining to the lack of a physical object relating to a concept. Second, a steep study "gradient", meaning a necessary previous step was skipped to master a skill. Third, the "misunderstood word", which necessitates looking up unclear words in the dictionary.

Students are taught that "misunderstood words" are a major cause of confusion and misunderstanding. They are taught to use dictionaries extensively. Emphasis is also put on making sure children are taught at a "gradient", so that a subject's crucial elementary concepts come before more difficult concepts. "Mass" is described as a measure of mental tangibility that students ascribe to a subject, so that students have a picture in their mind of the thing they are learning about.

Applied Scholastics
Scholastics
licenses Study tech to a number of schools throughout the world. In return, these schools pay 4% of their gross income to Applied Scholastics.

CRITICISM AND CONTROVERSY

In 1992, Applied Materials settled a lawsuit for an estimated $600,000. The lawsuit claimed that the three former employees who filed the lawsuit had been driven out of the company because they had complained about the seminars Applied Scholastics
Scholastics
had been contracted to teach there. Applied Scholastics
Scholastics
said regarding the case, "In ten years of business, we've never had anything come up like this."

In 1998, the group submitted five of its books for approval as supplemental classroom texts to the California Department of Education . The review board found no religious content to object to, although they did object to the lack of portrayals of disabled persons and people of color. The Southern California American Civil Liberties Union , however, objected on the basis that the books used many of the terms and concepts that the Church of Scientology uses elsewhere in its Study Tech .

In the Aftermath of Hurricane Katrina , Applied Scholastics
Scholastics
convinced the principal of Prescott Middle School in Baton Rouge, Louisiana
Baton Rouge, Louisiana
to implement a program of Study Tech. Critics worried that the move was "an insidious plan ultimately aimed at promoting Scientology." However, Prescott's principal and two education experts claimed that they "saw hidden Scientology
Scientology
agenda or proselytizing in the text." The school's principal felt that the program was worthwhile. In October 2005, St. Louis Public Schools
Schools
superintendent Creg Williams discovered the group's Scientology
Scientology
connections and immediately advised area principals to cease working with Applied Scholastics. Additionally, CEO Bennetta Slaughter falsely claimed a "partnership" with the Hazelwood School District in St. Louis.

Some parents were upset when Applied Scholastics
Scholastics
methods were introduced in September 2008 at Bambolino Montessori Academy, a private school in Toronto
Toronto
. The owner/principal and dean of the school are both Scientologists but they say that Applied Scholastics
Scholastics
is secular and that they do not teach Scientology.

A charter school group in Phoenix, Arizona has recently come under criticism for using tools provided by Applied Scholastics.

SEE ALSO

* Scientology
Scientology
portal

* Delphi Schools
Schools
* Greenfields School * Progressive Academy * World Literacy Crusade

NOTES

* ^ Hollywood Education and Literacy Project Archived 2006-12-07 at the Wayback Machine . * ^ "Scientology\'s Education Fronts - Applied Scholastics International". studytech.org. 2007. Archived from the original on 2008-05-14. * ^ Walsh, Mark. "Texts highlight scientology's role in education.". Education Week. ISSN 0277-4232 . * ^ ABLE license contract for the use of Applied Scholastics trademarks ( PDF
PDF
format. Archived March 18, 2005) * ^ "Scientologizing". Forbes
Forbes
. September 14, 1992. p. 25. * ^ Szalanski, Andrea. "'Clearing' Johnny to read". Free Inquiry . 18 (2): 12. * ^ A B C D Farley, Robert (2007-05-20). " Scientology
Scientology
makes it in classroom door". St. Petersburg Times . Archived from the original on 19 September 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-02. * ^ Hinman, Kristen (2005-10-26). "L Is for L. Ron - The state approves a tutoring program linked to Scientology, and everybody cries foul". Riverfront Times . Village Voice Media . Retrieved 2007-07-25. * ^ " Scientology
Scientology
link at Montessori school alarms parents". CBC News. 2009-09-18. Archived from the original on 23 September 2008. Retrieved 2008-09-19. * ^ http://www.npr.org/2013/03/27/174441623/peter-o-dowd-tk

FURTHER READING

* Welkos, Robert W.; Sappell, Joel (1990-06-27). "Church Seeks Influence in Schools, Business, Science". Los Angeles Times
Los Angeles Times
. Retrieved 2007-10-04. * Behar, Richard (1991-05-06). "The Thriving Cult of Greed and Power". Cover story. TIME Magazine . Archived from the original on 2 October 2007. Retrieved 2007-10-04. * Walsh, Jeff (1998-03-01). "A broader look at the organization". Inside the Church of Scientology. Boston Herald . Missing or empty url= (help ) * Mallia, Joseph (1998-03-02). " Scientology
Scientology
Unmasked - Milton school shades ties to Scientology". Boston Herald . Missing or empty url= (help ) * Di Matteo, Enzo (1998-12-16). " Scientology
Scientology
wants city\'s kids - Controversial group tries to spruce up its image with its own brand of back-to-basics schooling". NOW Magazine . Archived from the original on 2007-09-29. Retrieved 2007-07-25. * Doward, Jamie (2004-05-16). "Lure of the celebrity sect". Special reports. The Observer . Archived from the original on 6 November 2007. Retrieved 2007-10-04. * Jacobs, Robin (2004-09-01). "Is Scientology
Scientology
in Your Schools?" (PDF). The Humanist . Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-02-29. Retrieved 2007-10-04. * Hinman, Kristen (2005-12-07). "Applied Pressure - Should St. Louis County grant tax breaks to Scientology-linked tutoring programs?". Riverfront Times .