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The Apple Campus
Apple Campus
was the corporate headquarters of Apple Inc.
Apple Inc.
from 1993 until 2017, when it was largely replaced by Apple Park, though it is still used by Apple as office and lab space. The campus is located at 1 Infinite Loop in Cupertino, California, United States. Its design resembles that of a university, with the buildings arranged around green spaces, similar to a suburban business park.

Contents

1 History and founding 2 Location and layout 3 Apple Park 4 References 5 External links

History and founding[edit]

View of the main building (IL1) from De Anza Boulevard

Inside Apple Campus. Taken outside Caffe Macs, looking towards IL6.

Apple's corporate headquarters was originally located at Building 1 on 20525 Mariani Ave in Cupertino. The land east of Mariani One across De Anza Boulevard where the campus was built was originally occupied by the company Four-Phase Systems (later acquired by Motorola). It has an area of 850,000 square feet (79,000 m2). Construction began in 1992 and was completed in 1993 by the Sobrato Development Company.[1] Before 1997, activities held on the campus were exclusively research and development. Until that time the buildings were referred to as R&D 1-6. With return of Steve Jobs
Steve Jobs
to Apple in 1997, changes were made to the campus: Apple increased the number of occupied buildings, and many activities not related to R&D were moved to the buildings on Infinite Loop, at which point they began to be referenced by their IL # designations. Steve Jobs
Steve Jobs
left additional marks on the campus, for example, banning employees' pets and dramatically improving the cafeteria menu. On the night of August 12, 2008, a fire broke out on the second floor of the building Valley Green 6. The firefighters worked for hours until the following morning to extinguish the fire. No injuries were reported, but the forty-year-old building suffered US$2 million of fire damage.[2] Location and layout[edit]

Map of the Apple Campus

A wall of flatscreens and servers at the Apple Campus's executive briefing center

The Apple Campus
Apple Campus
is located on the southeast corner of Interstate 280 and De Anza Boulevard, and occupies 32 acres (130,000 m2)[3] in six buildings spread over four floors. Each building is numbered with one digit on the private U-shaped street Infinite Loop, so named because of the programming concept of an infinite loop. The street, in conjunction with Mariani Avenue, actually does form a circuit (or cycle) that can circulate indefinitely. The main building has the address 1 Infinite Loop, Cupertino, California. Employees refer to these buildings as IL1 to IL6 for Infinite Loop 1-6. Besides the buildings on Infinite Loop, the whole Apple Campus
Apple Campus
occupies an additional thirty buildings scattered throughout the city to accommodate its employees. Some of these buildings are leased (with an average rental cost of $2.50 per square foot),[4] while others are of recent acquisition; the land that the new buildings occupy will be used for future construction of a second campus in the city with the aim of centralizing the activities of the company. In total, including nine newly acquired buildings on Pruneridge Avenue, the company controls more than 3,300,000 square feet (310,000 m2) for its activities in the city of Cupertino. This represents almost 40% of the 8,800,000 square feet (820,000 m2) of office space and facilities for research and development available in the city. At 1 Infinite Loop is an Apple Store
Apple Store
selling Apple equipment and souvenirs. It is the only part of the campus open to the public.[5]

Apple Park[edit] Main article: Apple Park

Apple Park
Apple Park
under construction, January 2016

In April 2006, Steve Jobs
Steve Jobs
announced to the city council of Cupertino that Apple had acquired nine contiguous properties to build a second campus, termed Apple Campus
Apple Campus
2,[6] located one mile east of the existing facility. Apple has had a presence in Cupertino since 1977, which is why the company decided to build in the area rather than move to a cheaper, distant location. Purchases of the needed properties were made through the company Hines Interests,[7][8] which in at least some cases did not disclose the fact that Apple was the ultimate buyer;[8] Philip Mahoney, a partner with a local commercial real estate brokerage, noted that this is common practice in attempts to arrange the purchase of contiguous land made up of multiple parcels with separate owners, in order to keep costs from skyrocketing and not reveal the company's plans to competitors.[8] Among the sellers of the properties were SummerHill Homes (a plot of 8 acres (32,000 m2)) and Hewlett-Packard
Hewlett-Packard
(three buildings of their campus in Cupertino).[8] On June 7, 2011, Apple's then-CEO Steve Jobs
Steve Jobs
presented to Cupertino City Council details of the architectural design of the new buildings and their environs. The new campus, on a site totalling 176 acres (0.71 km2), includes housing for up to 13,000 employees in one four-storied circular building of approximately 2,800,000 square feet (260,000 m2), a café for 3,000 sitting people, and is surrounded by extensive landscaping. Other facilities include a 1,000 seat auditorium, 300,000 square feet (28,000 m2) of R&D facilities, a fitness center, an orchard, and a dedicated generating plant as the primary source of electricity (powered by natural gas and other environmentally sound means).[9] Jobs stated: "It's got a gorgeous courtyard in the middle, and a lot more. It's a circle, so it's curved all the way round. This is not the cheapest way to build something."; this proved to be Jobs' last public appearance before his death in October 2011. Media reports widely described the new structure as a "spaceship".[10] Many compared the structure to "Tulou", a UNESCO World Heritage Sites
World Heritage Sites
listed architecture, which has a strikingly distinctive circular shape.[11] Additionally, El Economista[12] revealed that worldwide acclaimed architect Lord Norman Foster was in charge of the design of the new campus. The project's ground-breaking ceremony occurred in 2012,[13] but the Cupertino city council only approved the plans on October 15, 2013, after a six-hour debate resulting in unanimous agreement.[14] Shortly thereafter, demolition work began to prepare the site for the new construction.[15] The campus, now termed Apple Park, opened and largely replaced the Infinite Loop site in April 2017, though Apple has stated that it will keep the old buildings as ancillary office space.[16][17] References[edit]

^ "The Sobrato Organization - Portfolio - Commercial: Apple Computer World Headquarters". 2007. Archived from the original on April 2, 2009. Retrieved May 10, 2010.  ^ "Fire burns building at Apple headquarters". ABC Inc., KGO-TV/DT San Francisco, CA. Bay City News, Inc. 2008-08-13. Retrieved 2010-07-19.  ^ "PiperJaffray addresses 22 unanswered Apple questions". AppleInsider. May 4, 2006. Retrieved May 10, 2010.  ^ Sharon Simonson (September 30, 2005). "Apple gobbles up Cupertino office space". San Jose Business Journal. Retrieved May 11, 2010.  ^ Bell, Karissa. "Inside Apple's redesigned campus store in Cupertino". Mashable. Retrieved 22 November 2015.  ^ "News : Apple Campus
Apple Campus
2 Project Update". Cupertino. Retrieved 2013-05-28.  ^ Sharon Simonson (April 21, 2006). "Apple teams with Texas firm on new Cupertino campus". San Jose Business Journal. Retrieved May 10, 2010.  ^ a b c d Chandler, Michele (Apr 28, 2006). "How Apple found 50 acres in Cupertino and why they paid big bucks for it". San Jose Mercury-News. Archived from the original on June 28, 2006. Retrieved 27 September 2014.  ^ Steve Jobs
Steve Jobs
Presents to Cupertino City Council ^ "Apple's 'Spaceship' Campus Budget Reportedly Balloons To $5B, Will Look To Cut $1B Before Proceeding". TechCrunch. 2013-04-04. Retrieved 2013-05-28.  ^ https://www.everyday.com.kh/mobile/en/article/48324.html ^ Norman Foster trabaja en el diseño de la nueva 'Ciudad de Apple' en Cupertino ^ Fry, Stephen (May 26, 2015). "When Stephen Fry met Jony Ive the self-confessed tech geek talks to Apple's newly promoted chief design officer". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 31 May 2015. Retrieved May 31, 2015.  ^ May, Patrick (15 October 2013). "Cupertino council clears huge Apple 'spaceship' campus for liftoff". San Jose Mercury News. Retrieved 16 October 2013.  ^ Clover, Juli (2013-12-05). "Demolition at New Apple Campus
Apple Campus
2 Well Underway". MacRumors.  ^ Cunningham, Andrew (2017-02-23). "Apple's new spaceship campus gets a name, lifts off in April". Ars Technica.  ^ Press Release (February 22, 2017). " Apple Park
Apple Park
opens to employees in April". apple.com. Apple Inc.
Apple Inc.
Archived from the original on February 24, 2017. Retrieved February 24, 2017. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Apple Inc.
Apple Inc.
headquarters.

San Francisco Bay Area portal Architecture portal Apple Inc.
Apple Inc.
portal

Cycling the Infinite Loop with interactive map on Kinomap Pictures from Inside Apple HQ on AppleGazette.com

v t e

Apple Inc.

History Outline

Founders

Steve Jobs Steve Wozniak Ronald Wayne

Board of directors

Current

James A. Bell Tim Cook
Tim Cook
(CEO) Albert Gore Jr. Robert A. Iger Andrea Jung Arthur D. Levinson (Chairman) Ronald D. Sugar Susan L. Wagner

Former

Gil Amelio Fred D. Anderson Bill Campbell Mickey Drexler Al Eisenstat Larry Ellison Steve Jobs Delano Lewis Mike Markkula Arthur Rock Eric Schmidt John Sculley Edgar S. Woolard Jr. Jerry York

Executives

Current

Tim Cook
Tim Cook
(CEO) Jonathan Ive
Jonathan Ive
(CDO) Jeff Williams (COO) Luca Maestri (CFO) Katherine Adams (General Counsel) Angela Ahrendts Eddy Cue Craig Federighi Lisa Jackson Dan Riccio Phil Schiller Johny Srouji

Former

Gil Amelio Fred D. Anderson John Browett Guerrino De Luca Paul Deneve Al Eisenstat Tony Fadell Scott Forstall Ellen Hancock Nancy R. Heinen Steve Jobs Ron Johnson Mike Markkula David Nagel Peter Oppenheimer Mark Papermaster Jon Rubinstein Michael Scott John Sculley Bertrand Serlet Bruce Sewell Michael Spindler Sina Tamaddon Avie Tevanian Ronald Wayne Steve Wozniak

Products

Hardware

Mac

iMac iMac Pro Mac Book
Book
family Mac Mini Mac Pro

iPod

Classic Nano Shuffle Touch

iPhone iPad

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HomePod Apple TV Apple Watch

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MobileMe

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Newsstand

Stores

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Support

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Companies

Subsidiaries

Beats Electronics

Beats Music

Braeburn Capital FileMaker Inc.

Acquisitions

Anobit AuthenTec Inc. Beats Electronics

Beats Music

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Related

Advertising

1984 Think different Get a Mac iPods Product Red

Campus Park Design

IDg Typography Book

Didi Chuxing History

Codenames Community Criticism Litigation

FBI–Apple encryption dispute

iOS app approvals

Apple Music
Apple Music
Festival Welcome to Macintosh
Macintosh
(2008 documentary) Artistic depictions of Steve Jobs Original programs distributed by Apple

Book  Category Portal

v t e

Cupertino, California

Geography

Neighborhoods

Monta Vista Rancho Rinconada

Education

Primary and secondary schools

Cupertino Union School District Fremont Union High School District

Cupertino High School Homestead High School Monta Vista High School

Other education

Foothill–De Anza Community College District (De Anza College) San Francisco Japanese School Santa Clara County Library

Other

Landmarks

Apple Campus

Infinite Loop (street)

Hollyhill Hummingbird Farm Mary Avenue Bridge Vallco Shopping Mall

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