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The Info List - Apigeninidin


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APIGENINIDIN (Also, apigeNIDIN, or Gesneridin) is a chemical compound belonging to the 3-deoxyanthocyanidins and that can be found in the Patagonian plant Ephedra frustillata and in the soybean . Apigeninidin
Apigeninidin
is one of the principal pigments found in sorghum. Extremely high level of apigeninidin (49 mg/g) has been documented in sorghum leaf sheath. Like all anthocyanidins it exists in a variety of tautomers depending on pH and hydration, several of these bare the distinctive pyrylium core.

REFERENCES

* ^ Asahina, Yasuhiko; Inubuse, Mototaro (1928). "Über die Reduktion der Flavon- und Flavanon-Derivate (III. Mitteilung über die Flavanon-glucoside)". Berichte der deutschen chemischen Gesellschaft (A and B Series). 61 (8): 1646–1650. doi :10.1002/cber.19280610810 . ISSN 0365-9488 . * ^ Gurni, Alberto A.; Wagner, Marcelo L. (1982). " Apigeninidin
Apigeninidin
as a leucoderivative in Ephedra frustillata". Phytochemistry. 21 (9): 2428–2429. doi :10.1016/0031-9422(82)85229-1 . ISSN 0031-9422 . * ^ Boveris, AD; Galatro, A; Sambrotta, L; Ricco, R; Gurni, AA; Puntarulo, S (December 2001). "Antioxidant capacity of a 3-deoxyanthocyanidin from soybean". Phytochemistry. 58 (7): 1097–105. doi :10.1016/s0031-9422(01)00378-8 . PMID 11730874 . * ^ Awika, Joseph M.; Rooney, Lloyd W.; Waniska, Ralph D. (2004). "Properties of 3-Deoxyanthocyanins from Sorghum". Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 52 (14): 4388–4394. doi :10.1021/jf049653f . ISSN 0021-8561 . * ^ Geera, Bhimalingeswarappa; Ojwang, Leonnard O.; Awika, Joseph M. (2012). "New Highly Stable Dimeric 3-Deoxyanthocyanidin Pigments from Sorghum bicolor Leaf Sheath". Journal of Food Science. 77 (5): C566–C572. doi :10.1111/j.1750-3841.2012.02668.x . ISSN 0022-1147 . * ^ Costantino, Luca; Rastelli, Giulio; Rossi, Maria C.; Albasini, Albano (1995). "Quantitative measurement of proton dissociation and tautomeric constants of apigeninidin". Journal of the Chemical Society, Perkin Transactions 2 (2): 227. doi :10.1039/P29950000227 .

* v * t * e

Anthocyanidins and their anthocyanin glucosides

3-HYDROXYANTHOCYANIDINS

* 5-Desoxy-peonidin * Aurantinidin
Aurantinidin
* Cyanidin
Cyanidin
* 6-Hydroxycyanidin
6-Hydroxycyanidin
* Delphinidin
Delphinidin
* Fisetinidin * Guibourtinidin * Pelargonidin * Robinetinidin

3-DEOXYANTHOCYANIDINS

* Apigeninidin * Columnidin
Columnidin
* Diosmetinidin
Diosmetinidin
* Gesneridin * Luteolinidin
Luteolinidin
* Tricetinidin
Tricetinidin

O-METHYLATED ANTHOCYANIDINS

* 5-Desoxy-malvidin * Capensinidin
Capensinidin
* Europinidin * Hirsutidin * Kaempferidinidin * Malvidin * Peonidin * Petunidin * Pulchellidin * Rosinidin

Anthocyanins (anthocyaninidin glycosides) GLUCOSIDES:

* Callistephin ( Pelargonidin 3-O-glucoside) * Chrysanthemin (Cyanidin-3-O-glucoside) * Myrtillin (Delphinidin-3-O-glucoside) * Oenin (Malvidin-3-O-glucoside) * Peonidin-3-O-glucoside * Petunidin-3-O-glucoside * Pulchellidin 3-glucoside

DIGLUCOSIDES:

* Cyanin ( Cyanidin-3,5-O-diglucoside ) * Delphin (Delphinidin-3,5-O-diglucoside ) * Malvin ( Malvidin 3,5-diglucoside) * Pelargonin (Pelargonidin-3,5-O-diglucoside) * Peonin ( Peonidin 3,5-O-diglucoside ) * Petunin ( Petunidin 3,5-O-diglucoside )

OTHERS GLYCOSIDES:

* Antirrhinin (Cyanidin-3-O-rutinoside) * Ideain ( Cyanidin
Cyanidin
3-O-galactoside) * Delphinidin
Delphinidin
3-O-rhamnoside * Petunidin 3-O-arabinoside * Petunidin 3-O-galactoside * Petunidin 3-O-rhamnoside * Petunidin-3-O-rutinoside * Primulin (Malvidin-3-O-galactoside) * Pulchellidin 3-rhamnoside *