Aphodiinae is a subfamily of the scarab beetle family, Scarabaeidae.
Members of this subfamily are known commonly as the small dung beetles
and many, but not all, are dung beetles. These beetles are found
These beetles are small scarab beetles, most less than 8 millimeters
long. Many have small mandibles that are covered by a widened clypeus,
the exoskeleton plate above the mouth. The feet are clawed.
This is a diverse subfamily with varied life strategies and habitat
types. Many species are dung beetles, which collect and feed on animal
dung. Other species are detritivores or saprophages, which feed on
dead matter, and some are predatory. Some are known as inquilines,
living in ant or termite nests, and some are sand-dwelling beetles.
A survey of South American aphodiines found them in diverse habitat
types including temperate rainforests, high-elevation Andean
grassland, Patagonian steppe, coastal sand dunes, and subantarctic
There is not full agreement on the taxonomy of the subfamily, but some
classification schemes divide it into 11 tribes with about 280 genera
and a total of about 3200 species worldwide.
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Wikispecies has information related to Aphodiinae
^ a b c d e Skelley, P. E. Aphodiinae. Generic Guide to New World
Scarab Beetles. University of Nebraska State Museum. 2008 Version.
^ Smith, A. B. T. and P. E. Skelley. (2007). A review of the
Aphodiinae (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) of southern South America.
Fauna Europaea: 98970
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