APHODIINAE is a subfamily of the scarab beetle family,
These beetles are small scarab beetles, most less than 8 millimeters long. Many have small mandibles that are covered by a widened clypeus , the exoskeleton plate above the mouth. The feet are clawed.
This is a diverse subfamily with varied life strategies and habitat types. Many species are dung beetles, which collect and feed on animal dung . Other species are detritivores or saprophages , which feed on dead matter, and some are predatory. Some are known as inquilines , living in ant or termite nests, and some are sand-dwelling beetles. A survey of South American aphodiines found them in diverse habitat types including temperate rainforests , high-elevation Andean grassland, Patagonian steppe , coastal sand dunes , and subantarctic beech forest.
There is not full agreement on the taxonomy of the subfamily, but some classification schemes divide it into 11 tribes with about 280 genera and a total of about 3200 species worldwide.
* Aphodiini * Corythoderini * Didactyliini * Eupariini * Odochilini * Odontolochini * Proctophanini * Psammodiini * Rhyparini * Stereomerini * Termitoderini
Aphodius omissus *
Ataenius spretulus *
Dialytes monstrosus *
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* ^ A B C D E Skelley, P. E. Aphodiinae. Generic Guide to New World
Scarab Beetles. University of Nebraska State Museum. 2008 Version.
* ^ Smith, A. B. T. and P. E. Skelley. (2007). A review of the