Apam balik (English: 'turnover pancake')[1] or terang bulan (English: 'full moon') in Indonesia[2] is a type of griddle pancake common in Southeast Asia. It is usually sold at specialist roadside stalls throughout Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore.[3]

Other names

The dessert is also known by various names in different languages, depending on the region.


Malaysia and Singapore


  • Kuih Malaya (Malay, in Brunei), named after the place of origin of the cake when it was still known as Malaya.


The pancake's batter is made from a mixture of flour, eggs, sugar, baking soda, coconut milk and water.[4] The batter is cooked upon a thick round iron frying pan in plenty of palm margarine to avoid it sticking to the pan. Then other ingredients are sprinkled as filling; the most common or traditional is crushed peanut granules with sugar and sweetcorn kernels (available from cans), but modern innovations such as chocolate sprinkles and cheddar cheese are also available.[4] Then, the pancake is folded (hence the name: "turnover pancake") and cut into several pieces.

In Indonesia there is a smaller version made with smaller pan, they are called martabak mini or terang bulan mini.

The texture of the apam balik can vary depending on the amount of batter and type of pan used, from one that is akin to a crispier form of crumpets to small thin light pancake shells that break when bitten (the latter is usually called apam balik nipis, 'thin apam balik').

The dish has been declared a heritage food by the Malaysian Department of National Heritage.[5]

There is a Peranakan variant, the apom balik, that closely resembles the Indonesian Serabi.

See also


  1. ^ a b "Deliciously Unique Pancakes..." The Malaysia Pancake Co. Archived from the original on 1 June 2013. Retrieved 18 August 2013. 
  2. ^ Rondoletto. "Indonesian Sweet Martabak / Terang Bulan". Food.com. 
  3. ^ Malaysia, Singapore & Brunei. Lonely Planet. 2010. pp. 119–. ISBN 978-1-74104-887-2. Retrieved 18 August 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c d e "Martabak Manis Alias Kue Terang Bulan" (in Indonesian). Femina. Retrieved 16 May 2015. 
  5. ^ "Intangible Heritage Objects". Jabatan Warisan Negara Malaysia (The National Heritage Department of Malaysia). 20 January 2016. 

External links