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The Apalachicola River
Apalachicola River
/æpəlætʃɪˈkoʊlə/ is a river, approximately 112 mi (180 km) long in the State of Florida. This river's large watershed, known as the ACF River Basin
ACF River Basin
for short, drains an area of approximately 19,500 square miles (50,505 km2) into the Gulf of Mexico. The distance to its farthest headstream in northeast Georgia is approximately 500 miles (800 km). Its name comes from the Apalachicola tribe, which used to live along the river.[1]

Contents

1 Description 2 List of crossings 3 See also 4 References 5 Further reading 6 External links

Description[edit] The river is formed on the state line between Florida and Georgia, near the town of Chattahoochee, Florida, approximately 60 miles (97 km) northeast of Panama City, by the confluence of the Flint and Chattahoochee rivers. The actual confluence is submerged in the Lake Seminole
Lake Seminole
reservoir formed by the Jim Woodruff Dam. It flows generally south through the forests of the Florida Panhandle, past Bristol. In northern Gulf County, it receives the Chipola River
Chipola River
from the west. It flows into Apalachicola Bay, an inlet of the Gulf of Mexico, at Apalachicola. The lower 30 mi (48 km) of the river is surrounded by extensive swamps and wetlands except at the coast. The watershed contains nationally significant forests, with some of the highest biological diversity east of the Mississippi River,[2][3] and rivalling that of the Great Smoky Mountains. It has significant areas of temperate deciduous forest as well as longleaf pine landscapes and flatwoods. Flooded areas have significant tracts of floodplain forest.[4] All these southeastern forest types were devastated by logging between 1880 and 1920[5] and the Apalachiola contains some of the finest remaining examples in the southeast. The endangered tree species Florida Torreya is endemic to the region; it clings to forested slopes and bluffs in Torreya State Park
Torreya State Park
along the east bank of the river. The highest point within the watershed is Blood Mountain
Blood Mountain
at 4,458 ft (1,359 m), near the headwaters of the Chattahoochee River. Where the river enters the Gulf of Mexico
Gulf of Mexico
it creates a rich array of wetlands varying in salinity. These include tidal marshes and seagrass meadows. Over 200,000 acres of this diverse delta complex are included within the Apalachicola National Estuarine Research Reserve.[6] There are also dunes with coastal grasslands and interdunal swales.

View of Apalachicola River, Torreya State Park, Florida Panhandle

View of the Apalachicola River
Apalachicola River
near Fort Gadsden, Florida

The basin of the Apalachicola River
Apalachicola River
is also noted for its tupelo honey, a high-quality monofloral honey, which is produced wherever the tupelo trees bloom in the southeastern United States. In a good harvest year, the value of the tupelo honey crop produced by a group of specialized Florida beekeepers approaches $900,000 each spring.[7] During Florida's British colonial period the river formed the boundary between East Florida
East Florida
and West Florida. Geologically the river links the coastal plain and Gulf Coast with the Appalachian Mountains.[8] Some of the remaining important areas of natural habitat along the river include Apalachicola National Forest, Torreya State Park, The Nature Conservancy Apalachicola Bluffs and Ravines Preserve, Tates Hell State Forest and Apalachicola River
Apalachicola River
Wildlife and Environmental Area, as well as the Apalachicola River
Apalachicola River
Water Management Area. It has been suggested that this watershed should be nationally ranked and appreciated as being as significant as the Everglades
Everglades
or Great Smoky Mountains.[3] To raise awareness about the importance of preserving the natural state of the river and its inhabitants, Florida film producer Elam Stoltzfus highlighted this system in a PBS documentary in 2006.[9] The river forms the boundary between the Eastern and Central time zones in Florida, until it reaches the Jackson River. Thereafter, the Jackson River, which flows to the Gulf of Mexico, is the time zone boundary.[10] List of crossings[edit]

Crossing Carries Location Coordinates

Jim Woodruff Dam

Chattahoochee

Victory Bridge U.S. 90 Chattahoochee

Rail bridge CSX Transportation Chattahoochee

Dewey M. Johnson Bridge Interstate Highway 10 Marianna to Quincy

Trammell Bridge SR 20 Bristol

Rail bridge Apalachicola Northern Railway Apalachicola

John Gorrie Memorial Bridge U.S. 98 Apalachicola

Interstate 10 WB crossing between Gadsden County and Jackson County

See also[edit]

List of Florida rivers South Atlantic-Gulf Water Resource Region Voices of the Apalachicola

References[edit]

^ Krakow, Kenneth K. (1975). Georgia Place-Names: Their History and Origins (PDF). Macon, GA: Winship Press. p. 6. ISBN 0-915430-00-2.  ^ White, P.S., S.P. Wilds, and G.A. Thunhorst. 1998. Southeast. Pp. 255–314, In M.J. Mac, P.A. Opler, C.E. Puckett Haecker, and P.D. Doran (Eds.). Status and Trends of the Nation's Biological Resources. 2 vols. US Department of the Interior, US Geological Survey, Reston, VA. ^ a b Keddy, Paul A. (1 July 2009). "Thinking Big: A Conservation Vision for the Southeastern Coastal Plain of North America". Southeastern Naturalist. 8 (2): 213–226. doi:10.1656/058.008.0202.  ^ Messina, M.G. and W. H. Conner.(eds) 1998. Southern Forested Wetlands: Ecology and Management. Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton, FL: . ^ Williams, M. 1989. The lumberman's assault on the southern forest, 1880–1920. Pp. 238–288, In M. Williams (ed.). Americans and Their Forests: A Historical Geography. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK. ^ "Apalachicola National Estuarine Research Reserve". Retrieved 30 May 2012.  ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20090319130345/http://impact.ifas.ufl.edu/impact_sum_2001.pdf, p. 19 ^ Delcourt, H. R. and P. A. Delcourt. 1991. Quaternary Ecology: A Paleoecological Perspective. London: Chapman and Hall. ^ http://www.apalachicolaamericantreasure.com ^ 49 C.F.R. § 71.5(f).

Further reading[edit]

White, P.S., S.P. Wilds, and G.A. Thunhorst. 1998. Southeast. Pp. 255–314, In M.J. Mac, P.A. Opler, C.E. Puckett Haecker, and P.D. Doran (Eds.). "Status and Trends of the Nation’s Biological Resources". 2 vols. US Department of the Interior, US Geological Survey, Reston, VA. Boyce, S.G., and W.M. Martin. 1993. The future of the terrestrial communities of the southeastern United States. Pp. 339–366, In W.H. Martin, S.G. Boyce, and A.C. Echternacht (Eds.). Biodiversity of the Southeastern United States, Lowland Terrestrial Communities. Wiley, New York, NY. Light, H.M., M.R. Darst, and J.W. Grubbs. (1998). Aquatic habitats in relation to river flow in the Apalachicola River
Apalachicola River
floodplain, Florida [U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1594]. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Apalachicola River.

Florida State University: Apalachicola River
Apalachicola River
Ecological Management Plan Apalachicola River
Apalachicola River
Watershed – Florida DEP Apalachicola River
Apalachicola River
Wildlife and Environmental Area Apalachicola Riverkeeper, an organization focused on the protection of the Apalachicola National Estuarine Research Reserve Apalachicola Bluffs and Ravines Preserve, a Nature Conservancy preserve Northwest Florida Water Management District U.S. Army Corps of Engineers: Flint-Chatahoochee-Apalachicola basin U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Apalachicola River

Coordinates: 29°43′36″N 84°58′39″W / 29.72667°N 84.97750°W / 29.72667; -84.97750

v t e

Significant waterways of Florida

Larger rivers

Alapaha Apalachicola Aucilla Blackwater Caloosahatchee Chattahoochee Chipola Choctawhatchee Econlockhatchee Escambia Hillsborough Indian River Kissimmee Myakka Ochlockonee Ocklawaha Pea Peace Perdido Santa Fe St. Johns St. Marys Suwannee Withlacoochee (North) Withlacoochee (South) Yellow

Lakes

Apopka Crescent Blue Cypress East Tohopekaliga George Harney Harris Iamonia Istokpoga Jackson Jesup Kissimmee Manatee Miccosukee Monroe Okeechobee Poinsett Rodman Rousseau Seminole Talquin Tohopekaliga Tsala Apopka Ward Washington Weir

Smaller rivers

Alafia Alapahoochee Anclote Banana River Braden Carrabelle Chassahowitzka Crooked Crystal Dead East East Bay Eau Gallie Econfina Estero Homosassa Hontoon Dead Ichetucknee Imperial Little (Biscayne Bay) Little (Ochlockonee) Little Econlockhatchee Little Manatee Little Wekiva Loxahatchee Manatee Matanzas Miami Mosquito Lagoon New (Broward) New (Carabelle) New (Santa Fe) Oleta Orange Pithlachascotee Rainbow Ribault Shark Silver Sopchoppy St. Lucie St. Marks St. Sebastian Steinhatchee Tomoka Trout Waccasassa Wacissa Wakulla Weeki Wachee Wekiva

Creeks and streams

Billy's Black Blackwater (Hillsborough) Blackwater (Lake) Crane Cross Econfina Fisheating Myakkahatchee Orange Pottsburg Shingle Snapper Turkey

Canals

Canaveral Barge Canal Cross Florida Barge Canal Haulover Canal Hillsboro Canal Miami Canal Mud Lake Canal St. Johns-Indian River Barge Canal Tamiami Canal Tampa Bypass Canal

See also

Coastal waters of Florida Everglades Intracoastal Waterway Indian River Lagoon List of Florida rivers List of major springs in Florida Okeechobee Waterway Okefenokee Swamp Outstanding Florida Waters Pa

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