Antonin Magne
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Antonin Magne (; 15 February 1904 – 8 September 1983) was a
French French (french: français(e), link=no) may refer to: * Something of, from, or related to France France (), officially the French Republic (french: link=no, République française), is a transcontinental country This is a list of co ...

French
cyclist who won the
Tour de France The Tour de France () is an annual men's Race stage, multiple-stage cycle sport, bicycle race primarily held in France, while also occasionally passing through nearby countries. Like the other Grand Tour (cycling), Grand Tours (the Giro d'It ...

Tour de France
in 1931 and 1934. He raced as a professional from 1927 to 1939 and then became a team manager. The French rider and then journalist, Jean Bobet, described him in ''
Sporting Cyclist ''Sporting Cyclist'' was a British cycling A4-sized magazine originally called ''Coureur''. It began in 1955 and ended after 131 issues in April 1968. History ''Coureur'' ''Coureur - the magazine for the sporting cyclist'' was the idea of the jo ...
'' as "a most uninterviewable character" and "a man who withdraws into a shell as soon as he meets a journalist." His taciturn character earned him the
nickname A nickname (also moniker) is a substitute for the proper name of a familiar person, place or thing. Commonly used to express affection, a form of endearment, and sometimes amusement, it can also be used to express defamation of character De ...
of The Monk when he was racing.


Professional cycling career


Early career

Magne became a professional cyclist in 1927. He was part of the Alleluia Team which, with Pierre Magne, Julien Moineau, Marius Gallotini, Arsène Alancourt, and André Cauet, won the 1927
GP Wolber The GP Wolber was a France, French Bicycle racing, cycling event in the 1920s. It was considered a kind of unofficial World Championship. Only cyclists who finished in the top-3 of the major French, Italy, Italian, Belgium, Belgian and Switzerland ...
, considered the unofficial world road race championship. Magne first rode the Tour in 1927, alongside
André Leducq André Leducq (; 27 February 1904 – 18 June 1980) was a France, French cyclist who won the 1930 and 1932 Tour de France, Tours de France. He also won a gold medal at the 1924 Summer Olympics in the team road race event and the 1928 Paris– ...
in the
France France (), officially the French Republic (french: link=no, République française), is a transcontinental country This is a list of countries located on more than one continent A continent is one of several large landmasses ...

France
team.


1931 Tour de France

In 1931, defending champion
André Leducq André Leducq (; 27 February 1904 – 18 June 1980) was a France, French cyclist who won the 1930 and 1932 Tour de France, Tours de France. He also won a gold medal at the 1924 Summer Olympics in the team road race event and the 1928 Paris– ...
was not in good shape, so Magne took over the role as team leader. Although he was repeatedly attacked by the Italian Pesanti and the Belgian,
Jef Demuysere Jef Demuysere (Wervik, 26 July 1907 – Antwerp, 30 April 1969) was a Belgium, Belgian professional road bicycle racer. He finished on the podium of the Tour de France in 1929 and 1931, and on the podium of the Giro d'Italia in 1932 and 1933. ...
, Magne was able to win the race.


1932 to 1933

In 1932, Magne did not defend his Tour de France title; instead he started in the Giro d'Italia, but could not impress. In 1933, Magne returned in the Tour de France, and finished in 8th place.


1934 Tour de France

In 1934, Magne again started in the Tour de France, in a strong French team. Magne led from the second day and his team won 19 of the 23 stages, Magne himself winning two stages, including the first
time trial In many racing In sport, racing is a competition of speed, against an objective criterion, usually a clock or to a specific point. The competitors in a race try to complete a given task in the shortest amount of time. Typically this involves : ...

time trial
in the Tour de France, over 80 km from La Roche-sur-Yon to
Nantes Nantes (, , ; Gallo language, Gallo: ''Naunnt'' or ''Nantt'' ; ) is a city in Loire-Atlantique on the Loire, from the Atlantic Ocean, Atlantic coast. The city is the List of communes in France with over 20,000 inhabitants, sixth largest in F ...

Nantes
. His hopes looked over when he broke a wheel on the descent from l'Hospitalet to
Ax-les-Thermes Ax-les-Thermes (; oc, Ax or ) is a commune An intentional community is a voluntary residential community designed from the start to have a high degree of group cohesiveness, social cohesion and teamwork. The members of an intentional com ...
in the
Pyrenees The Pyrenees (; es, Pirineos ; french: Pyrénées ; ca, Pirineus ; eu, Pirinioak ; oc, Pirenèus ; an, Pirineus) is a mountain range straddling the border of France and Spain. It extends nearly from its union with the Cantabrian Mountains to ...

Pyrenees
. He was rescued by the youngest rider in his team, René Vietto, who handed him his own wheel despite being in third place himself. The next day Magne again had trouble. Vietto was just ahead of him on the Col de Portet d'Aspet, turned and saw his leader waving a wheel and rode back down the hill to hand him his own. Vietto wept by the roadside as he waited for another wheel. Magne won the Tour and France dominated it but Vietto, who finished fifth, was the hero. He also won the
Grand Prix des Nations The Grand Prix des Nations was an individual time trial (against the clock) for both professional and amateur racing cycle sport, cyclists. Held annually in Cannes, France, it was instituted in 1932 and often regarded as the unofficial time trial ...
, the unofficial world championship of the
individual time trial An individual time trial (ITT) is a road bicycle race Road bicycle racing is the cycle sport Cycle sport is competitive Competition is a rivalry A rivalry is the state of two people or groups engaging in a lasting competitive r ...
, for the first time that year.


Late career

In 1935 and 1936, Magne again won the Grand Prix des Nations. In 1935, he started in the Tour, but left the race halfway while in second place in the general classification, after a crash on the bottom of the Galibier. In 1936, Magne rode strong in the Tour, and finished in second place, behind
Sylvère Maes
Sylvère Maes
. Afterwards, he became
world champion A world championship is generally an international competition open to elite competitors from around the world, representing their nations, and winning such an event will be considered the highest or near highest achievement in the sport, game, o ...
. In 1937, Magne did not start in the Tour, saying that he had already decided this in 1936, and that he was still recuperating from a car accident in May. He became the official starter of the 1937 Tour instead. In 1938, Magne rode the Tour de France for the last time, and in the last stage he crossed the finishline together with
André Leducq André Leducq (; 27 February 1904 – 18 June 1980) was a France, French cyclist who won the 1930 and 1932 Tour de France, Tours de France. He also won a gold medal at the 1924 Summer Olympics in the team road race event and the 1928 Paris– ...
, who also rode the Tour for the last time; both were declared winner of that stage.


Post-racing career

Upon retirement, Magne became a
directeur sportif A ''directeur sportif'' (French for sporting director A sporting director, or director of sport, is an executive management position in a body concerned with sport. The role is best known as a manager role at continental European football clubs ...
for several successful riders, such as
Louison Bobet Louis "Louison" Bobet (; 12 March 1925 - 13 March 1983) was a French professional road racing cyclist Road bicycle racing is the cycle sport discipline of road cycling, held on Road surface, paved roads. Road racing is the most popular profession ...

Louison Bobet
and
Raymond Poulidor Raymond Poulidor (; 15 April 1936 – 13 November 2019), nicknamed "Pou-Pou" (), was a French professional racing cyclist Cycle sport is competitive Competition is a rivalry A rivalry is the state of two people or groups engag ...
in the Mercier team. He is credited with being a mentor to the great riders of the era, and is considered to be one of the best directeurs sportif in the sport. He never referred to his riders by the informal "tu" but always as "vous"; riders addressed him a "Monsieur Magne". Louis Caput replaced Antonin Magne as manager of Fagor-Mercier in 1970. Magne lived for much of his life at
Livry-Gargan Livry-Gargan () is a commune An intentional community is a voluntary residential community designed from the start to have a high degree of group cohesiveness, social cohesion and teamwork. The members of an intentional community typicall ...
, in the
département In the administrative divisions of France The administrative divisions of France are concerned with the institutional and territorial organization of French territory. These territories are located in many parts of the world. There ar ...

département
of
Seine-Saint-Denis () is a French department Department may refer to: * Departmentalization, division of a larger organization into parts with specific responsibility Government and military *Department (country subdivision), a geographical and administrative di ...
near
Paris Paris () is the Capital city, capital and List of communes in France with over 20,000 inhabitants, most populous city of France, with an estimated population of 2,175,601 residents , in an area of more than . Since the 17th century, Paris ha ...

Paris
. In 2004, the Tour de France honoured the centenary of his birth with a stage finish there. Magne was made a Chevalier de la Légion d'Honneur in 1962.


Career achievements


Major results

;1927 :
Tour de France The Tour de France () is an annual men's Race stage, multiple-stage cycle sport, bicycle race primarily held in France, while also occasionally passing through nearby countries. Like the other Grand Tour (cycling), Grand Tours (the Giro d'It ...
:: 6th overall :: Stage 14 win :
GP Wolber The GP Wolber was a France, French Bicycle racing, cycling event in the 1920s. It was considered a kind of unofficial World Championship. Only cyclists who finished in the top-3 of the major French, Italy, Italian, Belgium, Belgian and Switzerland ...
(as part of the Alleluia team) ;1928 :
Tour de France The Tour de France () is an annual men's Race stage, multiple-stage cycle sport, bicycle race primarily held in France, while also occasionally passing through nearby countries. Like the other Grand Tour (cycling), Grand Tours (the Giro d'It ...
:: 6th overall ::Stage 13 and 21 wins ;1929 :Circuit des villes d'eaux d'Auvergne :
Tour de France The Tour de France () is an annual men's Race stage, multiple-stage cycle sport, bicycle race primarily held in France, while also occasionally passing through nearby countries. Like the other Grand Tour (cycling), Grand Tours (the Giro d'It ...
:: 7th overall ;1930 :
Tour de France The Tour de France () is an annual men's Race stage, multiple-stage cycle sport, bicycle race primarily held in France, while also occasionally passing through nearby countries. Like the other Grand Tour (cycling), Grand Tours (the Giro d'It ...
:: 3rd overall :: Stage 12 win :
Paris–Roubaix Paris–Roubaix is a one-day professional road bicycle racing, bicycle road race in northern France, starting north of Paris and finishing in Roubaix, at the border with Belgium. It is one of cycling's oldest races, and is one of the 'Cycling mo ...
:: 3rd overall :Paris-Vichy ;1931 :
Tour de France The Tour de France () is an annual men's Race stage, multiple-stage cycle sport, bicycle race primarily held in France, while also occasionally passing through nearby countries. Like the other Grand Tour (cycling), Grand Tours (the Giro d'It ...
:: 1st overall :: 16 days in maillot jaune :: Stage 9 win ;1933 :
Tour de France The Tour de France () is an annual men's Race stage, multiple-stage cycle sport, bicycle race primarily held in France, while also occasionally passing through nearby countries. Like the other Grand Tour (cycling), Grand Tours (the Giro d'It ...
:: 8th overall :: 2nd
mountains classification The King of the Mountains (KoM) is an award given to the best climbing specialist in a men's road bicycle racing, cycling road race; in List of women's road bicycle races, women's cycle racing, Queen of the Mountains (QoM) is used. While the tit ...
;1934 :
Tour de France The Tour de France () is an annual men's Race stage, multiple-stage cycle sport, bicycle race primarily held in France, while also occasionally passing through nearby countries. Like the other Grand Tour (cycling), Grand Tours (the Giro d'It ...
:: 1st overall :: 23 days in maillot jaune :: Stage 17 and 21b wins :
Grand Prix des Nations The Grand Prix des Nations was an individual time trial (against the clock) for both professional and amateur racing cycle sport, cyclists. Held annually in Cannes, France, it was instituted in 1932 and often regarded as the unofficial time trial ...
;1935 :Grand Prix des Nations ;1936 :
Tour de France The Tour de France () is an annual men's Race stage, multiple-stage cycle sport, bicycle race primarily held in France, while also occasionally passing through nearby countries. Like the other Grand Tour (cycling), Grand Tours (the Giro d'It ...
:: 2nd overall :: Stage 20b win :
World Cycling Championship The UCI world championships are annual competitions promoted by the Union Cycliste Internationale (UCI) to determine world champion cyclists. They are held in several different styles of racing, in a different country each year. Championship winne ...
:Grand Prix des Nations ;1938 :
Tour de France The Tour de France () is an annual men's Race stage, multiple-stage cycle sport, bicycle race primarily held in France, while also occasionally passing through nearby countries. Like the other Grand Tour (cycling), Grand Tours (the Giro d'It ...
:: 8th overall :: Stage 10c and 21 wins


Grand Tour results timeline


References


External links

*
Official Tour de France results for Antonin Magne
{{DEFAULTSORT:Magne, Antonin 1904 births 1983 deaths Sportspeople from Cantal French male cyclists Tour de France winners French Tour de France stage winners UCI Road World Champions (elite men)