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Antonia Coello Novello, M.D., (born August 23, 1944) is a Puerto Rican physician and public health administrator. She was a vice admiral in the Public Health Service Commissioned Corps
Public Health Service Commissioned Corps
and served as 14th Surgeon General of the United States
Surgeon General of the United States
from 1990 to 1993. Novello is the first woman and first Hispanic
Hispanic
to serve as Surgeon General. Novello also served as Commissioner of Health for the State of New York from 1999 to 2006.

Contents

1 Career

1.1 Public Health Service 1.2 Pediatric nephrologist 1.3 Surgeon General 1.4 Later years

2 Awards 3 Early life 4 Education 5 Marriage 6 Felony conviction 7 See also 8 References 9 External links

Career[edit] Public Health Service[edit] In 1979, Novello joined the Public Health Service and received a commission in the Public Health Service Commissioned Corps
Public Health Service Commissioned Corps
(PHSCC). Her first assignment was as a project officer at the National Institute of Arthritis, Metabolism and Digestive Diseases of the National Institutes of Health
National Institutes of Health
(NIH).[1] From 1976, she also held a clinical appointment in pediatrics at Georgetown University School of Medicine. During her years at NIH, Novello worked on an MPH degree from the Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health, receiving the degree in 1982.[citation needed] Novello held various positions at NIH before being appointed to Assistant Surgeon General grade in the PHSCC[citation needed] and assignment as the Deputy Director of the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) in 1986. She also served as Coordinator for AIDS
AIDS
Research for NICHD from September 1987.[citation needed] In this role, she developed a particular interest in pediatric AIDS, which caught the attention of the White House.[1] Novello made major contributions to the drafting and enactment of the Organ Transplantation Procurement Act of 1984 while assigned to the United States Senate
United States Senate
Committee on Labor and Human Resources, working with the staff of committee chairman Orrin Hatch.[citation needed] Pediatric nephrologist[edit] In 1976, Novello opened her own private practice in Springfield, Virginia where she worked as a pediatrician. However, she soon realized that she lacked adequate emotional detachment for her work so she terminated her practice. Novello stated in an interview, "When the pediatrican cries as much as the parents do, then you know it's time to get out."[2] Surgeon General[edit] Novello was appointed Surgeon General by President George H. W. Bush, beginning her tenure on March 9, 1990, and was appointed to the temporary rank of vice admiral in the regular corps while the Surgeon General. She was the first woman and the first Hispanic
Hispanic
to hold the position. During her tenure as Surgeon General, Novello focused her attention on the health of women, children and minorities, as well as on underage drinking, smoking, and AIDS. She played an important role in launching the Healthy Children Ready to Learn Initiative. She was actively involved in working with other organizations to promote immunization of children and childhood injury prevention efforts. She spoke out often and forcefully about illegal underage drinking, and called upon the United States Department of Health and Human Services
United States Department of Health and Human Services
Inspector General to issue a series of eight reports on the subject. Novello also worked to discourage illegal tobacco use by young people, and repeatedly criticized the tobacco industry for appealing to the youth market through the use of cartoon characters such as Joe Camel. A workshop that she convened led to the emergence of a National Hispanic/Latino Health Initiative. Novello was controversial among abortion rights advocates due to her support of a policy prohibiting family planning program workers who received federal financing from discussing abortion with their patients.[3] Novello left the post of Surgeon General on June 30, 1993, with the administration of President Bill Clinton
Bill Clinton
praising her for her "vigor and talent."[3] Later years[edit] After leaving the position of Surgeon General, Novello remained in the regular corps of the Public Health Service. She was assigned the United Nations Children's Fund
United Nations Children's Fund
(UNICEF) Special
Special
Representative for Health and Nutrition from 1993 to 1996 reverting to her permanent two-star rank of rear admiral. In 1996, she became Visiting Professor of Health Policy and Management at the Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health. She retired from the Public Health Service and the PHSCC shortly after with the grade of vice admiral. In 1999, Governor of New York
Governor of New York
George Pataki
George Pataki
appointed Novello as the Commissioner of Health for the State of New York. She served until 2006. Since 2008, Novello has been vice president of Women and Children Health and Policy Affairs at Disney Children’s Hospital at Florida
Florida
Hospital in Orlando, Florida.[4] As of December 31, 2014, Novello retired from her position as an Executive Director of Public Health Policy at Florida
Florida
Hospital - Orlando.[5] Awards[edit]

  Legion of Merit   Public Health Service Distinguished Service Medal   Public Health Service Outstanding Service Medal   Public Health Service Commendation Medal   Public Health Service Outstanding Unit Citation   Public Health Service Unit Commendation   Public Health Service Foreign Duty Service Award   Public Health Service Regular Corps Ribbon   Association of Military Surgeons of the United States   Reserve Officers Association

Badges:

Surgeon General Badge

Early life[edit] Antonia Novello, born on August 23, 1944 in Fajardo, Puerto Rico, was the oldest of three children. Growing up, she was raised primarily by her mother, Ana Delia Flores because her father died when she was eight years old. At birth, Novello was diagnosed with Congenital megacolon, a painful condition that required Novello to make frequent trips to the hospital. Although Novello was told at eight years old that she should have surgery to correct her problem, it would take another 10 years before such an operation would happen. Nevertheless, Novello managed to excel in her study to become a doctor. Her experience with that disease, left such an impact on her that she vowed to become a doctor so that "no other person is going to wait 18 years for surgery.[6] Education[edit] At an early age, Antonia's Mother, a school teacher and later high school principal, stressed the importance of an education. Novello excelled in her education and graduated from high school at the age of 15.[7] She attended the University of Puerto Rico in Rio Piedras where she received her Bachelor of Science degree in 1965. She went on to medical school in University of Puerto Rico in San Juan [7] where she received her Doctor of Medicine degree in 1970. That same year, she married Joseph R. Novello and they both moved to Ann Arbor, Michigan where she continued her medical studies. Novello began a pediatric internship at University of Michigan Medical School. She became the first woman to receive the "University of Michigan Pediatrics Department Intern of the Year" award.[2] In 1973, Novello and her husband moved to Washington D.C. to being her residency in pediatric nephrology at Georgetown University School of Medicine
Georgetown University School of Medicine
Hospital until 1976.[2] Marriage[edit] Novello was married to former US Navy flight surgeon and psychiatrist, Joseph R. Novello.[8] She was the sister-in-law of Saturday Night Live alumnus Don Novello, creator of the character persona Father Guido Sarducci. Felony conviction[edit] In response to a complaint by a former New York State Department of Health employee that Novello used her departmental staff for personal purposes unrelated to her official duties, the New York State Inspector General launched an investigation and in January 2009 produced a report[9] stating that while serving as Health Commissioner, she had routinely abused her authority over department personnel, "turn[ing] her staff at the Health Department into her personal chauffeurs, porters and shopping assistants during her seven-year tenure,"[3] and referred a criminal case against her to Albany County District Attorney
District Attorney
David Soares. On May 11, 2009, Novello was charged with one count of defrauding the government, three counts of filing a false instrument, and 16 counts of theft of government services.[10] At her arraignment by Judge Stephen Herrick, and represented by attorney E. Stewart Jones, she pleaded not guilty to all charges,[10] but on June 26, 2009, in a plea deal with prosecutors, she pleaded guilty to one felony count of filing a false instrument involving a worker’s duties in exchange for a light sentence and dropping the other charges.[11] Her guilty plea was accepted by the court on August 13, 2009.[12] She was sentenced to pay $22,500 in restitution, a $5,000 fine, and spend 250 hours doing community service at a medical clinic for uninsured patients. Outside the court immediately after the sentencing, Novello called herself a victim of former co-workers and her lawyer called the crime an "administrative processing offense – nothing else."[13] See also[edit]

Biography portal Puerto Rico portal

List of famous Puerto Ricans Puerto Rican scientists and inventors History of women in Puerto Rico

References[edit]

^ a b " Antonia Novello
Antonia Novello
Biography Academy of Achievement". Academy of Achievement. Archived from the original on 31 January 2009. Retrieved 2009-01-27.  ^ a b c "Antonia C. Novello Facts, information, pictures Encyclopedia.com articles about Antonia C. Novello". www.encyclopedia.com. Retrieved 2016-04-01.  ^ a b c Hakim, Danny (January 26, 2009). "New York Says Health Chief Abused Power". New York Times. p. A1. Retrieved 26 January 2009.  ^ " Florida
Florida
Hospital Unveils New Details, Name for Disney Children's Hospital". Disney. August 27, 2008. Archived from the original on October 3, 2011. Retrieved 2009-05-12.  ^ http://www.orlandosentinel.com/elsentinel/os-antonia-novello-retiro-20141216-story.html ^ Krucoff, Carol (May 1991). "Antonia Novello: A Dream Come True". The Saturday Evening Post.  ^ a b " Antonia Novello
Antonia Novello
Biography -- Academy of Achievement". www.achievement.org. Archived from the original on 2009-01-31. Retrieved 2016-04-01.  ^ "Biography: Joseph R. Novello, M.D.,". NovelloMD.com. 2009. Archived from the original on 13 December 2007. Retrieved 2008-01-15.  ^ "Final Report — State of New York Office of the State Inspector General" (PDF). ig.ny.gov. State of New York Office of the State Inspector General. January 27, 2009. Retrieved 4 December 2016.  ^ a b "Ex-Health Commissioner Novello charged with theft, fraud." Albany Times Union Tuesday, May 12, 2009. ^ "State Official Under Pataki Pleads Guilty". New York Times. Associated Press. June 26, 2009. p. A16. Retrieved 4 December 2016.  ^ "NY Judge Lectures Former Surgeon General Novello." ^ Gavin, Robert (August 15, 2009). "Novello Gets Earful From Judge — But After Sentencing, Ex-Health Chief Has Words for Co-Workers". Albany Times-Union. Retrieved 4 December 2016. 

External links[edit]

Office of Public Health and Science (January 4, 2007). "Office of the Surgeon General: William H. Stewart
William H. Stewart
(1965-1969)". U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Archived from the original on September 16, 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-17. 

Military offices

Preceded by James Mason Acting Surgeon General of the United States 1990–1993 Succeeded by Robert Whitney Acting

v t e

Surgeons General of the United States

Woodworth Hamilton Wyman Blue Cumming Parran Scheele Burney Terry Stewart Steinfeld Ehrlich (acting) Richmond Brandt (acting) Koop Mason (acting) Novello Whitney (acting) Elders Manley (acting) Satcher Moritsugu (acting) Carmona Moritsugu (acting) Galson (acting) Weaver (acting) Benjamin Lushniak (acting) Murthy Trent-Adams (acting) Adams

v t e

Inductees to the National Women's Hall of Fame

1970–1979

1973

Jane Addams Marian Anderson Susan B. Anthony Clara Barton Mary McLeod Bethune Elizabeth Blackwell Pearl S. Buck Rachel Carson Mary Cassatt Emily Dickinson Amelia Earhart Alice Hamilton Helen Hayes Helen Keller Eleanor Roosevelt Florence Sabin Margaret Chase Smith Elizabeth Cady Stanton Helen Brooke Taussig Harriet Tubman

1976

Abigail Adams Margaret Mead Mildred "Babe" Didrikson Zaharias

1979

Dorothea Dix Juliette Gordon Low Alice Paul Elizabeth Bayley Seton

1980–1989

1981

Margaret Sanger Sojourner Truth

1982

Carrie Chapman Catt Frances Perkins

1983

Belva Lockwood Lucretia Mott

1984

Mary "Mother" Harris Jones Bessie Smith

1986

Barbara McClintock Lucy Stone Harriet Beecher Stowe

1988

Gwendolyn Brooks Willa Cather Sally Ride Ida B. Wells-Barnett

1990–1999

1990

Margaret Bourke-White Barbara Jordan Billie Jean King Florence B. Seibert

1991

Gertrude Belle Elion

1993

Ethel Percy Andrus Antoinette Blackwell Emily Blackwell Shirley Chisholm Jacqueline Cochran Ruth Colvin Marian Wright Edelman Alice Evans Betty Friedan Ella Grasso Martha Wright Griffiths Fannie Lou Hamer Dorothy Height Dolores Huerta Mary Jacobi Mae Jemison Mary Lyon Mary Mahoney Wilma Mankiller Constance Baker Motley Georgia O'Keeffe Annie Oakley Rosa Parks Esther Peterson Jeannette Rankin Ellen Swallow Richards Elaine Roulet Katherine Siva Saubel Gloria Steinem Helen Stephens Lillian Wald Madam C. J. Walker Faye Wattleton Rosalyn S. Yalow Gloria Yerkovich

1994

Bella Abzug Ella Baker Myra Bradwell Annie Jump Cannon Jane Cunningham Croly Catherine East Geraldine Ferraro Charlotte Perkins Gilman Grace Hopper Helen LaKelly Hunt Zora Neale Hurston Anne Hutchinson Frances Wisebart Jacobs Susette La Flesche Louise McManus Maria Mitchell Antonia Novello Linda Richards Wilma Rudolph Betty Bone Schiess Muriel Siebert Nettie Stevens Oprah Winfrey Sarah Winnemucca Fanny Wright

1995

Virginia Apgar Ann Bancroft Amelia Bloomer Mary Breckinridge Eileen Collins Elizabeth Hanford Dole Anne Dallas Dudley Mary Baker Eddy Ella Fitzgerald Margaret Fuller Matilda Joslyn Gage Lillian Moller Gilbreth Nannerl O. Keohane Maggie Kuhn Sandra Day O'Connor Josephine St. Pierre Ruffin Pat Schroeder Hannah Greenebaum Solomon

1996

Louisa May Alcott Charlotte Anne Bunch Frances Xavier Cabrini Mary A. Hallaren Oveta Culp Hobby Wilhelmina Cole Holladay Anne Morrow Lindbergh Maria Goeppert-Mayer Ernestine Louise Potowski Rose Maria Tallchief Edith Wharton

1998

Madeleine Albright Maya Angelou Nellie Bly Lydia Moss Bradley Mary Steichen Calderone Mary Ann Shadd
Mary Ann Shadd
Cary Joan Ganz Cooney Gerty Cori Sarah Grimké Julia Ward Howe Shirley Ann Jackson Shannon Lucid Katharine Dexter McCormick Rozanne L. Ridgway Edith Nourse Rogers Felice Schwartz Eunice Kennedy Shriver Beverly Sills Florence Wald Angelina Grimké
Angelina Grimké
Weld Chien-Shiung Wu

2000–2009

2000

Faye Glenn Abdellah Emma Smith DeVoe Marjory Stoneman Douglas Mary Dyer Sylvia A. Earle Crystal Eastman Jeanne Holm Leontine T. Kelly Frances Oldham Kelsey Kate Mullany Janet Reno Anna Howard Shaw Sophia Smith Ida Tarbell Wilma L. Vaught Mary Edwards Walker Annie Dodge Wauneka Eudora Welty Frances E. Willard

2001

Dorothy H. Andersen Lucille Ball Rosalynn Carter Lydia Maria Child Bessie Coleman Dorothy Day Marian de Forest Althea Gibson Beatrice A. Hicks Barbara Holdridge Harriet Williams Russell Strong Emily Howell Warner Victoria Woodhull

2002

Paulina Kellogg Wright Davis Ruth Bader Ginsburg Katharine Graham Bertha Holt Mary Engle Pennington Mercy Otis Warren

2003

Linda G. Alvarado Donna de Varona Gertrude Ederle Martha Matilda Harper Patricia Roberts Harris Stephanie L. Kwolek Dorothea Lange Mildred Robbins Leet Patsy Takemoto Mink Sacagawea Anne Sullivan Sheila E. Widnall

2005

Florence Ellinwood Allen Ruth Fulton Benedict Betty Bumpers Hillary Clinton Rita Rossi Colwell Mother Marianne Cope Maya Y. Lin Patricia A. Locke Blanche Stuart Scott Mary Burnett Talbert

2007

Eleanor K. Baum Julia Child Martha Coffin Pelham Wright Swanee Hunt Winona LaDuke Elisabeth Kübler-Ross Judith L. Pipher Catherine Filene Shouse Henrietta Szold

2009

Louise Bourgeois Mildred Cohn Karen DeCrow Susan Kelly-Dreiss Allie B. Latimer Emma Lazarus Ruth Patrick Rebecca Talbot Perkins Susan Solomon Kate Stoneman

2010–2019

2011

St. Katharine Drexel Dorothy Harrison Eustis Loretta C. Ford Abby Kelley
Abby Kelley
Foster Helen Murray Free Billie Holiday Coretta Scott King Lilly Ledbetter Barbara A. Mikulski Donna E. Shalala Kathrine Switzer

2013

Betty Ford Ina May Gaskin Julie Krone Kate Millett Nancy Pelosi Mary Joseph Rogers Bernice Sandler Anna Schwartz Emma Willard

2015

Tenley Albright Nancy Brinker Martha Graham Marcia Greenberger Barbara Iglewski Jean Kilbourne Carlotta Walls LaNier Philippa Marrack Mary Harriman Rumsey Eleanor Smeal

2017

Matilda Cuomo Temple Grandin Lorraine Hansberry Victoria Jackson Sherry Lansing Clare Boothe Luce Aimee Mullins Carol Mutter Janet Rowley Alice Waters

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 28735731 LCCN: n92801631 ISNI: 0000 0000 3308 900

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