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Adolf Anton Wilhelm Wohlbrück (19 November 1896 – 9 August 1967) was an Austrian actor who settled in the United Kingdom under the name Anton Walbrook.

Contents

1 Life and career 2 Selected filmography 3 References 4 External links

Life and career[edit] Walbrook was born in Vienna, Austria, as Adolf Wohlbrück. He was the son of Gisela Rosa (Cohn) and Adolf Ferdinand Bernhard Hermann Wohlbrück.[1][2] He was descended from ten generations of actors, though his father broke with tradition and was a circus clown. Walbrook studied with the director Max Reinhardt
Max Reinhardt
and built up a career in Austrian theatre and cinema. In 1936, he went to Hollywood
Hollywood
to reshoot dialogue for the multinational The Soldier and the Lady (1937) and in the process changed his name from Adolf to Anton. Instead of returning to Austria, Walbrook, who was gay[3] and classified under the Nuremberg Laws
Nuremberg Laws
as "half-Jewish" (his mother was Jewish),[4] settled in England and continued working as a film actor, making a speciality of playing continental Europeans. Producer-director Herbert Wilcox
Herbert Wilcox
cast him as Prince Albert in Victoria the Great (1937) and Walbrook also appeared in the sequel, Sixty Glorious Years the following year. He was in director Thorold Dickinson's version of Gaslight (1940), in the role played by Charles Boyer in the later Hollywood
Hollywood
remake. In Dangerous Moonlight
Dangerous Moonlight
(1941), a romantic melodrama, he was a Polish pianist torn over whether to return home. For the Powell and Pressburger
Powell and Pressburger
team in The Life and Death of Colonel Blimp (1943) he played the role of the dashing, intense "good German" officer Theo Kretschmar-Schuldorff, and the tyrannical impresario Lermontov in The Red Shoes (1948). One of his most unusual films, reuniting him with Dickinson, is The Queen of Spades (1949), a Gothic thriller based on the Alexander Pushkin
Alexander Pushkin
short story, in which he co-starred with Edith Evans. For Max Ophüls he was the ringmaster in La Ronde (1950) and Ludwig I, King of Bavaria
Bavaria
in Lola Montès. His Red Shoes co-star Moira Shearer
Moira Shearer
recalled Walbrook was a loner on set, often wearing dark glasses and eating alone.[5] He retired from films at the end of the 1950s and in later years appeared on the European stage and television. Walbrook died of a heart attack in Garatshausen, Bavaria, Germany
Germany
in 1967. His ashes were interred in the churchyard of St. John's Church, Hampstead, London, as he had wished in his testament. Selected filmography[edit]

In Austria and Germany

Martin Luther (1923) The Pride of Company Three (1932) Three from the Unemployment Office (1932) Melody of Love (1932) Waltz War (1933), a.k.a. Waltz Time in Vienna, as Johann Strauss            Viktor und Viktoria, a.k.a. Viktor and Viktoria (1933) Keine Angst Vor Liebe (1933) Die vertauschte Braut (1934) George and Georgette (1934) Maskerade, a.k.a. Masquerade in Vienna
Vienna
(1934) The English Marriage (1934) A Woman Who Knows What She Wants
A Woman Who Knows What She Wants
(1934) Regine (1935) Der Student von Prag (1935), a.k.a. The Student of Prague Ich war Jack Mortimer (1935) The Gypsy Baron (1935) Der Kurier des Zaren (1936), as Michael Strogoff Tomfoolery (1936)

After leaving Germany

Michel Strogoff (1936), as Michel Strogoff Port Arthur (1936) The Rat (1937) The Soldier and the Lady (1937), as Michael Strogoff Victoria the Great
Victoria the Great
(1937), as Prince Albert Sixty Glorious Years
Sixty Glorious Years
(1938), as Prince Albert Gaslight (1940) Dangerous Moonlight
Dangerous Moonlight
(1941) 49th Parallel (1941) The Life and Death of Colonel Blimp
The Life and Death of Colonel Blimp
(1943) The Man from Morocco (1945) The Red Shoes (1948) The Queen of Spades (1949) La Ronde (1950) King for One Night
King for One Night
(1950) Le Plaisir
Le Plaisir
(1952), narrator in German version L'affaire Maurizius
L'affaire Maurizius
(1954) Lola Montès
Lola Montès
(1955), as King Ludwig I of Bavaria Oh... Rosalinda!!
Oh... Rosalinda!!
(1955) Saint Joan (1957) I Accuse! (1958), as Major Esterhazy

References[edit]

The grave of Anton Walbrook
Anton Walbrook
in Hampstead Cemetery, London

Notes

^ " Anton Walbrook
Anton Walbrook
- Tomb With a View".  ^ Mann für Mann.  ^ David Ehrenstein (20 July 2010). "The Red Shoes: Dancing for Your Life". Current. The Criterion Collection. Retrieved 27 August 2012.  ^ Offermanns, Ernst (2005) (in German). Die deutschen Juden und der Spielfilm der NS-Zeit. Frankfurt: Peter Lang. p. 69. ^ Commentary track on Criterion DVD of The Red Shoes

Bibliography

Moor, Andrew, Dangerous Limelight: Anton Walbrook
Anton Walbrook
and the Seduction of the English (2001)

External links[edit]

Biography portal

Anton Walbrook
Anton Walbrook
on IMDb Anton Walbrook
Anton Walbrook
at the British Film Institute's Screenonline. Biography & filmography Anton Walbrook
Anton Walbrook
fan site Photographs of Anton Walbrook Anton Walbrook
Anton Walbrook
at Find a Grave

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 47540353 LCCN: n86138515 ISNI: 0000 0000 0107 7879 GND: 117456888 SUDOC: 081867247 BNF: cb14237469f (data) MusicBrainz: 01a23c30-dea9-4371-8ad9-f02e3aa7f

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