Anton Hubert Fischer
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Anton Hubert Fischer (Antonius Fischer) (30 May 1840, in
Jülich Jülich (; in old spellings also known as ''Guelich'' or ''Gülich'', nl, Gulik, french: Juliers) is a town A town is a human settlement In geography Geography (from Greek: , ''geographia'', literally "earth description") ...

Jülich
,
Rhine Province The Rhine Province (german: Rheinprovinz), also known as Rhenish Prussia (''Rheinpreußen'') or synonymous with the Rhineland The Rhineland (german: Rheinland; french: Rhénanie; nl, Rijnland; ksh, Rhingland; Latinised name: ''Rhenania' ...
– 30 July 1912, in
Neuenahr Bad Neuenahr-Ahrweiler () is a spa town in the German States of Germany, Bundesland of Rhineland-Palatinate that serves as the Capital (political), capital of the Ahrweiler (district), Ahrweiler district. The Bundesautobahn 61, A61 motorway connec ...
) was a Roman Catholic
Archbishop of Cologne Cologne was one of the seven electorates of the Holy Roman Empire ('' Codex Balduini Trevirorum'', c. 1340) The Archbishop of Cologne is an archbishop In many Christian denomination, Christian Denominations, an archbishop (, via Latin ''archiepis ...
and
Cardinal Cardinal or The Cardinal may refer to: Christianity * Cardinal (Catholic Church), a senior official of the Catholic Church * Cardinal (Church of England), two members of the College of Minor Canons of St. Paul's Cathedral Navigation * Cardin ...
.


Life

The son of a professor, he was educated at the Friedrich Wilhelm Gymnasium at
Cologne Cologne ( ; german: Köln ; ksh, Kölle ) is the largest city of Germany, Germany's most populous States of Germany, state of North Rhine-Westphalia (NRW) and the List of cities in Germany by population, fourth-most populous city and one of t ...

Cologne
, making his theological studies at the
University of Bonn The Rhenish Friedrich Wilhelm University of Bonn (german: Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn) is a public research university A public university or public college is a university A university ( la, universitas, 'a whole') is ...

University of Bonn
and the Academy of Münster. Ordained priest, 2 September 1863, he was for twenty-five years professor of religion at the Gymnasium at
Essen Essen (; Latin: ''Assindia'') is the central and, after Dortmund, second-largest city of the Ruhr, the largest urban area in Germany. Its population of makes it the fourth-largest city of North Rhine-Westphalia after Cologne, Düsseldorf and Dor ...

Essen
. In 1886, he received his doctorate at the
University of Tübingen The University of Tübingen, officially the Eberhard Karl University of Tübingen (german: Eberhard Karls Universität Tübingen; la, Universitas Eberhardina Carolina), is a public In public relations Public relations (PR) is the prac ...
, his thesis being "De salute infidelium". He was preconized titular Bishop of Juliopolis, 14 February 1889, and was thenceforth associated in the administration of the Diocese of Cologne as assistant to the auxiliary Bishop Johann Anton Friedrich Baudri, then very old. When Baudri died (29 June 1893), Fischer succeeded him, and in 1895 he became Dean of Cologne Cathedral. In 1902 the See of Cologne became vacant by the death of Mgr. Theophilus Simar, and Fischer was elected archbishop on 6 November 1902. On 23 June 1903, Pope Leo XIII made him a cardinal. During the ten years of his episcopate Cardinal Fischer consecrated in the diocese several hundred churches and more than one thousand altars. He was a devoted protector of the religious orders. On several occasions during religious or *''national celebrations he spoke of Kaiser Wilhelm II in very warm terms, which caused much comment. At the Congress of Liège in 1890 he called for the intervention of the State in matters of labour legislation. He declared "Aspiration towards progress, towards the betterment and preservation of earthly well-being is deeply enrooted in human nature and does not contradict the Christian moral laws." On 13 November 1905, he advised the Catholic miners assembled in Congress at Essen to co-operate with non-Catholic workmen in the discussion of common economic questions. He was likewise the defender with the Holy See of Christian interdenominational syndicates, whose headquarters were at Mönchengladbach, and he exerted himself to counterbalance the influence brought to bear in behalf of purely sectarian syndicates by the Catholics of Berlin, the Bishop of Trier, and the Cardinal-Bishop of Breslau.


References

*''Kölnische Volkszeitung'' (August, 1912) *''Germania'' (August, 1912) ; Attribution {{DEFAULTSORT:Fischer, Anton Hubert 1840 births 1912 deaths People from Jülich Archbishops of Cologne 20th-century German cardinals Cardinals created by Pope Leo XIII Members of the Prussian House of Lords People from the Rhine Province University of Bonn alumni University of Münster alumni University of Tübingen alumni Burials at Cologne Cathedral Cathedral deans of Cologne