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The Antilles
Antilles
(/ænˈtɪliːz/; Antilles
Antilles
[ɑ̃.tij] in French; Antillas in Spanish; Antillen in Dutch and Antilhas in Portuguese) is an archipelago bordered by the Caribbean Sea
Caribbean Sea
to the south and west, the Gulf of Mexico
Gulf of Mexico
to the northwest, and the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
to the north and east. The Antillean islands are divided into two smaller groupings: the Greater Antilles
Greater Antilles
and the Lesser Antilles. The Greater Antilles includes the larger islands of Cuba, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, Hispaniola (subdivided into Haiti
Haiti
and the Dominican Republic) and the Cayman Islands. The Lesser Antilles
Lesser Antilles
contains the northerly Leeward Islands, the southeasterly Windward Islands, and the Leeward Antilles
Leeward Antilles
just north of Venezuela. The Lucayan Archipelago
Archipelago
(consisting of the Bahamas and Turks and Caicos Islands), though part of the West Indies, are generally not included among the Antillean islands.[1] Geographically, the Antillean islands are generally considered a subregion of North America. Culturally speaking, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, and Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico
– and sometimes the whole of the Antilles – are included in Latin America, although some sources avoid this socio-economic oversimplification by using the phrase "Latin America and the Caribbean" instead (see Latin America, "In Contemporary Usage").[2] In terms of geology, the Greater Antilles
Greater Antilles
are made up of continental rock, as distinct from the Lesser Antilles, which are mostly young volcanic or coral islands.

Contents

1 Background 2 Demographics 3 Nations and territories

3.1 Lucayan Archipelago 3.2 Greater Antilles 3.3 Lesser Antilles

3.3.1 Leeward Antilles 3.3.2 Leeward Islands 3.3.3 Windward Islands

3.4 Other islands

4 See also 5 References

Background[edit]

Map of Antilles
Antilles
/ Caribbean
Caribbean
in 1843.

The word Antilles
Antilles
originated in the period before the European conquest of the New World, Antilia
Antilia
being one of those mysterious lands which figured on the medieval charts, sometimes as an archipelago, sometimes as continuous land of greater or lesser extent, its location fluctuating in mid-ocean between the Canary Islands
Canary Islands
and India.[3] After the 1492 arrival of Christopher Columbus's expedition in what was later called the West Indies, the European powers realized that the dispersed lands constituted an extensive archipelago inhabiting the Caribbean Sea
Caribbean Sea
and the Gulf of Mexico.[4] The Antilles
Antilles
were called multiple names before their current name became the norm. Early Spanish visitors called them the Windward Islands. They were also called the Forward Islands by 18th-century British.[5] Thereafter, the term Antilles
Antilles
was commonly assigned to the formation, and "Sea of the Antilles" became a common alternative name for the Caribbean Sea
Caribbean Sea
in various European languages.[6] Demographics[edit] The Antilles
Antilles
were described in 1778 by Thomas Kitchin
Thomas Kitchin
as once being called the Caribbee Isles in homage to the Carib people who were the islands' first inhabitants. Nations and territories[edit] Main article: List of islands in the Antilles Lucayan Archipelago[edit] Main article: Lucayan Archipelago

 Bahamas   Turks and Caicos Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
(United Kingdom)

Greater Antilles[edit] Main article: Greater Antilles

 Cuba Hispaniola

 Haiti  Dominican Republic

 Jamaica   Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico
(United States)   Cayman Islands
Cayman Islands
(United Kingdom)

Lesser Antilles[edit] Main article: Lesser Antilles Leeward Antilles[edit] Main article: Leeward Antilles

  Aruba
Aruba
(Kingdom of the Netherlands)   Bonaire
Bonaire
(Netherlands)   Curaçao
Curaçao
(Kingdom of the Netherlands) Federal Dependencies of Venezuela

Los Monjes Archipelago La Tortuga Island La Sola Island Los Testigos Islands Los Frailes Islands Patos Island Los Roques Archipelago Blanquilla Island Los Hermanos Archipelago Orchila Island Las Aves Archipelago Aves Island

Nueva Esparta
Nueva Esparta
State

Margarita Island Coche Cubagua

Leeward Islands[edit] Main article: Leeward Islands

  Anguilla
Anguilla
(United Kingdom)   Antigua
Antigua
and Barbuda

Antigua Barbuda Redonda

  British Virgin Islands
British Virgin Islands
(United Kingdom)   Guadeloupe
Guadeloupe
(France)

La Désirade Marie-Galante Les Saintes

  Montserrat
Montserrat
(United Kingdom)   Saba
Saba
(Netherlands)   Saint Barthélemy
Saint Barthélemy
(France) Saint Martin

  Saint Martin
Saint Martin
(France)   Sint Maarten
Sint Maarten
(Kingdom of the Netherlands)

  Saint Kitts
Saint Kitts
and Nevis

Saint Kitts Nevis

  Sint Eustatius
Sint Eustatius
(Netherlands)  U.S. Virgin Islands (United States)

Saint Croix Saint Thomas Saint John

Windward Islands[edit] Main article: Windward Islands

 Dominica  Grenada   Martinique
Martinique
(France)  Saint Lucia  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Other islands[edit]

 Barbados   Trinidad
Trinidad
and Tobago

Tobago Trinidad

See also[edit]

Antillia

References[edit]

^ Some sources, such as Encarta in Spanish, include the Bahamas in the Antilles. [1] (in Spanish). Archived 2009-10-31. ^ http://teachersinstitute.yale.edu/curriculum/units/1985/4/85.04.04.x.html#e ^  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Antilles". Encyclopædia Britannica. 2 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 126.  ^ https://www.nationalgeographic.org/thisday/oct12/columbus-makes-landfall-caribbean/ ^ Kitchin, Thomas (1778). The Present State of the West-Indies: Containing an Accurate Description of What Parts Are Possessed by the Several Powers in Europe. London: R. Baldwin. p. 5.  ^ http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Caribbean_Sea

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