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_See also West Indies , Caribbean _ Map of the Antilles

The ANTILLES (/ænˈtɪliːz/ ; _Antilles_ in French ; _Antillas_ in Spanish ; _Antillen_ in Dutch and _Antilhas_ in Portuguese ) are an archipelago bordered by the Caribbean Sea to the south and west, the Gulf of Mexico to the northwest, and the Atlantic Ocean to the north and east.

The Antillean islands are divided into two smaller groupings: the Greater Antilles and the Lesser Antilles . The Greater Antilles includes the larger islands of Cuba , Jamaica , Puerto Rico , Hispaniola (subdivided into Haiti and the Dominican Republic ) and the Cayman Islands . The Lesser Antilles contains the northerly Leeward Islands , the southeasterly Windward Islands , and the Leeward Antilles just north of Venezuela . The Lucayan Archipelago (consisting of the Bahamas and Turks and Caicos Islands ), though part of the West Indies , are generally not included among the Antillean islands.

Geographically , the Antillean islands are generally considered a subregion of North America . Culturally speaking, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, and Puerto Rico – and sometimes the whole of the Antilles – are included in Latin America , although some sources avoid this socio-economic oversimplification by using the phrase "Latin America and the Caribbean" instead (see Latin America , "In Contemporary Usage"). In terms of geology , the Greater Antilles are made up of continental rock , as distinct from the Lesser Antilles, which are mostly young volcanic or coral islands .

CONTENTS

* 1 Background * 2 Demographics

* 3 Nations and territories

* 3.1 Lucayan Archipelago * 3.2 Greater Antilles

* 3.3 Lesser Antilles

* 3.3.1 Leeward Antilles * 3.3.2 Leeward Islands * 3.3.3 Windward Islands

* 3.4 Other islands

* 4 See also * 5 Footnotes * 6 References

BACKGROUND

Map of Antilles / Caribbean in 1843.

The word _Antilles_ originated in the period before the European conquest of the New World , _ Antilia _ being one of those mysterious lands which figured on the medieval charts , sometimes as an archipelago , sometimes as continuous land of greater or lesser extent, its location fluctuating in mid-ocean between the Canary Islands and India .

After the 1492 arrival of Christopher Columbus 's expedition in what was later called the West Indies, the European powers realized that the dispersed lands constituted an extensive archipelago inhabiting the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico . The Antilles were called multiple names before their current name became the norm. Early Spanish visitors called them the _Windward Islands_. They were also called the _Forward Islands_ by 18th-century British. Thereafter, the term _Antilles_ was commonly assigned to the formation, and "Sea of the Antilles" became a common alternative name for the Caribbean Sea in various European languages.

DEMOGRAPHICS

The Antilles were described in 1778 by Thomas Kitchin as once being called the _Caribbee Isles_ in homage to the Carib people who were the islands' first inhabitants.

NATIONS AND TERRITORIES

Main article: List of islands in the Antilles

LUCAYAN ARCHIPELAGO

Main article: Lucayan Archipelago

* Bahamas * Turks and Caicos Islands ( United Kingdom )

GREATER ANTILLES

Main article: Greater Antilles

* Cuba

* Hispaniola

* Haiti * Dominican Republic

* Jamaica * Puerto Rico ( United States ) * Cayman Islands ( United Kingdom )

LESSER ANTILLES

Main article: Lesser Antilles

Leeward Antilles

Main article: Leeward Antilles

* Aruba ( Kingdom of the Netherlands ) * Bonaire ( Netherlands ) * Curaçao ( Kingdom of the Netherlands )

* Federal Dependencies of Venezuela

* Los Monjes Archipelago * La Tortuga Island * La Sola Island * Los Testigos Islands * Los Frailes Islands * Patos Island * Los Roques Archipelago * Blanquilla Island * Los Hermanos Archipelago * Orchila Island * Las Aves Archipelago * Aves Island

* Nueva Esparta State

* Margarita Island * Coche * Cubagua

Leeward Islands

Main article: Leeward Islands

* Anguilla ( United Kingdom )

* Antigua and Barbuda

* Antigua * Barbuda * Redonda

* British Virgin Islands ( United Kingdom )

* Guadeloupe ( France )

* La Désirade * Marie-Galante * Les Saintes

* Montserrat ( United Kingdom ) * Saba ( Netherlands ) * Saint Barthélemy ( France )

* Saint Martin

* Saint Martin ( France ) * Sint Maarten ( Kingdom of the Netherlands )

* Saint Kitts and Nevis

* Saint Kitts * Nevis

* Sint Eustatius ( Netherlands )

* U.S. Virgin Islands ( United States )

* Saint Croix * Saint Thomas * Saint John

Windward Islands

Main article: Windward Islands

* Dominica * Grenada * Martinique ( France ) * Saint Lucia * Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

OTHER ISLANDS

* Barbados

* Trinidad and Tobago

* Tobago * Trinidad

SEE ALSO

* Antillia

FOOTNOTES

* ^ Some sources, such as Encarta in Spanish, include the Bahamas in the Antilles. (in Spanish). Archived 2009-10-31. * ^ Kitchin, Thomas (1778). _The Present State of the West-Indies: Containing an Accurate Description of What Parts Are Possessed by the Several Powers in Europe_. London: R. Baldwin. p. 5.

REFERENCES

* _ This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain : Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Antilles". Encyclopædia Britannica _ (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.

* v * t * e

Caribbean articles

HISTORY

TIMELINE

* Taíno Arawak * Spanish Caribbean (1492–1898) * Dutch Caribbean (1554–1863) * British Caribbean (1586–1834) * French Caribbean (1625–1817) * Baltic-German Caribbean (1654-1689) * Danish Caribbean (1672–1917) * German Caribbean (1685-1693) * Swedish Caribbean (1784–1878)

BY TOPIC

* Afro- Caribbean * Territorial evolution

GEOGRAPHY

REGIONS

* Antilles

* Greater Antilles

* Lesser Antilles

* Leeward * Leeward Antilles * Windward

* Caribbean Basin * Caribbean Lowlands * Caribbean Plate * Caribbean Sea * Caribbean South America * Southern Caribbean

BY TOPIC

* Bioregion * Extreme points

* Islands

* by area

* Metropolitan areas * Mountains * Rivers * Ultras * sovereign states * dependent territories

POLITICS

* African- Caribbean leftism * Caribbean Community * CARIFORUM * Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States * Sovereign states and dependent territories * Western Caribbean Zone

ECONOMY

* Airlines * Airports * Central banks and currencies * Citrus * Fishing

* Stock exchanges

* Eastern Caribbean Securities Exchange

* Sugar

* in Cuba * in the Danish Caribbean

* Telecommunications * Tourism

CULTURE

* Afro- Caribbean * Art * Beer * Cuisine * Literature * Music * People * Sport * Stadiums * Television stations

DEMOGRAPHICS

* Immigration * Languages * Population * Diseases * Religion

* Category * Portal

AUTHORITY CONTROL

* WorldCat Identities * VIAF : 304911370 * GND : 4002293-6

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