ANTI-SLAVERY INTERNATIONAL is an international non-governmental
organization , registered charity and a lobby group, based in the
United Kingdom . Founded in 1839, it is the world's oldest
international human rights organization . It works exclusively against
slavery and related abuses.
It owes its origins to the radical element of an older Anti-Slavery
Society , known as the "Agency Committee of the Society for the
Mitigation and Gradual Abolition of
Slavery Throughout the British
Dominions ", which had substantially achieved abolition of slavery in
the British Empire. A successor organisation, the British and Foreign
Slavery Society was then created to campaign against the
practice of slavery in other countries. In 1990 it was relaunched as
Slavery International", which works to combat slavery and
* 1 Overview
* 2 History
* 3 Modern-day slavery
* 4 Current projects
* 5 Anti-
* 6 See also
* 7 Publications
* 8 References
* 9 External links
Buxton Memorial Fountain , celebrating the emancipation of
slaves in the
British Empire in 1834, in Victoria Tower Gardens,
Millbank, Westminster, London
Founded in 1839, it is the world’s oldest international human
rights organisation and bases its work on the United Nations treaties
against slavery .
It has consultative status with the United Nations Economic and
Social Council and observer status at the International Labour
Organization . It is a non-religious, non-political independent
Slavery International works closely with partner organisations
from around the world to tackle all forms of slavery .
In the 1920s the Society helped end the indentured labour system in
the British colonies after campaigning against the use of Indian and
Chinese "coolies ". In 1921 Played a pivotal role in ending the
activities of the
Peruvian Amazon Company , which was using indigenous
slave labour in rubber production. The organisation also successfully
lobbied for the League of Nations inquiry into slavery, which resulted
in the 1926
Slavery Convention that obliged all ratifying states to
end slavery. It also heavily influenced the content of the 1956 UN
Supplementary Convention on the Abolition of Slavery.
During the 1990s Anti-Slavery, an original supporter of the End Child
Prostitution, Pornography and Trafficking campaign (ECPAT), helped set
up the UK branch. it was one of the organisers of the 1998 Global
March against Child Labour, which helped lead to the adoption of a new
ILO Convention on the Worst Forms of Child Labour, 1999 (No. 182).
In the 21st century it worked with Nepalese NGO INSEC to secure
Government backing to abolish the Kamaiya form of bonded labour; in
2003 with local NGO Timidria conducted a survey that led to the
criminalisation of slavery in Niger, and lobbied the Brazilian
government to introduce a National Plan for the Eradication of
Slavery. Two years later ASI organised a major campaign on child camel
jockeys in the Gulf States, which influenced the UAE's decision to
rescue and repatriate up to 3,000 child camel jockeys .
In the UK, it successfully lobbied to make trafficking of sexual and
labour exploitation a criminal offence in 2004.
In 2008 it was amongst groups that supported a former slave,
Hadijatou Mani , in obtaining the verdict of international ECOWAS
court that found the state of Niger guilty of failing to protect her
from slavery. The ruling set a legal precedent with respect to the
obligations of states to protect its citizens from slavery
In June 2010, following the campaign by Anti-
and Liberty the UK Parliament introduced a criminal offence of forced
labour in the Coroners and Justice Act 2009. In 2010 the organisation
also exposed the routine use of the forced labour of girls and young
women in the manufacture of garments in Southern India for Western
high streets, prompting, eventually, business and international civil
society efforts to end the practice.
Slavery lobbied the UK government to sign up to a EU
anti-trafficking law to protect the victims and secure justice for
people who have been trafficked (2011). It also played a big part in
International Labour Organization
International Labour Organization to adopt a Convention
on Decent Work for Domestic Workers in June 2011.
Human trafficking is the illegal transportation of kidnapped women,
children , and men across international borders in order to put them
into slavery at the destination. This form of modern slavery is one of
the most common and may affect the most people: it is estimated that
between 500,000 and 800,000 victims enter the trade each year.
Slavery International is currently working on the Victim
Protection Campaign better identify, protect and support the victims
of slavery in the UK, Cotton Crimes campaign to end forced labour in
Uzbekistan's cotton industry, and Home Alone campaign to end domestic
slavery in the UK and across the world.
The organisation currently runs four programmes:
SOUTH ASIA PROGRAMME primarily focuses on bonded labour in India's
brick kilns, and bonded labour practices in Nepal's agriculture. It
also runs a project focusing on construction workers migrating to
WOMEN AND GIRLS PROGRAMME focuses on the gender aspect of
vulnerability to slavery and works mainly on projects focusing on
migrant domestic workers migrating from Nepal and Bangladesh to
Lebanon and within India. It also runs a project supporting child
domestic workers in Peru.
AFRICA PROGRAMME focuses on working against descent based slavery in
Mauritania and Niger, as well as forced child begging in Senegal.
EUROPE PROGRAMME focuses on advocating for better policies protecting
victims of slavery in the UK and the rest of Europe.
Increasingly the organisation focuses on slavery in global supply
chains, encouraging businesses to identify risks of slavery and
implement policies minimising the occurrence of slavery practices in
their supply chains.
* Ancient Rome
* Ancient Greece
Topics and practices
Atlantic slave trade
Arab slave trade
* Byzantine Empire
Field slaves in the United States
* House slaves
* Medieval Europe
By country or region Sub-Saharan Africa
* Contemporary Africa
Slavery on the Barbary Coast
Barbary slave trade
* South Africa
North and South America
* Americas indigenous
* U.S. Natives
* Latin America
* Puerto Rico
* United States
* penal labor
* Human Trafficking
* Virgin Islands
Central, East, and South Asia
* comfort women
* South Korea
* Yankee princess
* North Korea
Australia and Oceania
Blackbirding in Australia
Human trafficking in Australia
Slave raiding in Easter Island
Human trafficking in Papua New Guinea
Blackbirding in Polynesia
Europe and North Asia
Sex trafficking in Europe
* British Isles
* Dutch Republic
* Germany in World War II
North Africa and West Asia
Human trafficking in the Middle East
* Ottoman Empire
* 21st century
* Bahá\'í Faith
Opposition and resistance
Blockade of Africa
* Slave Trade Acts
* International law
* 13th Amendment to the United States Constitution
* Common law
* Fugitive slaves
Great Dismal Swamp maroons
List of slaves
* Slave Route Project
* Treatment in U.S.
* court cases
* 40 acres
* Freedmen\'s Bureau
Slavery International instituted the Anti-
Slavery Award in 1991
to draw attention to the continuing problem of slavery in the world
today and to provide recognition for long-term, courageous campaigning
by organisations or individuals in the countries most affected.
Bonded Labour Liberation Front (India)
* 1992: Ricardo Rezende
* 1993: End Child Prostitution in Asian Tourism (ECPAT)
* 1994: Edwin Paraison
* 1995: Harry Wu
* 1996: Regional Indigenous Organisation of Atalaya (OIRA)
* 1997: Pureza Lopes Loiola
* 1998: Cheïkh Saad Bouh Kamara
* 1999: Vivek and Vidyullata Pandit
* 2000: George Omona
* 2001: Association for Community Development (ACD)
Backward Society Education (BASE)
* 2003: Vera Lesko
* 2004: Timidria
* 2005: Cecilia Flores-Oebanda, (Visayan Forum Foundation)
* 2006: James Aguer Figueira
Coalition of Immokalee Workers (CIW)
* 2009: SOS Esclaves
* 2010: Justice 4 Domestic Workers
* 2012: Temedt
Free the Slaves
Migrant domestic workers
* Supplementary Convention on the Abolition of
* Whittaker, Alan (1990). _Anti-slavery: The Reporter and Aborigines
* Hay Hewison, Hope; Whittaker, Alan (1991). _Children in Bondage:
Slaves of the Subcontinent_. Anti-
Slavery International. ISBN
* Sharman, Anne-Marie (1993). _Forced Prostitution in Turkey: Women
in the Genelevs : a Report_. Anti-
Slavery International. ISBN
* Anderson, Bridget (1993). _Britain's Secret Slaves: An
Investigation Into the Plight of Overseas Domestic Workers in the
United Kingdom_. Anti-
Slavery International, Kalayaan, Migrant
Domestic Workers. ISBN 0-900918-29-2 .
* Sutton, Alison (1994). _
Slavery in Brazil: A Link in the Chain of
Modernisation : the Case of Amazonia_. Anti-
ISBN 0-900918-32-2 .
* _'This Menace of Bonded Labour': Debt Bondage in Pakistan_.
Slavery International. 1997. ISBN 0-900918-35-7 .
* Verney, Peter (1997). _
Slavery in Sudan_. Sudan Update,
Slavery International. ISBN 0-900918-39-X .
* _Enslaved Peoples in the 1990s: Indigenous Peoples, Debt Bondage
and Human Rights_. Anti-
Slavery International, International Work
Group for Indigenous Affairs. 1997. ISBN 0-900918-40-3 .
* Bindman, Jo; Doezema, Jo (1997). _Redefining Prostitution as Sex
Work on the International Agenda_. Anti-
* _Anti-slavery Reporter_. Anti-
Slavery International and The
* _Debt Bondage:
Slavery Around the World_. Anti-Slavery
International, Canadian Catholic Organization for Development and
Peace. 1999. ISBN 2-921936-02-X .
* Pearson, Elaine (2002). _Human Traffic, Human Rights: Redefining
Victim Protection_. Anti-
Slavery International. ISBN 0-900918-55-1 .
* Brown, Pins (2002). _International Action Against Child Labour:
Guide to Monitoring and Complaints Procedures_. Anti-Slavery
* _The Cocoa Industry in West Africa: A History of Exploration_.
Slavery International. 2004.
* Kaye, Mike (2005). _Over 200 Years of Campaigning Against
Slavery International. ISBN 0-900918-61-6 .
* ^ Charity Commission . Anti-
Slavery International, registered
charity no. 1049160.
* ^ Anti-
Slavery International _
UNESCO _ DEAD LINK.
* ^ Sharman, Anne-Marie, ed. (1993). "Anti-
Slavery Reporter". 13
(8). London: Anti-
* ^ Anti-
Slavery Society Convention, 1840, National Portrait
* ^ "The Anti-
Slavery Society Convention, 1840". London: National
Portrait Gallery. Retrieved April 20, 2017.
* ^ Walker, Peter; agencies (2008-10-27). "Niger guilty in landmark
slavery case". _The Guardian_. ISSN 0261-3077 . Retrieved 2017-06-26.
* ^ "Awards winners". _antislavery.org_. Anti-Slavery
International. Archived from the original on 25 February 2009.
Slavery International_. Anti-
Slavery International and Adam
Matthew Publications. 2001.