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Anti- Slavery
Slavery
International is an international non-governmental organization, registered charity[1] and a lobby group, based in the United Kingdom. Founded in 1839, it is the world's oldest international human rights organization. It works exclusively against slavery and related abuses.[2] It owes its origins to the radical element of an older Anti-Slavery Society, known as the "Agency Committee of the Society for the Mitigation and Gradual Abolition of Slavery
Slavery
Throughout the British Dominions", which had substantially achieved abolition of slavery in the British Empire. A successor organisation, the British and Foreign Anti- Slavery
Slavery
Society[3] was then created to campaign against the practice of slavery in other countries. In 1990 it was relaunched as "Anti- Slavery
Slavery
International", which works to combat slavery and related abuse.

Contents

1 Overview 2 Modern-day slavery 3 Current projects 4 History 5 Anti- Slavery
Slavery
Award 6 See also 7 Publications 8 References 9 External links

Overview[edit]

Buxton Memorial Fountain, celebrating the emancipation of slaves in the British Empire
British Empire
in 1834, in Victoria Tower Gardens, Millbank, Westminster, London

Founded in 1839, it is the world’s oldest international human rights organisation and bases its work on the United Nations treaties against slavery. It has consultative status with the United Nations Economic and Social Council and observer status at the International Labour Organization. It is a non-religious, non-political independent organisation. Anti- Slavery
Slavery
International works closely with partner organisations from around the world to tackle all forms of slavery. Modern-day slavery Main article: Contemporary slavery Human trafficking
Human trafficking
is the illegal transportation of kidnapped women, children, and men across international borders in order to put them into slavery at the destination. This form of modern slavery is one of the most common and may affect the most people: it is estimated that between 500,000 and 800,000 victims enter the trade each year. Current projects[edit] Anti- Slavery
Slavery
International is currently[when?] working on the Victim Protection Campaign better identify, protect and support the victims of slavery in the UK, Cotton Crimes campaign to end forced labour in Uzbekistan's cotton industry, and Home Alone campaign to end domestic slavery in the UK and across the world. The organisation currently[when?] runs four programmes: South Asia Programme primarily focuses on bonded labour in India's brick kilns, and bonded labour practices in Nepal's agriculture. It also runs a project focusing on construction workers migrating to Qatar. Women and Girls Programme focuses on the gender aspect of vulnerability to slavery and works mainly on projects focusing on migrant domestic workers migrating from Nepal and Bangladesh to Lebanon and within India. It also runs a project supporting child domestic workers in Peru. Africa Programme focuses on working against descent based slavery in Mauritania and Niger, as well as forced child begging in Senegal. Europe Programme focuses on advocating for better policies protecting victims of slavery in the UK and the rest of Europe. Increasingly the organisation focuses on slavery in global supply chains, encouraging businesses to identify risks of slavery and implement policies minimising the occurrence of slavery practices in their supply chains. History[edit]

A painting of the 1840 World's Anti- Slavery
Slavery
Convention. Use a cursor to see who is who.[4]

The first Anti- Slavery
Slavery
Society was founded in 1823 and was committed to the abolition of slavery in the British Empire, which was substantially achieved in 1838 under the terms of the Slavery Abolition Act 1833. In 1839, English activist Joseph Sturge
Joseph Sturge
formed a successor organisation, British and Foreign Anti- Slavery
Slavery
Society (today known as Anti- Slavery
Slavery
International), which worked to outlaw slavery in other countries. In 1840, the World Anti- Slavery
Slavery
Convention was organised in London that attracted delegates from around the world (including from the United States
United States
of America, in the South of which slavery was at times referred to as "our peculiar institution") to the Freemasons' Hall, London on 12 June 1840. Many delegates were notable abolitionists, with Thomas Clarkson
Thomas Clarkson
the key speaker, and the image of the meeting was captured in a remarkable painting that still hangs in the National Portrait Gallery in London.[5] At the beginning of the 20th century Anti- Slavery
Slavery
Society campaigned against slavery practices perpetrated in the Congo Free State by King Leopold II of Belgium. It was the first campaign in history that used photography to document the abuses (photographs were taken by the missionary Alice Seeley Harris). The campaign eventually helped bring an end to Leopold's tyranny.[citation needed] In the 1920s the Society helped end the indentured labour system in the British colonies after campaigning against the use of Indian and Chinese "coolies". In 1921 Played a pivotal role in ending the activities of the Peruvian Amazon Company, which was using indigenous slave labour in rubber production. The organisation also successfully lobbied for the League of Nations inquiry into slavery, which resulted in the 1926 Slavery
Slavery
Convention that obliged all ratifying states to end slavery.[citation needed] It also heavily influenced the content of the 1956 UN Supplementary Convention on the Abolition of Slavery. During the 1990s Anti-Slavery, an original supporter of the End Child Prostitution, Pornography and Trafficking campaign (ECPAT), helped set up the UK branch. it was one of the organisers of the 1998 Global March against Child Labour, which helped lead to the adoption of a new ILO Convention on the Worst Forms of Child Labour, 1999 (No. 182).[citation needed] In the 21st century it worked with Nepalese NGO INSEC to secure Government backing to abolish the Kamaiya form of bonded labour; in 2003 with local NGO Timidria conducted a survey that led to the criminalisation of slavery in Niger, and lobbied the Brazilian government to introduce a National Plan for the Eradication of Slavery.[citation needed] Two years later ASI organised a major campaign on child camel jockeys in the Gulf States, which influenced the UAE's decision to rescue and repatriate up to 3,000 child camel jockeys. In the UK, it successfully lobbied to make trafficking of sexual and labour exploitation a criminal offence in 2004.[citation needed] In 2008 it was amongst groups that supported a former slave, Hadijatou Mani, in obtaining the verdict of international ECOWAS court that found the state of Niger guilty of failing to protect her from slavery. The ruling set a legal precedent with respect to the obligations of states to protect its citizens from slavery[6] In June 2010, following the campaign by Anti- Slavery
Slavery
International and Liberty the UK Parliament introduced a criminal offence of forced labour in the Coroners and Justice Act 2009.[citation needed] In 2010 the organisation also exposed the routine use of the forced labour of girls and young women in the manufacture of garments in Southern India for Western high streets, prompting, eventually, business and international civil society efforts to end the practice. Anti- Slavery
Slavery
lobbied the UK government to sign up to a EU anti-trafficking law to protect the victims and secure justice for people who have been trafficked (2011). It also played a big part in lobbying the International Labour Organization
International Labour Organization
to adopt a Convention on Decent Work for Domestic Workers in June 2011.[citation needed] Anti- Slavery
Slavery
Award[edit]

Part of a series on Slavery

Contemporary

Child labour Child soldiers Conscription Debt Forced marriage

Bride buying Wife selling

Forced prostitution Human trafficking Peonage Penal labour Sexual slavery Wage slavery

Historical

Antiquity

Ancient Rome Babylonia Ancient Greece

Topics and practices

Atlantic slave trade

Middle Passage

Arab slave trade

Ghilman Mamluk Saqaliba

Aztec Blackbirding Byzantine Empire Coolie Corvée
Corvée
labor Field slaves in the United States House slaves Kholop Medieval Europe Panyarring Thrall Serfs

History Russia

Slave market Slave raiding Child soldiers

Naval

Galley slave Impressment Pirates Shanghaiing Slave ship

By country or region

Sub-Saharan Africa

Contemporary Africa Slavery
Slavery
on the Barbary Coast Barbary slave trade Slave Coast Angola Chad Ethiopia Mali Mauritania Niger Somalia South Africa Sudan Seychelles

North and South America

Americas indigenous

U.S. Natives

Brazil

Lei Áurea

Canada Caribbean

Barbados Code Noir

Cuba Haiti

revolt Restavek

Latin America Puerto Rico Trinidad United States

colonial maps female partus penal labor Slave codes interregional Human trafficking

Virgin Islands

Central, East, and South Asia

Human trafficking
Human trafficking
in Southeast Asia Bhutan China

Booi Aha Laogai

India

Debt bondage Chukri System

Japan

comfort women

South Korea

Yankee princess

North Korea Vietnam

Australia and Oceania

Blackbirding
Blackbirding
in Australia Human trafficking
Human trafficking
in Australia Slave raiding
Slave raiding
in Easter Island Human trafficking
Human trafficking
in Papua New Guinea Blackbirding
Blackbirding
in Polynesia

Europe and North Asia

Sex trafficking in Europe Britain Denmark Dutch Republic Germany in World War II Malta Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russia Spain

colonies

Sweden

North Africa and West Asia

Iran Libya Human trafficking
Human trafficking
in the Middle East Ottoman Empire Yemen

Religion

Bible Christianity

Catholicism Mormonism

Islam

21st century

Judaism Bahá'í Faith

Opposition and resistance

Timeline Abolitionism

U.K. U.S.

Anti- Slavery
Slavery
International Blockade of Africa

U.K. U.S.

Compensated emancipation Freedman

manumission

Freedom suit Abolitionists Slave Power Underground Railroad

songs

Slave rebellion Slave Trade Acts International law 13th Amendment to the United States
United States
Constitution

Related

Common law Indentured servitude Unfree labour Fugitive slaves

laws Great Dismal Swamp maroons

List of slaves

owners

Slave narrative

films songs

Slave name Slave catcher Slave patrol Slave Route Project Treatment in U.S.

breeding court cases Washington Jefferson Adams Lincoln 40 acres Freedmen's Bureau bit

Emancipation Day

v t e

Anti- Slavery
Slavery
International instituted the Anti- Slavery
Slavery
Award in 1991 to draw attention to the continuing problem of slavery in the world today and to provide recognition for long-term, courageous campaigning by organisations or individuals in the countries most affected.

1991: Bonded Labour Liberation Front (India) 1992: Ricardo Rezende 1993: End Child Prostitution in Asian Tourism (ECPAT) 1994: Edwin Paraison 1995: Harry Wu 1996: Regional Indigenous Organisation of Atalaya (OIRA) 1997: Pureza Lopes Loiola 1998: Cheïkh Saad Bouh Kamara 1999: Vivek and Vidyullata Pandit 2000: George Omona 2001: Association for Community Development (ACD) 2002: Backward Society Education
Backward Society Education
(BASE) 2003: Vera Lesko 2004: Timidria 2005: Cecilia Flores-Oebanda, (Visayan Forum Foundation) 2006: James Aguer Figueira 2007: Coalition of Immokalee Workers
Coalition of Immokalee Workers
(CIW)[7] 2009: SOS Esclaves 2010: Justice 4 Domestic Workers 2012: Temedt

See also[edit]

Free the Slaves Migrant domestic workers Supplementary Convention on the Abolition of Slavery

Publications[edit]

Whittaker, Alan (1990). Anti-slavery: The Reporter and Aborigines Friend. Anti- Slavery
Slavery
International.  Hay Hewison, Hope; Whittaker, Alan (1991). Children in Bondage: Slaves of the Subcontinent. Anti- Slavery
Slavery
International. ISBN 0-900918-27-6.  Sharman, Anne-Marie (1993). Forced Prostitution in Turkey: Women in the Genelevs : a Report. Anti- Slavery
Slavery
International. ISBN 0-900918-30-6.  Anderson, Bridget (1993). Britain's Secret Slaves: An Investigation Into the Plight of Overseas Domestic Workers in the United Kingdom. Anti- Slavery
Slavery
International, Kalayaan, Migrant Domestic Workers. ISBN 0-900918-29-2.  Sutton, Alison (1994). Slavery
Slavery
in Brazil: A Link in the Chain of Modernisation : the Case of Amazonia. Anti- Slavery
Slavery
International. ISBN 0-900918-32-2.  'This Menace of Bonded Labour': Debt Bondage in Pakistan. Anti-Slavery International. 1997. ISBN 0-900918-35-7.  Verney, Peter (1997). Slavery
Slavery
in Sudan. Sudan Update, Anti-Slavery International. ISBN 0-900918-39-X.  Enslaved Peoples in the 1990s: Indigenous Peoples, Debt Bondage and Human Rights. Anti- Slavery
Slavery
International, International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs. 1997. ISBN 0-900918-40-3.  Bindman, Jo; Doezema, Jo (1997). Redefining Prostitution as Sex Work on the International Agenda. Anti- Slavery
Slavery
International.  Anti-slavery Reporter. Anti- Slavery
Slavery
International and The Society. 1998.  Debt Bondage: Slavery
Slavery
Around the World. Anti- Slavery
Slavery
International, Canadian Catholic Organization for Development and Peace. 1999. ISBN 2-921936-02-X.  Pearson, Elaine (2002). Human Traffic, Human Rights: Redefining Victim Protection. Anti- Slavery
Slavery
International. ISBN 0-900918-55-1.  Brown, Pins (2002). International Action Against Child Labour: Guide to Monitoring and Complaints Procedures. Anti-Slavery International.  The Cocoa Industry in West Africa: A History of Exploration. Anti- Slavery
Slavery
International. 2004.  Kaye, Mike (2005). Over 200 Years of Campaigning Against Slavery. Anti- Slavery
Slavery
International. ISBN 0-900918-61-6. 

References[edit]

^ Charity Commission. Anti- Slavery
Slavery
International, registered charity no. 1049160.  ^ Anti- Slavery
Slavery
International UNESCO
UNESCO
DEAD LINK. ^ Sharman, Anne-Marie, ed. (1993). "Anti- Slavery
Slavery
Reporter". 13 (8). London: Anti- Slavery
Slavery
International.  ^ Anti- Slavery
Slavery
Society Convention, 1840, National Portrait Gallery, London ^ "The Anti- Slavery
Slavery
Society Convention, 1840". London: National Portrait Gallery. Retrieved April 20, 2017.  ^ Walker, Peter; agencies (2008-10-27). "Niger guilty in landmark slavery case". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2017-06-26.  ^ "Awards winners". antislavery.org. Anti- Slavery
Slavery
International. Archived from the original on 25 February 2009. 

Anti- Slavery
Slavery
International. Anti- Slavery
Slavery
International and Adam Matthew Publications. 2001. 

External links[edit]

Official website Anti- Slavery
Slavery
International articles at WashingtonPost.com Observatoire de l'action humanitaire Photo-story on modern-day slavery in Brazil by photographer Eduardo Martino

Coordinates: 51°28′6.17″N 0°7′3.09″W / 51.4683806°N 0.1175250°W / 51.4

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